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Purpose : This study was designed to examine the effects of the Gratitude Enhancement Program on gratitude disposition, happiness and life adjustment of cadets at Armed Forces Nursing Academy(AFNA). Methods : This was a quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent control group pre-post design. The participants are assigned to two groups from the 1st grade cadets of AFNA. For experimental group, total 8 sessions of a Gratitude Enhancement Program were applied for 4 weeks, while the control group was provided petit-Gratitude Enhancement Program after the data collection period. The data were analyzed using t-test and ANCOVA to examine the effects of Gratitude Enhancement Program. Results : The experimental group had significantly higher scores than the control group on gratitude disposition, happiness and life adjustment of cadets. Conclusion : According to the results, a Gratitude Enhancement Program is shown to very effectiveness in improving on gratitude disposition, happiness and life adjustment of cadets at AFNA. In addition, the key findings of this study will offer variable information on the development of discipline program.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the level of knowledge about dementia and to find the related factors in middle-aged adults. Method: The research design was a descriptive study by using a constructive self-report questionnaire with 34 items. Data were collected from 397 middle-aged adults using structured questionnaire. Data analysis was done by SPSS/WIN Programs using frequency, range from minimum to maximum, percentage, mean, SD, χ²-test, t-test, ANOVA, and Duncan's Multiple Range test. Results: The rate of correct answer of middle-aged adults was 68.7%, showing the mid-level of knowledge about dementia. There were significant differences according to age, education, marital status, job, income, information and information sources for dementia in middle-aged adults. Conclusion: These results indicate that Korean middle-aged adults need more education and counseling on dementia. Further studies are needed to overcome regionalism in sampling of this study and to develop standard measuring tools for the level of knowledge about dementia.