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This paper aims to examine the Leejeongwon 18-chapter version of Simcheongjeon. According to the classification by Kim Youngsoo and Shin Horim, the Leejeongwon 18-chapter version belongs to Simpanggyu and Jangja groups. I compared the Leejeongwon 18-chapter version with a few versions of the Simpanggyu group (Choijaenam 22-chapter version, Paksunho 43-chapter version, Kimgwangsun 19-chapter version, and Jeongmunyoun 19-chapter version). As a result, I could determine that the Leejeongwon version was written earlier than the other versions and it directly influenced the Choijaenam version. According to manuscript records, it is estimated that the Leejeongwon version was written in 1829, because the Leejeongwon version was not influenced by Shinjaehyo version written by 1870. And the Leejeongwon version is supposed to have been written in Kyuongsang province because Kyoungsang dialect was mainly used in it and references to the area name of Yeju, Ulsan, which is in Kyoungsang province, were found in it. The distinguishing features of the Leejeongwon version are as below. First, it presents the typical Simcheongjeon in Gasa style. Second, it exhibits a transition period from Jangja group to Jangja’s wife group. Considering these features, we can gather three useful points from the Leejeongwon version. First, the Leejeongwon version is one of the earlier versions of Simcheongjeon whose time and geographical area of writing have been confirmed. Second, the Leejeongwon version is the full script of the earlier versions of Simcheongjeon in Gasa style. Third, the Leejeongwon version uses the Kyoungsang dialect of a certain period. 이 논문은 이정원 소장 필사 18장본 심청전을 학계에 소개하고자 한다. 이정원본은 김영수와 신호림의 분류에 따르면 심팽규 계열과 장자 계열에 속한다. 이정원본의 이본론을 위해 심팽규 계열인 최재남22장본, 박순호43장본, 김광순19장본, 정문연19장본과 대비하였다. 그 결과 이정원본은 비교 대상 이본들보다 앞선 이본이고 특히 최재남본에는 직접적인 영향을 준 이본임을 확인할 수 있었다. 이정원본의 필사 시기는 필사기(기축팔월십일닐등서우 짐)로 볼 때 1829년으로 추정된다. 이는 이정원본이 1870년 무렵에 나온 신재효본의 영향을 받지 않은 이본으로 확인되기 때문이다. 필사 지역은 경상도로 추정된다. 이는 이정원본에서 경상 방언이 보편적으로 쓰였고, 예주・울산과 같은 지역명이 발견되기 때문이다. 이정원본의 이본적 특징은 크게 두 가지이다. 첫째, 이정원본은 가사체 심청전의 전형적인 모습을 보인다. 둘째, 이정원본은 장자 계열에서 장자부인 계열으로 이행기 양상을 보인다. 이러한 특징에 기반하여 이정원본은 다음의 가치를 지닌다. 첫째 필사 시기와 지역을 확정할 수 있는 초기 심청전이다. 둘째 가사체 심청전 중 이른 시기의 완본이다. 셋째 이정원본은 특정 시기 경상 지역 문헌 방언을 보여주는 이본이다.
The study aims at investigating patterns of variation in EFL high school students’ vocabulary strategy use according to gender and vocabulary knowledge. For this study, 1,124 high school students participated, and they were asked to take a vocabulary test and respond to a questionnaire. The findings are as follows: 1) there was no significant gender differences in their vocabulary knowledge; 2) the learners showed different strategy use patterns depending upon their level of vocabulary knowledge; and 3) their vocabulary learning strategy use was significantly different between male and female learners in general that males were more successful strategy users than females. These findings suggest that the widely accepted belief of female dominance over their male counterparts in vocabulary learning and vocabulary learning strategy use is needed to be revisited, taking into account diverse factors in different learning contexts in order to obtain a clear, convincing solution to the issue in question.
Background/Aims: Fluoroquinolone-containing triple eradication therapy could be considered an alternative regimen for the second- line treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection. This study aimed to investigate the changes in the eradication efficacy of fluoroquinolone- containing triple therapy from 2003 to 2018 in Korea. Materials and Methods: Patients with a history of first-line eradication therapy failure were consecutively enrolled at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital from 2003 to 2018. All patients took moxifloxacin-containing triple therapy as the second-line eradication therapy. The treatment regimen comprised a three-drug combination comprising a proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, and moxifloxacin. Data on age, sex, endoscopic diagnosis, eradication results, compliance, and adverse outcomes were acquired and analyzed. Results: In total, 824 participants were enrolled during the study period, of whom, 46 were lost to follow-up. Finally, 778 participants were included in the per-protocol (PP) analysis, of whom, 72.1% received moxifloxacin-containing triple therapy for 14 days. The eradication rate of moxifloxacin-containing triple therapy was 72.1% (594/824) in the intention-to-treat analysis and 76.3% (594/778) in the PP analysis. A decline in eradication efficacy was observed, especially in the PP analysis (P=0.046). Diarrhea was the most commonly observed adverse event, accounting for 19.6% (41/209) of recorded adverse events. Conclusions: Moxifloxacin-containing triple therapy has shown suboptimal eradication efficacy as the second-line eradication therapy. In addition, there is a concern that eradication rate will decrease due to increase in antimicrobial resistance.
Background: Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) tends to increase with age and increase in proportion to body weight and height. Recent epidemiological and longitudinal cohort studies have found that high BP in children can be progressed into hypertension (HTN) in adulthood. Therefore, the aim of this study is that we monitor and analyze the tendency of the BP trajectory in children from the age of 3 years to the age of 10 years. Method: A total of 767 subjects were gathered from Ewha Birth and Growth cohort study. We observed and analyzed the data of 65 subjects which were completely repeated measures for 6 times as 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 years old follow-up. We collected retrospective information such as BP and anthropometric data measured for children and constructed the trajectory models of SBP and DBP in early stage of life. Results: Three distinct trajectories on SBP and DBP from 3 to 10 years old were identified. As a result of SBP, 82.7% (n = 54) of subjects experienced moderate SBP levels maintained stable levels; 13.7% (n = 9) of subjects experienced a rapid increase as the age increase; 3.6% (n = 2) of subjects experienced high SBP levels throughout follow-up as moderate grade. For DBP, 6.7% (n = 4) of subjects started with low levels and experienced generally a gradual grade; 61.7% (n = 41) of subjects started with moderate levels and experienced a steep increase at 7-years-old; 31.6% (n = 20) of subjects experienced a rapid increase on DBP levels. Conclusion: The result of study shows tendency of increase BP as the age increase. This research inspires that we verify risk group and risk factor in early stage of life with trajectory modeling for the HTN prevention in adulthood.
This study was performed to determine the effect of psyllium husk addition on the physical properties of rice extrudates. Rice-based formulations mixed with psyllium husk (0, 7, 14 and 21%) were extruded at a die temperature of 140oC, screw speed of 200 rpm, and moisture content of 20%. As the content of psyllium husk increased, expansion ratio decreased, while piece density and specific length increased. Apparent elastic modulus, breaking strength, adhesiveness, and hardness augmented with an elevation in psyllium husk content. Lightness declined as psyllium husk content furthered, while redness, yellowness, and color difference intensified. Water soluble index and water absorption index increased with an increased amount of psyllium husk. In conclusion, the addition of psyllium affected the expansion of extruded rice snack possessing hard texture, small cells, and sticky texture due to higher water absorption during hydration.
This study is about the application of A-RIDE, a program for planning vertical transportation of high-rise buildings. A-RIDE can be used as an ‘alternative assessment’ and ‘design support’ tool in the early stages of planning for high-rise buildings. During the conceptual design phase, A-RIDE is an alternative assessment tool that can be used as a tool for comparative evaluation of each alternative in determining the layout alternative and vertical usage configuration. And as a design support tool during the schematic design phase, A-RIDE can be used as a tool to adjust the form so that more economical and efficient plan can be made along with the progress of form design. In this study, simulations have shown that A-RIDE can play this role in the process of designing high-rise buildings. High-rise building design fields are being proposed with new design method based on various digital tools. Recent high-rise building design fields are being proposed with new design method based on various digital tools. If A-RIDE, developed as a web-based computer program, can be linked to these digital-based design tools, it is expected that it will serve as a stronger design support tool.