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      • KCI등재

        Tolerance to Salt Stress by Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria on Brassica rapa var. glabra

        Khalid A. Hussein,Jaehong Yoo,Jin Ho Joo 한국토양비료학회 2016 한국토양비료학회지 Vol.49 No.6

        Salinity has been a threat to agriculture in some parts of the world; and recently, the threat has grown. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) may benefit plant growth, either by improving plant nutrition or producing plant growth hormones. The effects of rhizobacterial strains to attenuate the salinity stress on the germination of Chinese cabbage seeds were tested using four different concentrations of NaCl (50, 100, 150, and 200 mM). Also, PGPR strains were tested to enhance the early germination of Chinese cabbage seeds under normal conditions. Azotobacter chroococcum performed best with enhancing the radicle length of 4.0, 1.2, and 1.0 times at treatments of 50, 100, and 150 mM of NaCl, respectively. Additionally, significant differences were found in plumule length, A. chroococcum and Lactobacillus sp. showed remarkable activation either in normal or under stress conditions. Co-inoculation by three rhizobacterial strains (LAPmix) indicated synergistic effect to enhance the early germination of the seeds. The results of this study are promising for application of rhizobacterial strains that possess plant growth promoting traits to enhance the plant tolerance against salinity.

      • KCI등재

        Effects of Several Effective Microorganisms (EM) on the Growth of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa)

        Khalid A. Hussein,주진호 한국토양비료학회 2011 한국토양비료학회지 Vol.44 No.4

        The development of satisfactory alternatives for supplying the nutrients needed by crops could decrease the problems associated with conventional NPK chemical fertilizers. In this study, the effects of bacterial and fungal effective microorganisms (EM) on the growth of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa) were evaluated. This investigation was carried out parrallel with conventional NPK chemical fertilizer and a commercial sold microbial fertilizer to compare between each of their effect. Sterile water and molasses were served as controls. Azotobacter chroococcum effect also was studied either alone or in combination with the effective microorganisms on the growth parameters. In contrast to the bacterial EM, the fungal EM alone without A. chroococcum had a more stimulating effect than fungal EM combined with A. chroococcum. Results showed that seedling inoculation significantly enhanced B. rapa growth. Shoot dry and fresh weight, and leaf length and width significantly were increased by both bacterial and fungal inoculation. The results indicated that the NPK chemical fertilizer deteriorates the microflora inhabiting the soil, while the effective microorganisms either fungal or bacterial ones increased the microbial density significantly. This study implies that both of fungal and bacterial EM are effective for the improvement of the Chinese cabbage growth and enhance the microorganisms in soil. The results showed antagonism occurred between A. chroococcum and each of Penicillium sp and Trichoderma sp in both agar and plant assays. The data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Dunnett test.

      • KCI등재

        Effects of Several Effective Microorganisms (EM) on the Growth of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa)

        Hussein, Khalid A.,Joo, Jin-Ho Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer 2011 한국토양비료학회지 Vol.44 No.4

        The development of satisfactory alternatives for supplying the nutrients needed by crops could decrease the problems associated with conventional NPK chemical fertilizers. In this study, the effects of bacterial and fungal effective microorganisms (EM) on the growth of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa) were evaluated. This investigation was carried out parrallel with conventional NPK chemical fertilizer and a commercial sold microbial fertilizer to compare between each of their effect. Sterile water and molasses were served as controls. Azotobacter chroococcum effect also was studied either alone or in combination with the effective microorganisms on the growth parameters. In contrast to the bacterial EM, the fungal EM alone without A. chroococcum had a more stimulating effect than fungal EM combined with A. chroococcum. Results showed that seedling inoculation significantly enhanced B. rapa growth. Shoot dry and fresh weight, and leaf length and width significantly were increased by both bacterial and fungal inoculation. The results indicated that the NPK chemical fertilizer deteriorates the microflora inhabiting the soil, while the effective microorganisms either fungal or bacterial ones increased the microbial density significantly. This study implies that both of fungal and bacterial EM are effective for the improvement of the Chinese cabbage growth and enhance the microorganisms in soil. The results showed antagonism occurred between A. chroococcum and each of Penicillium sp and Trichoderma sp in both agar and plant assays. The data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Dunnett test.

      • KCI등재

        Tolerance to Salt Stress by Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria on Brassica rapa var. glabra

        Hussein, Khalid A.,Yoo, Jaehong,Joo, Jin Ho Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer 2016 한국토양비료학회지 Vol.49 No.6

        Salinity has been a threat to agriculture in some parts of the world; and recently, the threat has grown. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) may benefit plant growth, either by improving plant nutrition or producing plant growth hormones. The effects of rhizobacterial strains to attenuate the salinity stress on the germination of Chinese cabbage seeds were tested using four different concentrations of NaCl (50, 100, 150, and 200 mM). Also, PGPR strains were tested to enhance the early germination of Chinese cabbage seeds under normal conditions. Azotobacter chroococcum performed best with enhancing the radicle length of 4.0, 1.2, and 1.0 times at treatments of 50, 100, and 150 mM of NaCl, respectively. Additionally, significant differences were found in plumule length, A. chroococcum and Lactobacillus sp. showed remarkable activation either in normal or under stress conditions. Co-inoculation by three rhizobacterial strains (LAPmix) indicated synergistic effect to enhance the early germination of the seeds. The results of this study are promising for application of rhizobacterial strains that possess plant growth promoting traits to enhance the plant tolerance against salinity.

      • 05 포스터 발표 : PN-06 ; 근권세균에 의한 배추 염내성 효과

        후세인카알이드 ( Khalid A. Hussein ),주진호 ( Jin Ho Joo ) 한국환경농학회 2014 한국환경농학회 학술대회집 Vol.2014 No.-

        Salinity has been a threat to agriculture in some parts of the world; and recently, the threat has grown. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) may benefit plant growth, either by improving plant nutrition or producing plant growth hormones. The effects of rhizobacterial strains to reduce the salinity stress on the germination of Chinese cabbage seeds were tested using four concentrations of NaCl (50, 100, 150, and 200 mM). Also, PGPR strains were tested to enhance the early germination of Chinese cabbage seeds under normal conditions. Azotobacter chroococcum showed best with enhancing in the radicle length of 4, 1.2, and 1 at treatments of 50, 100, and 150 mM of NaCl, respectively. Additionally, significant differences were found in plumule length, A. chroococcum and Lactobacillus sp showed remarkable activation either in normal or under stress conditions. Co-inoculation by three rhizobacterial strains (LAPmix) indicated synergistic effect to enhance the early germination of the seeds. The results of this study are promising for application of rhizobacterial strains that possess plant growth promoting traits to enhance the plant tolerance against salinity.

      • KCI등재

        Plant Growth Promoting Activities of Some Rhizosphere Bacteria and their Effect on Brassica rapa Growth

        Hussein, Khalid A.,Jung, Yeong Sang,Joo, Jin Ho Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer 2014 한국토양비료학회지 Vol.47 No.3

        The necessity to develop economical and eco-friendly technologies is steadily increasing. Plant growth promoting rhizomicrobial strains PGPR are a group of microorganisms that actively colonize plant roots and increase plant growth and yield. Pot experiments were used to investigate the potential of some rhizobacterial strains to enhance the Brassica rapa growth. Microbial strains were successfully isolated from the rhizosphere of Panax ginseng and characterized based on its morphological and plant growth promotion characters. Surface disinfected seeds of Wisconsin Fast B. rapa were inoculated with the selected PGPR microorganisms. The different pots treatments were inoculated by its corresponding PGPR ($10^7cfu\;mL^{-1}$) and incubated in the growth chamber at $25^{\circ}C$ and 65% RH, the light period was adjusted to 24 hours (day). NPK chemical fertilizer and trade product (EMRO, USA) of effective microorganisms as well as un-inoculated control were used for comparison. Plants harvested in 40 days were found to have significant increase in leaf chlorophyll units and plant height and also in dry weight of root and shoot in the inoculated seedlings. Root and shoot length and also leaf surface area significantly were increased by bacterial inoculation in sterile soil. The study suggests that Rhodobacter capsulatus and Azotobacter chroococcum are beneficial for B. rapa growth as they enhance growth and induced IAA production and phosphorus solubilization. This study presents some rhizomicrobial strains that significantly promoted growth of Wisconsin Fast Plant B. rapa in pot experiment under different soil conditions.

      • KCI등재

        Isolation and Detection of Genes Responsible for Pyoverdines Biosynthesis in Pseudomonas putida KNUK9

        Hussein, Khalid A.,Joo, Jin Ho Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer 2015 한국토양비료학회지 Vol.48 No.2

        Pyoverdines (PVDs) are organic compounds produced by the fluorescent Pseudomonads under iron starvation conditions. Among the isolated rhizosphere pseudomonads strains, P. putida KNUK9 showed the highest production of PVDs and its production reached to 62.81% siderophores units. DNA isolation, ligation, PCR amplification, and transformation using E. coli $DH5{\alpha}$ cells were carried out for preparing the strong pyoverdine producer strains. We detected seven genes playing the fundamental roles in the pyoverdine metabolism in Pseudomonads. According to data and analysis obtained from the study, we deduced that the strain P. putida KNUK9 contains the essential genes required for pyoverdine biosynthesis.

      • KCI등재

        Isolation and Detection of Genes Responsible for Pyoverdines Biosynthesis in Pseudomonas putida KNUK9

        Khalid A. Hussein,Jin Ho Joo 한국토양비료학회 2015 한국토양비료학회지 Vol.48 No.2

        Pyoverdines (PVDs) are organic compounds produced by the fluorescent Pseudomonads under iron starvation conditions. Among the isolated rhizosphere pseudomonads strains, P. putida KNUK9 showed the highest production of PVDs and its production reached to 62.81% siderophores units. DNA isolation, ligation, PCR amplification, and transformation using E. coli DH5α cells were carried out for preparing the strong pyoverdine producer strains. We detected seven genes playing the fundamental roles in the pyoverdine metabolism in Pseudomonads. According to data and analysis obtained from the study, we deduced that the strain P. putida KNUK9 contains the essential genes required for pyoverdine biosynthesis.

      • KCI등재

        Comparison between Siderophores Production by Fungi Isolated from Heavy Metals Polluted and Rhizosphere Soils

        Hussein, Khalid A.,Joo, Jin Ho Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer 2012 한국토양비료학회지 Vol.45 No.5

        Although siderophores are induced primarily in response to iron deficiency, soil and other ecological factors can affect on this process. This study was to evaluate the production of siderophores by different fungal species isolated from heavy metal contaminated and uncontaminated soils. More than thirty fungal strains were isolated from heavy metal contaminated and rhizosphere uncontaminated soils. Chrome azurol sulfonate (CAS) was used for both quantitative and qualitative evaluation of siderophores production. No significant correlations were observed between the tested variables such as ultraviolet (UV) irradiation method and CAS-agar plate and heavy metal concentration in both soils. The production of siderophores in rhizosphere fungi was higher than those isolated from the contaminated soil; however, the difference was not significant. The siderophore production (%) by fungi isolated from heavy metal contaminated soil using UV irradiation method was positively correlated with the qualitative values using CAS-plate method (P<0.05). Pearson correlation test indicated a positive correlation between the quantitative and qualitative methods of detection for fungi isolated from rhizosphere and also those isolated from heavy metal contaminated soil.

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