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278cases of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation were analyzed by clinically and compared with other papers. All these patient were operted during last 5 years in our hospital. Results are as follows: 1. Frequency of male and female are nearly equal. 2. 78% are between 20-50 years old. 3. 103 of 278 cases had history of trauma as eitologic causes. Most are snapping injury. 4. Most valuable clinical signs are limitation of heel or toe walking and SLRK. 5. Most are L4-5 intervertebral disc herniation, nearly 81% of all. 6. Result of laminectomy and discectomy for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation are 94% improvement.
Objective: This study was designed to investigate the correlation between gastric emptying measurement by ultrasonography and the findings of various questionnaires of functional dyspepsia (FD) or in Korean medicine to explore the possibility of quantification of questionnaires. Methods: Eighty-eight patients (44 patients with FD and 44 healthy controls) were recruited from October 2016 to November 2017. Gastric emptying half-time (T1/2) was measured by ultrasonography at fasting, and at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 min after meals (apple juice, 500 ml, 224 kcal). The average half-time (average T1/2) was calculated by averaging all measured half-times. A visual analogue scale (VAS), food retention questionnaire (FRQ), damum questionnaire (DQ), cold and heat questionnaire (CHQ), deficiency and excess questionnaire (DEQ), spleen-qi deficiency questionnaire (SQDQ), Nepean dyspepsia index-Korean version (NDI-K), and quality of life of NDI (NDI-QoL) were filled out by all participants. Correlation between the average T1/2 and questionnaires were analyzed for 79 patients (37 patients with FD and 42 healthy controls) after excluding missing and erroneous data. Results: The FRQ, DEQ, SQDQ, NDI-K, and NDI-QoL scores, especially for some gastrointestinal symptoms and general weakness-related symptoms, showed statistically significant correlations with average T1/2. Conclusions: Our results suggest that gastric emptying measurement by ultrasonography may be a quantitative substitute method for some Korean medical questionnaires or for some dyspepsia-related and deficiency-related items among them. However, further studies using various measurements of gastric emptying will be needed.
We report surgical experience in 3 cases of cerbral cysticercosis, one of which is ventricular and two parenchymatous form. In general, there is no specific treatment for cerebral cysticercosis. In our cases of parenchy matous and mixed forms, no long-term significant improvement was obtaiend by surgical decompression and symptomatic treatment. However, in one case involving the 4th. ventricle, we removed the cysts successfully resulting in complete cure.
Serveral methods for operation of the carotid cavernous fistula, as cervical carotid ligation, trapping, embolization, and combined method of trapping and embolization, have been used. However, there are no complete methods to be known surgically. We experienced a 16-year-old girl with traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula. Complete surgical result was obtained by clipping the just proximal and distal portion of the fistula of the cavernous internal carotid artery after exposing the cavernous sinus and final cervical-ligation.
The auther has attempt to study the personality of the adolescent by utilize the MMPI. One thousand and two hundred normal, male student, aged between 13 through 19 were selected randomly for this study. Summaries are made as follow : 1. T Score of the validity scales is higher in the younger than in Elder age group. 2. In the T Score of the clinical Scores, there are higher of the psychotic and behavior disorder scales in the younger group, but there are higher score of standard deviation, standard error and coefficient of variance in the elder age group. 3. The value of anxiety index and internalized ratio is higher in the elder age group. 4. The value of active hostility index is higher in the younger age group, but passive aggressive index is higher in the elder age group.