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A loader is construction & road or agricultural machinery for lifting, moving, and mixing. This study deals with the agricultural mini loader for stock raising farming. The performance of the machine is established by pulling power, working lifting capacity, and minimum circling radius, etc. Also, driving easiness and endurance are very important in manufacturing. Thus, this study has developed the loader with the 4-wheel driving equipment by gear transmission, the 4-wheel steering equipment by power handle steering type, and the equipment making four wheels touch simultaneously on the rugged ground. The developed loader having these functions was very fit in a small cattle shed or a rugged ground. This study is divided into two parts; (I) development of 4WS transmission and (II) construction of the loader by 4WS system and other equipments.
교류의 실용 표준기로 사용하기 위해 TC 1에서 TC 6까지 6개의 평면형 열전변환기를 설계 및 제작하였다. 공기중 및 진공중의 전압 감응도는 TC 6의 경우 열손실이 가장 작아 약 4.03 mV/mW 및 약 6.38 mV/mW의 가장 큰 값을 나타내었다. 열시정수는 히터의 열관성이 가장 부족한 TC 6을 측정하여 약 8 ms를 얻었다. FRDC(fast reversed DC) 방법에 의한 교류-직류 전압 및 전류 변환오차는 40 Hz∼10 ㎑ 주파수 범위에서 1 V 및 5 mA의 정현파 실효전압 및 실효전류를 인가하였을 때 약 ±0.41∼±0.85 ppm 및 약 ±0.15∼±1.16 ppm으로서 실용표준으로 사용하기에 적합하였다. Six types of planar thermal converters from TC 1 to TC 6 were designed and fabricated for the purpose of being used as practical standards to alternating current. The respective voltage responses in air and in a vacuum of TC 6, which has the smallest thermal loss, were about 4.03mV/mW and about 6.38 mV/mW. Thermal time constant of TC 6, which has also the smallest heater thermal inertia, was about 8 ms. The respective variations of AC-DC voltage and current transfer errors from sample to sample, which were measured by FRDC(fast reversed DC) method, were about $\pm$0.41 ~$\pm$0.85 ppm and about $\pm$0.15~$\pm$1.16 ppm in the frequent range of 40 Hz~10 KHz with appling 1 V and 5 mA rms sine waves to the converters. All converters investigated exhibited sufficiently low AC-DC transfer errors to be used as practical standards.
In this study, the loader was completed that has 4-wheel gear driven drivetrain of study (Ⅰ), the 4-wheel steering with power wheel type, all-wheel traction system, and joy-stick type lever for hydraulic control valve. From driving test of the developed 4WD and 4WS type loader, we obtained that the minimum circling radius and the necessary width in circling motion reduced about 40% and 33% compared with 2WS type loader. Also, all-wheel traction system could keep the tires glued to the ground with greater stability, the power steering allowed a smoother operation, and the joy-stick type lever offered easily to control. Thus, the developed loader having these functions was very fit in a small cattle shed or rugged ground.
Electrostatic precipitator is the equipment that separates dust particles from the gas in which they are suspended. Specially, for the construction of industrial electrostatic precipitator, the corporations would send the layout design to a customer to accept an order. Therefore, it is mae a detail drawing after accept ance. Since the layout design of electrostatic precipitator is very complex, it takes time and design errors are included. Thus, for competitiveness in these industries, the development of software for the layout design of electrostatic precipitator is important. In this study, the developed software deals with technical concept and layout design of industrial electrostatic precipitator. By using the software, design time was very short, design errors reduced largely, and the standardization of design could be carried out.