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In this study, the hybitd reactor has used to remove H_2S from the toxic gas. Since the oxidation and reduction reactors were combined, theri sizes were important to stabilize developed process. The optimal sizes of oxidation and reduction reactors were determined considering iron oxidation rate and H_2S removal rate. The optimal ratio of reactor size was 4 L for oxidation reactor to 1 L for reduction reactor.Immobilized Thiobacillus ferrooxidans has been developed to minimize the size of oxidation reactor. Since the immobilized cell enhanced the oxidation rate, it was possible to incrase H_2S removal efficiency. It was possible to incerase operation time because immobilized cell can survie lger than free cell.
Effects of temperature on hydrogen sulfide removal efficiency has been studied in this research. Two reactors which combined iron oxidization reactor and reduction reactor were manufactured. Iron oxidation reactor was used to oxidize Fe(II) to Fe(III) with Thiobacillus ferrooxidans and the hydrogen sulfide was oxidized to make element sulfur with the reduction of iron. The optimal temperature for the iron oxidation was 30℃ however that of iron reduction was 40℃. From this result, the optimal continuous operation conditions has been determined.