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      • KCI등재

        개발예정지 내 자생수목 처리방법에 따른 비용 연구

        조홍렬 ( Heung Ryeol Cho ),김세빈 ( Se Bin Kim ),오도교 ( Do Kyo Oh ) 한국환경보건기술학회(구 한국환경복원녹화기술학회) 2009 한국환경복원기술학회지 Vol.12 No.6

        The purpose of this study is to analyze the profitability by selecting Pinus densiflora S. et Z worthy of ornamental tree from among the cutting timber in the urban development project, and then presents the improvements. The study site is the whole area of Oedong-eup Gyeongju city Gyeongsangbuk-do and subject trees numbers are 2,180 trees. Analysis method is cost analysis because it is used generously pubic land development. In results, at first, in case of forest development currently cutting tree costs 7.3 million Won/ha. and no profit is occurred at all. Secondly, the forward direction order of tree treatments expenses are in sawdust production, selling lumber, selling ornamental tree, and selling ornamental tree, sawdust production, selling lumbered on the aspect of profits by the selling stumpage. Especially, selling trees as ornamental tree costs 127 million Won/ha. which shows the highest profits. Third, the management of ornamental tree pine tree after transplantation from development site costs 5 times less than purchasing the same quality trees. Hence, it is recommended to re-utilize the trees from the development sites to produce a high standard gardens and it also provides the basis for the low carbon green growth society.

      • KCI등재

        아파트 조경의 변화에 관한 연구

        김도희 ( Do Hee Kim ),성현찬 ( Hyun Chan Sung ) 한국환경보건기술학회(구 한국환경복원녹화기술학회) 2010 한국환경복원기술학회지 Vol.13 No.4

        The purpose of this study is to identify landscaping costs for apartment landscapes, landscape facility factors, and the transition of spatial composition for landscapes. In addition, based on the questionnaires and analysis results for workers in related fields such as landscape design companies and construction companies, this study aimed at acquiring results for the development of current apartment landscapes and directions for improvement in the future. Through the results, it aimed at providing basic data for apartment landscapes in the future. Results showed that there Was approximately a 2.6 times increase for landscaping expenses of actual apartment landscapes, and a 7.0 to 11.5 times increase in the future can be expected. The cause of such increase is the continuously growing demand for a more pleasant environment. Landscape facilities factors have been diversified, and most facilities are used as multi-purpose spaces rather than serving simple facilities. Questionnaires and field investigations showed that water facilities underwent the biggest changes, And the cause for such changes were found to be the introduction of new facilities such as water facilities and environmental structures, as well as the creation of integrated functions and spaces. Spatial composition for landscapes showed that multi-purpose spaces were established, and for the apartment differentiation strategy, there were many different changes such as theming of green areas and places for exchange among residents. For changes, the most changes were in green areas, and studies also showed that there were many changes for rest areas as well. The cause for such change is judged to have been brought about by the increase of landscape space by placing parking areas underground, and investigations showed that compared to green areas composed of large grass patches, recent apartments are establishing diverse and experience-based green areas.

      • KCI등재

        일본 여가공간정책 변화 특성 -생활권 여가공간으로의 전환-

        김현 ( Hyun Kim ) 한국환경보건기술학회(구 한국환경복원녹화기술학회) 2010 한국환경복원기술학회지 Vol.13 No.5

        With the introduction of the 40 hours workweek system, an intensive discussion was made among relevant departments. Building facilities does not necessarily guarantee more leisure activities and higher satisfaction for the public. It is essential to draft at the trend of leisure policy in Japan and learn from the experiences to set the policy direction best fitting future changes in Korea, as Japan has gone through comprehensive changes ahead of us. With this understanding, this study analyzed key leisure policies of Japan and examined the trend of changes of time. The followings are the findings of the research. First, Japan`s leisure policies could be categorized into five stages and six terms. Second, leisure policies in Japan are being established as a local welfare system, not in the context of industrial perspective, to help people in local community. This is to make voluntary move by eliminating the factors that restrict social demand with an effort to expand leisure time and to secure and enhance access to leisure space. Third, Neighborhood leisure space has taken the center stage, in an effort to seek solutions to the issues of improving space utilization, restoring local community and encouraging participation of local residents. The conclusion drawn from the research is as follows. It is required to recommend the use of the specific term `leisure` for leisure policies in Korea and for leisure space policies in Korea that are now facing sociocultural challenges similar to the ones emerging in Japan, measures are required to improve physiological access of local residents including information promotion, lifetime education and relationships enhancement along with the establishment of neighborhood leisure space.

      • KCI등재

        새만금 간척지 내 칠면초 개체군의 변화

        김창환 ( Chang Hwan Kim ),최영은 ( Young Eun Choi ),이남숙 ( Nam Sook Lee ) 한국환경보건기술학회(구 한국환경복원녹화기술학회) 2010 한국환경복원기술학회지 Vol.13 No.3

        본 연구는 칠면초의 분포역을 결정짓는 개체수의 변화와 성장 변화를 분석하고자 6개 조사역 18 Site에서 2006~2008년의 3년간 개체수 변화, 지상부길이 생장변화, 토양요인의 변화를 조사하였다. 칠면초의 개체수 변화는 간척으로 인한 해수유입의 급격한 감소가 저위 염습지의 수분공급이 원활하지 못한 환경을 조성하여 2008년도 8월 이후에 급격히 감소하는 영향을 나타냈다. 길이 생장변화 역시 강수, 해수유입 감소 등에 의한 탈염이 큰 영향을 미친 것으로 조사되었다. 특히 토양요인의 변화에서 칠면초의 개체수 및 길이생장에 EC(1:5)dS/m가 가장 큰 영향을 미친 것으로 나타났다. 새만금 만경강 하구역 갯벌 염습지는 새만금 간척사업으로 인한 해수유입의 급격한 감소와 담수의 유량변화에 따른 수위변동 등의 환경요인에 의하여 간척사업이전 우점종인 칠면초의 분포역과 생장에 큰 영향을 미쳤다.

      • KCI등재

        덕유산국립공원의 식생에 관한 연구 -안성지구의 산림 식생을 중심으로-

        김현숙 ( Hyoun Sook Kim ),이상명 ( Sang Myong Lee ),송호경 ( Ho Kyung Ho ) 한국환경보건기술학회(구 한국환경복원녹화기술학회) 2009 한국환경복원기술학회지 Vol.12 No.6

        This study was carried out to classify vegetation structure of the Anseong district in the Deogyusan National Park from May 2007 to September 2008 using the gradient analyses and phytosociological method. The vegetation communities were classified into Quercus mongolica, Carpinus laxiflora, Q. serrata, Fraxinus mandshurica, Betula davurica, B. costata, Pinus densiflora and Abies koreana. Characteristics of the vegetation such as species composition, layer structure, vegetation ratio, and the distribution of individual trees by DBH were significantly different among communities. The order of important value of the forest community with DBH 2cm above plants was Q. mongolica (40.02), C. laxiflora (25.65), Q. serrata (24.68), F. lnandshurica (21.66), P. densiflora (19.12), Acer pseudosieboldianum (16.96), C. cordata (11.87), B. davurica (11.66), B. costata (10.90), Styrax obassia (10.90) and A. koreana (10.41). Distribution of DBH P. densiflora had a formality distribution, suggesting a continuous domination of these species over the other species for the time being. In contrast, F. mandshurica appeared limited to the valley of the sheet and a higher frequency of young individuals, suggesting a continuous domination of these species the development of a climax forest terrain. This study showed the correlation between each community and the environment according to DCCA ordination. The A. koreana community predominated on the northern slope of the park in the high elevation habitats which had many O-M. F. mandshurica community predominated in the highest elevation habitats which had many Moisture, EX-Cation and T-N. The P. densiflora community mainly occurred on the southern slope of the park in the low elevation habitats which had few Moisture, O-M and T-N. The Q. serrata community and C. laxiflora community appeared on the park in the middle habitats.

      • KCI등재

        지방하천의 생태적 복원을 위한 식물상 및 식생분석 -남원시 지방하천을 대상으로-

        박인환 ( In Hwan Park ),장갑수 ( Gab Sue Jang ),조광진 ( Kwang Jin Cho ),나정화 ( Jung Hwa Ra ) 한국환경보건기술학회(구 한국환경복원녹화기술학회) 2009 한국환경복원기술학회지 Vol.12 No.6

        This study was carried out to offer ecological restoration plan of local streams by analyzing the vegetation and flora around four local streams (Pungchoncheon, Namchangcheon, Ganggicheon, Woncheoncheon) in Namwon. Aora and vegetation investigation was done at April 2007 to August 2007, and June 2009. The 194 of vascular plants were identified which contain 53 families, 143 genera, 194 species. The Family frequencies arranged by the order of Family Compositae (14.4%), Family Gramineae (13.4%) Family Legurninosae (6.7%) and Family Polygonaceae (5.2%). The naturalized plants were listed as 33 species, and their naturalization ratio and urban index were found to be 17.0%, and 12.2%, respectively. In this study a total of 21 releves collected and analyzed. 6 plant communities are differentiated: Riverine softwood forests (Phragmites japonica-Salix gracilistyla community), Perennial herb vegetations on lotic water zone (Phragmites japonica community, Phalaris arundinacea community), Perennial herb vegetations on lentic water zone (Persicaria thunbergii-Typha orientalis community, Phragmites communis community), Annual or biennial vegetations on waterside (Persicaria thunbergii community). Species showing the higer value in the plant communities were Persircaria thunbergii, Phragmites japonica, Artemisia princeps, Humulus scandens, Bidens frondosa, Oenanthe javanirca, Agropyron tsukusinense var. transiens, Stellaria aquatica, and Lactuca indirca var. laciniata.

      • KCI등재

        아파트 단지 조경시설물의 시대적 변천 특성 -청주시 아파트 단지를 대상으로-

        홍성래 ( Seong Rae Hong ),정대영 ( Dae Young Jeong ),심상렬 ( Sang Ryul Shim ) 한국환경보건기술학회(구 한국환경복원녹화기술학회) 2009 한국환경복원기술학회지 Vol.12 No.6

        This study carried out to analysis the characteristics of periodic changes of landscape facilities with the apartment sites in Cheongju City. The construction periods were divided into the introduction stage (the 1980s), the development stage (the 1990s), and the maturity stage (after 1999). As for the apartment sites constructed in the introduction stage (the 1980s), their landscape facilities were restricted to play and resting facilities. Some of them even were constructed without rest facilities. Since the focus was on the affluent supply of houses in the 1980s, they put a greater emphasis on quantity than quality. Entering the development stage in the 1990s, they started to pave the sidewalks and driveways separately within the apartment sites and build parking lots underground. After 1999, they entered the maturity stage, where the outside spaces of apartment sites began to reflect environment friendly designs and the initiatives to improve residential environments. The major causes behind the introduction of high-grade materials in landscape facilities in the open spaces of apartment sites are the upgraded level of living standards and the diversified patterns of activities taking place in the open spaces. The environmental formative works were placed alongside waterscape spaces to create a beautiful and harmonious landscape.

      • KCI등재

        도시림 식생의 생태적 특성과 복원모델

        김석규 ( Seok Kyu Kim ),주경중 ( Kyeong Jung Ju ),남정칠 ( Jung Chil Nam ),박승범 ( Seung Burm Park ) 한국환경보건기술학회(구 한국환경복원녹화기술학회) 2010 한국환경복원기술학회지 Vol.13 No.2

        The purpose of this study is suggest to restoration model of Pinus thunbergii in Saha-gu, Busan. The result of this study is summarized as follows. As the results of this study, vegetation restoration model is presented by separating community planting and edge planting. In community planting, as a group of canopy, there are 6 species; Pinus thunbergii, Quercus acutissima, Quercus dentata, Quercus serrata, Quercus alienna, Quercus variabilis. As a group of understory, there are 5 species; Platycarya strobilacea, Prunus sargentii, Styrax japonica, Eurya japonica, Morus bombycis. Also as a group of shrub, there were 15 kinds of species; Ulmus pavifolia, Ulmus davidiana, Lindera obtusiloba, Elaeagnus macrophylla, Mallotus japonicus, Ligustrum obtusifolium, Sorbus alnifolia, Rhus trichocarpa, Zanthoxylum schinifolium, Rosa wichuraiana, Rhus chinensis, Viburnum erosum, Rhododendron mucronulatum, Rhododendron yedoense, Indigofera pseudotinctoria. And as a group of edge vegetation, there were 10 kinds of species; Japanese Angelica, Symplocos chinensis, Pittosporum tobira, Lespedeza maximowiczii, Lespedeza bicolor, Rubus coreanus, Rubus idaeus, Vitis thunbergii, Ampelopsis brevipedunculata, Rosa multiflora. Vegetation restoration models of Pinus thunbergii community were calculated the units 400m2 for the average populations of the woody layer is 24 in canopy layer, 35 in understory layer, 410 in shrub layer, 34% herbaceous layer ground cover. And the average of breast-high area and canopy area is 10,852cm2 in canopy layer, in understory layer 1,546cm2, in shrub layer 1,158,660cm2. The shortest distance between trees is calculated as 2.0m in canopy layer, 1.9m in understory layer.

      • KCI등재

        붉나무,참싸리,비수리 종자의 침지 처리가 발아에 미치는 영향

        허영진 ( Young Jin Hur ),김민호 ( Min Ho Kim ),차고운 ( Go Woon Cha ),안태영 ( Tae Young Ahn ) 한국환경보건기술학회(구 한국환경복원녹화기술학회) 2010 한국환경복원기술학회지 Vol.13 No.2

        Herbs and shrubs are employed for environmental restoration purposes. Among common herbs and shrubs, few species with low germination rates were selected and studied for enhanced germination rates and decreased germination times via soaking treatment. Rhus chinensis, incubator grown samples treated with the bacterial solution for 72hrs followed by immediate seeding showed the highest germination rate of 26.7% and germination period of 5.7 days, 3 days decrease from the control. Treatment of distilled water (t=3.79, p<0.01), nutrient broth (t=4.44, p<0.00) and bacterial solution (t=4.42, p<0.00) showed highly significant difference. In the case of soil tests, treating in the nutrient broth for 72 hrs followed by immediate seeding yielded the the highest germination rate of 23.3% with 7.3 days to initial germination, a decrease of 14.7 days with respect to the control. All the samples followed by immediate seeding showed significant difference (t=2.13, p<0.05). Incubator grown samples of Lespedeza cyrtobotrya showed different results. The incubator samples suspended for 48 hrs in distilled water followed by immediate seeding and 1 day drying displayed the highest germination rate of 96.7%, surpassing that of the control by 33.4%. The incubator samples treated with the distilled water and nutrient broth showed enhanced germination. But only the samples treated with distilled water and nutrient broth for 48hrs showed the increased germination in soil tests. All the sample treated for 24 hrs followed by immediate seeding or dried for 1 day showed initial germination as early as 1 day in incubator. The initial germinations were shortened in the samples treated with distilled water and nutrient broth for 48hrs in soil tests. Lespedeza cuneata incubator sample treated with nutrient broth for 24 hrs and dried for 1 day exhibited the highest germination rate of 83.3%, a 31.1% improvement over the control. The incubator samples treated with distilled water for 48 hrs (t=4.20, p<0.01) showed effective increase of germination. The treatment of distilled water (t=2.96, p<0.05) and bacterial solution (t=2.24, p<0.05) showed significant difference. The germination rates in soil were less than those of incubator and the control. The incubator samples treated with distilled water and bacterial solution displayed 1 day germination period, shortened by 1.3 days compared to the control. For soil grown samples, the samples treated with distilled water showed delayed initial germination and those treated with nutrient broth for 48hrs and bacterial solution for 72hrs shortened initial germination.

      • KCI등재

        경기도 한북정맥 훼손유형 연구

        서정영 ( Jung Young Seo ),이양주 ( Yang Ju Lee ) 한국환경보건기술학회(구 한국환경복원녹화기술학회) 2010 한국환경복원기술학회지 Vol.13 No.4

        This study is for Hanbuk Mountain Range within Gyeonggi province which is to propose the conservation plan by each damage pattern through site survey of the mountain range. The damage patterns are classified by siding, pointing and lining. The total damaged area is 103 areas: The siding pattern is damaged by developing farmland, mineral and quarry mining, dam, large scale development complex and cemetery park; The pointing pattern is including the development of road, transmission tower and way and mountaineering trail; The construction of electricity and communication facility, military facility, mobile communication station, heliport and shelter. The damages by developing road and large scale development complex are the most cause, and military facility, dam and reservoir, and residential area are the main causes, respectively. One of the compromised situation Hanbuk-Mountain Range usage as per section 7 section (18.45%), 12 section (18.45%) is the largest number of compromised has been surveyed, undermine the situation if you look at the usage by the road 25 locations (24.22%), military facilities and dam and reservoir to undermine this 11 established respectively (10.68%) were the most undermine Therefore, this research propose the conservation plan as follow: first, need to understand, educate and publicize on Hanbuk-Mounatin Range; second, manage through the regulations and ordinance of Gyeonggi province; third build and expand the law for protecting Baekdu-Great Mountain Range.

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