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The purpose of this study is to verify resilience’s mediation effects in the effects of adolescents’ experience of abuse damage on aggressiveness in the convergence era. Towards this end, this study used the 7th year data (2016) (4th grade to the first year of high school) of Korea Children & Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS). The findings of this study are as follows: First, the correlations between experience of abuse damage, aggressiveness, and resilience variables were confirmed using multicollinearity VIF values. Second, adolescent’s abuse experiences significantly affected their aggressiveness. Third, the partial mediation effects of resilience were shown in the effects of adolescents’ experience of abuse damage on their aggressiveness. For the verification of mediation effects’ significance, the Sobel test was carried out. The findings of this study are meaningful, as this study provides empirical data. Based on the findings, this study proposed the need of resilience consolidation programs for adolescents in the practice of social welfare. 본 연구의 목적은 청소년의 학대피해경험이 공격성에 미치는 영향에서 자아탄력성 매개효과를 검증하는 것이며, 이를 위해 한국아동·청소년패널조사 초4 패널 중에서 7차년도(2016년) 데이터를 사용하였다. 분석방법은 SPSS WIN 21.0을 사용하여 대상의 일반적특성을 파악하기 위해 빈도분석, 기술통계를 실시하였으며, 다중공선성을 확인 한 후 매개변인 효과를 하였다. 그리고 매개효과 경로분석을 위해 Sobel Test를 실시하였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 청소년의 학대피해경험이 공격성에 유의하게 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 청소년의 학대피해경험이 공격성에 미치는 영향에서 자아탄력성이 부분매개효과가 있은 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구의 결과는 피학대청소년을 대상으로 자아탄력성 강화의 중요성과 모든 청소년들의 성공적인 성인기를 맞이할 수 있도록 예방적 차원에서 자아탄력성 강화가 필요함에 대한 실증적 자료를 제공함으로써 의미를 가지며, 이를 토대로 청소년을 대상으로는 자아탄력성 강화 프로그램이 제공이 사회복지실천에서 필요성을 제언하였다.
The Finest of Ancient Prose(GuWen GuanZhi, 古文觀止) is one of the long-loved and widely used texts of China’s Gu-wen(古文). GuWen GuanZhi(古文觀止) was compiled and edited by Wu-Cheng quan(吳乘權, 1655~1719) and his nephew Wu-Da zhi(吳大職, ?~?). It was published during the Qing dynasty in 1695. At that time they were working as teachers in a private village school in Shaoxing(紹興). This book was originally made of materials to teach students. It has a total of 222 texts. The texts are arranged by period, and originally the book consisted of 12 volumes. The two editors added annotations and criticism to the text to enhance readers’ understanding of the original text. The criticism form of the GuWen GuanZhi(古文觀止) is based on the method of selecting texts and Ping-dian(評點). So far, the criticism of GuWen GuanZhi(古文觀止) has been undervalued and has lacked research. The reason was that the GuWen GuanZhi(古文觀止) criticism format plagiarized a selection of previous periods. Therefore, plagiarism and utilization were analyzed in detail in this paper. This paper showed that criticism of GuWen GuanZhi(古文觀止) stands at the boundary between plagiarism and utilization. However, it has the independence and completeness as a anthology to classical literature for beginners’ study of texts.
This study aimed to develop standard items for the Korean Dental Hygienists' Licensing Examination; these items were also earmarked for use in developing the curriculum for dental hygienists, and in writing a job description, based on a job analysis using the Developing A Curriculum Method (DACUM). It also aimed to understand the significance and frequency of task elements that dental hygienists perform. Data were collected by means of a mail survey, in the form of self-entry, from a sample of dental hygienists registered with the Korean Dental Hygienists' Association. In all, 260 responses were analyzed. The tasks of dental hygienists were divided into four categories, 93 tasks, and 494 task elements. There were 281 elements (61%) that scored higher than 3.5 in significance, in the 4-scale items, and 480 elements (98%) that scored higher than 3.0. There were 30 elements (6%) that scored higher than 3.5 in frequency, and 140 elements (29%) that scored higher than 3.0 in frequency. Overall, 130 out of 494 elements (27%) scored higher than 3.0 for both significance and frequency. Therefore, those 130 elements should be included as items in the Korean Dental Hygienists' Licensing Examination. The results can also be used for curriculum development and as the basis of a job description for dental hygienists.
This study aims to reveal the influence of price increase in gasoline on household expenditure trade-off. The subjects were 651 households, acquired the first quarter of 1996 and 1997. This study shows the change of the auto fuel budget share in the same household and they were analyzed with the paired t-test, independent t-test. The results are as follows; 1) the price increase of auto gasoline resulted in the increase of its budget share, regardless of a household's true increase or decrease of income. 2) according to price increase in gasoline, the auto fuel budget share has been changed, therefore I divided these changes into three group on the base of it's degree of change. 3) In the group that had a decrease in auto fuel budget share compared to the degree of change, there was a trade-off between the increase in food and light & light water and the decrease of education and auto fuel budget share. Auto fuel in this group was used as a discretionary good. 4) In the group that had a similar change in auto fuel budget share compared to the degree of change, there were no trade-off between expenditure items except auto fuel budget share and miscellaneous decrease. This group is the highest income group among the three groups. 5) In the group that had an increase of change in auto fuel budget share compared to the degree of change, there was a trade-off between the increase of eating-out and auto fuel, and the decrease of education and miscellaneous budget share. Auto fuel in this group was used as a discretionary good. 6) trade-off of expenditure budget share showed a mixed effect between the influence of increase in gasoline price and influence of increase in true income.
The purpose of this study was to examine the degree of recognition and reading experience of the rental housing law in rental housing residents. The subjects of this study were 359 residents who lived in Gwang-Ju and who were surveyed by questionnaire in 2000. Data was analyzed with the statistical methods of frequency, percentage, mean and chi-square. The main results of this study were as follows: 1) About 64% of the residents knew the rental housing law 2) Degree of recognition about the rental housing law was significant on age, apartment size, housing rental deposit, and monthly rental fee. 3) About 92% of the residents didn't read the rental housing law. 4) Degree of reading about the rental housing law was not significant on the level of housing characteristics. If the residents knew about rental housing law, it might be prevented the damage from housing rental deposit refund debate, contract termination and rental housing company dishonor.
In this paper, I examined the view of laughter in the Confucian classics and how the view of laughter in the Xiaohua works as a literary genre. A brief summary of the discussion in this paper is as follows. In the tradition of Confucian, laughter was not a key subject of discussion or attention in the philosophy of Confucian philosophy. Therefore, there was also a lack of discussion on the special definition or value of ‘laugh’. However, the laughter understood in the philosophy of Confucians through the core scriptures of Confucian, emphasized the legitimacy of having to be based on a pleasant state of mind. The essence of laughter was sneer. In addition, laughter is based on the falsehood that it can be decorated, and by using laughter, dramatic effects such as tension or questions in the narrative were sought. In other words, in the philosophy of Confucian, laughter can be seen as an expression used in the process of preaching moral values. With the popularity of the compilation of Xiaohua books during the Ming and Qing periods, the perception of laughter has changed significantly from that shown in the Confucian philosophy. The Xiaohua editors recognized laughter as an indispensable element of human life and world composition and viewed it as an excellent drug for diseases that cannot be treated with medicine. Ironically, Confucianism became the main object of laughter in Ming and Qing Xiaohua. Based on the above research, I was able to understand Xiaohua as an independent genre of literature and further think about the meaning of laughter in Xiaohua literature once again.