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In this 21st century, the period of globalization, the discussion of the theory of tradition may not seem to be fresh or appealing in a sense. But on the other hand, the debate on the internationalization in this digitalized period, if it is not based on tradition with identity and creativity, may lead to groundless following after the Western thought, In this period of technological imperialism, it must lead to such subordination and submission to the Western thought as shown in the 20th century, if we do not have the creativity grounded on Korean tradition. Korean tradition, which helps to lead the period of globalization and digitalization, will be newly established when the sense of identity is maximized with the rich resources derived from the controversial debate on tradition discussed in the 20th century.This article, among the various aspects of Korean tradition, focuses on the relationship between Buddhist tradition and Modern Poety. It may limit the discussion in a sense, but it has sense of history and ultramodernity which must not be overlooked. It is because the Buddhist thoughts among other foreign thoughts share the sense of history with the Korean thoughts, through which to investigate the characteristics peculiar to Korea and their universal sense, and because poetry, of all kinds of arts, can be called an advance guard point to represent the sensitivity of the nation.
There are many studies of the history of European literature. But the history of East Asian literature has not yet been written. Such an unbalance must be redressed. The histories of so-called Eastern Literature(東方文學) published in China include all non European literatures and have no coherent system. We have to find the inner structure of East Asian literary history in the sphere of the tradition of written Chinese, which is comparable to the Latin heritage of European literature.In the course of accomplishing a series of studies on literary history, from Korea scope to the world perspective, I presented some keys understanding the historical development of East Asian literature. They can be used as the starting point to write its whole history. Two pairs of binary opposition, the noble (華) and the vulgar (夷), as well as the poem (詩) and the song (歌) are the key concepts. The noble is the common ideal of East Asian civilization and the vulgar refers to national peculiarities. The poem uses the written chinese, while the song is composed in vernacular language.The combinations of these two pairs of key concepts reveal the characteristics of each era. In ancient times there was only the vulgar song. Confucian civilization. which spread from China, promoted the noble poem. Non-Chinese nations developed the noble song, along with the noble poem, during the medieval age. But in the time of the transition from medieval to modern ages, the newly appearing vulgar poem destroyed the chain of being, The modern age began when the vulgar triumphed over the noble, and the song took the place of the poem.