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        張承斗(Jang Seung-Du), 이복규(Yi Bok-Kyu), (번역자) 한국민속학회 2002 韓國民俗學 Vol.35 No.1

        This article is a translation of "Marriages of Aborginal Tribes of Chosun" (Chosun 281, Chosunchongdokbu, 1938, 11) written by Jang Seungdu, a clerk working in the Department of Profit Production during the Japanese Colonization. Previously, Jang had given a description of the matrimonial customs of Koguryo under the same title (Chosun 280, Chosunchongdokbu, 1938, 10) ; then he wrote about the marriage systems of Ye, East Okjeo, Balhae, Euplu These two articles not only belong to relatively initial breakthroughs along with the research fruits of Lee Nunghwa and Choi Namsun but also command a unique view which necessitates a reading of the researchers concerned. However, its content has not been introduced or fully dealt with yet. Especially, this writing is worthy of careful reading in that the author managed to relate the aspects of matrimonial customs of Korea"s ancient tribes to his contemporary folk customs in addition to transmitting the former customs through varied literature surveys. For instance, when introducing the bargain marriage of East Okjeo, Jang specifies the cases in which the prices of women differed according to their appearance and age. In discussing the foray marriage of Balhae, he also reports on the bossam practice which had passed on from ancient times to Chosun Period to his age revealing such a shocking fact that the Balhaevians forced a male passerby to sleep with a woman destined to be a widow so as to kill him after the ill-fortune-driving love-making. The principal descriptions could be summarized as follows : 1. Matrimony of the Ye tribe : There was a custom of excluding the marriage partner from the same clan that the marriage seeker belonged to. 2. Matrimony of the East Okjeo tribe : The minmyeoneuri system was established, where a girl, engaged at the age of ten, was sent to her in-laws family to grow up there. When grown up, she was sent back to her family to get her dowry. This marriage system was of the characteristics of bargain marriage which is still practiced among the poorest in many places. 3. Matrimony of the Balhae tribe : Among this tribe it is cleat that a foray marriage was popular. The stealing in marriage was legally allowed and even accepted by the woman"s family. 4. Matrimony of the Euplu tribe : The Eupluvians had a custom in which a man married a woman who responded favorably to the feather that the man put in her hair. A married woman was considered chaste but an unmarried one lewd 1bis tribe thought little of chastity in girlhood but a married woman prized it. So far the translator has translated and introduced articles written in Japanese by Jang several times. This work follows suit, but it is a pity to say that due to its bulky content only the latter part of the article is published here with the rest of it which deals with the matrimonial customs of Buyeo and Koguryo left for the next issue.

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