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        • Buckling of aboveground oil storage tanks under internal pressure

          Shoichi,Yoshida 국제구조공학회 2001 Steel and Composite Structures, An International J Vol.1 No.1

          Overpressurization can occur due to the ignition of flammable vapors existing inside aboveground oil storage tanks. Such accidents could happen more frequently than other types of accident. In the tank design, when the internal pressure increases, the sidewall-to-roof joint is expected to fail before failure occurs in the sidewall-to-bottom joint. This design concept is the socalled “frangible roof joint” introduced in API Standard 650. The major failure mode is bifurcation buckling in this case. This paper presents the bifurcation buckling pressures in both joints under internal pressure. Elastic and elastic-plastic axisymmetric shell finite element analysis was performed involving large deformation in the prebuckling state. Results show that API Standard 650 does not evaluate the frangible roof joint design conservatively in small diameter tanks.

        • KCI등재SCOPUS

          Ductility of concrete slabs reinforced with low-ductility welded wire fabric and steel fibers

          Rabin,Tuladhar,Benjamin,J.,Lancini 국제구조공학회 2014 Structural Engineering and Mechanics, An Int'l Jou Vol.49 No.4

          The use of low-ductility welded wire fabric (WWF) as a main tensile reinforcement in concrete slabs compromises the ductility of concrete structures. Lower ductility in concrete structures can lead to brittle and catastrophic failure of the structures. This paper presents the experimental study carried out on eight simply supported one-way slabs to study the structural behavior of concrete slabs reinforced with lowductility WWF and steel fibers. The different types of steel fibers used were crimped fiber, hooked-end fiber and twincone fiber. The experimental results show that the ductility behavior of the slab specimens with low-ductility reinforcement was significantly improved with the inclusion of 40kg/m3 of twincone fiber. Distribution of cracks was prominent in the slabs with twincone fiber, which also indicates the better distribution of internal forces in these slabs. However, the slab reinforced only with low-ductility reinforcement failed catastrophically with a single minor crack and without appreciable deflection.

        • KCI등재SCOPUS

          V-notched elements under mode II loading conditions

          Alberto,Sapora,Pietro,Cornetti,Alberto,Carpinteri 국제구조공학회 2014 Structural Engineering and Mechanics, An Int'l Jou Vol.49 No.4

          We apply the Finite Fracture Mechanics criterion to address the problem of a V-notched structure subjected to mode II loading, i.e., we provide a way to determine the direction and the load at which a crack propagates from the notch tip and express the critical conditions in terms of the generalized stress intensity factor. Weight functions for V-notch emanated cracks available in the literature allow us to implement the fracture criterion proposed in an almost completely analytical manner: the determination of the critical load and the direction of crack growth is reduced to a stationary point problem. A comparison with experimental data presented in the Literature concludes the paper.

        • KCI등재SCOPUS

          Research on the mechanical properties of membrane connections in tensioned membrane structures

          Yingying,Zhang,Qilin,Zhang,Yang,Li,Lu,Chen 국제구조공학회 2014 Structural Engineering and Mechanics, An Int'l Jou Vol.49 No.6

          As an important part, the connections generally are important for the overall behavior of the structure and the strength and serviceability of the connection should be ensured. This paper presents the mechanical properties of membrane connections in tensioned membrane structure. First, the details of common connections used in the membrane structure are introduced. Then, the common connections including membrane seam, membrane-flexible edge connection and membrane-rigid edge connection are tested and the corresponding failure mechanisms are discussed. Finally, the effects of connection parameters on the connection strength are investigated and proper connection parameters are proposed. The strength reduction factors corresponding to different connection types are proposed, which can be references for the design and analysis of membrane structures.

        • KCI등재SCOPUS

          Strengthening of RC beams with prefabricated RC U cross-sectional plates

          Ali,Demir,Muhammed,Tekin,Tezcan,Turalı,Muhiddin,Bagci 국제구조공학회 2014 Structural Engineering and Mechanics, An Int'l Jou Vol.49 No.6

          The topic of this study is to strengthen cracked beams with prefabricated RC U cross-sectional plates. The damaged beams were repaired by epoxy based glue. The repaired beams were strengthened using prefabricated plates. The strengthening plates were bonded to the bottom and side faces of the beams by anchorage rods and epoxy. The strengthened beams were incrementally loaded up to maximum load capacities. The experimental results were satisfactory since the load carrying capacities of damaged beams were increased approximately 76% due to strengthening. It was observed that strengthening plates had a dominant effect on the performance of beams in terms of both the post-elastic strength enhancement and the ductility. The experimental program was supported by a three-dimensional nonlinear finite element analysis. The experimental results were compared with the results obtained from the beam modeled with ANSYS finite element program.

        • KCI등재SCIESCOPUS

          Effective vibration control of multimodal structures with low power requirement

          Thamina,Loukil,Mohamed,Ichchou,Olivier,Bareille,Mohamed,Haddar 국제구조공학회 2014 Smart Structures and Systems, An International Jou Vol.13 No.3

          In this paper, we investigate the vibration control of multimodal structures and present anefficient control law that requires less energy supply than active strategies. This strategy is called modal global semi-active control and is designed to work as effectively as the active control and consume less power which represents its major limitation. The proposed law is based on an energetic management of theoptimal law such that the controller follows this latter only if there is sufficient energy which will beextracted directly from the system vibrations itself. The control algorithm is presented and validated for acantilever beam structure subjected to external perturbations. Comparisons between the proposed lawperformances and those obtained by independent modal space control (IMSC) and semi-active controlschemes are offered.

        • KCI등재SCOPUS

          Capabilities of stochastic response surface method and response surface method in reliability analysis

          Shui-Hua,Jiang,Dian-Qing,Li,Chuang-Bing,Zhou,Li-Min,Zhang 국제구조공학회 2014 Structural Engineering and Mechanics, An Int'l Jou Vol.49 No.1

          The stochastic response surface method (SRSM) and the response surface method (RSM) are often used for structural reliability analysis, especially for reliability problems with implicit performance functions. This paper aims to compare these two methods in terms of fitting the performance function, accuracy and efficiency in estimating probability of failure as well as statistical moments of system output response. The computational procedures of two response surface methods are briefly introduced first. Then their capabilities are demonstrated and compared in detail through two examples. The results indicate that the probability of failure mainly reflects the accuracy of the response surface function (RSF) fitting the performance function in the vicinity of the design point, while the statistical moments of system output response reflect the accuracy of the RSF fitting the performance function in the entire space. In addition, the performance function can be well fitted by the SRSM with an optimal order polynomial chaos expansion both in the entire physical and in the independent standard normal spaces. However, it can be only well fitted by the RSM in the vicinity of the design point. For reliability problems involving random variables with approximate normal distributions, such as normal, lognormal, and Gumbel Max distributions, both the probability of failure and statistical moments of system output response can be accurately estimated by the SRSM, whereas the RSM can only produce the probability of failure with a reasonable accuracy.

        • KCI등재SCIESCOPUS

          Experimental study on circular concrete filled steel tubes with and without shear connectors

          K.,Chithira,K.,Baskar 국제구조공학회 2014 Steel and Composite Structures, An International J Vol.16 No.1

          This paper deals with a study on ultimate strength behaviour of eccentrically loaded CFT columns with and without shear connectors. Thirty specimens are subjected to experimental investigation under eccentric loading condition. P-M curves are generated for all the test specimens and critical eccentricities are evaluated. Three different D/t ratios such as 21, 25 and 29 and L/D ratios varying from 5 to 20 are considered as experimental parameters. Six specimens of bare steel tubes as reference specimens, twelve specimens of CFT columns without shear connectors and twelve specimens of CFT columns with shear connectors, in total thirty specimens are tested. The P-M values at the ultimate failure load of experimental study are found to be well agreed with the results of the proposed P-M interaction model. The load-deflection and load-strain behaviour of the experimental column specimens are presented. The behaviour of the CFT columns with and without shear connectors is compared. Experimental results indicate that the percentage increase in load carrying capacity of CFT columns with shear connectors compared to the ordinary CFT columns is found to be insignificant with a value ranging from 6% to 13%. However, the ductility factor of columns with shear connectors exhibit higher values than that of the CFT columns without shear connectors. This paper presents the proposed P-M interaction model and experimental results under varying parameters such as D/t and L/D ratios.

        • KCI등재SCIESCOPUS

          Ambient vibration testing of Berta Highway Bridge with post-tension tendons

          Fatma,Nur,Kudu,Alemdar,Bayraktar,Pelin,Gündeş,Bakir,Temel,Türker,Ahmet,Can,Altunişik 국제구조공학회 2014 Steel and Composite Structures, An International J Vol.16 No.1

          The aim of this study is to determine the dynamic characteristics of long reinforced concrete highway bridges with post-tension tendons using analytical and experimental methods. It is known that the deck length and height of bridges are affected the dynamic characteristics considerably. For this purpose, Berta Bridge constructed in deep valley, in Artvin, Turkey, is selected as an application. The Bridge has two piers with height of 109.245 m and 85.193 m, and the total length of deck is 340.0 m. Analytical and experimental studies are carried out on Berta Bridge which was built in accordance with the balanced cantilever method. Finite Element Method (FEM) and Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) which considers ambient vibration data were used in analytical and experimental studies, respectively. Finite element model of the bridge is created by using SAP2000 program to obtain analytical dynamic characteristics such as the natural frequencies and mode shapes. The ambient vibration tests are performed using Operational Modal Analysis under wind and human loads. Enhanced Frequency Domain Decomposition (EFDD) and Stochastic Subspace Identification (SSI) methods are used to obtain experimental dynamic characteristics like natural frequencies, mode shapes and damping ratios. At the end of the study, analytical and experimental dynamic characteristic are compared with each other and the finite element model of the bridge was updated considering the material properties and boundary conditions. It is emphasized that Operational Modal Analysis method based on the ambient vibrations can be used safely to determine the dynamic characteristics, to update the finite element models, and to monitor the structural health of long reinforced concrete highway bridges constructed with the balanced cantilever method.

        • KCI등재SCOPUS

          Numerical study on the moment capacity of zed-section purlins under uplift loading

          Jue,Zhu,Jian-kang,Chen,Chong,Ren 국제구조공학회 2014 Structural Engineering and Mechanics, An Int'l Jou Vol.49 No.2

          In this paper a nonlinear finite element analysis model is established for cold-formed steel zed-section purlins subjected to uplift loading. In the model, the lateral and rotational restraints provided by the sheeting to the purlin are simplified as a lateral rigid restraint imposed at the upper flange-web junction and a rotational spring restraint applied at the mid of the upper flange where the sheeting is fixed. The analyses are performed by considering both geometrical and material nonlinearities. The influences of therotational spring stiffness and initial geometrical imperfections on the uplift loading capacity of the purlin are investigated numerically. It is found that the rotational spring stiffness has significant influence on the purlin performance. However, the influence of the initial geometric imperfections on the purlin performance is found only in purlins of medium or long length with no or low rotational spring stiffness.

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