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        • cDNA Cloning and Overexpression of an Isoperoxidase Gene from Korean-Radish, Raphanus sativus L.

          Park, Jong-Hoon,Kim, Soung-Soo Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biol 1996 Journal of biochemistry and molecular biology Vol.29 No.2

          A partial cDNA encoding a Korean radish isoperoxidase was obtained from a cDNA library prepared from 9 day old radish root. In order to obtain Korean radish isoperoxidase cDNA, 5' RACE (rapid amplification cDNA end) PCR was performed and a cDNA (prxK1) encoding a complete structural protein was obtained by RT (reverse transcription)-PCR. Sequence analysis revealed that the length of the cDNA was 945 base pairs, and that of the mRNA transcript was ca. 1.6 kb. The deduced amino acid of the protein were composed of 315 amino acid residues and the protein was 92% homologous to turnip peroxidase, and 46% to 50% homologous to other known peroxidases. The 945 bp cDNA encoding Korean radish isoperoxidase was overexpressed in Escherichia coli up to approximately 9% of total cellular protein. The recombinant fusion protein exhibited 43 kDa on SDS-PAGE analysis and the activity level of the recombinant nonglycosylated protein was two fold higher in IPTG induced cell extracts than that of uninduced ones.

        • Transforming Growth Factor-β3 Gene SfaN1 Polymorphism in Korean Nonsyndromic Cleft Lip and Palate Patients

          Kim, Myung-Hee,Kim, Hyo-Jin,Choi, Je-Yong,Nahm, Dong-Seok Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biol 2003 Journal of biochemistry and molecular biology Vol.36 No.6

          The nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate (NSCL/P) is a congenital deformity of multifactorial origin with a relatively high incidence in the oriental population. Various etiologic candidate genes have been reported with conflicting results, according to race and analysis methods. Recently, the ablation of the TGF-${\beta}3$ gene function induced cleft palates in experimental animals. Also, polymorphisms in the TGF-${\beta}3$ gene have been studied in different races; however, they have not been studied in Koreans. A novel A $\rightarrow$ G single nucleotide polymorphism (defined by the endonuclease SfaN1) was identified in intron 5 of TGF-${\beta}3$ (IVS5+104 A > G). It resulted in different genotypes, AA, AG, and GG. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the SfaN1 polymorphism in TGF-${\beta}3$ and the risk of NSCL/P in the Korean population. The population of this study consisted of 28 NSCL/P patients and 41 healthy controls. The distribution of the SfaN1 genotypes was different between the cases and controls. The frequency of the G allele was significantly associated with the increased risk of NSCL/P [odds ratio (OR) = 15.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 6.3-41.0]. The risk for the disease increased as the G allele numbers increased (GA genotype: OR = 2.11, 95% CI = 0.38-11.68; GG genotype: OR = 110.2, 95% CI = 10.67 - 2783.29) in NSCL/P. A stratified study in patients revealed that the SfaN1 site IVS5+104A > G substitution was strongly associated with an increased risk of NSCL/P in males (p < 0.001), but not in females. In conclusion, the polymorphism of the SfaN1 site in TGF-${\beta}3$ was significantly different between the NSCL/P patients and the control. This may be a good screening marker for NSCL/P patients among Koreans.

        • Isolation, Restriction Mapping, and Promoter Sequence Analysis of an Isoperoxidase Gene from Korean-Radish, Raphanus sativus L.

          Park, Jong-Hoon,Kim, Soung-Soo Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biol 1996 Journal of biochemistry and molecular biology Vol.29 No.1

          A specific DNA fragment from Korean radish (Raphanus sativus L.) was amplified by performing PCR with oligonucleotide primers which correspond to the highly conserved regions of plant peroxidases. The size of the PCR product was ca. 400 bp, as expected from the known plant peroxidase genes. Comparison of the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of the PCR product to those of other plant peroxidase-encoding genes revealed that the amplified fragment corresponded to the highly conserved region I and III of plant peroxidases. By screening a genomic library of Korean radish using the amplified fragment as a probe, two positive clones, named prxK1 and prxK2, were isolated. Restriction mapping studies indicated that the 5.2 kb Sail fragment of the prxK1 clone and the 4.0 kb EcoRI fragment of the prxK2 clone encode separate isoperoxidase genes. Analyses of the promoter region of the prxK1 clone shows that putative CAAT box, CMT box, and TGA1b binding sequence (5' TGACGT) are present 718 bp upstream from the start codon.

        • Hepatic Lipase C514T Polymorphism and its Relationship with Plasma HDL-C Levels and Coronary Artery Disease in Koreans

          Park, Kyung-Woo,Choi, Jin-Ho,Chae, In-Ho,Cho, Hyun-Jai,Oh, Se-Il,Kim, Hyo-Soo,Lee, Myoung-Mook,Park, Young-Bae,Choi, Yun-Shik Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biol 2003 Journal of biochemistry and molecular biology Vol.36 No.2

          Hepatic lipase is a key enzyme that is involved in HDL-C metabolism. The goal of this study was to find out the frequency of the hepatic lipase C514T polymorphism, and evaluate its relationship with plasma HDL-C levels and coronary artery disease (CAD) in Koreans. Two hundred and twenty four subjects with no previous history of lipid-lowering therapy, 118 patients with significant CAD, and 106 controls were examined with respect to their genotypes, lipid profiles, and other risk factors for CAD. The frequency of the -514T allele was 0.37 in men and 0.35 in women, which were higher than the frequency that was reported in Caucasians, but lower than the frequency that was reported in African-Americans. The -514T allele was associated with significantly higher HDL-C levels in women. After controlling for age, gender, BMI, DM, and smoking, the non-CC genotype was significantly associated with HDL-C levels, and explained 6% of the HDL-C variation in this study. When the genotypes-distribution was compared between the CAD and non-CAD patients, the hepatic lipase C-514T polymorphism was not associated with the presence of CAD. Koreans have a higher frequency of the hepatic lipase gene 514T allele than Caucasians, and the -514T allele is associated with higher plasma HDL-C levels in Korean women, and perhaps non-smoking men. However, our data does not suggest an association between the polymorphism and an increased risk of CAD.

        • Korean BAC Library Construction and Characterization of HLA-DRA, HLA-DRB3

          Park, Mi-Hyun,Lee, Hye-Ja,Bok, Jeong,Kim, Cheol-Hwan,Hong, Seong-Tshool,Park, Chan,Kimm, Ku-Chan,Oh, Berm-Seok,Lee, Jong-Young Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biol 2006 Journal of biochemistry and molecular biology Vol.39 No.4

          A human bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library was constructed with high molecular weight DNA extracted from the blood of a male Korean. This Korean BAC library contains 100,224 clones of insert size ranging from 70 to 150 kb, with an average size of 86 kb, corresponding to a 2.9-fold redundancy of the genome. The average insert size was determined from 288 randomly selected BAC clones that were well distributed among all the chromosomes. We developed a pooling system and three-step PCR screen for the Korean BAC library to isolate desired BAC clones, and we confirmed its utility using primer pairs designed for one of the clones. The Korean BAC library and screening pools will allow PCR-based screening of the Korean genome for any gene of interest. We also determined the allele types of HLA-DRA and HLA-DRB3 of clone KB55453, located in the HLA class II region on chromosome 6p21.3. The HLA-DRA and DRB3 genes in this clone were identified as the DRA*010202 and DRB3*01010201 types, respectively. The haplotype found in this library will provide useful information in future human disease studies.

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재후보

          Mucin in cancer: a stealth cloak for cancer cells

          Wi, Dong-Han,Cha, Jong-Ho,Jung, Youn-Sang Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biol 2021 BMB Reports Vol.54 No.7

          Mucins are high molecular-weight epithelial glycoproteins and are implicated in many physiological processes, including epithelial cell protection, signaling transduction, and tissue homeostasis. Abnormality of mucus expression and structure contributes to biological properties related to human cancer progression. Tumor growth sites induce inhospitable conditions. Many kinds of research suggest that mucins provide a microenvironment to avoid hypoxia, acidic, and other biological conditions that promote cancer progression. Given that the mucus layer captures growth factors or cytokines, we propose that mucin helps to ameliorate inhospitable conditions in tumor-growing sites. Additionally, the composition and structure of mucins enable them to mimic the surface of normal epithelial cells, allowing tumor cells to escape from immune surveillance. Indeed, human cancers such as mucinous carcinoma, show a higher incidence of invasion to adjacent organs and lymph node metastasis than do non-mucinous carcinoma. In this mini-review, we discuss how mucin provides a tumor-friendly environment and contributes to increased cancer malignancy in mucinous carcinoma.

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재후보

          Simultaneous quantitative analysis of salivary cortisol and cortisone in Korean adults using LC-MS/MS

          Lee, Sang-Hoo,Kwon, Soon-Ho,Shin, Hye-Jin,Lim, Hwan-Sub,Singh, Ravinder J.,Lee, Kyoung-Ryul,Kim, Young-Jin Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biol 2010 BMB Reports Vol.43 No.7

          The levels of salivary cortisol and cortisone in Korean adults were measured for the first time using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The salivary cortisol and cortisone were separated within 10 min. The regression coefficients (r) of the calibration curves were greater than 0.999 for the two steroids. The limits of quantitation (LOQ) were 0.2 ng/ml for cortisol and 1 ng/ml for cortisone. The intra-day precisions of the assay were <3.9% and 8.6% for cortisol and cortisone respectively, and the inter-day precisions were <1.9% and 4.3% for cortisol and cortisone, respectively. The salivary cortisone concentrations were approximately 4-9 times higher than those of salivary cortisol during the daytime. Diurnal rhythms, during which the cortisol and cortisone concentrations were higher in the morning than in the afternoon, were also observed. The present assay may be useful for the diagnosis of several adrenal dysfunctions in clinical biochemistry.

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재후보

          Purification and characterization of a thermostable glutamate dehydrogenase from a thermophilic bacterium isolated from a sterilization drying oven

          Amenabar, Maximiliano J.,Blamey, Jenny M. Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biol 2012 BMB Reports Vol.45 No.2

          Glutamate dehydrogenase from axenic bacterial cultures of a new microorganism, called GWE1, isolated from the interior of a sterilization drying oven, was purified by anion-exchange and molecular-exclusion liquid chromatography. The apparent molecular mass of the native enzyme was 250.5 kDa and was shown to be an hexamer with similar subunits of molecular mass 40.5 kDa. For glutamate oxidation, the enzyme showed an optimal pH and temperature of 8.0 and $70^{\circ}C$, respectively. In contrast to other glutamate dehydrogenases isolated from bacteria, the enzyme isolated in this study can use both $NAD^+$ and $NADP^+$ as electron acceptors, displaying more affinity for $NADP^+$ than for $NAD^+$. No activity was detected with NADH or NADPH, 2-oxoglutarate and ammonia. The enzyme was exceptionally thermostable, maintaining more than 70% of activity after incubating at $100^{\circ}C$ for more than five hours suggesting being one of the most thermoestable enzymes reported in the family of dehydrogenases.

        • Mapping of the Interaction Domain of DNA Topoisomerase $II{\alpha}$ and $II{\beta}$ with Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase 2

          Park, Gye-Hwa,Bae, Young-Seuk Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biol 2001 Journal of biochemistry and molecular biology Vol.34 No.1

          Both topoisomerase $II{\alpha}$ and $II{\beta}$ east as phosphoproteins in the cells. Recently it was reported that DNA topoisomerase $II{\alpha}$ associates with and is phosphorylated by the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2). Also, ERK2 stimulates the activity of topoisomerase II by a phosphorylation-independent manner [Shapiro et al., (1999) Mol. Cell. Biol. 19, 3551-3560]. In this study, a yeast two-hybrid system was used to investigate the binding site between topoisomerase $II{\alpha}$ or $II{\beta}$ and ERK2. The two-hybrid test clearly showed that topoisomerase $II{\beta}$ residues 1099-1263, and topoisomerase $II{\alpha}$ residues 1078-1182, mediate the interaction with ERK2, and that the leucine zipper motifs of topoisomerase $II{\alpha}$ and $II{\beta}$ are not required for its physical binding to ERK2. Our results suggest that topoisomerase $II{\beta}$ residues 1099-1263, and topoisomerase $II{\alpha}$ residues 1078-1182, may be common binding sites for activator proteins.

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재후보

          Microplate hybridization assay for detection of isoniazid resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

          Han, Hye-Eun,Lee, In-Soo,Hwang, Joo-Hwan,Bang, Hye-Eun,Kim, Yeun,Cho, Sang-Nae,Kim, Tae-Ue,Lee, Hye-Young Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biol 2009 BMB Reports Vol.42 No.2

          Early and accurate detection of drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis can improve both the treatment outcome and public health control of tuberculosis. A number of molecular-based techniques have been developed including ones using probe molecules that target drug resistance-related mutations. Although these techniques are highly specific and sensitive, mixed signals can be obtained when the drug resistant isolates are mixed with drug susceptible isolates. In order to overcome this problem, we developed a new drug susceptibility test (DST) for one of the most effective anti-tuberculosis drug, isoniazid. This technique employed a microplate hybridization assay that quantified signals from each probe molecule, and was evaluated using clinical isolates. The evaluation analysis clearly showed that the microplate hybridization assay was an accurate and rapid method that overcame the limitations of DST based on conventional molecular techniques.

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