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        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

          Parvatrema timondavidi (Digenea; Gymnophallidae) transmitted by a clam, Tapes philippinarum, in Korea

          유재란,채종일,이순형,Yu, Jae-Ran,Chae, Jong-Il,Lee, Sun-Hyeong The Korean Society for Parasitology 1993 The Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol.31 No.1

          반지락(Tapes philippinarurm)에서의 수집한 피낭유충을 동정하기 위하여 ICR계 마우스에 피낭유충을 경구감염시킨 다음 제 7일, 제 10일, 제 14일에 희생시키고 소장을 적출하여 충체를 회수하였다. 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 1.피낭유충은 작은 충체($312{\;}{\times}{\;}202{;\}{\mu\textrm{m}}$)가 피포하지 않은 상태로 감염되어 있고, 구홉반이 크고 잘 발달되었고 측명돌기가 관찰되었다. 장관은 이분지 되어 끝부분이 매우 부풀어 오른 맹관이었으며 복흡반까지 닿아 있었다. Ventral pit는 관찰되지 않았고 생식공은 원형으로 구홉반과 복합반 사이에 위치하였다. 배설낭은 V자 모양으로 두팔부분은 구홉반까지 닿아 있었다. 2.마우스 소장에서의 회수율 평균 20.1% 이었으며 감염 후 10일 째의 회수율이 가장 높았고 14일에는 현저히 간소하였다. 3.성충은 피낭유충과 크기의 차이가 없었다. 난황선은 한 개가 복합반의 왼쪽 옆에 위치하였다. 저장낭은 한부분으로 이루어져 있었고 복흡반보다 전방에 위치하였다. 고환은 한쌍으로 복흡반 후측장에 위치하였고 난소는 오른쪽 고환이 전방에 위치하였다. 충란은 길이 $28{;\}{\mu\textrm{m}}(27-30{;\}{\mu\textrm{m}})$, 폭 $19{;\}{\mu\textrm{m}}(17-20{;\}{\mu\textrm{m}})$으로 껍질이 매우 얇았으며 날개가 있었다. 이상의 결과로 반지락을 제2중간숙주로 하는 Parvatrema timondavidi(Digenea:Gymnophallidae)가 국내에 분포함을 확인하였다. Metaceriae of Parvatrema timondavidi (Digenea; Grmnophallidae) were found from Tapes phillippinarum, one of the most common marine clams in Korean. T. were philippinarum was collected from a fishery market in seoul, and all of the clams eximined were found to contain many gymnophyallid metacercariae. To get adult worms, 10 ICR mice were fed with 100 metacercariae each and sacrificed by cervical dislocation at 7, 10 and 14 mice were morphologically characterized by oval body shape, lage oral sucker with lateral located genital pore from the venttral sucker. Based on these characters they identified as P.timondawvidi Bartoli, 1964. this study first confirms the presence of P. timondawcidi metacercartae in T.philippinarum in Korea.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          Comparative Sensitivity of PCR Primer Sets for Detection of Cryptosporidium parvum

          유재란,박우윤,이수응 대한기생충학ㆍ열대의학회 2009 The Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol.47 No.3

          Improved methods for detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts in environmental and clinical samples are urgently needed to improve detection of cryptosporidiosis. We compared the sensitivity of 7 PCR primer sets for detection of Cryptosporidium parvum. Each target gene was amplified by PCR or nested PCR with serially diluted DNA extracted from purified C. parvum oocysts. The target genes included Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP), small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA), and random amplified polymorphic DNA. The detection limit of the PCR method ranged from 103 to 104 oocysts, and the nested PCR method was able to detect 100 to 102 oocysts. A second-round amplification of target genes showed that the nested primer set specific for the COWP gene proved to be the most sensitive one compared to the other primer sets tested in this study and would therefore be useful for the detection of C. parvum. Improved methods for detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts in environmental and clinical samples are urgently needed to improve detection of cryptosporidiosis. We compared the sensitivity of 7 PCR primer sets for detection of Cryptosporidium parvum. Each target gene was amplified by PCR or nested PCR with serially diluted DNA extracted from purified C. parvum oocysts. The target genes included Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP), small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA), and random amplified polymorphic DNA. The detection limit of the PCR method ranged from 103 to 104 oocysts, and the nested PCR method was able to detect 100 to 102 oocysts. A second-round amplification of target genes showed that the nested primer set specific for the COWP gene proved to be the most sensitive one compared to the other primer sets tested in this study and would therefore be useful for the detection of C. parvum.

        • KCI등재

          Prevalence of cryptosporidiosis among the villagers and domestic animals in several rural areas of Korea

          유재란,이규재,서민,김석일,손운목,허선,최해연,김동수 대한기생충학ㆍ열대의학회 2004 The Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol.42 No.1

          The present study was undertaken to investigate the infection status of Cryptosporidium parvum in the villagers and the reservoir hosts in several rural areas in Korea. A total 5,262 fecal samples were collected from the inhabitants residing at Gangwon-do, Chungcheongbuk-do, Jeollanam-do, and Gyeongsangnam-do between the dates of September, 2001 to June, 2002. In addition, 1,453 fecal samples were collected from livestock reared in Gokseong-gun, Jeollanam-do and Chungju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do. All the fecal smears were prepared by formalin-ether sedimentation, and examined by light microscopy after modified acid-fast staining. The overall positive rate of human cryptosporidiosis was 3.3%. Gokseong-gun, Jeollanam-do showed a 8.2% positive rate and appeared as the highest endemic area among the surveyed areas. Haman-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do showed a 0.4% positive rate and was the lowest endemic area. The positive rate of livestock infection in Gokseong-gun, Jeollanam-do was 94%, which was more than ten times higher than that of Chungu-si, Chungcheongbuk-do (9.3%). From these results, it was revealed that cryptosporidiosis was an endemic disease in some rural areas of Korea, and the livestock could be an important source of human infection.

        • KCI등재

          Infection status of pigs with Cryptosporidium parvum (Brief Communication)

          유재란,서민 대한기생충학ㆍ열대의학회 2004 The Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol.42 No.1

          To investigate the infection status of pigs with Cryptosporidium parvum, 589 fecal samples were collected from pigs raised at farm in Chungcheongbuk-do and Chungcheongnam-do. Of the 589 pig fecal samples, 62(10.5%) were positive for C. parvum. The area showing the highest positive rate was Dangjin-gun, Chungcheongnam-do(14.0%), and the lowest (0%) Salmi-myon, Chungcheongbuk-do. The positive rate of C. parvum in Judok-eup increased from 12.7% in the winter to 22.1% in the summer. The results of this study suggest that the pigs may be a source of human C. parvum infection.

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

          Clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis in the inhabitants along Talchongang (River), Chungwon-gun

          유재란,권오상,이순형,Yu, Jae-Ran,Gwon, O-Sang,Lee, Sun-Hyeong The Korean Society for Parasitology 1994 The Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol.32 No.4

          충청북도 중원군 달천강 유역 주민의 기생충 감염상을 알아보기 위하여 1993년 8월부터 9월까지 이류면 수주리 마을주민 67명을 대상으로 대변검사를 실시하고. 감염원 조사를 위하여 마을앞 달천강 상류지역의 담수어를 투망으로 채질하여 조사하였다. 조사결과 간흡충 양성자가 67명중 22명 (32.8%)이었고 메타고니무스 양성자가 14명(20.9%)이었다 조사한 담수어 17종중 간흡충은 14종이, 메타고니무스는 13종이 감염되어 있었다. 간흡충의 경우 큰납지리, 모래무지. 꼬치동자개. 눈동자개 등이 높은 감염률을 보였고, 메타고니무스의 경우는 참마자, 큰납지리. 모래무지 피라미 등이 높은 감염률을 보였다. 메타고니무스 양성자로부터 회수한 성충은 Miyata형이었고 피라미에서 얻은 피낭유충을 마우스에 실험감염시켜 회수한 성충도 역시 Miyata형이었다. 위의 결과로 달천강 유역에 담수어를 매개로 한 간흡충과 메타고니무스(Miyata형) 감염이 고율로 유행함을 확인하였다. To evaluate the status of clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis of the inhabitants near Talchongang (River) in Chungwon-gun, Chungchongbuk-do, the stools of 67 inhabitants were examined by formalin-ether sedimentation method from August to September, 1993. Also freshwater knish caught in Talchongang were examined by slide compression method. The e99 positive cases of Clonorchis sinenis and Metasonimus sp. were 22 (32.8%), and 14 (20.9%), respectively. Of 17 species of examined fish, 14 species were infected with C. sinensis and 13 species with Metagonimus sp. The adult worm collected from 2 patients after treatment with praziquantel was Metosoninur Miyata type. Also the adult worm obtained from the experimental mice infected with metacercariae from Zacco plntwpus was Metafonimus Miyata type. We found the highly endemic area of clonorchiasis and metagonimiasis along Talchongang.

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

          Expression patterns of proliferating cell nuclear antigen in the small intestine of mice infected with Metagonimus yokogawai and Metagonimus Miyata type

          유재란,명나혜,채종일,Yu, Jae-Ran,Myeong, Na-Hye,Chae, Jong-Il The Korean Society for Parasitology 1997 The Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol.35 No.4

          Metwonim속 흡충의 형태학적인 차이점에 대하여는 잘 알려져 있으나 이들에 의해 유발되는 소장병변에 대한 차이는 알려지지 않았다. 본 연구는 소장선와의 상피세포가 두 Metasonimw속 흡충 감염시 반응하는 정도를 5시기에 분열하는 세포의 핵 내 polymerase것elta accessoryprotein을 염색하여 비교 관찰한 것이다. 요코가와흡충 (M. yokogawai)의 피낭유충은 삼척산 은어에 서 분리하였고. 미야타흡충 (Metugonimus Miyata type)은 충주산 피라미에서 분리하여 사용하였다. 마우스 한 마리당 300개의 피낭유충을 감염시퀴고 감염 후 3일. 6일. 10일. 16일 및 23일째 에 희생시켜 관찰하였다. 상부 소장에서는 요코가와흡충 감염군의 6일 23일째에서 염색된 선와 상피세포수의 유의한 (P<0.05) 감소를 보였다 중부 소장에서도 상부 소장에서와 같은 양상을 보였다. 하부소장에서는 요코가와흡충 감염군에서 3일. 6일 및 23일째에 유의한 (P<0.05) 감소를 보였다. 미야타흡충 감염군에서는 세 부위의 소잘에서 모두 감염을 시키지 않은 대조군과 차이를 보이지 않았다 위의 결과로 요코가와흡충 감염이 미야타흡충 감염시 보다 마우스 소장 선와 세포 증식을 억제하고 이의 결과로 융모의 위축을 초래함을 알 수 있었다. Genus Metasonimus has been a subject of taxonomic debates for several years. In morphological aspects, M. vokogawci has been thought to have three subtypes, namely Yokogawa type (M. yokogawai in strict sense) , Miyata type and Koga type. But dif- ferences in the intestinal pathology induced by these subtypes have not been studied yet. In this study we compared the pathological reactions inducted by M. yokoBnwai and Metcgonimus Miyata type using proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) index. Metacercariae (Mc) of M. yokogcuani were collected by artificial digestion of Plecoslossw oLtiveLis and Mc of Metngonimus Miyata type were collected from Zacco pEntvpus. Three hundreds Mc of each species were infected orally to ICR mice. The mice were sacrificed at 3, 6. 10. 16 and 23 days after infection and the small intestines were resected into three portions (proximal. middle, and distal) . Immunohistochemical staining for PCNA was done using PC-10 (DAKO-PCNA, CA, USA) The PCNA indices in M. Wokosnwci infected group on the 6th and 23rd day after infection were lower than in the control and Miyata type infect ed groups (p < 0.05) from all of the three intestinal regions. On the other hand, the control group and Ifetngonimus Miyata type infected group did not make any differences in PCNA indices. The villus/crypt WIC) ratio was also decreased significantly in M. Wokogcwni infected mice but not in Metagonimus Miyata type infected ones. It is suggested that M. wokogawci induce villous atrophy through a decrease in the cell proliferation at the crypt. The results of this study suggested that M. WokoBnwai induce more serious intestinal pathology than Metcsonimuf Miyata type.

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

          Different RAPD patterns between Metagonimus yokogawai and Metagonimus Miyata type

          유재란,정진성,채종일,Yu, Jae-Ran,Jeong, Jin-Seong,Chae, Jong-Il The Korean Society for Parasitology 1997 The Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol.35 No.4

          요코가와흡충과 미야타흡충의 genomic DNA를 RAPD 분석을 이용하여 비교하였다. 상업적으로 구 입한 60-70%의 G+C 성분을 가진 무작위 10-mer oligonucleotide 표지자 (Kit A, Operon Technologies Inc., CalifDmia, USA) 20개 중에서 다음의 8개를 이용하여 두 홉충간에 구별이 가능한 밴드양상을 관찰할 수 있었다: OPA-02,5-TCCCGAGCTG-3; OPA-09,5-GGGTAACGCC-3; OPA-10, 5-GTGATCGCAG-3; OPA-11, 5-CAATCGCCGT-3; OPA-13, 5-CAGCACCCAC-3; OPA-17, 5-GACCGCTGT-3; OPA-19,5-CAAACGTCGG-3; OPA-20, 5-GTrCCGATCC-3. 이 연구의 결과로 미야타흡충은 요코가와흡충과 서로 다른 유전자 염기 서열을 가지고 있음이 암시 되었다. Genonlic DNA from Metagonimn vokogawci and Metagonimw Miyata type was amplified by polymerase chain reaction based on the random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPDI technique. Eight random 10-mer oligonucleotide primers (OPA-02, 5-TGCCGAGCTG-3; OPA-09, 5-GGGTAACGCC-3; OPA-17, 5-GTGATCGCAG-3; OPA-11, 5-CAATCGCCGT-3; OPA-13, 5-CAGCACCCAC-3; OPA-17. 5-GACCGCTrGT-3; OPA-19, 5-CAAACGTCGG-3; OPA-20, 5-GTTGCGATCC-3) WITH A G+C CONTENT FO 60-70% (Kit A. Operon Technologies Inc., California, USAI could produce distinguishable banding patterns between the two Metngonimus species. From the results of this study, it was suggested that Metcsonimus Miyata type has a different DNA sequence from M. WOkQgGUIGi. Key words: Metcgonimw vokognwai, MetnBonimw Miyata type, random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD)

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재
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