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급변하는 시장 환경에 대응하기 위한 노력 중의 하나로 제조기업에서는 생산현장의 생산 활동을 추적 관리하기 위해 MES를 도입하고 있으나, 소규모의 기업에서는 비용과 인력 부족으로 도입이 어려운 실정이다. 중소 제조 기업에 MES의 보급 및 확산을 위하여 본 논문에서는 제조 기업의 정보화 수준 및 공정 수준에 따라 필요한 기능들만 조합할 수 있도록 맞춤형 제조실행시스템을 위한 기능 도출 방법을 제시한다.
This paper presents the Application of Response Surface Method for Optimal Transfer Conditions of MLCC Alignment System. his paper is composed of two parts: (1) Testing performance verification of MLCC alignment system, compared with manual operation; (2) Applying response surface method to figuring out the optimal transfer conditions of MLCC transfer system. Based on the successfully developed MLCC alignment system, the optimal transfer conditions have been explored by using RSM. The simulations using ADAMS<SUP>®</SUP> has been performed according to the cube model of CCD. By using MiniTAB<SUP>®</SUP>, we have established the model of response surface based on the simulation results. The optimal conditions resulted from the response optimization tool of MiniTAB<SUP>®</SUP> has been verified by being assigned to the prototype of MLCC alignment system.
The force control of a constrained flexible manipulators has been one of the major research topics. However, a little effort bas been devoted for the relation between friction force and elastic deflection of end-effector for a constrained flexible manipulator. So, the aim of this paper is to clarify the friction mechanism of a constrained spatial multi-link flexible manipulator by changing tile material and connected method of end-effector. In this study, a concise hybrid position/force control scheme is applied to the control of a flexible manipulator, and the experimental results for the constrained vertical motion and constrained horizontal motion is presented. Finally a comparison between these results are presented to show the reduction of vibration of I ink and friction force.
With recent increased demand for reverse engineering in dental machining, the 3D laser scanner is widely used for Inspection of artificial pontic. In order to overcome the optical drawback of laser scanner, such as irregular scatter, direction of beam, and the influence of surface integrity, it is developed in this study a new 3D measuring system for artificial pontic using spherical coordinate system mechanism by point laser sensor, which keeps the direction of beam normal to surface consistently. The comprehensive integrated system is established to evaluate the improvement of accuracy with data acquisition system. The experimental results for measuring a master ball and pontic models shows the excellent form accuracy and repeatability compared with conventional apparatus. Also, these results shows the possibility to apply this system for the measuring purpose within 0.05㎜ accuracy of pontic at the sharp edge or margin contour, which was difficult to measure at the conventional systems.
A product system will be improved continually until requirements are satisfied. It is true that considering alternative designs to improve product system is hard work; it is also true that selecting an adequate design idea that represents the needs of stakeholders concerned and meets effectiveness factors properly is not an easy work, either. In the process of driv-ing an idea and designing, which is called Design Phase, there are lots of existing tools for testing the driven idea in DFSS. But, those kinds of tools do not offer the function that helps to select the technically better design idea among alternative design ideas that have the same evaluation level. Moreover it is inappropriate to select adequate alternative design ideas by just verifying only the evaluation table in pugh matrix, since satisfied deviation val-ues are low when there is a too competitive mass product system in a market. Also, for the IT product with short life cycle, faster and more effective testing tool is needed. Therefore, the 'product quality index' is suggested in order to select an appropriate candidate design concept for system development that meets requirements by using 'ideality concept' pro-vided by TRIZ. According to the result of this research, it is possible to select technically better idea fast and effectively; it is confirmed by applying the approach to the case of LCD BLU (Back Light Unit).
This paper presents a reliability-based topology optimization (RBTO) based on bidirectional evolutionary structural optimization (BESO). In design of a structure, uncertain conditions such as material property, operational load and dimensional variation should be considered. Deterministic topology optimization (DTO) is performed without considering the uncertainties related to the design variables. However, the RBTO can consider the uncertainty variables because it can deal with the probabilistic constraints. The reliability index approach (RIA) and the performance measure approach (PMA) are adopted to evaluate the probabilistic constraints in this study. In order to apply the BESO to the RBTO, sensitivity number for each element is defined as the change in the reliability index of the structure due to removal of each element. Smoothing scheme is also used to eliminate checkerboard patterns in topology optimization. The limit state indicates the margin of safety between the resistance (constraints) and the load of structures. The limit State function expresses to evaluate reliability index from finite element analysis. Numerical examples are presented to compare each optimal topology obtained from RBTO and DTO each other. It is verified that the RBTO based on BESO can be effectively performed from the results.
A compliant mechanism is a mechanism tbat produces its motion by the flexibility of some or all of its members when input force or thermal load is applied. Whereas the topology optimizations based on homogenization and SLMP parameterization have been successfully applied for compliant mechanism design, ESO approach has been hardly considered yet for the optimization of these types of systems. In this paper, traditional ESO method is adopted to achieve the optimum design of a compliant mechanism for thermal load, since AESO method cannot consider the effect of both heat conduction and convection. Sensitivity number, a criterion for element removal in traditional ESO, was newly defined for input thermal loading. The procedure has been tested in numerical applications and compared with the results obtained by other methods to validate these approaches.
Recently, there are many corporations, schools and institutes that apply TRIZ to solve technical problems. However, in reality, only a few cases of brainstorming applications exist in utilizing forty principles of TRIZ due to the difficulty at TRIZ problem definition. In order to facilitate TRIZ applications, this study proposes the utilization of requirement definition and description tool of systems engineering in TRIZ problem definition. No requirement definition exists in general problem types that TRIZ approach is used in implementing system solution. At most of problem situations, TRIZ users reversely infer that certain problem belongs to which requirement definition it is and recommends TRIZ tools to be used for the exact problem definition. This study also proposes TRIZ problem definition method by applying the results of requirement definition process. The application of TRIZ is demonstrated to the general situation with no problem definition where the proposed method enables the proper use of TRIZ.