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'Healthy Japan 21' is a new health policy that has been proposed for the 21st century: it embodies a totally new concept for its viewpoints and methods. To start with, for its goal, the focus is placed on the 'quality of life' or a life that is free of diseases, rather than mere prolongation of life. For its doctrine, the emphasis has shifted dramatically from improving the health of the entire population(the traditional approach for health improvement) to 'achieving an ideal health status for each individual. The ultimate aged society that arrives first in Japan is a society in its ultimate form for human being. Why did Japan become westernized, giving up her traditional culture? Why did she go through industrialization, sacrificing her nature? And why does she try so hard to industrialize the developing countries? These efforts are all preparation for the arrival of a ultimate aged society. During the 20th century, we believed in unlimited possibilities and expanded our social frontier. In the 21st century, on the other hand, a super-aged society(the ultimate society), a glimpse of which we have witnessed from time to time, will descend on us sooner or later. It is expected to arrive first in Japan. 'Healthy Japan 21' is intended to prepare for the arrival of the hitherto unheard of super-aged society by building the physiological basis of people. This policy is social experimentation on an immense social scale, in which questions are posed on the understanding of health, the relationship between individuals and society, the relationship between administration and citizens, the manner by which central and local governments operate, and the new relationship between prevention and therapy, 'Healthy Japan 21' may be summarized as an experiment on a huge scale directed to the ultimate form of human society, in which Japan and each of her citizens play a role and set an example for the rest of the world. Even just by considering various approaches newly suggested for this venture, one may be convinced that it is a policy with features suitable for a country that has already achieved the world's highest longevity.
This study reviews how an aging society can be connected to the urban-built environment, transportation system, infrastructure, and climate change topics from the perspective of policy and innovation in science and technology. Each topic was described with the aging society that we will encounter in the near future. Based on the expected discussions, we suggested how policy and technological innovations may interact with the new emerging society. Especially, digital transformation is expected to hyper-connect the aging society beyond physical barriers where numerous policies and innovations in science and technology shed light on the elderly population. We observe, however, that this cannot be achieved only by the government sector; rather, municipal governments and local communities, as well as private sectors, all together need to prepare for the new society of the aging population. Furthermore, an ideal approach is to accommodate multidisciplinary studies that can address the policy and technological innovations simultaneously and collectively. By doing so, we can minimize the negative impacts when an aging society approaches.
The physical chemistry (PC) articles published in the Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS) from 2003 to 2007 are surveyed, and in-depth content analysis was conducted to classify the PC articles into 12 topics used in The Journal of Physical Chemistry (JPC). The PC articles published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society (JACS) in 2007 are also surveyed. The extensive summary of all PC articles in BKCS for the last five years reveals the current trend of physical chemistry research in Korea. The comparison study with the JACS shows that the proportion of PC articles among all articles published in BKCS (16%) is slightly higher than that of JACS (11%), and the non-Korean authorship ratio of BKCS (12%) is very low compared with the non-US authorship of JACS (52%). From the comparison study with articles published in JPC in 2007, it is found that BKCS disseminates various topics of physical chemistry researches adequately. In particular, BKCS most frequently published PC articles in molecular structure and spectroscopy topics, whereas JPC published surface chemistry and nano-chemistry articles most frequently. It is concluded that BKCS should publish more articles to be a leading journal, and it is suggested that the SCI impact factor of BKCS must be increased by improving the electronic version of BKCS.
The editorial department of Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society[JKNS] polled more than 1,210 members of the Korean Neurosurgical Society[KNS] to evaluate the present status of JKNS from a viewpoint of readers or authors. The survey form includes questions about the impressions and opinions of JKNS regarding to its contents, style, and service. There responses were collected by means of e-mail and a total of 107 replies could be gathered during 2 months. Analysis of the responses revealed that majority of members of the KNS recognized the efforts to improve the quality of JKNS during recent years. However, there was also apprehensions and discontent about the quality of articles and review process in some KNS members.
In the circumstances of overflowing numbers of medical journals, progress of their own medical journal is one of the primary concerns of many medical societies. Among the 46-year-history of Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society (JKNS), it undertook a period of important transition and preparation to take off for journal with international reputation during the period from 2001 to 2006. The overall process of manuscript handling, peer review, and editorial work has undergone systematic improvement. Workshops for authors, reviewer and editors were held, which were very helpful to improve the quality of submitted manuscript, peer review and editorial processing. Articles on the history, current status of the JKNS, citations and the change of proportion of types of articles were published, which provided insight about present condition and direction for further progress. It was changed into English journal in 2005. These efforts resulted in registration of the journal Chemical Abstract Service in 2005 and Science Citation Index Expanded in 2008 and SCOPUS in 2009. Now JKNS has become international journal, with about half of the submitted manuscripts from abroad, with increasing impact factor. Along with the effort of Korean Neurosurgical Society (KNS) members and support of KNS, dedication of Professor Dong Gyu Kim for the progress of JKNS is worth remembering, who served as Editor-in-Chief of JKNS during this period.
By a rapid development of information and communication technologies, people have been able to communicate each other from far sites. So, the next networked society gives birth to new paradigm of education. This paper describes the comprehensive curriculum and school infrastructure of Information Technology-education(IT-education). The importance of IT-education was already acknowledged in 1987 renewal of the official course of study at school. The nationwide school curriculum at that time was "distributive one", and each subject involved an allocation of curriculum unit handling "IT-education." It is called "Cross Curriculum." However, it is noteworthy that "informatics based thinking/viewpoints" and "system science based thinking/viewpoints" are not applied in school subjects in the course of study at school. It is necessary to set IT-education as "Informatics for all." Moreover, there is an urgent necessity of making traditional subjects and this new education united as "comprehensive curriculum." JSET (Joint Society of Educational Technology) research-working group on developing curriculum of IT-education suggests a new plan of school course of study, compiling requirements, significance, and demands concerning IT-education, which is becoming increasingly important in highly technological society. The contents of the report are summarized in this paper. On drafting this report, we tried to investigate and discuss what kind of rationale for IT-education is essential to construct its curriculum. As the result of it, we proposed the well-balanced and integrated curriculum among knowledge and literacy on Information Technology, knowledge on each existential subject and thinking skills based on System Science.
최근 각 언론, 기업계, 정부 유관기관 및 학계 등 많은 분야에서 4차 산업에 대한 관심이 폭발적으로 증가하였다. 특히 우리가 피부로 느낄 수 있는 분야인 인공지능이 인간능력을 이미 크게 앞서고 있다는 것을 깨닫고 나서 많은 사람들은 4차산업혁명이 실제로 우리 코 앞에 와있다는 것을 실감할 수 있었다. 이렇게 대부분 사람들의 생각보다 빠르게 다가온 4차산업을 어떻게 효율적으로 대응해야 할까? 특히 최근의 인공지능, 빅데이터, 무인자동차 및 유전자가위 등에 대한 상반된 견해들을 비교분석하는 방식으로 연구를 진행해 본다. 이러한 분석과 연구를 통하여 교육적, 정치적, 사회적, 윤리적 그리고 과학적 영향들을 파악해 본 결과, 현재까지 뚜렷하게 정립되어 있는 개념이나 체계, 시스템이 존재하지 않는다는 것을 이해할 수 있었고 오히려 4차산업혁명의 개념, 체계를 앞서서 정의하고 정립하는 국가나 기업, 개인들이 산업의 주도권을 확보할 수 있다는 것을 알게 되었다. 그러나 한국사회와 대학은 오히려 현재 2차산업혁명의 체계와 문화에서 머물러있는 듯한 모습을 보이고 있는데, 이러한 현실인식 위에서 새로운 산업혁명의 트렌드를 맞추어 따라갈 수 있는 방안들을 찾아 보고자 한다. The interest about 4th Industrial Revolution was impressively increased from newspapers, iindustry, government and academic sectors. Especially AI what could be felt by the skin of many peoples, already overpassed the ability of the human's even in creative areas. Namely, now many people start fo feel that the effect of the revolution is just infront of themselves. There were several issues in this trend, the ability of deep learning by machine, the identity of the human, the change of job environment and the concern about the social change etc. Recently many studies have been made about the 4th industrial revolution in many fields like as AI(artificial intelligence), CRISPR, big data and driverless car etc. As many positive effects and pessimistic effects are existed at the same time and many preventing actions are being suggested recently, these opinions will be compared and analyzed and better solutions will be found eventually. Several educational, political, scientific, social and ethical effects and solutions were studied and suggested in this study. Clear implication from the study is that the world we will live from now on is changing faster than ever in the social, industrial, political and educational environment. If it will reform the social systems according to those changes, a society (nation or government) will grasp the chance of its development or take-off, otherwise, it will consume the resources ineffectively and lose the competition as a whole society. But the method of that reform is not that apparent in many aspects as the revolution is progressing currently and its definition should be made whether in industrial or scientific aspect. The person or nation who will define it will have the advantage of leading the future of that business or society.
With a continuous and steep increase in life expectancies, Korean society is expected to enter the aged society by year 2020. And as the number of elderly increases, the burden of medical and health care expenses for them becomes greater in every developed society. Hence, the preventive approach for chronic degenerative diseases remains to be the best solution for the above-mentioned problem and warranting optimal nutrition would be one of the most important approaches. We performed a nutrition survey on 585 older adults of 50 years of age and older, residing in 3 metropolitan areas including Daejun, Daeku and Kwangju. Anthropometry, including body composition analysis based on the bioelectrical impedance analysis using InBody 3.0 and dietary intake survey by semi-quantitative flood frequency questionnaires, were used in collecting data. As one of the most important factors affecting the health and nutritional status of the elderly, we focused on living arrangements. Analyses were performed on the data from 550 subjects only, after excluding statistical outliers. Three hundred and sixty-eight of them(66.9%) were female and the number of elderly(65 years of age and older) was 485. According to the statistical analyses, the female elderly were more vulnerable to malnutrition than the male elderly. And the older they befame, the less adequate they were in nutrient intake. In addition to this, the elderly living alone showed the poorest patterns of nutrient intake and anthropometry. Although the exact effect of living alone could differ among different sex-age groups, the fact that the elderly living alone is vulnerable to malnutrition would remain concrete. This raises the utmost necessity of nutrition intervention to be devised and directed to the targeted population, namely the living-alone elderly from the government level. The intervention may include nutrition education, nutrition counseling and support In forms of meal service by networking the efforts of central as well as local governments to ensure the good health of the Korean elderly.
The role of information in knowledge society has changed. Library refers to information centre, which is actively involved information collection and promoting use of for the development of individual and society. Modern libraries are the centres of interaction for all interested in accessing information and in participating in the marathon of the present competitive age. Information and a conducive environment of its free flow is a vital tool in all forms of human endeavour. It is the link pin of national development. For a nation to develop it needs to have and provide relevant, updated and adequate information on food security, health, democracy, population, education, family planning, youth empowerment, gender quality, environment etc. The information intermediaries are the persons to modulate these complexities and find match between the information sources and users needs to satisfaction of Ranganathan's law: Books are for use; Every reader his/her book; Every book its reader; Save the time of the reader; Library is a growing organism. The relative importance of these norms in modern context has been evident from experience, study, observations, discussions, etc., and only by scientists and technologists, but also by managers, planners, and policy makers. They recognize the usefulness of information in the performance of their needs information needs. Libraries are therefore proper management, provision and dissemination of such information. It is clearly visible in the contemporary context, that the libraries in the knowledge society are much more than the book depositories This article looks at the theory/practice divide in library and information science and particularly Ranganathan's contributions, basic statements remain as valid in substance if not in expression as -to-day as when they were promulgated, concisely representing the ideal service and organizational philosophy of libraries today.
<P>Phoresy is one of the dispersal mechanisms of wingless microarthropods such as mites attached on the winged host. Mites associated with two scarabaeid beetles, Copris ochus and C. tripartitus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) were collected from the ex-situ conservation site in Heongseong, Gangwon province in Korea. Among them, four species Copriphis hastatellus Berlese, 1910 (Eviphididae); Holostaspella scatophila Takaku, 1994 (Macrochelidae); Macrocheles japonicus Evans and Hyatt, 1963 (Macrochelidae); and Onchodellus siculus Berlese, 1892 (Pachylaelapidae) were recorded for the first time in Korea. Also, Parasitus consanguineus Oudemans and Voigts (Parasitidae) was previously recorded from the specimen in northern part of Korea in 1904, but since then no record has been made for a century. This is the second observation of this species over 100 years in the Korean peninsula. Description of this species is presented for comparison with the original description. Further discussion explored the relationship between the mites and dung beetles, and possible implication for the conservation of the endangered species. (C) 2016 Korean Society of Applied Entomology, Taiwan Entomological Society and Malaysian Plant Protection Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</P>