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        한국 청소년의 약물남용과 비행행위

        김성이 한국인구학회 1988 한국인구학 Vol.11 No.2

        I. Introduction Since the 1970's drug abuse among young people has increasingly become a social problem in Korea. In the 1980's, drug abuse, especially glue sniffing, has become the cause of many unfortunated incidents resulting in harm to others as well as the abusers themselves. Taking into consideration of the seriousness of this problem, the Republic of Korea National Red Cross initiated a nation-wide research programme, to understand the present situation and to raise the level of public awareness. The goal of this research was to begin a nation - wide campaign against drug abuse. The research team was composed of the Advisary Committee members and the staff of the Youth Department of the Republic of Korea National Red Cross. The data were collected in February 1988 with the collaboration of the staff and volunteers in the local Chapters. The respondents were allocated nation-wide by the quota sampling method. The questionnaires were distributed to the respondents in three groups :2, 700 to junior and senior high school students, 605 to working youths, and 916 to delinquent youths. A total of 4, 221 questionnaires were collected. II. Characteristics of the Respondents The respondents in each group were selected evenly from rural and urban areas. The general characteristics of the respondents can be described as follow: in case of students, the proportions between male and female respondents, and between senior high school and junior high school students were almost evenly distributed. In case of working youths, the proportion of females (80.5%) was higher than those of the students and the delinquents groups. Delinquent youths were defined as those currently being under custody of the centers for juvenile delinquents. Of this number, 38.8% and 68.2% were junior and senior high school drop-outs respectively. The majority of them (92.6%) were male. As for the family background of the respondents, the proportion of those residing in poverty - stricken areas, and the proportion of those from broken families were higher in case of working youths and delinquent youths than those in case of students. III. Present Patterns of Drug Abuse The following summarizes the presents of drug abuse, as tabulated from the results of the survey. 1. Smoking The percentage of youths who smoke was 36% in the student group, 32% m the working youths group, and 94.4% in the delinquent youths group. 2. Alcohol 50.3% of students, 71.6% of working youths, and 93.3% of delinquent youths has experienced drinking alcohol beverages. 3. Tonic: non - alcoholic, caffeinated beverages popular in Korea and Japan The percentage of those who have used tonic at least once was over 90% in all of the three groups. 4. Sedative About 70% of each group has used sedative with the proportion of working youths use higher than those in other groups. 5. Stimulants Those who have used stimulants comprised around 15% in each group. 6. Tranquilizers Somewhat less than 5% of students and working youths, and 28% of delinquent youths, have used tranquilizers. 7. Hypnotics The users of hypnotics amounted to 0.4% of students, 2.6% of working youths and 7.1% of delinquent youths. 8. Marihuana Those who have used marihuana indicated 0.7% of students, 0.8% of working youths, and 13% of delinquent youths. 9. Glue-sniffing The percentage of glue-sniffing was 3.7%, 5% in the students group and in the youths group respectively, but the proportion was unusually high, at 40.7% in the delinquent youths group. From the results of the survey the present situation of drug abuse in Korea can be summarized as follows: 1. A high percentage of Korean youths have experienced smoking cigarettes and drinking alcoholic beverages. 2. Tonics (non - alcoholic, caffeinated beverages), antipyretic analgesics and stimulants quite regularly used. 3. Tranquilizers, hypnotics, marihuana and glue-sniffing are more widely used among delinquent youths than the other youths. From thi

      • GMRF 모델의 안정성과 합성 영상과의 관계에 관한 연구

        김성이,최윤식 대한전자공학회 1997 電子工學會論文誌, S Vol.s34 No.2

        Markov random field models have extensively used in applications such as image segmentation and image restoration. In this paper, we consider the relation between the stationarity of parameters and the synthesized images for gauss-markov rnadom field which has the most popularly used among many MRF models. GMRF model, which is both wide-sense Markov and strict-sense markov, has AR representations and is also a kind of gibbs distribution. Therefore, we may approach in aspect of both AR models and gibbs models. We show the relation between the stationarity of parameters and the images which are synthesized by two approaching methods and derive the stationary regions of parameters in 1st order and isotropic 2nd order case.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        봉사학습의 개념과 실천원칙에 관한 연구

        金聖二 梨花女子大學校 社會科學大學 社會科學硏究所 1997 사회과학연구논총 Vol.1 No.-

        인간에 관한 지식이 전면적으로 도전받고 있는 현 사회에서 대학은 지식교육기관으로부터 봉사학습을 중심개념으로 하는 경험학습조직체로 개혁되어야 한다. 봉사학습이란 실천적 교육으로서, 학생들의 지식과 가치를 향상시키기 위해 의도적으로 구조화된 기회를 통해서 인간과 지역사회의 욕구를 함께 해결하고자 하는 활동에 학생들을 참여시키는 교육을 말한다. 이 교육과정에서는 반성과정과 상호교환성과정을 중요시 하고 있다. 봉사학습은 경험적 학습이론에 토대를 두고 있다. 즉 구체적 경험과 추상적 개념형성으로부터 정보가 파악되고 반성적 관찰과 적극적인 상호작용으로부터 의미전환이 일어나는 역동적인 과정이다. 참여경험과 봉사학습에 대한 기대간의 일치여부에 따라 파이프효과, 아코디언효과, 그리고 문화적효과가 나타난다. 봉사학습의 실천원칙에는 ①모든 사람이 공동선을 도전적으로 추구하고 ②반성기회가 구조적으로 되고 ③활동과 목적이 분명히 기술되고 ④스스로 욕구를 정의하고 ⑤각 참여자의 책임이 분명하고 ⑥융통성있게 진행되고 ⑦지속적·조직적 참여가 이뤄지고 ⑧모든 과정이 목적에 맞고 ⑨최대의 관심을 유도하고 ⑩다양한 사람이 참여토록 해야 한다. 봉사학습의 운영시 교육목표, 참여학생수, 과제량, 평가체계에 대한 문제와 지원체계에 대한 제도적 문제에 대한 방안이 강구되어야 한다. We are living through a period when our entire conception of human knowledge is being challenged. No aspect of university reform can escape the impact of widespread change. We must transform universities from teaching centers to learning organizations that support active learning. More than 150 presidents of korean universities agreed to accept the sevice?learning concept as one of the major education principles. Therefore, it is the time to think the concept and principles of service?learning. Service?learning is definded as follows: Service?learning is a form of experimental education in which students engage in activities that address human and community needs together with structured opportunities intentionally designed to promote student and development. Reflection and reciprocity are key concepts of service?learning. As a form of experiential education, service?learning is based on the pedagogical principle that learning and development do not necessarily occur as a result of experience itself but as a result of a reflective component explicitly designed to foster learning and developement. The other essential concept of service?learning is reciprocity between the server and the person or group being served. Both the server and those served teach, and both learn. Service?learning is based on the experiential learning therory. Learners grasp information via concrete experiences and abstract concepts. They then tranform this information using reflective observation and active experimentation. Student is involved in dynamic interactions between learners' expectations for the experience and the confirmation and diconfirmations of the expertations that they encounter. Through the confirmation process, they get the conduit effect, the accordion effect and the cultural effect. The comprehensive principle suggested by Mintz and Hesser(1996) are as followed: 1. An effective program engages people in responsible and challenging actions for the common good. 2. An effective program provides structured opportunities for people to reflect critically on their service experience. 3. An effective program ariculates clear service and learning goals for everyone involved. 4. An effctive program allows for those with needs to define those needs. 5. An effctive program clarifies the responsibilities of each person and organization involved. 6. An effctive program matches service providers and service needs through a process that recognizies changing circumstances. 7. An effctive program expects genuine, active, and sustained organizatinal commitment. 8. An effctive program includes training, supervision, monitoring, support, recognition, and evaluation to meet service and learning goals. 9. A effctive program ensures that the time commitment for service and learning is flexible, appropriate, and in the best interests of all involved. 10. An effctive program is committed to program participation by and with diverse populations. Once a faculy member engages in service?learning, a sequence of key issues need to the considered, rangeing from the course purpose to evaluate students' service.

      • 대학생의 써클활동과 현실참여 태도와의 관계규명

        金聖二 聖心女子大學校 1981 論文集 Vol.12 No.1

        사회화과정에 관계되는 26개의 요인들중, 1)「성별」「종교」「부모상태」「월수입」「부모화목」「고교 이성교제」「신체장애」「성격」「전공관심도」「전공지도교수와의 관계」「교외써클 가입정도」등의 11개 요인들이「현실 참여 태도」와 통계학적으로 유의미한 상관관계가 있음이 밝혀졌다(남자들의 경우「군복무」도 포함된다. 2) 이들 유의미한 요인들 중에서「현실 참여 태도」와 가장 큰 상관관계를 맺고있는 것은「성별」이었다. 즉 남자는 여자보다 더 적극적인「현실 참여 태도」를 보이고 이 영향은 주로 직접적인 것이었다. 그러나「성별」은 또 「전공관심도」에 영향을 줌으로써 이「전공관심도」를 통해서「현실 참여 태도」에 약한 간접적 영향을 준다. 즉 남자는 여자보다 더「현실 참여 태도」에 적극성을 띠지만 이 적극적 태도는 대학 생활을 통하여 약간 감소하였다. 3)「신체장애」는「현실 참여 태도」형성에 큰 영향을 준다. 신체장애가 뚜렷할수록 더욱 더「현실 참여 태도」에 적극성을 띤다. 그러나 여자들은 신체장애가 있을수록「현실 참여 태도」에 부정적 태도를 나타낸다. 또한「신체장애」는「성격」형성에도 영향을 주어 간접적으로「현실 참여 태도」형성에 영향을 준다. 즉「신체장애」가 있을수록 비관적「성격」이 형성되어「현실 참여 태도」에 적극적인 경향을 보인다. 4) 셋째로는「교외써클 가입정도」가 큰 영향을 준다. 이 영향력은 2.4%로써 다른 대학 생활 경험 요인들보다 월등하다. 교외써클 연구와 덧붙여서 써클의 성격을 보면 교내 써클에 있어서는 써클의 성격에 있어서 뚜렷한 차이를 보이나 교외써클에서는 덜 뚜렷하다. 이를 교외써클의 중요성과 결부시켜서 생각하면 교내써클에서는 써클의 성격에 따라서, 교외써클에 있어서는 성격에 따른 큰 차이없이「현실 참여 태도」에 적극성을 띠우고 있다. 이상의「성별」「신체장애」「교외써클 가입정도」들은「현실 참여 태도」형성에 2% 이상의 영향을 주고 있다. 5) 넷째로 영향을 주는 것은 가정의「월수입」이다. 즉「월수입」이 적을수록 더 적극적인「현실 참여 태도」를 나타낸다. 또「월수입」은「전공관심도」「전공지도 교수와의 관계」및「성격」을 통해서도 간접적으로도「현실 참여 태도」에 영향을 주고 있다. 즉「월수입」이 적을수록「전공관심도」와「전공지도 교수와의 관계」는 좋아지며 전공에 관심을 가질수록 더 적극적「현실 참여 태도」를 형성하게 되어「현실 참여 태도」에 적극적이 되며 월수입이 적을수록 비판적 성격을 형성하게 되어 현실참여에 적극적 태도를 형성한다. 6) 다섯째로 영향을 주는 것은「부모상태」이다. 즉 부모가 친부모일 경우보다는 그렇지 않은 경우가 더 적극적인「현실 참여 태도」를 나타낸다. 또「부모상태」는「성격」에도 영향을 미쳐「현실 참여 태도」에 간접적으로 영향을 주고 있으나 크지는 않다. 즉 친부모가 아닐수록 비판적 성격을 형성하여 적극적인「현실 참여 태도」를 보인다. 7) 여섯째로 영향을 주는 것은「부모화목」이다. 이「부모화목」은「성격」을 통해서「현실 참여 태도」에 간접적 영향을 준다. 그러나 여기서 특기할 것은 부모가 화목할수록 적극적「현실 참여 태도」를 보이고 성격은 낙관적으로 되어「현실 참여 태도」에 소극적으로 되어「부모화목」의 직접적인 영향력을 감소시킨다. 8) 일곱째로 영향을 주는것은「성격」이다. 즉 비판적「성격」을 갖고 있을수록 더「현실 참여 태도」에 있어서 적극적이다. 이「성격」은「부모상태」「부모화목」「월수입」등의 3가지 주요 가정적 경험으로 형성된다. 9) 여덟번째로 영향을 주는 것은「전공지도 교수와의 관계」이다. 즉 여기에서 특기할 것은「전공지도 교수와의 관계」가 좋으면 좋을수록 더 적극적인「현실 참여 태도」를 갖게된다는 것이다. 10) 아홉번째의 영향을 주는 것은「고교 이성교제」이다.「고교 이성교제」의 경험이 있을수록 적극적「현실 참여 태도」를 보인다. 이「고교 이성 교제」는「전공관심도」에도 영향을 준다. 11) 열번째의 영향을 주는 것은「종교」이다. 이 종교의 직접적 영향은 적으나「교외써클 가입정도」를 통한 간접영향을 합하여 유의미한 영향을 주고 있다. 12) 마지막으로「전공관심도」를 들 수 있다. 여기에서도「전공지도 교수와의 관계」에서와 같이 전공관심이 클수록 더 적극적「현실 참여 태도」를 보여주고 있다는 점이다. 13) 남자만을 대상으로 했을때「군복무」는 중요한 영향을「현실 참여 태도」형성에 영향을 준다. 즉 군복무를 한 경험이 있는 사람은 그렇지않은 사람들보다 덜 적극적인 경향을 보이고 있다. 14) 각개인에 있어서 이들 11개의 요인들은「현실 참여 태도」를 13∼14%정도 설명하여 준다. 특히 여자들인 경우에 있어서는 19%정도 예측할 수 있다. This research is an examination of the relationship of social and physical backgrounds, circle experience, and participation attitudes in a sample group of 362 Korean college students. These students were juniors or seniors in 1981. A process model was developed from a prior theory and research and investigated by means of path analysis. The model contained twelve components including sex, physical handicaps, situations of parents, relationship between parents, family income high school friendship with opposite sex, religious background (as social and physical backgrounds), interest in major study, relationship with professors, circle experience, personality characteristic (as intermediate variables), and participation attitude (as dependent variables). With regard to social and physical backgrounds, the influence of family income on the intermediate variables was the strongest one, while the influence of the other variables on the intermediate variables was significant. Contrary to expectations, the family income exerted a negative influence on interest in the major study and on relationships with professors. The interest in the major study and relationship with professors had significant negative effects on participation attitude. The influence of circle experience had the strongest positive effect on participation attitude among the variables. In conclusion, each of the social and physical backgrounds and intermediate variables had an effect on the participation attitude which the indirect effects of social and physical background variables on participation attitude through the intermediate variables was not significant. Circle experience played an important role in participation attitude independent of other variables. Approximately 14 percent of variation in participation attitude is explained by the variables included in the model.

      • 급성 사구체신염의 임상적고찰

        김성이,박철원,나창수 朝鮮大學校 附設 醫學硏究所 1986 The Medical Journal of Chosun University Vol.11 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Authors analyzed clinically for 42 cases of acute glomerulonephritis under the age of 15years, who were admitted to the Pediatric ward, Chungup General Hospital from January 1983 to December 1985. The follwing findings were noted. 1) The ratio of male to female was 2.8: 1. The most frequently affected ages were between the age of 7 to 9 years. And the peak seasonal incidence was in autumn. 2) The 3.8% of total patients had a preceding illness. The most common infection was upper respiratory infection(11.9%) and impetigo(11.9%). 3) The most common chief complaint was edema(78.6%) and the next was gross hematuria(47.6%). 4) The most prevalent physical sign was edema(73.8%), The others were hypertension(40.5%), Abdominal distention(40.5%), and throat injection(26.2%) in freqency of orders. 5) Hematuria was noted in all patients and proteinuria was in 85.7% of the patients at the time of admission. 6) Erythrocyte sedimentation rate was increased in 81.1% of the patients. 7) The characteristic findings of chest roentgenogram of the chest was pulmonary edema(21.4%) 8) Hypertensive encephalopathy and acute renal failure were. observed in 4,8% of the patients.

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