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염료감응형 태양전지 (dye-sensitized solar cell; DSC)는 경제성 한계에 달한 Si 태양전지를 대체할 수 있는 유력한 후보로서, 지금까지 많은 연구개발로 큰 효율향상을 기록했다. 다양한 연구 분야 중에서도, 투명전도성 막과 전해질 층간의 접촉으로 발생하는 전자의 재결합을 막기 위해 삽입하는 compact layer는 ZnO dip-coating, TiCl₄ dip-coating, Ti sputtering 등 다양한 제조방법이 제시되었다. 본 연구에서는 TiCl₄ 용액을 이용해 spin-coating 방법으로 TiO₂ compact layer를 제조하는 시도를 했다. 기존 dip-coating 방법과의 비교를 통해서 본 연구의 spin-coating 방법에 의한 효과를 확인한 결과, standard DSC 대비 33.4%, dip-coating 방법으로 compact layer를 삽입한 DSC 대비 6%의 효율 향상을 기록했다.
Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) based on some advantages such as transparency, cheap materials and anti-sensibility for an anlge of incidence has been expected to capture most of solar cell market in the near future. To practical use of DSC, researches on high efficiency as well as upscaling are necessary. In this study, we tried to insert the grid electrode in DSC and scribe transparent conducting oxide (TCO) using Nd:YAG laser. The grid electrode makes the electron movement improved and diffusional movement minimized. Consequently, the efficiency of DSC was increased by reducing electron loss and the surface resistance of TCO. The grid electrode was made using Ag target by radio frequency sputtering. And the scribed surface was confirmed by taking a scanning electron microscopy photos. As the result, grid cell had improved photocurrent and fill factor as compared with the conventional cell. And the efficiency was increased about I % by enhanced photocurrent and fill factor.
Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) has been considered as a possible alternative to current silicon based p-n junction photovoltaic devices due to its advantages of high efficiency, simple fabrication process and low production cost. Numerous researches for high efficient DSC in the various fields are under way even now. Among them, the compact layer, which prevents the back electron transfer between transparent conductive oxides and the redox electrolyte, is fabricated by various methods such as a ZnO dip-coating, TiCl₄ dip-coating, and Ti sputtering. In this study, we tried to fabricate the TiO₂ compact layer by the spin-coating method using aqueous TiCl₄ solution. The effect of the spin-coating method was checked as compared with conventional dip-coating method. As a result, DSC with a spin-coated compact layer had 33.4% and 6% better efficiency than standard DSC and DSC with a dip-coated compact layer.
Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) have taken much attention due to their low cost and easy fabrication method compare to silicon solar cells. But research on cost effective DSC is prerequisite for commercialization. Fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) which have been commonly used for electrode substrate as electron collector occupied most percentage of manufacturing cost. Therefore we studied FTO-less DSC using sputtered Ti deposited glass as photoelectrode instead of FTO to reduce manufacturing cost. Ti films sputtered on the glass for different time, 5 to 20 minutes with decreasing sheet resistance as deposition time increases. A light source illuminated to counter electrode in order to overcome opaque Ti films. The efficiency of DSC (Ti20) made Ti sputtered glass for 20 min as photoelectrode was 5.87%. There are no significant difference with conventional cell despite lower manufacturing cost.
Niobium oxide (Nb₂O5) has a strong chemical coherence and good electrical conductivity. Therefore, this material is helpful to enhance the performance of the dye sensitized solar cells (DSC) by improving the electron mobility. In this study, Nb₂O5 was mixed with TiO₂ and this compound was applied to the DSC to improve its performance. As a result, the current density of the DSC using the Nb₂O5-TiO₂ compound on the photoelectrode was increased, because the internal resistance concerned to the electron transfer in the photoelectrode of DSC was decreased. However, large amount of the Nb₂O5 induces the decrease of the efficiency of the DSC because the surface area to attach dye molecules is decreased due to the large particle of Nb₂O5. Therefore, it is important to optimize the mixture ratio of the Nb₂O5-TiO₂ compound for maximizing the performance of the DSC. Finally, the most optimum performance of the DSC was shown in case of the Nb₂O5 concentration of 10 wt% of the Nb₂O5-TiO₂ compound.
In this study, the ZnO nanorod is grown on the seed layered glass substrate by applying an external electric field to fabricate the ZnO nanorod with the high quality and to increase the yield of the ZnO nanorod. It is possible to grow the definite and clear hexagonal ZnO nanorod as the cathode of the high voltage is connected to the side of the seed layered glass substrate and the anode is connected to the opposite side because more Zn<SUP>2+</SUP> ions are located around the ZnO seed layer and are accumulated easily due to the external electric field. As a result, it is succeeded to fabricate the definite hexagonal ZnO nanorod having better structural characteristics by applying the external electric field during the growth process. Therefore, it is demonstrated that the external electric field is effective to fabricate the high quality ZnO nanorod without changing any composition of the ZnO nanorod.