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<P>In this study, an alkaliphilic and heterotrophic iron-reducing bacterial strain, IRF9(T), was isolated from an oil-contaminated soil in the Republic of Korea. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain IRF9(T) belongs to the genus Geosporobacter in the family Clostridiaceae and is most closely related to Geosporobacter subterraneus VNs68(T) (96.9?% sequence similarity). Cells of strain IRF9(T) were observed to be straight or curved rod-shaped, motile and Gram-negative. Optimal growth of strain IRF9(T) was observed at pH 9.0-9.5 and 40?C. The strain was found to grow within pH and temperature ranges of 6.5-10.0 and 25-45?C, respectively. NaCl was not required for growth. Fe(III), but not sulfate, thiosulfate or elemental sulfur can be used by strain IRF9(T) as an electron acceptor. A limited number of carbohydrates and amino acids, including D-glucose, D-fructose, D-mannitol, D-ribose and L-arginine, support growth of strain IRF9(T). The main fatty acids (>10?%) of strain IRF9(T) were identified as C14:0 (18.4?%), C16:1 cis9 (13.6?%), C16:0 (12.4?%) and C16:0 dimethyl acetal (17.7?%). Major respiratory quinone was identified as menaquinone MK-5 (V-H2). The main polar lipids were found to be phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol. The DNA G+C content of strain IRF9(T) was determined to be 37.2?mol%, which is lower than that of G. subterraneus VNs68(T) (42.2?mol%). Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic studies, we conclude that strain IRF9(T) (=JCM 19987(T)?=?KCTC 15395(T)) represents a new species of the genus Geosporobacter, for which we propose the name Geosporobacter ferrireducens sp. nov.</P>
<P>A Gram-negative, aerobic, motile, straight or curved rod-shaped marine bacterium was isolated from marine sediment of the East Sea, Korea. The isolated strain, JG120-1(T), grows with 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl and at 15-30 C and pH 6-9. α-galactosidase activity test was positive. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence studies showed that this strain belonged to the Alphaproteobacteria and was the most closely related to Hoeflea alexandrii AM1 V30(T), Hoeflea phototrophica DFL-43(T) and Hoeflea marina LMG 128(T) (98.9, 97.9 and 97.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, respectively). Strain JG120-1(T) was found to possess summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c/C18:1ω6c, 71.11 %) as the major cellular fatty acid. The major ubiquinone was determined to be Q-10. Polar lipids include phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain JG120-1(T) was determined to be 57.8 mol %. DNA-DNA relatedness data indicated that strain JG120-1(T) represents a distinct species that is separate from H. phototrophica DFL-43(T), H. marina LMG128(T) and H. alexandrii AM1 V30(T). On the basis of polyphasic evidences, it is proposed that strain JG120-1(T) (= KCTC 23107(T) = JCM 16715(T)) represents the type strain of a novel species, Hoeflea halophila sp. nov.</P>
<P>Two Gram-negative, non-motile, short rod-shaped bacterial strains, designated as 8A(T) and 28A, were isolated from Mount Deogyusan, Jeonbuk Province, South Korea. The isolates were analyzed by a polyphasic approach, revealing variations in their phenotypic characters but high DNA-DNA hybridisation values reciprocally, confirming that they belong to the same species. Both the isolates also showed a high resistance to UV compared with Deinococcus radiodurans, and a gamma-radiation resistance similar to other members of the genus Deinococcus. Phylogenetic analysis with the 16S rRNA gene sequences of closely related species indicated their similarities were below 97 %. Chemotaxonomic data showed the most abundant fatty acids to be C16:1??7c and C16:0. The strains can be distinguished from closely related species by the production of esterase (C4) and 관-galactosidase, and by their ability to assimilate L-alanine, L-histidine and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine. Based on the phenotypic, phylogenetic, and chemotaxonomic data, the isolates represent a novel species of the genus Deinococcus, for which the name Deinococcus radioresistens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 8A(T) (KEMB 9004-109(T) = JCM 19777(T)), and a second strain is 28A (KEMB 9004-113 = JCM 19778).</P>
<P>A novel actinomycete, designated strain KLBMP 1262(T), was isolated from a coastal plant Dendranthema indicum (Linn.) Des Moul collected from the coastal region of Nantong, Jiangsu Province, in east China and was studied in detail for its taxonomic position. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain KLBMP 1262(T) is a member of the genus Amycolatopsis. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity indicated that strain KLBMP 1262(T) is most closely related to Amycolatopsis sulphurea DSM 46092(T) (97.96 %), Amycolatopsis ultiminotia RP-AC36(T) (97.50 %) and Amycolatopsis jejuensis N7-3(T) (97.44 %); similarity to other type strains of the genus Amycolatopsis was less than 97.0 %. The organism was determined to have chemical and morphological features consistent with its classification in the genus Amycolatopsis such as meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell wall peptidoglycan and arabinose and galactose as the diagnostic sugars. The predominant menaquinone was determined to be MK-9 (H(4)). The polar lipids detected were phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, an unknown aminophospholipid, two unknown glycolipids and several unknown lipids. The major fatty acids were found to be C(16:0), iso-C(16:0) and iso-C(15:0). DNA-DNA relatedness data, together with phenotypic differences, clearly distinguished the isolate from its closest relatives. On the basis of these phenotypic and genotypic data, the isolate is considered to represent a novel species, for which the name A. jiangsuensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KLBMP 1262(T) (=KCTC 19885 (T) = NBRC 108679(T)).</P>
<P>A Gram-staining positive, facultative aerobic bacterium, designated strain RH-N24(T), was isolated from naked barley in South Korea. Cells of the isolate were observed to be motile rods by means of peritrichous flagella and showed catalase-positive and oxidase-negative reactions. Growth of strain RH-N24(T) was observed at 4-40?C (optimum: 35-37?C) and at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum: pH 6.0-7.0). Chemotaxonomic data (major isoprenoid quinone: MK-7; DNA G?+?C content: 53.5?mol?%; cell wall type: A1γ-meso-diaminopimelic acid; major fatty acids: anteiso-CB(15:0) and CB(16:0B)) supported the affiliation of the isolate to the genus Paenibacillus. The major cellular polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified polar lipids. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences also supported the conclusion that strain RH-N24(T) belonged to the genus Paenibacillus. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain RH-N24(T) was most closely related to Paenibacillus hunanensis FeL05(T) and Paenibacillus illinoisensis NRRL NRS-1356(T) with similarities of 94.64 and 94.54?%, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic and molecular properties, strain RH-N24(T) represents a novel species within the genus Paenibacillus for which the name Paenibacillus hordei sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RH-N24(T) (=KACC 15511(T)?=?JCM 17570(T)).</P>
<P>A novel, Gram-stain positive, facultative anaerobic, non-motile and straight to curve rod shaped bacterium, strain LV19(T) was isolated from the larval gut of the rhinoceros beetle, Trypoxylus dichotomus, which was collected from Yeong-dong, Chuncheongbuk-do, South Korea. The colonies of the new isolate were convex, circular, cream white in color and 1-2 mm in diameter after 3 days incubation on Tryptic Soy Agar at 37 °C. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, the new isolate was most closely related to Erysipelothrix inopinata MF-EP02(T), E. rhusiopathiae ATCC 19414 (T) and E. tonsillarum T-305(T) (94.8, 93.8 and 93.7 % similarity, respectively). Strain LV19(T) grew optimally at 37 °C, at pH 8.0 and in the presence of 0.5 % (w/v) NaCl. Oxidase activity and catalase activity were negative. The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were C18:2 cis-9,12 (28.9 %), C18:1 cis-9 (22.3 %), C16:0 (22.2 %) and C18:0 (18.5 %). The cell-wall hydrolysates contained ribose as a major sugar. Major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol and three unidentified glycolipids. No quinone was detected. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 36.3 mol%. The levels of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain LV19(T) and all the reference strains were less than 20 %. On the basis of polyphasic evidence from this study, the isolate is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Erysipelothrix, for which the name Erysipelothrix larvae sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is LV19(T) (=KCTC 33523(T) = DSM 28480(T)).</P>
<P>A novel bacterial strain, THG-sc1(T), was isolated from a soil sample of a cucumber garden and was characterised by using a polyphasic approach. Cells were observed to be Gram-stain negative, non-motile and rod-shaped. The strain was found to be aerobic, catalase and oxidase positive, esculin and starch negative, and to have an optimum growth temperature and pH of 28??°C and 7.5, respectively. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain THG-sc1(T) was found to belong to the genus Sphingosinicella and to be closely related to Sphingosinicella vermicomposti KCTC 22446(T), followed by Sphingosinicella xenopeptidilytica DSM 17130(T) and Sphingosinicella microcystinivorans KCTC 12019(T). The DNA G+C content was determined to be 60.8??mol% and the predominant respiratory quinone was identified as ubiquinone-10. The major polyamine was found to be sym-homospermidine. The major polar lipids were identified as sphingoglycolipid, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified phospholipid. The major fatty acids were identified as C18:1 ??7c, C16:0 and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ??7c and/or iso-C15:0 2-OH, as defined by MIDI). The results of the genotypic analysis, in combination with chemotaxonomic and physiological data, demonstrated that strain THG-sc1(T) represents a novel species within the genus Sphingosinicella, for which the name Sphingosinicella cucumeris is proposed. The type strain is THG-sc1(T) (=KACC 18279(T)??=??CCTCC AB 2015120(T)).</P>
Li, Shan-Hui,Yu, Xiao-Yun,Park, Dong-Jin,Hozzein, Wael N,Kim, Chang-Jin,Shu, Wen-Sheng,Wadaan, Mohammed A M,Ding, Lin-Xian,Li, Wen-Jun N.V. Swets en Zeitlinger 2015 Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Vol.107 No.2
<P>A Gram-positive, aerobic, non-motile, non-spore forming strain, designated DSD51W(T), was isolated using a resuscitative technique from a soil sample collected from Kyoto park, Japan, and characterized by using a polyphasic approach. The morphological and chemotaxonomic properties of the isolate were typical of those of members of the genus Rhodococcus. Strain DSD51W(T) was found to form a coherent cluster with Rhodococcus hoagii ATCC 7005(T), Rhodococcus equi NBRC 101255(T), Rhodococcus defluvii Call(T) and Rhodococcus kunmingensis YIM 45607(T) as its closest phylogenetic neighbours in 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. However, the DNA-DNA hybridization values with the above strains were 58.2 ± 2.2, 58.4 ± 1.9, 45.1 ± 1.4 and 40.3 ± 4.7 %, respectively. In combination with differences in physiological and biochemical properties, strain DSD51W(T) can be concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Rhodococcus, for which the name Rhodococcus soli sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain DSD51W(T) (=KCTC 29259(T) = JCM 19627(T) = DSM 46662(T) = KACC 17838(T)).</P>
<P>A Gram-stain negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile, strictly aerobic bacterial strain, designated CAU 1296(T), was isolated from an aquafarm waste water sludge and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain CAU 1296(T) grew optimally at 30?C, at pH 7.5 and in the presence of 4?% (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CAU 1296(T) formed a distinct lineage within the genus Eudoraea and exhibited similarity to Eudoraea adriatica AS06/20a(T) (95.4?% similarity). The major cellular fatty acids of the isolate were iso-C15:0, iso-C15:1 G, and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6c and C16:1 ω7c). The polar lipid pattern of strain CAU 1296(T) consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, and unidentified lipids including a phosphoglycolipid, phospholipid, glycolipid, aminophospholipid, two aminolipids, and six further unidentified lipids. The strain contained menaquinone-6 (MK-6) as the major isoprenoid quinone. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 38.7?mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic data, strain CAU 1296(T) should be classified as a novel species in the genus Eudoraea, for which the name Eudoraea chungangensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CAU 1296(T) (=KCTC 42048(T), =CCUG 66239(T), =CECT 8744(T)).</P>
<P>A Gram-negative bacterium, designated CAU 1040(T), which was isolated from marine sand obtained from Jeju Island in South Korea, was characterized as an aerobic rod-shaped organism that that was non-motile, non-spore-forming and halophilic. The bacterium grew optimally at 37 C, at pH 8, and in the presence of 2% (w/v) NaCl. The taxonomic classification of CAU 1040(T) was investigated using a polyphasic characterization approach. While phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that CAU 1040(T) belongs to the genus Kangiella, the strain exhibited only 94.4-95.4% sequence similarity to the previously described Kangiella species. Similar to other Kangiella species, Q-8 was the predominant ubiquionone and iso-C(15:0) was the major cellular fatty acid detected in strain CAU 1040(T). The predominant polar lipids identified were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylethanolamine. The G+C content of the CAU 1040(T) genome was 45.3 mol%. The phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomic data obtained in this study indicate that strain CAU 1040(T) represents a novel species of the genus Kangiella, for which the name Kangiella chungangensis sp. nov. is hereby proposed. The type strain is CAU 1040(T) (KCTC 42299(T), NBRC 110728(T)).</P>