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            • POLICING IN INDIA TODAY - A CRITICAL APPRAISAL

              Ms,Tumpa Mukherjee 아시아경찰학회 2006 아시아경찰학회 국제학술회의 Vol.2006 No.-

              '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

              The paper depicts policing in post-colonial India at the backdrop of changing socio-cultural-political milieu as well as emerging challenges of the 21<SUP>st</SUP> century. In India the institution of police was created by the `alien`British colonial power to administer its colonial subjects ?the Indian masses, in the year 1861. Such an act was necessary to maintain hegemony over its colonial subjects. From its inception such an act was reactive, repressive in nature and was never accountable to the masses. After Independence India adopted a Sovereign, Secular Democratic framework with an aim to provide justice, liberty, equality, fraternity, to all its citizens. However even after Independence and at the dawn of the millennium, the institution of Police is still governed by the archaic Police Act of 1861. The paper makes an attempt to point out certain lacunae within certain sections of the Police Act and in certain legal provisions of our country. The paper points out certain vices which have emerged within the Indian society which affected the Indian police system. The paper discusses certain draconian laws which have been enacted by the Government of India, affecting the functioning of the police as well as the society, at large. At the same time the paper hints at some of the inherent problems within the police sustem. It tries to find out the measures adopted to reform the police system. In these last six decades drastic changes have taken place in the socio-political economic structure of the Indian society. India being a developing economy is passing through a process of globalization of economy, communication, political ideas. The process of globalization is confronting the localized indigenous culture. The middle echelons of our society who are often the silent spectators of the political processes have also raised their voice on glocal issues like environmental problems, animal rights, feminist movements and other issues. The nature and types of crime have also drastically changed. Terrorism ?the greatest menace of the 21<SUP>st</SUP> century is haunting not only India but the entire human civilization. The nature of crime ranges from trans-border organized crime, cybercrime, trafficking of women and children, crime against senior citizens etc. New laws like Juvenile Justice Act 2000 have been enacted by the Parliament. The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Bill, 2005, have been passed by both the houses of the Indian Parliament. Thus the gamut of police work has also increased. It is not only a law enforcement agency, an agent of social control, but are problem solvers and peace ? keepers of late modernity. They are to anticipate, detect, communicate risks to other functional agencies and manage risks in our society. In this pursuit the institution of police requires the support of the civil society. It needs to develop partnership with the community members, with the civil society. Along with the “Zero-Tolerance” approach to curb violent crime there is a need to generate “Policing by Consent”by implementing Community Policing. In India Community Policing schemes like Neighbourhood Watch schemes, Senior Citizen`s scheme, Juvenile Aid camps, De-addiction centers for drug addicts and alcoholics etc have been established in India. The paper delves further with the impediments confronted while implementing Community Policing in India. At the end an endeavor has been made to suggest and recommend ways to improve police administration in the country. Some of the suggestions include formation of Social Policing system, collaboration of private security agencies with the police system to ensure community safety etc.

            • The 7th AAPS Annual Conference September 2006, Thailand Conference Program etc.

              편집부 아시아경찰학회 2006 아시아경찰학회 국제학술회의 Vol.2006 No.-

              '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

            • POLICING A CHANGING WORLD

              Richard H,Ward 아시아경찰학회 2006 아시아경찰학회 국제학술회의 Vol.2006 No.-

              '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

            • Police Organizational Resources and Crime Prevention in Bangladesh : An Examination

              Mohamed Bin Kashem,Md,Asaduzzaman Saadi 아시아경찰학회 2006 아시아경찰학회 국제학술회의 Vol.2006 No.-

              '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

              The lack of financial resources is one of the major impediments to enhance police capabilities in Bangladesh. Since police stations are the focal point of service delivery, thus the need for more resources at the police station is obvious. Police officers claim that due to resource constraints they are unable to provide a fast and effective response to crime incidents or requests for police service. It is important to mention that the introduction of modern technology such as patrol car, two-way radio, and telephone have significantly improved the police operational efficiency in the Western World. The purpose of this paper is to examine the police organizational resources devoted to crime prevention efforts in Bangladesh. That is, to what extent limited resources of the police affect their operational efficiency and investigative capabilities. An in-depth interview and content analysis techniques were used to collect the data for the present study. Commanding officers of the police stations claimed that due to lack of resources they are unable to deliver the very best police service to the community. Thus, in the absences of government allocation police are managing funds through dishonest ways. It is found that the police station’s information systems are not computerized mainly due to lack of funds. As a result, the intelligence gathering and analysis capabilities of the police are very limited. Senior officials believe that the introduction of Computer Assisted Fingerprint Identification Systems, and DNA profiling would enable speedy and accurate identification of criminal suspects, which in turn, will greatly increase their clearance rate. The allocations for improving various support services are not sufficient to cope with the growing public demands for police services. Thus, the government should make the policy decisions and allocate more resources for increasing police effectiveness in reducing crime and violence in Bangladesh.

            • On Temptation Investigation Theory and Its Practice

              Wangzude Liguiqing 아시아경찰학회 2007 아시아경찰학회 국제학술회의 Vol.2007 No.-

              '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

              As a peculiar investigative means used by the investigative organ to crack a criminal case, temptation investigation is tending to be abused in practice due to the theoretical controversies and the lack of clear legislative definition. Through the analysis of several typical cases, the author tries to make a definition of the conception and characteristics of the temptation investigation, and put forward a legislative idea for standardization of the temptation investigation on the jeopardy possible to occur in the actual life.

            • CSI SEOUL : Police Crime Lab

              Gyorae Jeong 아시아경찰학회 2007 아시아경찰학회 국제학술회의 Vol.2007 No.-

              '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

            • Police Corruption and Its Solutions

              Shih-Ya Kuo,Charles Chang 아시아경찰학회 2007 아시아경찰학회 국제학술회의 Vol.2007 No.-

              '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

            • Model Structuring of Taiwan’s Community Policing

              Sandy Yeh,Charles Chang,Jeff Martin,Leo Chiou,Yuang-Sung Chang 아시아경찰학회 2007 아시아경찰학회 국제학술회의 Vol.2007 No.-

              '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

              This study is sponsored by National Police Agency, Taiwan from December 29, 2006 to July 15, 2007. The purpose of this study explores the factors of the successful community model and tries to establish a model structuring that other communities can learn. On this paper, the SWOT analysis of community environment is introduced first. Second, the SARA analysis of community problems is addressed. Third, the key elements to promote community policing in Taiwan is presented. The last section is the conclusion.

            • The Effectiveness of Police Investigations of Reported Crimes in Bangladesh

              Mohammed Bin Kashem,Mohammed Asaduzzaman Saadi 아시아경찰학회 2007 아시아경찰학회 국제학술회의 Vol.2007 No.-

              '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

              In Bangladesh, the Central Investigation Department (CID) is the specialized investigative agency for conducting the investigations of reported schedule offences for the police department. However, the vast majority of the investigations are conduct by the Sub-Inspectors working at the police stations. The investigating officers at the Thana (Police Station) level are seriously overburdened with other policing tasks. As a result, it is not possible for them to thoroughly investigate the assigned cases. Also, the lack of specially trained evidence technicians for crime scene processing affects the quality of investigation. The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of the police investigations of reported crimes in Bangladesh. Data for this study were primarily collected from two sources: ⅰ) semi-structured interview, and ⅱ) content analysis of police records. A semi-structured interview of 50 police officers working in the CID and police stations were conducted. The effectiveness of the investigations was measured by the conviction rates on the CID controlled cases. The findings suggest that the prosecutions of criminal cases in Bangladesh are heavily dependent on oral evidence instead of physical evidence. And the present investigative practices by the police departments do not significantly affect the overall conviction rates. We have identified that the biggest problem for the police at this moment is to secure and isolate crime scene and to record the scene in its original state. The most serious impediments to high quality investigative works appear to be the traditional method of case assignment, excessive caseload, lack of trained personnel and shortage of forensic scientists in the country. Respondents believe that the introduction of Computer Assisted Fingerprint Identification Systems (CAFIS) and DNA profiling, computerized information processing would enable speedy and accurate identification of criminal suspects, which in turn will substantially increase the present criminal apprehension rates. Since the collection of evidence from the crime scenes require expert abilities therefore, trained technicians should be assigned to each police station, and would keep their caseload to a manageable size. Only a thorough and competent investigation conducted by professional police officers will enhance the chances for the successful outcome of a criminal investigation.

            • Police Substation Information Center : A Primary Platform for Intelligence-based Police Service Strategy

              Gu Fenggao,Bao Haodong 아시아경찰학회 2007 아시아경찰학회 국제학술회의 Vol.2007 No.-

              '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

              Assuming the comprehensive and specific duties of public security, police substations are direct performers and a very foundation in the entire public security system. As an intelligence collection channel and applicator, a police substation information center is an information collection and application platform particularly constructed for public security management. The establishment of the information center facilitates the integrated collection and application of intelligence and confirms the centers’ position as a primary platform for intelligence-based police service strategies, thus enhancing public security organs’ ability of scientific policy making, punishment execution and related practice guidance.

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