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우리나라의 상업교육은 국내실업진흥책의 일환으로서 실과계7 인문계3의 비율로 실업교육에 치중하기 위하여 인문중고등학교의 교과과정에 필수과목으로 상업, 농업, 공업, 수산 등을 과하는 동시에 실업고등학교(예 상업고등학교 등)를 두어 상업실적분야를 교육시키고 있으며 고등교육기관으로서는 선진제국가와 같이 종합대학교의 규모는 아니나 기개의 단과대학(상과대학)을 설치하여 근대적인 상업제학을 교수하고 있어 사학의 발전을 위하여 기대된바가 크다하겠다. 특히 전술한 바와 같이 근래에 미국의 배급론(Marketing)이 전래되어 기업계에서나 또는 학계에서 마케팅의 문제를 본격적으로 연구된 것 같다. 앞으로 상업경영학과 더불어 마케팅을 중심으로 연구발전시켜 전근대적 경영상태를 불면하고 있는 한국상업경영을 과학화하고 근대화하고 또한 합리화 하는 것이 요청되는 것이다. 본 논문은 서두에서 말한바와 같이 상업계에 대하여 학구적인 내용이라기 보다 다만 상업에 대한 학문의 발전과정을 대략적으로 제시하는데에 불과하였다. 철학을 연구하는데에 하나의 참고가 되리라 믿는다.
I attampted to consider the quantity theory of money in view point of Economic thought. D. Ricardo,s theory on the quantity of money was 1ed the problems of money by urgent questions of the day. He had witnessed the great cureency upheavals connected with wars, and he had seen the great depreciation of paper money and the market rise in price which followed it. He wrote 'The high price of Bullion" and, on the eve of the issue of the famous report of Bullion Committee, he explained that these phenomena had been caused by an over-issue of paper money. He developed the quatity theory of money and showed that inflation and depreciation caused an outflow of gold, and proposed that the Bank of England should gradually reduce the amount of notes in circulation until the price of gold had been brought it's previous level. He also treated question of money from the point of view of the labour theory of value. He said that value of gold and silver, like that of other commodities, was determined by amount of labour in them. His analysis was a part of accepted economic theory : a rise or fall is due to an excess or deficiency of the amount of currency in circulation. His theory was acknowledge by business men and economists at that time, and affected to the banking and currency principes. J. S. Mill developed further the quantity theory of money which he applied to he interrelation of supply and demand. His conclusion was that value of money changes in inverse proportion to the quantity of money. Though J. S. Mill still admitted a cast element into his theory, his emphasis was much more on the market phenomena of supply and demand. K. wicksell was affected mainly by Bohm-Bawerk,s theory of capital in which he criticized somewhat ungenerously all earlier interest theories, and he pointed out the interest from the point of view of roundabout process of production. He used terms of natural and market rate of interest and applied it to the quantity theory of money. He said that the classical theory based on the proposition of "Supply creates it's Demand" does'nt explain why demand of money for goods exceeds it's supply, and then urged that the cause is a fall in market rate of intest, which may be conditioned by action of dank authority. k. wicksell, as later keynes indicated, emphasized that a person who desires to save is not the same man as a person who desires to invest, and therefore there is no reason why different group of people should save or invest the same amount of money. E. A. Hayek formed neutrality of money from wicksell's theory: there is neutral rate of interest which can not rise or depreciate the price of goods. In order to analyse the economic fluctuation and development, he explained that propotion between the amount of intermediate products which is necessary at any moment of time to secure a continuous output of a given quantity of consumer's goods, and the amount of that output, must grow with the lenghh of the roundabout process of production. J. M. Kevnes is concerned with aggregate: income, consumption, especially consuming affect, saving and investment, rather than with determination of individual proces which formed the core of the economic theory of yesterday. I introdused the keynes's equation of money with Fisher's this is based on the quantity theory of money but that is on the searching amplitude of fluctuations, lev디 of proce and the relations among saving and investment. In conclusion, the quantity theory of money is formed from thesi-mple quantity theory of classics into the new conbination of monetary theory with economic development theory. Briefly it amounts to this: Keynes and Hayek have made new direction on the history of economic thought.