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Objectives. To analyze on self-perception of oral health, oral health behavior recognition and oral health practice of adult. Methods. This study processed from June 7th to 23rd of 2010, was to figure out oral health behavior recognition and practice based on the self-perception of oral health characteristics of 350 adults. In order to demonstrate the characteristics of the sample population statistics and to find out the relationship between variations, frequency analysis, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were performed with SPSS program. Results. There were statistically significant oral health behavior recognition and practice according to most general characteristics and self-perception of oral health characteristics. The attention of oral health as one of variable of the self-perception of oral health was statistically significant relationship between importance of oral health (p<0.001). The oral health behavior recognition was statistically significant relationship between importance of oral health (p=0.016) and attention of oral health (p<0.001). The oral health practice were statistically significant relationship among oral health status(p<0.001), attention of oral health (p<0.001) and oral health behavior recognition (p<0.001). The oral health status (p<0.001), attention of oral health (p<0.001), oral health behavior recognition (p<0.001) were the major factors affecting oral health practice. The oral health behavior recognition was the main factor than oral health status, attention of oral health affecting oral health practice. Conclusions. The oral health behavior recognition and practice were not high. Therefore, public announcement about necessity and effectiveness of the oral health practice should be reinforced nationwide and instructions on choosing the right oral health education based on patients` conditions by dental personnel efforts gathered from oral health organization should be carried out. And it is judged that we arise the motivation for dental clinics and hospitals to perform aggressive education for the practice of oral health.
올해 10월에 개최된 대한예방치과·구강보건학회 종합학술대회는 ‘예방치의학 분야의 새로운 비전과 전략’이라는 주제로 예방치의학의 과거를 돌아보고 현재를 기반으로 미래를 꿈꾸어 보는 기회를 제공하였다. 미래의 예방치의학과 관련하여 최근에 많은 관심과 논의의 대상이 되고 있는 것 가운데 하나로 4차 산업혁명과 관련된 발전을 생각해 볼 수 있다. 4차 산업혁명이란 핵심기술이 융합되어 초연결사회를 만들어 가는 것으로, 사물인터넷을 통해 생산 기기와 생산품 간 상호소통체계를 구축하고 전체 생산과정의 최적화를 구축하고 물리학, 생물학, 디지털 등 영역 간 경계가 완전히 허물어진 기술융합과 사람과 사물, 기계와 기계의 연결로 대량의 정보 공유가 가능한 네트워크세상을 만들어가는 것이다. 이러한 4차 산업혁명의 대표 미래 기술인 3D 프린팅을 포함한 인공지능, 빅데이터, 가상현실과 같은 핵심기술들은 치과계에 큰 영향을 미치고 있고 앞으로 더 많은 영향을 미치게 될 것이다. 최근에 급속도로 발전하고 있는 디지털 덴티스트리(Digital Dentistry)가 하나의 예시가 될 수 있는데 현재는 수술과 수복 등 치료를 목적으로 개발이 이루어지고 있으나 앞으로 대용량 데이터를 활용한 빅데이터 연구를 통한 구강보건관련 연구, 가상현실을 이용한 구강보건교육 등 예방치의학의 발전을 위해 4차산업혁명의 핵심기술들이 유용하게 활용될 것으로 생각한다. 따라서 구강보건을 연구하는 연구자들이 이러한 4차산업혁명에 보다 더 깊은 관심을 가지고 현재 연구하고 있는 내용들을 새로운 기술들과 융합시켜 나감으로써 보다 더 효과적이고 효율적이며 획기적인 발전을 이룰 수 있기를 바라고, 이러한 새로운 시도와 발전이 학회지를 통해 소개되고 공유되어 시너지 효과를 얻을 수 있는 기회가 될 수 있기를 기대한다. The General Conference of Korean Academy of Preventive Dentistry and Oral Health was held in October of this year with the theme of “Promising Vision and Strategy for Preventive Dentistry.” It provided an opportunity to reflect on the history of preventive dentistry and dream about the future based on the present. Advances associated with the Fourth Industrial Revolution can be considered one of the subjects that has drawn much recent interest and discussion with respect to the future of preventive dentistry. The Fourth Industrial Revolution refers to creating a hyper-connected society through the convergence of core technologies. It entails establishing a mutual communication system between production equipment and products through Internet of Things and optimizing the entire production process. It also entails creating a world of networks in which large quantities of information could be shared through convergence of technologies that blur the boundaries between different fields such as physics, biology, and digital technology, and through human-to-things and machine-to-machine connections. Core technologies such as 3D printing, artificial intelligence, big data, and virtual reality, which are the future technologies that represent the Fourth Industrial Revolution, are having a major impact on dentistry and will have even greater impact moving forward. Digital dentistry, which has undergone rapid advances in recent years, can be an example, in which current developments are for treatment purposes such as surgery and restoration. However, in the future, I believe that core technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution will be useful for the development of preventive dentistry, including big data-based research on oral health using large quantities of data and oral health education using virtual reality. Therefore, I hope that researchers studying oral health will take an even greater interest in the Fourth Industrial Revolution and achieve more effective, efficient, and groundbreaking advancements by integrating the contents of current research with new technologies. Moreover, I am also hopeful that introduction and sharing of such new efforts and advancements through academic journals could provide the opportunities to gain synergistic effects.
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between the oral health locus of control and the oral health behavior and attitude. Methods. 280 girls in W high school located in Ik-san city were chosen by the convenience sampling. A survey was made with the self-administration questionnaires. The questionnaires for the oral health locus of control were designed by the authors, and the internal locus of contol (ILOC) and the external locus of control (ELOC) were distinguished. Results. The oral health promotion behavior and attitude scale showed a significant positive correlation with ILOC, and the oral health promotion attitude scale showed a positive correlation with ILOC and a negative correlation with ELOC. The extraction of deciduous teeth in time among the oral health promotion behaviors showed the highest coefficient of correlation with the ILOC and ELOC. Such behaviors as toothbrushing after meal, toothbrushing before sleep, covering the multiple teeth with dental sealant, and taking the treatment after school oral examination showed the negative correlations with ELOC. The belief that early treatment is effective, taking good care of decayed teeth among the disease control is important, and preventing the oral diseases is economic showed a positive correlation with ILOC and a negative correlation with ELOC. The educational status of subject`s father was significantly correlated with ILOC. Conclusions. The oral health locus of control showed the statistically significant correlation with the oral health promotion behavior and attitude.
Objectives. This study aimed examine aspects of oral health behaviors, snack intake and Patient Hygiene Performance (PHP) index scores among children in the community using community children`s centers. Methods. A survey and oral examinations were conducted for 377 children in community children`s centers in Incheon. The collected data were analyzed with a chi-square test, a t-test and one way analysis of variance. Results. About 42.4% of the subjects brushed their teeth three times a day; the rate was higher among female than male students (p<0.05). As for toothbrushing methods, 1st to 3rd graders mostly used the scrub method or other methods for one minute; 4th to 6th graders mostly used an up and down method or a rolling method (p<0.01). As for snack intake, 1st to 3rd graders drank milk, while 4th to 6th graders mostly had cookies (p<0.01). There were differences in kinds of snack by geographic regions and by the presence of siblings (p<0.01). The mean Patient Hygiene Performance (PHP) index was 3.43±7.21. There were no differences in the PHP index regarding sociodemographics, oral health behaviors or snake intakes. Conclusions. It is necessary to create a physical environment in which children can brush teeth regularly. Oral health education should be focused on healthy eating habits and tooth-brushing methods among children in community children`s centers. Oral health education should be emphasized constantly.
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness of dental hygienists about the quality assurance of radiation and activities to improve and ensure radiograph quality. Methods. A self-administered questionnaire was implemented among 205 dental hygienists who worked at general hospitals, dental offices, and dental clinics in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province from September to October, 2009. Results. The hygienists scored a mean of 7.0±2.22 out of 15 for knowledge of quality control in radiation. For attitude to quality control, they got 75.5 out of 100 points. Quality assurance behavior, scored 41.9 out of 100 points. Dental hygienists with extra education on quality assurance (p=0.001) and were better at it (p=0.003) had a better knowledge score, and those with higher self-rated quality assurance (p=0.006) and those with higher knowledge score (p<.0001) showed a more positive attitude toward quality control. Conclusions. Boosting radiation quality assurance among dental hygienists requires programs to improve, knowledge and incentives to focus attention on quality control and job performance.
Objectives: The quality of service becomes a crucial factor in the dental health care field. This study examined the expectations and perceptions of patients regarding the dental service quality, as well as the difference between expectations and perceptions. Methods: The survey measuring the expectations and perceptions of dental service was carried out on 480 patients from 16 dental institutes in the Seoul metropolitan area. SERVQUAL measurement included five dimensions: `tangible`, `reliability`, `responsiveness`, `assurance`, and `empathy`. Results: Validity and reliability tests were conducted to combine the reliability and responsiveness. The modified SERVQAUL model including four dimensions was analyzed using a t-test and ANOVA to examine the quality gap between expectations and perceptions. The tangible aspect was perceived to have higher perception than their expectations of the dental service provided, and the reliability and responsiveness dimensions had higher expectations than perceptions. In addition, the gap between perception and expectation was significantly different in some demographic and institute groups. Conclusion: These results showed that dental service is perceived with higher service quality in the tangible characteristics compared to other dimensions. The intangible characteristics also play an important role in gaining positive perception in the dental services. Therefore, in addition to the tangible characteristics, the intangible dimension, particularly reliability and responsiveness, should be improved.