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      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Characteristics of B Cell Mitogen Isolated from Korean-Style Fermented Soybean Paste

        Lee, Bong-Ki,Kwak, Yi-Sub,Jang, Yun-Soo,Kim, Joo-Deuk,Chung, Kun-Sub The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnol 2001 Journal of microbiology and biotechnology Vol.11 No.1

        Korean-style fermented soybean paste (KFSP), Doenjang, is a traditional food that is consumed as a protein source in Korea. Recently, efforts to identify biolgocial response modifiers (BRMs) have been focused on food products. Accordingly, this study which isolated abiologically active substance form KFSP, named KFSP-BRM, ws defined to be aheat-stable carbohydrate with a molecular weight of 2,000 kDa. The biological activity of KFSP-BRM was not inactivated by treatment with an anti-LPS antibody. The oral as well as intraperitoneal treatment of mice with KFSP-BRM significantly enhanced the number of B cells expressing surface significantly enhanced the number of B cells expressing surface immunoglobulins (IgM and IgG). Subsequently, an increased level of immunoglobulins in the sera was also observed. In vitro. KFSP-BRM was found to upregulate the production of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-6 by mactro phages and B cells but not the production of IL-2 by T cells. In conclusion, these data demonstrate the presence of a BRM in KFSP, which may provide an additional benefit to those consuming it is a food. KFSP-BRM is a novel B cellmitogen distinct from fresh soybean lectin or B cell mitogens, such as LPS and Streptococcus protein A. The major biological effects of KFSP-BRM would appear to be anincreased production of IL-1 and IL-6 by macrophages and B cells, thereby enhancing the function of mature B cells.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Distinct Genetic Variation of Helicobacter pylori cagA, vacA, oipA, and sabA Genes in Thai and Korean Dyspeptic Patients

        Boonyanugomol, Wongwarut,Kongkasame, Worrarat,Palittapongarnpim, Prasit,Jung, Myunghwan,Shin, Min-Kyoung,Kang, Hyung-Lyun,Baik, Seung-Chul,Lee, Woo-Kon,Cho, Myung-Je The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnol 2018 한국미생물·생명공학회지 Vol.46 No.3

        Differences in host ethnicities and geographical distributions may influence the genetic variation and pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori strains, particularly with respect to those with a high risk of gastric cancer and in Asian Enigma regions. We simultaneously identified H. pylori virulence-associated genes involved in inflammation and cell damage in Thai and Korean dyspeptic patients. The virulence-associated gene cagA, cagA genotypes (East Asian and Western type cagA), vacA genotypes (s- and m-), oipA, and sabA were detected in Thai and Korean dyspeptic patients by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), real-time PCR, and DNA sequence analysis. Comparisons between the two regions showed that cagA, East Asian type cagA, and vacA s1/m1 in Korean dyspeptic patients occurred at rates of 100%, 86.67%, and 88.89%, respectively (p < 0.05). The oipA- and sabA-positive samples were significantly more predominant in the Korean population (95.56%, 91.11%) than in the Thai population (32%, 34%). DNA sequence analysis revealed differences in the patterns of cytosine-thymine dinucleotide repeats of oipA and sabA among the two populations of dyspeptic patients. Our results indicate that the H. pylori strains detected in the two regions were divergent, and strains colonizing the Korean dyspeptic patients may be more virulent than those in the Thai population. Our data may help explain H. pylori pathogenesis in Asian Enigma areas with a low gastric cancer incidence. However, other factors involving H. pylori infection in these two regions should be further analyzed.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재
      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Characterization of the Growth, Total Lipid and Fatty Acid Profiles in Microalga, Nannochloropsis oceanica under Different Nitrogen Sources

        Mahdieh, Majid,Shabani, Salimeh,Amirjani, Mohammad Reza The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnol 2019 한국미생물·생명공학회지 Vol.47 No.1

        The properties of microalgae as bioresources for biodiesel production can be improved by adding nitrogen sources into the culture medium. Thus, Nannochloropsis oceanica CCAP 849/10 was cultured in f/2 media supplemented with five different forms of nitrogen at $0.88mmol-N\;l^{-1}$ each: ammonium bicarbonate ($NH_4HCO_3$), ammonium sulfate ($(NH_4)_2SO_4$), sodium nitrate ($NaNO_3$), ammonium nitrate ($NH_4NO_3$), and urea. The cell density, lipid content, and fatty acid profile of the microalga were determined after 15 days of cultivation. The growth of N. oceanica based on cell number was lowest in the medium with $NH_4NO_3$, and increased significantly in the medium with $NH_4HCO_3$. Cells treated with $(NH_4)_2SO_4$, and $NH_4NO_3$ produced the highest total lipid contents (i.e., 65% and 62% by dry weight, respectively). The fatty acid profiles of the microalga were significantly different in the various nitrogen sources. The major fatty acids detected in cultures supplemented with $NH_4HCO_3$, $(NH_4)_2SO_4$, $NH_4NO_3$, or urea were C14:0, C16:0, C16:1, C18:0, C18:1, C18:2, C20:5, and C22:6. However, the C16:1 content in the $NaNO_3$-supplemented culture was very low. This study highlights that the nitrogen source can strongly influence lipid production in N. oceanica and its fatty acid composition.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Comparative Genomic Analysis of Lactobacillus rhamnosus BFE5264, a Probiotic Strain Isolated from Traditional Maasai Fermented Milk

        Jeong, Haeyoung,Choi, Sanghaeng,Park, Gun-Seok,Ji, Yosep,Park, Soyoung,Holzapfel, Wilhelm Heinrich,Mathara, Julius Maina,Kang, Jihee The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnol 2019 한국미생물·생명공학회지 Vol.47 No.1

        Lactobacillus rhamnosus BFE5264, isolated from a Maasai fermented milk product ("kule naoto"), was previously shown to exhibit bile acid resistance, cholesterol assimilation, and adhesion to HT29-MTX cells in vitro. In this study, we re-annotated and analyzed the previously reported complete genome sequence of strain BFE5264. The genome consists of a circular chromosome of 3,086,152 bp and a putative plasmid, which is the largest one identified among L. rhamnosus strains. Among the 2,883 predicted protein-coding genes, those with carbohydrate-related functions were the most abundant. Genome analysis of strain BFE5264 revealed two consecutive CRISPR regions and no known virulence factors or antimicrobial resistance genes. In addition, previously known highly variable regions in the genomes of L. rhamnosus strains were also evident in strain BFE5264. Pairwise comparison with the most studied probiotic strain L. rhamnosus GG revealed strain BFE5264-specific deletions, probably due to insertion sequence-mediated recombination. The latter was associated with loss of the spaCBA pilin gene cluster and exopolysaccharide biosynthetic genes. Comparative genomic analysis of the sequences from all available L. rhamnosus strains revealed that they were clustered into two groups, being within the same species boundary based on the average nucleotide identities. Strain BFE5264 had a sister group relationship with the group that contained strain GG, but neither ANI-based hierarchical clustering nor core-gene-based phylogenetic tree construction showed a clear distinctive pattern associated with the isolation source, implying that the genotype alone cannot account for their ecological niches. These results provide insights into the probiotic mechanisms of strain BFE5264 at the genomic level.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Molecular Cloning of a Thermostable $\alpha$-Amylase Gene from Bacillus stearothermophilus and Its Expressions in E. coli

        Huh, Tae-Lin,Koh, Suk-Hoon,Lee, Se-Yong The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnol 1985 한국미생물·생명공학회지 Vol.13 No.4

        Plasmid pBR322와 runaway Plasmid pSY343을 vector로 사용하여 E. stearothermophilus IAM 11062내의 $\alpha$-amylase 유전자를 E. coli내에 클로닝 하였다. 이때 얻어진 $\alpha$-amylase유전자는 제한효소 Hind III의 말단을 갖고 있는 4.7kb의 크기였으며 E. coli내에서 이들 유전자는 비교적 안정적 있게 유지되고 발현되었다. 재조합 $\alpha$-amylase유전자가 클로닝된 E. coli는 B. stearothermophilus IAM 11062보다 3배의 $\alpha$-amylase를 더 많이 생성하였다. EDTA를 사용한 osmotic shock 방법에 의하여 E. coli내에서 생성된 $\alpha$-amylase는 그 효소 생성량의 75%정도가 periplasm에 존재함이 밝혀졌다. 재조합된 $\alpha$-amylase 유전자에 의해서 E. coli에서 생성된 $\alpha$-amylase는 최적 작용온도가 55$^{\circ}C$로서 이들의 열안정성과 분자량(61,000)도 B. stearothermophilus IAM 11062의 $\alpha$-amylase와 거의 동일하게 나타나 E. coli와 B. stearothermophilus IAM 11062에서 생성된 $\alpha$-amylase는 효소학적 성질이 같음을 보여주었다. A 4.7 kb Hind III fragment containing $\alpha$-amylase gene of Bacillus stearothermophilus IAM 11062 was cloned in Escherichia coil HB101, using plasmid pBR322 and runaway plasmid pSY343 as a vector. The cloned gene was stably maintained and expressed In E.coli. The constructed strain of E. coli have at least 3 times higher amylase activity than the donor strain, of B. stearothermophilus. About 75% of the $\alpha$-amylase produced by the constructed strain of E. coli was localized in the periplasm and it was found that the enzymes can be released by an osmotic shock using EDTA. The enzymatic properties of L-amylase produced in E. coli were very similar to those produced by B. stearothermophilus in terms of optimum temperature, heat stability and molecular weight.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Microbiome of Halophytes: Diversity and Importance for Plant Health and Productivity

        Mukhtar, Salma,Malik, Kauser Abdulla,Mehnaz, Samina The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnol 2019 한국미생물·생명공학회지 Vol.47 No.1

        Saline soils comprise more than half a billion hectares worldwide. Thus, they warrant attention for their efficient, economical, and environmentally acceptable management. Halophytes are being progressively utilized for human benefits. The halophyte microbiome contributes significantly to plant performance and can provide information regarding complex ecological processes involved in the osmoregulation of halophytes. Microbial communities associated with the rhizosphere, phyllosphere, and endosphere of halophytes play an important role in plant health and productivity. Members of the plant microbiome belonging to domains Archaea, Bacteria, and kingdom Fungi are involved in the osmoregulation of halophytes. Halophilic microorganisms principally use compatible solutes, such as glycine, betaine, proline, trehalose, ectoine, and glutamic acid, to survive under salinity stress conditions. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) enhance plant growth and help to elucidate tolerance to salinity. Detailed studies of the metabolic pathways of plants have shown that plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria contribute to plant tolerance by affecting the signaling network of plants. Phytohormones (indole-3-acetic acid and cytokinin), 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid deaminase biosynthesis, exopolysaccharides, halocins, and volatile organic compounds function as signaling molecules for plants to elicit salinity stress. This review focuses on the functions of plant microbiome and on understanding how the microorganisms affect halophyte health and growth.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Effects of Psidium guajava Leaf Extract on Apoptosis Induction Through Mitochondrial Dysfunction in HepG2 Cells

        Nguyen, Van-Tinh,Ko, Seok-Chun,Oh, Gun-Woo,Heo, Seong-Yeong,Jung, Won-Kyo The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnol 2019 한국미생물·생명공학회지 Vol.47 No.1

        The anticancer activity of guava (Psidium guajava L.) leaf extract (GLE) occurs via the induction of apoptosis in cancer cells. However, the mechanism behind GLE-induced apoptosis in the human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the apoptotic effects and mechanism of action of GLE in cultured HepG2 cells. The results showed that GLE induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) synthesis and disrupted the mitochondrial membrane potential (${\Delta}{\Psi}m$). Moreover, GLE increased the expression of apoptotic pathway proteins, such as the cleaved forms of caspase-3, -8, and -9; the translocation of Bax and cytochrome c (cyt-c) from the mitochondria to the cytosol; and the downregulation of Bcl-2. In addition, p53 protein expression was increased upon GLE treatment. These observations indicate that the GLE-induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells is mediated by mitochondrial ROS generation, followed by caspase activation and cyt-c release, suggesting that GLE may be a promising candidate for the development of novel drugs for the treatment of liver cancers.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Anti-cancer Effect of Apigenin on Human Breast Carcinoma MDA-MB-231 through Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis

        Lee, Hwan Hee,Cho, Hyosun The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnol 2019 한국미생물·생명공학회지 Vol.47 No.1

        Apigenin, a common natural product that is found in many plants and vegetables, has been reported to have many biological activities, including antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer effects. The triple-negative breast carcinoma cell line MDA-MB-231 is known to be highly invasive and resistant to chemotherapy. In this study, we investigated the anticancer effect of apigenin on human MDA-MB-231 cells. First, the cytotoxicity of apigenin toward MDA-MB-231 cells was analyzed by MTT assay. Then, the cell cycle and apoptotic effects of apigenin were examined, and the molecular mechanism underlying its anticancer activity was explored. Apigenin inhibited the growth of the cells in a dose-dependent manner, correlating with the cell cycle arrest at the G2-M phase as well as an increase of early apoptosis. The cell-cycle inhibitory effect was highly associated with the increased expression of p21 and decreased expression of CDK6, cyclin D1, and cyclin B1. The induction of apoptosis by apigenin was associated with the upregulated expression of cleaved PARP and cleaved caspase-3, -7, and -9.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        Lower Airway Microbiota and Lung Cancer

        Sanchez-Hellin, Victoria,Galiana, Antonio,Zamora-Molina, Lucia,Soler-Sempere, Maria J.,Grau-Delgado, Justo,Barbera, Victor M.,Padilla-Navas, Isabel,Garcia-Pachon, Eduardo The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnol 2019 한국미생물·생명공학회지 Vol.47 No.3

        This study was aimed at identifying the lower airway microbiota in patients with lung cancer (LC) using protected brush sampling. We enrolled 37 patients undergoing diagnostic bronchoscopy for suspected LC, 26 with LC and 11 with benign diseases. Protected brush specimens were obtained from the contralateral lung and the side of the tumor; these specimens were analyzed by 16S rRNA-based-next-generation sequencing. The results indicated that the biodiversity was not different between groups, and there were no significant differences between the proportion of microorganisms in the tumor and in the contralateral side of patients with LC. In patients with LC, there was a higher abundance of several microorganisms including Capnocytophaga, Haemophilus, Enterococcus, and Streptococcus; whereas, in individuals without LC, Bacteroides, Lactobacillus, or Methylobacterium were more abundant. Malignancy could be determined with an accuracy of 70% by isolating Enterococcus, Capnocytophaga, or Actinomyces. Microbispora indicated benignity with a sensitivity of 55%, specificity of 88%, and accuracy of 78%. Lower airway microbiota in patients with LC is fairly similar in both the tumor and contralateral sites. Endobronchial microbiota is different in patients with and without LC, and these differences may have a potential clinical value as diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers.

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