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The purpose of this research is to analyze the site planning patterns of commercial facilities in multi-family housing estates through the case study of 75 samples which were built from 1997 to 1998 in Korea. The contents of this research is to classify the site planning patterns of commercial facilities into four types, based on the number of building units, collectivity, locations and unit plan of commercial facilities. In conclusion, this research will contribute to establish the planning methods of commercial facilities in multi-family housing estates and to promote the quality of residential environment in Korea.
Although anticonvulsant osteomalacia is an established entity, theories as to its cause are not confirmed. Current evidence indicates that drug induced alterations in the hepatic metabolism of vitamin D play an important role in the pathogenesis of this disorder. Anticonvulsants also exert direct inhibitory effects on mineral and bone metabolism, independent of their effects on viamin D metabolism. A 24-year-old white woman, who had been taking anticonvulsant drugs for 12 years, presented with severe osteopenia and multiple fractures of the thoracic vertebrae without a significant trauma. Osteomalacia was confirmed by an undecalcified section of iliac crest biopsy, Since other causes of osteomalacia were ruled out, anticonvulsants were the most likely cause in this patient.
We present a ten-channel selective area grown multiple quantum well array with a wavelength of 8 nm spacing which can offer the tailored bandgap to each channel for application of monolithically integrated multi-channel devices. Scanning electron microscope images and photoluminescence spectra of the selective area grown layers for all channels are examined and analysed experimentally. We find out that, as a function of opening width, the thickness of selective area grown layers is linearly changed and the photoluminescence peak wavelength of selective area grown multiple quantum well array is varied with a quadratic shape. As a result, it is confirmed that extremely uniform and stable selective area grown layers can be obtained at the opened area between the adjacent mask patterns without significant degradation in spectral quality.
근대의 이념에 상당히 의존해 온 교육은 포스트모더니즘이 등장하면서 그 보편적인 신념들이 위기에 처하게 되었다. 근대의 이념이 폐기된다면 교육의 기존 이념들도 폐기되거나 크게 바뀔 수밖에 없다. 그래서 이 연구에서는 교육에 내재해 있는 근대적 요소들을 밝히고, 이를 거부하는 리오타르의 논의를 비판적으로 검토하였다. 리오타르의 포스트모던적 담론의 문제는 그가 언어게임 이론의 한 측면만을 지나치게 부각시킴으로써 극단적인 상대주의를 표방한다는 점, 그의 담론 양식이 배리와 불일치를 추구함으로써 방향없이 표류한다는 점 등으로 요약할 수 있다. 교육은 본래 계몽적 성격을 갖는다. 교육은 합리성의 발달과 진리의 추구를 중요한 목적으로 삼는다. 우리는 개인의 자유와 사회의 진보를 추구하지 않는 교육을 상상하기 어렵다. 이런 점에서 근대의 이념들은 여전히 교육의 이념을 떠받치는 토대로 간주 될 수 있다. Nowadays education that has been largely depended on modern enlightening ideas are challenged by postmodernism. Education has been sustained with notions of reasonable subject, development of reason, understanding the world, freedom of individuals, and progress of society etc., and these notions are modern enlightening ideas. If modern enlightening ideas were abandoned, modern educational ideas would be abandoned or changed radically. In this study, I tried to articulate modern ideas immanent in education, to dicuss difficulties of J. F. Lyotard's criticism to modern ideas. Lyotard seriously critized modern ideas related to knowledge and education, but there are some difficulties in his critism. In his "Postmodern Condition", Lyotard tried to bring down modern ideas by taking advantage of Wittgenstein's theory of language games. But his discourse has pursued paralogy and dissent, as the result, it has been drifted without an aim. Education is essintially enlightening. One of its essential aims is development of reason or pursuit of truth. And also it is difficult to imagine that education does not pursue freedon of individuals and progress of society. "Modern Project" in terms of J. Habermas need to be reconstructed. It will be possible that it does not by means of abandoning rationality, but finding things be needed in addition to rationality, and combining harmoniously these and rationality.
This essay reviews the six essays published in the Korea Journal under the general heading, Debate on the Equalization Policy. It points out that the essays have failed to produce a meaningful policy debate due to confusion about the nature of pyeongjunhwa policy, which they deal with as an equalization policy. It argues that the policy was and is not directly serving the development of a solid system of public education. Born out of improvised, inappropriate efforts to cope with the question of entrance competitions, the policy actually helped aggravate the question, deepened state interventionespecially in the private sphere of educationand drained much needed resources for the development of public education.The essay concludes by suggesting a new perspective that is broad enough to accommodate not only the efficacy of the policy concerned but also the statethe owner of the policy which in itself has been an important part of South Koreas structural educational problems.
The purpose of this research is to analyze the relation of site planning factors and construction cost for housing development through the case study of 69 samples which were built in 1996-1997. The contents of this research are composed of two main parts. The first part is to identify site planning factors which might be influencial on the construction cost in housing estates. The second part is to analyze the relation between these factors and the construction cost for housing development. In conclusion, This research will contribute to the establishment of the planning methods for the site planning in housing estates, while promoting the quality of residential environment in Korea.
By the current parking system for multi-family housing, the parking lots have been provided both on ground and underground spaces. However, the system prevents residents from having enough open spaces and leads to high construction sosts. This circumstance leads to high portion of underground parking construction cost in total construction, and the open spaces per household have been reduced dramatically. Thus, it is necessary to analyze how the construction costs and open spaces are being changed by applying different parking systems in multi-family housing site. This research has found out that the self-driving parking system is the most economical parking system, and the underground parking system is the worst parking system among different parking systems from the view point of construction cost. The self-driving parking system is the parking system shich can provide environmentally sound circumstance and economical construction cost for multi-family housing sites.
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듀이의 ‘하나의 경험'은 그의 예술철학의 핵심개념 중의 하나이다. 그 수준은 ‘상황적 통일체로서의 경험', ‘심미적 성질의 경험', ‘하나의 완성적 경험', ‘선의 실천으로서의 경험' 등으로 요약된다. 이것은 음악의 심미적 경험의 수준과 맞물리는 것으로 가창의 심미적 경험과 활동 방안을 보다 구체적으로 제안한다. 물론 가창의 심미적 방안은 심미적 요소인 가사와 음악과의 관계가 함께 탐색되어야 한다. 가사의 심미적 요소는 음악적 언어, 정서와 상상의 언어, 이미지 언어에서, 그리고 음악의 심미적 요소는 음악의 색채, 음악의 가락, 반주 음악 등에서 찾아볼 수 있다. 따라서 듀이의 ‘하나의 경험' 수준에서 가창의 심미적 경험과 활동 방안은 ‘가사와 음악의 심미적 상태 감지하기', ‘심미적 느낌 연습하기', ‘선의 실천의지 강화하기' 등의 과정으로 제안될 수 있다. John Dewey's ‘An Experience' is a core of concepts in his art philosophy. The levels of aesthetic experiences are summarized as are the experience of the unity for situation, is the experience of aesthetic quality, is the experience as consummation, and the experience as practice of the good. These concretely suggest the aesthetic experience and the activity program of singing as connected with the level of aesthetic experience in music. Of course, the aesthetic experience for singing should be explored with lyrics and music which have their aesthetic elements. The aesthetic elements of lyrics are rhythmical language, imaginable language, and image language. The aesthetic elements of music are found by musical color, melody, company. Therefore, in the level of John Dewey's ‘An Experience', the ways of aesthetic experience activities can be suggested as perceiving the state of lyrics and music, practicing of the aesthetic feeling, and reinforcing the practice of the good.
목적 :사간(Belamcanda chinensis, Iridaceae)의 근경은 편도선염, 인후염 등에 소염, 거담, 진해제로 사용되고 있다. 그 CHCl₃가용분회에 강한 소염작용이 있어 그 유효성분 단리에 착수하였다. 방법 :사간근경을 MeOH로 추출한 후 hexane, CHCl₃, BuOH로 분획하고, 그중 CHCl₃분획을 silicagel column chromatography (CHCl₃-MeOH, gradient)에 의하며 3가지 화합물을 단리하고. 이화학적 성질 및 분광학적 방법을 이용하여 화학구조를 규명하였다. 결과 :Compound I tectorigenin (m.p. 230˚), Compound II : irigenin (m.p. 185˚), Compound III은 5, 3´-dihydroxy-4´, 5´-dimethoxy-6, 7-methylenedioxyisoflavone (m.p. 248∼49˚)으로 동정하였다.