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<P>While researchers have focused on the nature of interpersonal communication on social media, few have investigated the patterns and structures of interactions among stakeholders engaged in an unexpected event. On September 18, 2015, the United States Environmental Protection Agency issued a notice of violation of the U.S. Clean Air Act to Volkswagen Group of America, Inc., citing Volkswagen's inappropriate software that circumvented the United States' emission standards. This research is systemically designed to examine the evolutionary structures of interpersonal issue networks on social media by focusing on the 2015 Volkswagen scandal on social media. The interpersonal network emerged and evolved to build a discourse on issues by stakeholders after the event. By using longitudinal data collected from the Volkswagen USA's Facebook page between September 17 and 20, 2015, this research tests four hypothesized network structures, which are reciprocity, transitivity, popularity, and activity, which assess the evolution of interpersonal issue networks. The results of exponential random graph models, analyzing 4131 stakeholders, show that interpersonal issue networks on social media have evolved overtime into a set of reciprocal relations and stakeholders transmitting critical information to bystanders. The findings imply that stakeholders who have Volkswagen's cars and stocks play a critical role in placating the scandal by mutually interacting with diverse bystanders on social media.</P>
<P>The growing popularity of social media provides a huge volume of social data including Tweets. These collections of social data can be potentially useful, but the extent of meaningful data in these collections has not been sufficiently researched, especially in South Korea Twitter data. In general, the South Korea Twitter data has been researched as a source of political media. Nonetheless, previous research on South Korea Twitter data has not adequately covered what kind of trend Twitter represents in terms of major topic categories such as politics, economics, or sports. In this paper, we present a cross-media approach to define the nature of South Korea Tweets by inferring the topic category distribution through short-text categorization. We select newspapers as cross-media, examine the categorization of news articles from major newspapers, and then train our classifier based on the features from each topic category. In addition, for grafting news topics onto South Korea Tweets, we propose a word clustering and filtering approach to exclude those words that do not provide semantic content for the topic categories. Based on the proposed procedures, we analyze the South Korea Tweets to determine the primary topic category focus of Twitter users. We observe the special behaviors of the South Korea Twitter users based on various parameters such as date, time slot, and day of the week. Because our research includes a macroscopic analysis of Twitter data using a cross-media strategy, our research can provide useful resources for other social media analysis as well.</P>
<P>In ubiquitous computing, diverse media technologies have recently been extensively researched and applied to various fields. The goal of media technologies is to improve our daily lives by enabling us to control activemedia devices such as smart phones, tablets, and TVs. The locations of users are important to providing a variety of services to users. In addition, given that all devices cannot be simultaneously utilized, and only one device is sometimes being used, the location information can be utilized to help determine one of the core active media devices at a specific instant in time. This paper proposes an active media-control interface that is based on location recognition methods using beacons in indoor ubiquitous computing. In the proposed environment, users have a beacon that denotes the location of each user. The one that is the nearest from the beacon is selected from among multiple active media devices for servicing. In the experiments, four access points and one beacon was used to validate the proposed method. The advantage of the proposed method is that it enables us to apply active media technology to indoor environments. By recognizing user locations in indoor environments, several kinds of active media services become available.</P>
<P>The current study was conducted in order to examine the applicability of rice hull derived biochar (BC) to improve the properties of growing media (GM). Biochar was incorporated into a growing media composed of coir dust, perlite and vermiculite at 0, 1, 2 and 5 % (w/w). Subsequently, the physicochemical properties of the GM-BC mixtures were determined in the cultivation of kale (Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala) for 25 days through the observation of the plant growth response. During kale cultivation in the GM-BC mixtures, the leachates were collected and analyzed to determine the changes in nutrient levels due to BC amendment. Application of rice hull-derived BC increased the retention of nutrients in the growing media due to a biochar-induced increase in cation exchange capacity, in addition to the biochar nutrient supply such as potassium and phosphorus. Furthermore, a higher water content of the growing media was observed when BC was used as an amendment, mainly due to the increased proportion of pore space available for water storage. The growth rate of kale was also increased as the biochar incorporation rate was increased. For example, the dry weight of the kale shoots was 150 % higher when grown in media containing 5 % GM-BC mixture than with the control growing media (with no biochar). From these results, it can be concluded that the rice hull-derived biochar would be a practically applicable amendment to improve the properties of the growing media.</P>
<P>Here we present a method for rapidly and stably warming up a small volume of cell culture media that can maintain cell viability and confluence rate. This method uses microwave radiation for warming without any direct contact with water, preventing the potential issue of contamination induced by the use of a water bath. To demonstrate the proof of concept validation, we used a conventional microwave oven for warming cell culture media. In our experiments, it took only 10 s to warm a 50 mL-media tube (mostly proper volume for the use of microfluidic cell culture experiments) up to 37 degrees C. Multiple tubes can also be used to increase the volume of cell culture media by placing them in a plastic support within the oven at the same time in a scalable manner. The results show that there was no jump discontinuity to a higher temperature than 37 degrees C within 10 s. Both apoptosis and necrosis were monitored and examined to confirm whether the new method can affect cell viability and metabolism. The proposed method is fast, easy and user-friendly in conventional cell culture process, even scalable for the use of large media volume, and free of biological contamination due to water contact occurred by use of conventional water baths. We urthermore believe that this approach can be potentially helpful for advancing on-chip cell culture process that may require a small volume of cell culture media often used in microfluidic devices.</P>
Bhat, T. S.,Mali, S. S.,Korade, S. D.,Shaikh, J. S.,Karanjkar, M. M.,Hong, C. K.,Kim, J. H.,Patil, P. S. Springer Science + Business Media 2017 Journal of materials science. Materials in electro Vol.28 No.1
<P>Anatase titanium dioxide (TiO2) microspheres were successfully synthesized via a controlled chemical route using carbon spheres as sacrificial templates. The morphology has been controlled by varying the deposition time of carbonaceous (c) spheres from 4 to 16 h with the interval of 4 h, which affect the size of TiO2 spheres. The structural, morphological, optical, compositional and photoelectrochemical properties of the TiO2 thin films were studied. X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern confirms the formation of anatase TiO2 with the tetragonal crystal structure. Field emission scanning electron microscopy analysis revealed that the synthesized anatase TiO2 microspheres has average diameter of similar to 330-510 nm. The blueshift in optical absorption is observed due to Mie scattering. The indirect optical band gap energy of TiO2 was varied over 3.05-3.16 eV, with the increase in deposition time. The HRTEM and SAED results show the polycrystalline nature of the sample which is in good agreement with the XRD. The anatase TiO2 hollow spheres with mesoporous walls and high specific surface area i.e. 41 m(2) g(-1) was obtained using this simple method. The films were photoelectrochemically active with maximum current density 531 mu A/cm(2) under 100 mW/cm(2) illuminations.</P>
<P>Like the concept of free-viewpoint TV (FTV), the audio data should be rendered according to video data. However, on condition that minimum numbers of microphone are used, it is difficult to acquire accurate audio signal for rendering audio data to the image with the choice of view point. Especially, degradation of high frequency components (HFC) happens due to the characteristic of polar pattern for microphone. The degradation of HFC causes imperfection of signal restoration and leads to the degradation of clarity for hearing. In this paper, a compensation method for the degradation of HFC audio signal is proposed for producing an immersive audio effect at realistic media. Our experimental results show that low frequency components (LFC) of audio signal had a little directional degradation in spite of effect of the polar patterns of microphone and the compensation of HFC can be realized with adapting the attenuation inclination of LFC. This research is expected to be helpful for producing an immersive audio effect for a realistic media.</P>
<P>Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are one of the most important cell types that contribute to negative regulation of immune responses in the tumor microenvironment. Recently, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase-interacting multifunctional protein 1 (AIMP1), a novel pleiotropic cytokine, was identified as an antitumor protein that inhibits angiogenesis and induces antitumor responses. However, the effect of AIMP1 on MDSCs in the tumor environment remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that AIMP1 significantly inhibited tumor growth in 4T1 breast cancer-bearing mice and reduced MDSCs population of tumor sites and spleens of tumor-bearing mice. AIMP1 reduced expansion of MDSCs from bone marrow-derived cells in the tumor-conditioned media. AIMP1 also negatively regulated suppressive activities of MDSCs by inhibiting IL-6 and NO production, and Arg-1 expression. Furthermore, treatment of breast cancer-bearing mice with AIMP1 decreased the capacity of MDSCs to suppress T cell proliferation and Treg cell induction. Western blot and inhibition experiments showed that downregulation of MDSCs functions by AIMP1 may result from attenuated activation of STATs, Akt, and ERK. These findings indicate that AIMP1 plays an essential role in negative regulation of suppressive functions of MDSCs. Therefore, it has a significant potential as a therapeutic agent for cancer treatment.</P>