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This study has investigated the characteristics shown in Japanese articulation focusing on its intensity, height and length including the paralinguistic Information of Korean Japanese learners by orally dividing it into a beginning and end. As a method, Korean language and Japanese sentence having the intention of ‘admiration’, ‘disappointment’, ‘indifference’, ‘doubt’ and ‘neutral’ was made to be articulated by the native speaker to investigate the characteristics of oral beginning and end, and verified whether the influence was caused to the Japanese language spoken by the Korean Japanese learners. As a result, for intensity, for both oral beginning and end, the learners spoke more strongly than the native Japanese people and for expressing intention, it was thought to reflect the characteristics of Korean which uses intensity control. But, the difference in intensity between intentions against Korean did not show significantly. For height, oral beginning was shown to be pronounced higher. This seems to be caused by the Japanese accent rather than Korean, and in the case of ‘admiration’, the fact it was lower than the intention having a different ratio of high pronunciation at the oral beginning, it can be seemed to reflect the influence of Korean language which speak high for the oral end. For length, both the oral beginning and the end were shown longer than the Korean language and the native Japanese language. This, unlike Korean language which controls the length of the oral beginning per intention, the tendency of Japanese language which controls the length of the oral end was reflected in the articulation of Japanese language by Korean learners.
The purpose of this study is to analyze objective data of interest in Japan, reveal its trend, and seek the direction of education through a survey on the frequency of expression of associated words related to society and culture in Japan. In fact, the emphasis on culture in university language education is due to the globalization and information age and the reorganization of curriculum, and this is why the number of lectures on social culture in universities is increasing. The need for cultural education, which was neglected in language education in the past, has been emphasized, but it is undeniable that it is a transitional situation that is recognized as a basic knowledge to develop language skills. Through the observation of the frequency of expression of culture-related words in this study, it can be recognized that university students are interested in Japanese society and culture in various fields. In general, other cultures were mainly delivered in the form of knowledge through media, newspapers, books, and magazines, but in the recent information age, a large amount of cultural items are delivered quickly and directly through various media such as the Internet. In addition, the spread of the Internet, YouTube, and SNS has led individuals to actively and selectively interact with and learn about culture at their own discretion.In addition, the number of ways to travel in person and experience socializing is increasing. Through this study, it can be assumed that the direction of cultural education should be changed, as there are perception gap of culture between generations, individual experiences and education, and the utilization of media, etc. In future university education, various IT technologies such as virtual reality space (Metaverse) should be combined to provide Japanese culture education through SHEEF experiences.
This study is to understand the appropriateness of the review in the process of reviewing papers by Korean academic societies. In other words, we are investigating what kind of review is being conducted in the process of reviewing papers, and aim to make proposals for a more rational and reliable system. Since various factors are involved in the publication of submitted papers, comprehensive research is needed, but this time, we will focus on the aspect of judges. In other words, he raised the issue of the influence of the qualifications of the reviewers and their tendencies on the dissertation review. In this way, by classifying the basic data in the dissertation review process, it became clear that although there is a certain flow as a whole, homogeneity cannot be ensured by the method of scoring each reviewer. After all, in order to prevent such deviations in the scores of multiple reviewers, we changed the direction to a system in which one reviewer is in charge of multiple papers in the same field, and dissertations were distributed to a large number of reviewers with different tendencies. The current system of entrusting review should be reviewed. As a future task, let’s try to understand the inconsistency of the examination and the difference in the score due to the tendency of the examiner by comparing the range of the score of each judge with the poster one by one.
With increasing married immigrant women and migrant workers, Korean societyis rapidly moving towards becoming a multicultural society these days. However, The problem of Korean multicultural society, discrimination against themigrant workers, difficulties of adapting for Korea of married immigrant women,the dissolution of a married immigrants family, dropping out of school of migrantyouth, make the prospects for Korea's multicultural society are dim. The differential exclusionary model is not conform to the spirit of a multiculturalsociety and the Assimilation model does not help with social integration, theMulticulturalism, the system itself matches the intent of a multicultural society mostclosely, but the limitations of multiculturalism is far from a reality in Korea. To meet the needs of a multicultural society, Government departments of Koreaperform variety of policy is implemented without Uniform principles. then, Duplicateof the policy and efficiency decrease have occurred. The concentration of multiculturalpolicies to the central government has resulted in the limited participationof a local government or civil society. Japan in particular uses 'multicultural coexistance' as a key concept for developingboth discourse and policies on them. The multicultural policy of Japan presents meaningful points of comparison andlearning to the multicultural policy in Korea that has only recently begun to seekfor the aims and ways of multicultural policy from the perspective of social integration. In this paper, As an alternative, argues to the implementation of Korean typemulticultural policy based on the a humanism. Korean multicultural policy model based on humanism can overcome the limitationsof existing multicultural policy, can to be based on the reality of the Korea and alsocan be harmonized with the ideology of multiculturalism. First priority of Korean humanism is on the human dignity. and members of the Korea multicultural society can enjoys a unique cultural traditions, can be securedequal individuals of their status based on the ideals of multicultural.
One of the most notable acts in Japanese literary circles since the 3.11 outbreak was the overwhelming reality, “What is the play?” and “What can play do?” in succession. Some of them have been performed in Korea since their premiere in Japan. Japan’s play since 3.11 should have described various contexts related to Japanese society after the nuclear accident and the nuclear accident, including the convenience of developing technology, as well as the future of Japan’s modern society, which should not be seen. Some of the pieces have appeared in the form of plays in literary magazines since their stage performances were preceded by performances, which should also be noted as emphasizing ‘Japanese’. When a character’s pronunciation is written in Hiragana after intentionally writing the name of a character in Chinese characters, or if part of the speech is translated into pure Hiragana without a Chinese character, the parts that are never clearly known. Paradoxically, we could also look at plays that allowed us to rethink the meaning of using Japanese and speaking Japanese by emphasizing the ‘crisis of Japanese’.
This report is about the relation of the government guidelines for teaching about Takeshima and The 10 points to understand the Takeshima Dispute of MOFA. The guidelines was revised in 2014. The Revised Contents are different from the past guidelines which about Takeshima. Before the revision, it insits that the Northern Territories have been under illegal occupation by the Soviet Union. But after revision it insits that Takeshima is indisputably an inherent part of the territory of Japan, in light of historical facts and based on international law and The Republic of Korea has been occupying Takeshima based on such an illegal occupation have no legal justification. Such attitude is reflected to The revised 10 points of MOFA. Many illustrations of students who question about Takeshima are printed in The points. It shows us the targets of the education about this issue are students. The pamphlet of MOFA faithfully supports the educational policy of Abe’s government. 本稿は2014年に作成された「学習指導要領解説書」の内容変化が日本外務省ホームページの竹島関連のパンフレットにどのような変化をもたらしたのか、また外務省はその内容の改定を通じて何を主張したかったのかを考察したものである。2014年度に改定された解説書をみると、「竹島」に関連した内容が以前のものと大きく二点の違いを見せている。 第一に、北方領土だけが固有の領土であり、ロシアによって不法占拠されているとの立場であったのが、竹島やはり日本固有の領土であるのに韓国によって不法占拠されているとの内容が加わった。第二に、竹島は国際法で正当に日本の領土に編入されたとの内容が加わった。 このような政策の変化は当然外務省のホームページにも反映され、同年「竹島問題10のポイント」やはり修正された。まず、学生たちが質問する挿画を新しく掲載することによって、教科書問題とともに教育対象の的を学生たちにおいていることを明確にしている。また竹島の名称関連のないようを新掲載し、竹島が日本の固有の領土であるという点を強調している。さらにポイント8に最後の挿画を載せ、アメリカが竹島を日本の領土と認めているという、いわゆる国際法の上でも日本の領土であるとの見解を強調している。外務省のパンフレットの改定は安部政権の教育方針を徹底的に裏付けするためのものであった。
In this paper, I will introduce brief history and industrial structure of japanese aircraft industry, and analyze the reasons of recent restructuring of it. After WWⅡ, japanese aircraft industry was revived by efforts of government and industry's enterprises. Japanese government has had a strong will to rebuild the aircraft industry because they believed this industry will take a important role to develop not only the economy of Japan but also the power of 'technology'. This belief made japanese government had a strong influence on the aircraft industry in Japan, and even now. After Japan achieved economic development, even though japanese aircraft industry became to be known as having a high level technologies, it has faced serious problems since 1990's, because of the end of cold war, economic shrinking, fast development of new entrants such as China, and political relationship of her most important ally, U.S.A. But after 2000, realizing that situation will be worse if nothing changed, japan's aircraft industry and government started the restructuring of aircraft industry. Restructuring has been carried out not only in the industry, but also in the whole national decision making system including government organization such as METI and R&D organization, JAXA. Almost at the same time, a few new plans, including MRJ Project, were built to revitalize the aircraft industry. Watching the process of these tries might be necessary to understand, analyze, and anticipate japan and world's future aircraft industry, which this paper is aiming at.
This research mainly focused on 1) developing the foreign language education program by integrating cultural context into foreign language education, called FOLMEP(Foreign Language & Multi-cultural Education Program), and 2) examining effects of this program on the foreign language learning and multicultural attitude of Korean college students. Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design was employed. Students in experimental group (n = 36) participated in Japanese language class which FOLMEP was implemented and students in control group (n = 31) took the traditional Japanese language class without FOLMEP. All students conducted pre- and posttest using Multicultural Attitude for College Students at the beginning and end of semester. To collect qualitative data, FGI were conducted and students’ reflection notes and self-evaluation were additionally collected. Data were analyzed using independent t-test and the results of this investigation demonstrated that FOLMEP did impact students’ milticultural attitude, specifically recognition and behavior. From the quantitative analyses, 2 themes emerged: (1) mature multicultural attitude, and (2) foreign language proficiency and competency. Based on the results of the research, some recommendations were suggested for further studies.
The concept of multiple cultures did not exist in postwar Japan, but the international understanding which gives priority to its race had substituted for the ideology. Those days most foreigners were Koreans in Japan, and the policy to them was an assimilation policy. and assimilation was kyosei ideology containing the meaning of parasitism. The 90s in Japan, although newcomers increased in number, but the governmental plan was Japanesization of them. It was only extension of the assimilation policy to a Korean in Japan. The Japanese government began to use the word tabunka-kyosei under such circumstances. However, even if it used the word tabunka-kyosei, it is extension of an assimilation policy and there was no change in the meaning of parasitism being contained. Furthermore, the civic movement in connection with a newcomer advanced activity which assists with a governmental policy, without considering tabunka-kyosei ideology deeply. The 1980s, only the Korean educational movement in Japan put the ideology mutualism, and promoted the movement. However, now it can concluded that the movement will also be controlled by the tabunka-kyosei ideology containing the meaning of parasitism .