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영-한 기계번역에 있어서 변환(Transfer)은 상이한 두 언어의 어순을 생성될 언어의 어순으로 결정하기 위한 변환 규칙에 의해서 영어의 구문 분석된 트리를 생성될 한국어의 구조에 맞게 재구성한다. 이러한 변환은 개발 단계 중 또는 그 후에 언어의 다양한 차이를 수용하기 위해 프로그램 수준에서 잦은 수정을 하게 된다. 이를 극복하기 위해서, 본 논문에서는 변환 문법을 이용하여 좀더 체계적이고 확장이 쉬운 문법을 이용하여 변환을 수행하고자 한다. 이를 위해 영어의 구구조 자질들을 쉽게 검사 및 탐색하면서 조건에 맞는 자질들을 나누어 주는 기능을 하는 조건 단일화 연산자를 기반으로 일반적인 문맥자유문법(Context Free Grammar)을 이용한 변환 문법을 제안한다. 또한 변환 문법은 변환 문법 해석기에 의해 변환 프로그램으로 컴파일 됨을 보인다. 이러한 변환 방법은 영-한 변환에 있어서 문법 수준에서 변환 처리를 할 수 있어 변환 프로그램의 개발 및 유비보수에 많은 도움을 준다.
This researchers aim is to identify what are the elements of service quality and exhibition attendance in influencing a consistently growing domestic economy and how the exhibition service quality affects general satisfaction, and intention to visit again. Additional1y, to design successful exhibition opening and growth of the exhibition industry the researcher tried to offer useful information and materials to improve service quality and to increase participants. In result, the study validated nine dimensions for a trade show's service quality; host and public relations, security, reputation and reliability, access, customer service, exhibition program, physical facilities, convenient facilities, and attendance cost. Trade show's service quality showed positive effect on general satisfaction" and visit again. Based on the preceeding research result, I draw up a plan for improving of trade show's service quality and the above suggestions, I'm sure that we could secure the competitiveness at the exhibition industry.
Although social intervention studies have questioned the effectiveness of sport as an intervening tool of youth violence, sport science researchers have long believed that sport could be used for preventing a variety of social problems. Recent sport-based social intervention studies have suggested that sport could be effective if it is manipulated by theories and empirical evidences. This study, in this regard, aims to design and evaluate a sport program to deal with youth anti-social problems. Guided by Lipsey's program theory, we identified the program theory of change which explains how a social intervention program works. The four consecutive stages proceeds program definition, treatment, mechanism, and program outcomes. In program definition, youth violence and Internet game addiction has common risk factors. The common risk factors affecting both youth violent behaviors and Internet game addiction were divided into the two types, individual risk factors and environmental. Individual risk factors identified here include boredom, lack of self-control, emotional distress, negative attitude toward school and teachers, and positive attitude toward violence. Environmental risk factors were delinquent peer groups, lack of parents bonding, and school and community climate. This study suggests that the risk factors identified here may be critical to solve youth violence and Internet addiction problem and sport can be effectively intervene such risk factors.
This research aim is to identify what are the elements of exhibitors' trade show performance and exhibition attendance in influencing a constantly growing domestic economy and how the exhibitors' trade show performance affects general satisfaction, and intention to visit again. This study performed two kinds of research derived from exhaustive literature review and empirical study to enhance reliability. Based on existing theory systems, a hypothesis is proposed and verified to establish study objectives. As a result, the study validated five dimensions for an exhibitors' trade show performance; Sales performance, information collection, networking, image building, and motivation. Exhibitors' trade show performance showed a positive effect on general satisfaction, and intention to visit again. Based on the preceeding research results, we could develop a plan for improving of exhibition performance.
Although sport has been long regarded as an effective tool of social intervention program, many have questioned whether it really generates positive social outcomes or not. Such questioning, in part, is caused by the fact that sport scientists have not much provided adequate rationale for the sport-related intervention programs. In this regard, this study attempted to design, implement, and evaluate a theory-based sport-related intervention program to solve youth violence, guided by theory-based evaluation. In order to examine the effect of the sport-related program, we employed a quasi-experimental research method including a pre-post test design with both a treatment group and a control group. A total of 41 students from two middle schools located in a metropolitan area of South Korea participated in this study during 12 weeks. By delivering sport activities(i.e., soccer, tennis), this program was supposed to change the 12 risk factors. The measures of the risk factors include 77-item that were adapted from the previous youth violence studies. The main findings of this study indicated that (1) the sport-related intervention significantly reduced the growth of violence incidence rate and lowered the scores of four risk factors(i.e., school attachment, tradition/norm attachment, perception of school atmosphere, and attitude toward sport team) in the treatment group compared to the control group, (2) the scores of six risk factors in the treatment group(i.e., commitment on school, school attachment, tradition/norm attachment, perception of school atmosphere, attitude toward sport team, and attitude toward parent) were lowered, while (3) the scores of most risk factors in the control group were increased.