http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
Soils adjacent to the industrial complexes are known to be vulnerable to pollution with the diverse pollutant sources. This research assessed pollution level in the arable soils located nearby industrial complexes using different pollution indices. Both surface (0 - 15 cm) and subsurface (15 - 30 cm) soil samples were taken from 150 agricultural fields located nearby 15 industrial complexes. Total concentrations of As, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, and Hg in soils were determined after extracting with aqua regia and mostly were lower than the pollution threshold criteria for the agricultural soil designated by the Korean Soil Environment Conservation Act. The calculated PI values for As indicated the unpolluted status but those for all other metals were in the ranges of low to moderately polluted. The Igeo values for Cd and Zn indicated soils were in the unpolluted to moderately polluted ranges, but those for other metals were unpolluted. The Igeo evaluated the pollution level lower than PI due to the geochemical correction factor. The average PINemerow values for surface soil and subsurface soils were 1.26 and 0.73, respectively, indicating a higher pollution in surface soil than subsurface soil. Ranges of PINemerow values showed a wide spectrum of pollution level from clean to heavy pollution, depending on soil sampling sites. All pollution indices indicate that levels of pollution for Cd were higher than other metals. Also four pollution indices exhibited different levels of pollution, even though they are equally based on the total concentrations of heavy metals in soil. This discrepancy might be derived from the fact whether a pollution index considers the geochemical background level, an individual metal or overall metals. The results suggest that a suitable pollution index for the pollution assessment cannot be specified based on the total concentrations of metal in the arable soil.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to understand the dental caries pattern in permanent dentition among Korean adolescents aged 12-16 years. Methods: This study comprised 5,301 teenagers, aged 12-16 years. We analyzed the dental caries pattern in patients with permanent dentition using data from the 2006 Korean National Oral Health Survey. The methods used for data analysis included frequency analysis, correlation analysis, cluster analysis, and multidimensional scaling (MDS). Results: With cluster analysis, it was difficult to clearly distinguish between anterior and posterior caries, and categorization was difficult owing to the mandibular first premolar and maxillary lateral incisor. The molars had severe caries, and results of the cluster analysis categorized this as clusters independent from other teeth; therefore, efforts must be made to prevent dental caries in molars. The maxillary premolars had the highest incidence of caries followed by the molars, and accordingly, these formed independent clusters, with the exception of the molar. During the eruption stage, despite the secondary premolar erupting later than the first premolar, there was a higher caries incidence in the secondary premolar. Out of the anterior teeth, the maxillary later incisor had the highest incidence of caries and formed an independent cluster. The multidimensional scaling (MDS) results clearly showed the molar teeth cluster. Conclusions: For epidemiological research on dental caries, a caries pattern analysis should be conducted, and information on the caries pattern in permanent dentition can be used for the prevention and management of dental caries.
The purpose of study was to examine the relationship of experience factors of the exhibition targeted to parents accompanied by their children on value of visiting and experience factors and value of visiting on the behavior intention by applying four experience factors suggested by Pine & Gilmore, that is, entertainment, education, esthetics, and escape to exhibition. The results of the study were as follows. 1. Parents accompanied by children valued experience exhibition that contained more experience factors. It was found, however, that entertainment factor had a positive effect on the economic value and education factor had a positive on the social value, while experience of escape and education had no effect on value of visiting. 2. On the whole, both experience factor and value of visiting had significant effect on the behavior intention, and in particular, social value and economic value among entertainment, esthetics, value of visiting had effect on the behavior intention. This study suggests that it is necessary to reinforce experience factor as well as entertainment & esthetic experience factor for parents to immerse themselves in educational experience to maximize the value of visiting for social and economic value in order to induce school parents` behavior intention in the experience exhibition.
This research investigated the effects of visitor`s satisfaction with the exposition on tourism image and tourism attitude. The findings are as follows. First, satisfaction with the exposition was found to have the positive effect on cognitive image and affective image on tourism. Second, cognitive image and affective image of tourism were found to have the positive effect on the tourism attitude. Third, satisfaction with the exposition was found to have the positive effect on the tourism attitude. In addition, this research verified that it is important to create an image of attractiveness, entertainment, convenience and tourist facilities toward regional tourism by hosting an exposition to build a positive tourism attitude around the destination by tourism image.