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都市의 周邊에 흐르는 河川은 都市人口의 過密弊害로 氷質汚濁이 發生되고 都市保建은 勿論生活環境의 阻害가 되고 있다. 工業圍地周邊에 있는 河川은 汚水流入으로 因한 有害性物質의 含有로 水産用, 工業用, 水道用, 農業用水 및 沐溶水로서 弊害의 影響이 되므로, 우리들의 生活周邊에 密接한 關係가 있는 물利用面에서 이들의 公共水域의 水質이 어떻게 變化되어 가고 있는지, 어느 部市나 어느 工業團地이든간에 그 狀況을 살필 必要性을 갖게 되는 것이다. 그 水質의 許容汚染度, 必要保全水質에 따라 將次 公共水域으로서 維特하기 爲한 立法規制와 下廢水處理技術의 普及이 반드시 있어야 할 것이다. 今般 大田市를 對象으로한 周邊河川과 工業團地周邊河川에 對해서 水質을 調査測定함으로 都市 公衆衛生과 水質保存을 爲한 計劃樹立에 圖??코자하며 除害措置는 勿論 基準設定에 奇與하고자 한 것이다. 犬田都市를 對象으로한 關係河川은 大同川, 大田川, 柳等川, 等 4個 河川에 重要地点을 選定하여 73년1月부터 12月까지 격월로 水質을 6回測定 調査를 하여 72年度와의 水質變化를 比較하였으며, 또한 他都市와의 水質과도 比較分析하여 大田都市의 生活環境衛生面에서 考究되어야 할 指標를 가늠하게 하였다. 大田의 地理的 環境과 河川의 特性으로 본 汚染源의 調査結果에서 나타난 바는 ① 大同川, 犬田川 周邊의 人口集中過密現象에서 오는 都市 下水量의 激增으로 河川汚染度의 限界超過를 이루었고 ② 犬同川, 大田川 周邊에 中小工場의 分布가 集中되어 있다는 점에서 汚染의 近因이 될 수있고 ③ 柳等川 周邊의 大企業工場으로부터의 工場廢水의 大量放流는 化學的 影響으로 因하여 水域이 惡化가 되고 ④ 甲川에 大田工團廢水의 流入과 糞尿 Tank에서의 糞尿投棄로 因한 汚染의 影響은 앞으로 下廢水 處理에 對한 專門的 硏究와 施設이 要請된다는 点이다. 이에 隨伴하여 河川別 水質保全의 行政的 規制와 더불어 基準設定을 促求하며 이들 關係法規의 整備는 勿論 新設 등 諸方向에서 考究하여 都市民이 營爲하는 公共水域으로서 健全한 生活環境이 이루어지기 爲하여 努力을 傾注하여야 할 것이다. The rivers which flow in the neighborhood of cities are polluted by the concentration of population in the cities. This is harmful not only to public health but to the living environment. Choosing the principal test spots of the neighboring rivers-Daedong-chun, Daejon-chun, Youdeung-chun, and Cap-chun-of Daejon city, we have surveyed and tested their water quality 6 times from January to December of 1973, and analyzed the results by comparing them with those of 1972 and of other cities. This has enabled us to draw out several probems in the sanitation of Daejon city. The following issues have resulted from the examination of the pollution sources created by the geographical environment of Daejon city and the characteristics of the rivers: 1. The pollution of the rivers has passed the limit through the marked increase of urban sewage caused by the density and concentration of population in the neighborhood of Daedong-chun and Daejon-chun. 2. Pollution has also been caused by the density of the small and medium factories in the neighborhood of Daedong-chun and Daejon-chun. 3. The mass discharge of industrial wastes from the large factories in the neighborhood of Youdeung-chun has made the waters worse through the chemical influences of the wastes. 4. Gap-chun has been polluted by the infolw of industrial wastes, and by the discharge of night soil from the excrements tanks near by. When we take these issues into consideration, the special study and facilities are required, together with the establishment of standard water quality of the rivers the administrative control over the preservation of it.
Though most of the Korean students have been studying English for years they still can neither speak nor understand English as much as we would expect. To solve this critical problem, I have tried to reason out only to fail, and at last I have come to the conclusion that by analyzing the entrance test papers given by Taejon Technical Junior College the difficulties are sure to be found. As a result of the research, some findings are made available as follows; 1. As for pronunciation the students are poorer than we expected, and stress seems to be hardly taught at their schools. 2. The conversation tests have given us the best result, but it is their result of only easy and practical materials given in the test papers. 3. The best grade is obtained among all the areas in consequence of analysis of comprehension, but it owes to the short sentences given in the papers. 4. The result of vocabulary analysis is average and the items of abbreviation, antonym and idion are far behind the average. 5. Composition is the lowest level among the areas. 6. Despite the fact that they have been taught through the methods of traditional grammar translation, the result of grammatical usage is not as good as we have expected. 7. English has absolute influence on the entrance examination along with mathematics and Korean language. 8. Both subjective and objective items, of which some imagination is required, are among the worst. 9. The differences among the students, from the city, the town and the town-ship are clarified. 10. The slightest margin of regional level such as the city, the town and the township is found in the items where many mistaken-answers are chosen. According to the result of tile analysis of the exam, it is suggested that 1. The new combination method which the grammar-translation method and the best features of several of the other methods are combined should be adopted. The hour limit, facilities and entrance exam prevent us from adopting so-called aural-oral approach. 2. Hearing, speaking, reading and writing should be taught concurrently 3. Words, grammatical items and the others should be used over and over until they are familiar with them, so that they can produce good English automatically through everyday life. 4. Thinking in English and English through English. The barriers of our way of thinking and speaking should be broken down. 5. Practical materials and cultural information should be stressed. 6. Appropriate teaching should be available for the slow learning students. 7. Success in teaching depends chiefly on the teacher's attitude. His sincerity plays much greater part in success in teaching English than his proficiency in English. 8. The teacher's extra burden besides teaching should be decreased to the minimum, and the teacher's retraining be urgently required. 9. The beginners should be taught by the most qualified teachers, and audio-visual aids be used to teach them. 10. Objective test is apt to cultivate fortunate mood, and subjective test drill should be given along with the former.
The Scarlet Letter is in a sense the last of Nathaniel Hawthorne's tales and of course their climax. The novel presents a very clear and perfect image of Hawthorne as a speculative philosopher and an ethical thinker. In this thesis a study was made on the characteristic of the thought and the theme reflected in the Scarlet Letter. The characteristic of the thought is the duality of puritanism and romanticism. The main current of the thought is in the tension between the puritan and the romantic tendencies. The hero, Arthur Dimmesdale, symbolizes puritanism, and the heroine, Heater Prynne, romanticism. While Hawthorne leans in puritanism by Dimmesdale, he is skeptical and critical ,about the heartlessness, intolerance and severity of puritanism by Hester. The theme of the novel is the moral isolation due to guilt-consciousness. Moral isolation causes the destruction of inner sphere of reality, which means the quiet and pure communion of a human mind and heart with others in love and charity. The severity of puritanism drove both Hostel and Dimmesdale into a state of moral insanity. The essence of moral isolations of Hester and Dimmesdale differs in that Hestel's sin was revealed, but Dimmesdale's, concealed. So Dimmesdale is much more serious in the moral agony than Hester. They are left stranded in the midst of a terrible solitude which, to Hawthorne's thinking, is the negation of reality. The real emancipation from the moral isolation, which means the release from the power of sim, should result in the salvation of soul. Unless there is true repentance, salvation is unattainable. To the last Hester has no repentance, but Dimmedale's conclusive confessio nleads to his salvation.