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To investigate the characteristics of edible flowers as a food material, we have examined the kinds, colors, sizes, fresh weights, pigments and shipping periods of edible flowers marketed on the cropping farms, selling agencies and Internet shopping malls from February through September, 2005. Thirty six kinds of edible flowers were marketed in Korea, and all but the chrysanthemum were introduced species. The characteristics of edible flowers were shown differently by the varieties following the same kinds of flowers. Those colors were yellow (twenty five kinds), red (twenty three), pink (twenty), white (eighteen), and orange (sixteen). Flower diameters were measured and showed tnat seven kinds of edible flowers were 1.0 to 2.0㎝, fourteen 2.0 to 3.0㎝, sixteen 3.0 to 4.0㎝, eight 4.0 to 5.0㎝, and nine over 5.0㎝. Flower fresh weignts were measured as follows: twenty one kinds of edible flowers were under 0.5g (58.3%), eignt were 0.6~1.0g (22.2%), and six were 1.1~1.5g (16.7%). Tne taste of edible flowers was often bitter (twenty one kinds), sweet and sour (seven), somewhat fragrant (six). fishy (three), and others (nine). Tne pigments of edible flowers were anthoxanthin (twenty seven kinds), flavonoid (twenty three), carotenoid (seventeen), and betanidin (four).
This study was for nature dyeing development from an extracted pigment of Lycoris radiata flower. To provide a basic data of nature dyeing, it has been observed of silk dyed by dyeing solution concentration and pH, dyeing temperature and time. when gram per l00mL was increased, the dyeing solution became high concentration, and absorbance became low in the high heat temperature because anthocyanin`s destruction was much. The surface color of silk was a little difference according to temperature, concentration and pH but they were generally RP, PB and GY system. The dyeing properties of silk was good at temperature 30 and 40 ℃ and the value of a was increased when the dyeing solution concentration was thick, was shown RP system at pH 1 and 3 of dyeing solution and GY system at pH 9. when dyeing solution temperature was low and dyeing times was long, the value of a was increased and brightness indexes (V) was high or low, respectively. From the above results, dyeing properties of Lycoris radiata flower extracts are good in treatments of acid and high concentration, long time, low temperature.