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This paper seeks to derive policy recommendations towards promoting the development of knowledge-based industries by facilitating the formation of clusters that meet the locational needs of firms. For this purpose, theories on the formation of knowledge-based industrial clusters were reviewed with a special attention to the role played by government in facilitating the establishments and nurturing of such clusters. An analysis of the locational behavior of knowledge-based industry was conducted to identify key factors behind their locational choice at different stages of development, using data taken from a firm-level survey. The paper then evaluates the existing policy instruments aimed at meeting the industry`s spacial requirements. Despite the various forms of policy intervention, a serious gap appears to exist. The problems include. 1) policy instruments are predominantly geared towards the firms at the incubating stage and the spatial needs of growing and maturing firms are not adequately supported: 2) clusters are not allowed in. the Seoul Capital Region, which is the most preferred location of firms; 3) the administration of intervention is scattered over responsible line ministries rather than being responsive to the needs of firms. In order to address these problems, it is suggested that policy reform be directed towards : 1) promoting the development of the knowledge-based industry : 2) supporting knowledge-based industrial clusters by integrating industrial policy and spatial policy in a coherent manner: 3) offering policy instruments catering differential needs of firms at various stages of development : 4) accommodating clusters in locations preferred by firms.