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        Fabrication and Characteristics of Fully-sprayed ZnO/CdS/CuInS2 Solar Cells

        Tran Thanh Thai,Nguyen Duc Hieu,Luu Thi Lan Anh,Pham Phi Hung,Vo Thach Son,Vu Thi Bich 한국물리학회 2012 THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY Vol.61 No.9

        This paper reports the successful fabrication of deposited Glass/ZnO/CdS/CuInS<sub>2</sub> solar cells with superstrate structure using Full Spray Pyrolysis Deposition (FSPD). The structure, optical and electrical properties of the constituent layers are investigated. It is observed that the CuInS<sub>2</sub> (CIS) film deposited from starting solution with [Cu]/[In] = 1.1, and Al-doped CuInS<sub>2</sub> (CIAS) film deposited from solution with [Cu]/[In] = 1.0, [Al]/[In] = 0.12, and using sulfurization process exhibited the best crystallites with tetragonal structure. The optical band gap of the CIAS film is obtained as 1.49 eV. Some physical properties of both ZnO, and CdS thin films are also studied. The parameters of the cells obtained are V<sub>OC</sub> = 425 mV, J<sub>SC</sub> = 14.02 mA/cm<sup>2</sup>, FF = 28.75% and efficiency of 1.71%. The results in our experiment show that FSPD is a potential technique to prepare solar cells based on CIS absorbers in a superstrate structure with low cost and high performance.

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        Electromigration with enhanced green emission in the titanium dioxide nanotube/graphene composite

        Tri Tuan Nguyen,Tran Thanh Tung,Dusan Losic,Luu Thi Lan Anh,Le Hong Phuc,Xuan Sang Nguyen 한국물리학회 2019 Current Applied Physics Vol.19 No.10

        One of the most studied photoluminescence emission peaks of anatase titanium dioxide (TiO2) is green, located at about 520 nm, which is assigned to the radiative recombination between a mobile electron in the conduction band and oxygen vacancy defect as a trapped hole in the bandgap. Composite materials of TiO2 with graphene are normally shown by the gradual quenching of photoluminescence intensity as a result of carrier lifetime extension, which is important to enhance photocatalytic activity. Herein we report an observation of the intensity enhancement of the green PL emission in a composite TiO2 nanotube (TNT) and graphene produced through facile hydrothermal synthesis. The heterojunction formation of graphene and TNT makes the excited photoelectrons easy to diffuse from TNT to graphene. Hence, the recombination rate of mobile electrons in graphene and trapped holes located on the nanotube surface is enhanced due to the high mobility of electrons in graphene.

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