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본 연구는 장기요양기관에서 근무하고 있는 요양보호사의 클라이언트 폭력경험과 이직의도, 스트레스 대 처간의 영향관계를 파악하고자 한 것이다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 집단 간 차이를 검증한 결과, 클 라이언트의 폭력경험은 50대 연령과 고졸인 경우, 월 소득이 높고 노인요양시설과 2-3교대의 근무형태에서, 돌봄 노인 수가 10명 이상인 경우에 높게 나타났다. 이직의도에서는 50대의 연령과 월소득이 높을수록, 그리고 노인요 양시설에서의 근무와 돌봄 노인 수가 많은 경우에 가장 높은 것으로 밝혀졌다. 스트레스 대처는 월소득이 100만원 ∼200만원 미만, 주야간보호시설에 근무하고, 근무기간이 1년~3년과 5년 이상에서, 그리고 돌봄노인 수가 10명 이 상인 경우에 스트레스 대처가 가장 높게 나타났다. 둘째, 요양보호사의 클라이언트 폭력경험이 많을수록 스트레스 대처도 높았으며, 이직의도도 높게 나타났다. 또한 요양보호사의 클라이언트 폭력경험이 이직의도에 미치는 영향 에서 스트레스 대처는 완전 매개효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 특히 스트레스 대처의 하위요인 중 소망적사고 추 구만이 부분 매개효과가 있는 것을 볼 수 있었다. This study aimed to investigate the relationships among the experience of violence by a client, turnover intention, and coping with stress of care workers. The results of this study are as follows. First, In the results of verifying differences between groups, the client violence experience was highly shown in case of the age in their 50s, high school graduates, high monthly income, elderly care facilities, 2-3 shifts, and ten or more caseload. The turnover intention was the highest in case of the age in their 50s, high monthly income, elderly care facilities, and heavy caseload. The stress coping was the highest in case of monthly income as 1million~2million won, day & night care facilities, service period as 1-3 years and 5 years or more, and ten or more caseload. Secondly, When the client violence experience of care workers was more, the stress coping and turnover intention were high. Also, in the effects of client violence experience on turnover intention of care workers, the stress coping showed the complete mediating effects. Especially, only the wishful thinking seeking of the subfactors of stress coping showed the partial mediating effects.
This study intended to identify the mediating effects of death preparation on the relationship between psychosocial dependence and the quality of life among the elderly living alone. Subjects of this study were elderly living alone who were using a senior welfare center and those using a home support service center located in B region. A total of 248 copies of a questionnaire were collected and analyzed. The study results are summarized as follows: First, as a result of analyzing the differences between psychosocial dependence and the quality of life according to personal characteristics, it was found that those who have a higher monthly income on average, own their house, and have no history of hospitalization within the last three months showed a high psychosocial dependence, and those with religion, a higher economic level, and no hospitalization experience showed a higher quality of life. Second, psychosocial dependence had a positive effect on the quality of life and death preparation. Third, death preparation had a partial mediating effect on the relationship between psychosocial dependence and the quality of life. Finally, this study proposed ways to enhance the quality of life by activating death preparation among the elderly living alone.
본 연구의 목적은 노인요양시설 요양보호사의 직무스트레스원이 심리사회적 건강에 어떤 영향을 미치고 있는지를 살펴보고, 요양보호사의 직무스트레스를 예방 또 는 경감할 수 있는 방안을 제시 하는 것이다. 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 연령, 배우자유무, 학력, 근무형태, 자격유형, 급여 만족도, 총 근무기간 등에서 개인특성에 따라 직무스트레스 정도 가 심한 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 요양보호사의 심리사회적 건강은 연령, 배우자유무, 종교유무, 학 력, 자격유형 등에서 집단 간 유 의미한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 요양보호사의 직무스 트레스원이 심리사회적 건강에 미치는 영향을 심리사회적 건강 전체로 분석한 결과, 연령이 38세 이상인 경우, 요양보호사 자격 만을 가진 경우, 전문직욕구가 충족된 경우에 그리고 클라이언트 의 문제행동이 없을 때 심리사회 적 건강이 양호한 것으로 밝혀졌다. 또한 심리사회적 건강을 하위 요인별로 살펴보았을 때 우선 일 반적 건강에 영향을 미치는 요인으로는 연령과 전문직욕구 미충족 요인이, 항우울에 영향을 미치는 요인으로는 전문직욕구 미충족, 클라이언트의 문제, 직무융통성 부족이 유의미하게 나타났다. 끝으 로 자기효능감에 영향을 미치는 요인으로는 자격유형과 전문직욕 구 미충족이 유의미하게 나타났다. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the job stressors of care workers in nursing homes on their sociopsychological health and to seek ways of preventing or relieving their job stress. The findings of the study were as follows: First, the care workers were under heavy job stress, and that was affected by their personal characteristics involving age, presence or absence of spouses, academic credential, the type of certification, satisfaction with pay and the term of service. Second, there were significant intergroup gaps among the care workers in sociopsychological health according to age, presence or absence of spouses, being religious or not, academic credential and the type of certification. Third, how the job stressors of the care workers impacted on their overall sociopsychological health was analyzed, and it's found that those who were aged 38 and over, who were certified as care workers only, whose needs as professionals were satisfied and whose clients showed no problem behaviors were in good sociopsychological health. As for the impact of the job stressors on each subfactor of sociopsychological health, general health was affected by age and unsatisfied needs as professionals, and antidepression was under the significant influence of unsatisfied needs as professionals, client problems and poor job flexibility. Finally, the factors that had a significant impact on self-competence were the type of certification and unsatisfied needs as professionals.
In 1910’s in Japan, it was the time when the subject of “sex” and dating between man and woman became the most sought-out topic of the era. The discourse upon sex expanded from mere inner basic inner instinct, that had been locked within each individuals, into openly disclosed practices freed from previous suppressions throughout marriage, family relations and even political power – including its controlling and managing techniques - , as they were also influenced by western ideologies. This study is designed to examine and analyze the text of novels of 1910’s, representing gradually expanding the discourse of sexuality, from the perspective of sexuality. The study focused on ‘Futon’ by Tayamagataya and ‘Mon’ by Natzme Soseki. Most of all, it should be noted that these works emphasized mental aspect of relationship between opposites sexes despite the presence of its traditional pre-modernism. At the same time, these works appeared to provide an opportunity for male readers, dominant readership of them, to reflect their own sexuality, as the novels were still written predominantly based on male perspectives.
The purpose of this research is to investigate the mediating effect of sense of self-control in the relationship between loneliness and preparation for death of seniors living alone. The research results can be summarized as follows: First, the difference between the feeling of loneliness and the feeling of self-control, depending on the personal trait of the subject was examined. The subjects that are male, have no faith, and have their own houses showed a more intense feeling of loneliness than subjects that are female, have faith, and have their own houses, respectively. Also, the subjects that have their own houses and are engaged in economic activities showed a more intense feeling of self-control. Second, when it comes to the relationship between loneliness and preparation for death, seniors who had been hospitalized and had lower loneliness showed higher levels of preparation for death. Third, the analysis on the effect on sense of self-control revealed that the younger and the lower the loneliness, the higher the sense of self-control. Fourth, such sense of self-control had a partial mediating effect in the relationship between loneliness and preparation for death. Therefore, this research suggested measures to promote activities to prepare for death by decreasing loneliness and strengthening sense of self-control of the elderly living alone. 본 연구는 독거노인의 고독감과 죽음준비 관계에서 자기통제감의 매개효과를 살펴보고자 한 것이다. 연구대상은 B 지역 소재 노인복지관과 재가복지기관의 서비스를 이용하고 있는 독거노인으로 설문지 총 201부를 분석하였다. 연구결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 조사대상자 개인특성에 따른 고독감과 자기통제감의 차이를 살펴본 결과, 남성이 여성보다, 종교가 없는 경우, 그리고 자가 소유가 아닌 경우 고독감이 높게 나타났으며, 월소득이 높고, 자가 소유이며 경제활동을 하고 있는 경우에 자기통제감이 높게 나타났다. 둘째, 고독감과 죽음준비와의 관계에서는 입원력이 있고 고독감이 낮은 경우에 죽음준비 활동이 높아지는 것으로 확인되었다. 셋째, 자기통제감에 대한 영향요인을 분석한 결과, 고독감이 낮을수록 자기통제감이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 넷째, 이러한 자기통제감은 고독감과 죽음준비와의 관계에서 부분매개효과를 가지는 것을 알 수 있었다. 따라서 향후 독거노인의 고독감을 낮추고 자기통제감을 강화하여 죽음준비를 활성화할 수 있는 방안을 제안하였다.
This research aims to analyze the morphological & semantic features of Islamic financial terminology- focused on the pattern of mufalah. Generally, one of the largest morphological characteristics of Arabic language is the existence of the root and linguistic pattern. Most Arabic words, as like the other Semitic languages, and as the entire vocabulary in those languages, are based on a set of two, three, four(but mainly three consonants) called a root. The root communicates the basic meaning of the verb. Changes to the vowels in between the consonants, along with the various affixes like prefixes or suffixes, specify grammatical functions such as person, gender, number, tense, mood, and voice. Focusing on the root, many word are derived by the various affixes. This derivation system is considered as one of the most important features of Arabic as a Semitic language. In this paper, we mainly pay attention that many of Islamic financial terms, especially those commonly used in trade terms are taking pattern of /Mufalah/, ma.dar of the form 3 verb /fala/. This verb usually gives an associative meaning to the form 1 verb, describes someone doing the act in question to or with someone else. In this context, we can find that many of Islamic financial terms takes the patternof Mufalah, like Mub.dalah, Mur.ba.ah, Murabah, Mush.rakah, Mumalah, Mugh.rasah, Muz.ra.ah, Mus.qah, Mun.hadah, Muh.ya.ah and so on. These terms are using in Islamic financial and commercial transactions on the basis of mutual trust and corporation. So we suggest that meaning of the pattern of Mufalah in Arabic morphology & semantics includes to do something with each other on the basis of mutual trust and corporation.