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      • Hydrazine 첨착 흡착제에 의한 담배 주류연 중 카보닐 화합물의 선택 흡착 특성

        박진원,이문수,이존태,황건중,황택성,Park Jin-Won,Rhee Moon-Soo,Lee John-Tae,Hwang Keon-Joong,Hwang Taek-Sung 한국연초학회 2005 한국연초학회지 Vol.27 No.2

        To use the filter materials for selective removal of carbonyl compounds in cigarette mainstream smoke, hydrazine such as 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine and dansylhydraznie impregnated adsorbents were prepared with perchloric acid or phosphoric acid as a accelerator in hydrazone formation reaction. The change of morphology of adsorbents in various of impregnator were investigated by SEM. Impregnation amount caused by reaction time, acid type and impregnation reagent, and the adsorption properties of carbonyl compounds in cigarette mainstream smoke were investigated. Amounts of impregnation was increased as increasing reaction time. The removal amount for vapor phase carbonyl compounds by 2,4-DNPH impregnated adsorbent was higher than that of dansylhydrazine impregnated adsorbent. The selectivity of 2,4-DNPH impregnated polyacrylic type adsorbent was superior to those of other adsorbents. This results indicated that the 2,4-DNPH impregnated polyacrylic adsorbent was applicable to cigarette filter material because of its fast reactivity and porosity.

      • 표면 개질된 활성탄소 섬유의 Propylamine 탈착과 XPS 분석

        김병구,양범호,Kim Byeoung-Ku,Yang Burm-Ho 한국연초학회 2005 한국연초학회지 Vol.27 No.1

        Activated carbon fiber (ACF) was surface modified by nitric acid to improve the adsorption efficiency of the propylamine. The adsorption amount of propylamine of the modified ACF increased $17\%$ more than that of as-received ACF. Desorption of propylamine from the propylamine saturated ACF was occurred in two steps, the first step started arround $50^{\circ}C$ showing the desorption of physically adsorbed propylamine and the second step started at $200^{\circ}C$ showing the decomposition of chemically adsorbed propylamine. Total desorption amount of propylamine from the modified ACF was larger than that of the as-received ACF because of increased functional groups. The oxygen and nitrogen contents on the modified ACF increased by 1.5 and 3 times compared with the as-received ACF. A part of propylamine adsorbed on ACF formed pyridine-like or pyrrolic structures with 2 carbons exposed on the surface of the ACF. It was found that propylamine reacted with strong or weak acidic functional groups such as -COOH or -OH existed on ACF surface.

      • 반응표면 분석방법에 의한 궐련지 제조 주요인자의 최적화 연구

        김영호,이근회 한국연초학회 1989 한국연초학회지 Vol.11 No.2

        10. Three major factors, freeness, filler and blend ratio that exercised considerable influence on physical properties of cigarette papers were chosen for the sake of their optimization at this experiment. An optimization of those above factors in paper manufacturing was investigated using response surface analysis. Optimum beating degree for Kenaf, Flax and NBKP showed around 72。SR, 68。SR and 85 SR, respectively, in considering of five quality index such as porosity, tensile strength, stretch, whiteness and opacity. The best blending ration of reciprocal pulps treated under optimum beating degree were diversified and combination scope of the bast fiber (Kenaf, Flax) to the NBKP was range from 30% to 65% in case of the Kenaf, from 25 to 40% in Flax at the same receipe. The optimum range of calcium carbonate content revealed 25%~30% in Kenaf mixed NBKP and 24%~31% in Flax mixed NBKP.

      • Propylene Glycol과 glycerine의 열본해 특성

        이재곤,이창국,백신,장희진,곽재진,이동욱,Lee Jae-Gon,Lee Chang-Gook,Baek Shin,Jang Hee-Jin,Kwag Jae-Jin,Lee Dong-Wook 한국연초학회 2005 한국연초학회지 Vol.27 No.1

        This study was conducted to evaluate the characterization of the pyrolysis products of propylene glycol(PG) and glycerine alone and together with tobacco. The weight change of the samples during the pyrolysis was measured by a thermal analyzer(STD-2960). The pyrolysis products were determined by GC/MS after pyrolysis using a curie-point pyrolyzer(CPP, $220^{\circ}C,\;420^{\circ}C,\;650^{\circ}C,\;and\;920^{\circ}C$) and a double-shot pyrolyzer(DSP, $220^{\circ}C,\;420^{\circ}C,\;650^{\circ}C,\;and\;800^{\circ}C$), respectively. The pyrolysis products from tobacco with and without the addition of PG($2\%$) and glycerine($2\%$ were assayed for its pyrolytic behavior. The results showed that a dramatic change in weight of PG and glycerine was observed at $175^{\circ}C\;and\;249^{\circ}C$, respectively. PG and glycerine showed different patterns for their pyrolysis products according to the method of pyrolysis. Namely, the change rate in pyrolysis with DSP was much higher than that of CPP at above $650^{\circ}C$. The major pyrolysis products of PG were propene, acetaldehyde, propanal, and acetol; the major pyrolysis products of glycerine were 2-propenal, 2-propenol, acetol, and acetic acid. In the pyrolysis experiments of tobacco added PG and glycerine, the pyrolysis products of PG and glycerine weren't detected additionally, except for diethyleneglycol diacetate. From these results, it can be concluded that the PG and glycerine added to tobacco would not be expected to pyrolyse extensively during smoking.

      • 국산 원료잎담배의 착엽위치에 따른 향기성분 및 휘발성 성분의 변화

        황건중,이문수,김정열,Hwang Keon- Jung,Rhee Moon-Soo,Kim Chung Ryul 한국연초학회 2005 한국연초학회지 Vol.27 No.1

        This study was conducted to determine the aroma and volatile component changes from a different stalk positions of Korean flue-cured tobacco. Eight different stalk positions of flue-cured leaf tobaccos harvested in 2001 were used for this study. Thermal extraction method at two different treatment temperature($50\;amp;\;80^{\circ}C$) was applied for this experiment. Forty eight kinds of aroma and volatile components such as 2,4-heptadienal, hexadecane, 1-methyl-1H- pyridine, 2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole were analyzed by using thermal extraction method. All of aroma and volatile components of leaf tobaccos were changed from a different stalk positions and treatment temperature. Leaf tobaccos in middle stalk position have a higher concentration of aroma and volatile components such as norsolanidione, 4-pyridinecarboxaldehyde, 4-methyl-4-OH-2-pentanone, acetic acid, propylene glycol, 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone, 2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole. Also, Megastigmatrienone 1, 3-oxo-[alpha]­ionol, 6,10,14-trimethyl-2-pentadecanone, heptadecane, 6-methyl-2-isohexyl-l-heptene concentration were low in the middle stalk position and high in both bottom and upper position. Treatment temperature affected on the changes of many aroma and volatile components in leaf tobacco. Most of aroma and volatile components such as, 2,4-Heptadienal, dodecanoic methylester, famesol isomer and 3-acetylpyridine were sharply increased as increasing treatment temperature. This results can be used to estimate the aroma characteristics of cigarette blend using a different stalk position of leaf tobacco.

      • 버어리종 담배중 암모니아성 질소에 대한 불확도 측정

        이정민,이경구,한상빈,Lee Jeong-Min,Lee Kyoung-Ku,Han Sang-Bin 한국연초학회 2005 한국연초학회지 Vol.27 No.1

        The uncertainty of measurement in quantitative analysis of ammonia by continuous-flow analysis method was evaluated following internationally accepted guidelines. The sources of uncertainty associated with the analysis of ammonia were the weighing of sample, the preparation of extracting solution, the addition of extracting solution into the sample, the reproducibility of analysis and the determination of water content in tobacco, etc. In calculating uncertainties, Type A of uncertainty was evaluated by the statistical analysis of a series of observation, and Type B by the information based on supplier's catalogue and/or certificated of calibration. It was shown that the main source of uncertainty was caused by the volume measurement of 1 mL and 2 mL, the purity of ammonia reference material in the preparation of standard solution, the reproducibility of analysis and the determination of water content of tobacco. The uncertainty in the addition of extraction solution, the sample weighing, the volume measurement of 50 mL and 100 mL, and the calibration curve of standard solution contributed relatively little to the overall uncertainty. The expanded uncertainty of ammonia determination in burley tobacco at $95\%$ level of confidence was $0.00997\%$.

      • 데실알콜유제와 부트랄린유제의 담배 곁순억제효과

        김기황,정훈채,김용연,이미경,유연현,Kim Ki-Whang,Jeong Hun-Chae,Kim Yong-Yeon,Lee Mee-Kyoung,Yu Yun-Hyun 한국연초학회 2005 한국연초학회지 Vol.27 No.1

        Studies on effect of Decyl alcohol EC and Butralin EC on tobacco sucker control were conducted in the tobacco field of Agro-tech Research Group of KT&G Central Research Institute, in 2004. Control effects of two chemicals were highest at the sucker length of 1$1\~2cm$. This indicates that the first application of Decyl alcohol should be conducted before button stage in the flue-cured and at the button stage in the burley tobacco. Effects of Decyl alcohol and Butralin on sucker control were $89.6\%\;and\;90.7\%$, respectively at 14 days after application in the variety KF118. But that of sequential application of two chemicals was $81.9\%$ at 30 days after application in the variety KF118 and $86.1\%$ in the variety KB303. Effect of two applications of Yellow ribbon or Butralin was highest in two varieties. The central downward spray showed a little higher control effect than the pouring of two chemicals. There was not significant difference of sucker control effect between forty and fifty times solution of Decyl alcohol in the variety KB303.

      • 국내외산 판상엽 구성물질의 형태적 특성 비교

        성용주,한영림,김삼곤,김근수,주정현,송태원,Sung Yong-Joo,Han Young-Lim,Kim Sam-Gon,Kim Geun-Su,Joo Jeon-Hyun,Song Tae-Won 한국연초학회 2005 한국연초학회지 Vol.27 No.2

        The morphological properties of various structure materials of domestic and foreign reconstituted tobacco products(RTP) were investigated by using the Bauer-McNett classifier and the image analyzer. The results of the fiber classification showed the fraction of the bigger size structure materials was larger in a domestic RTP than that in two foreign RTPs. In case of fine fraction, the domestic RTP had bigger fine fraction than two foreign RTPs. Images of each structure materials showed the scrap in the foreign RTPs kept the original shape which were rare in the domestic RTP fractions. Those results deduced that the raw materials in a foreign RTP process might be treated separately depending on the mechanical and morphological properties, which could reduce the amount of fine generation and increase the efficiency in raw material treatment.

      • 판상엽 고해조건에 따른 섬유특성 변화 평가

        한영림,성용주,김삼곤,김근수,하인호,Han young-Rim,Sung Yong-Joo,Kim Sam-Kon,Kim Kun-Soo,Han In-Ho 한국연초학회 2005 한국연초학회지 Vol.27 No.2

        The goal of refining is to treat fibers so they meet the requirements of the papermaking process. The refining process in papermaking has great influence on the quality of the final product by changing the fiber properties, such as fiber length, shape, fine contents and so on. In this study, the effect on the morphological change of fibers by the refining conditions were investigated using the fiber morphology analyzer. Fiber morphology analyzer used to determine which pulps are suitable for producing particular products. Furthermore it is widely used in paper mills to monitor paper quality. The morphological change of fibers according to refining conditions were evaluated out by measuring fiber, shive and fine. In the fiber morphology, the domestic reconstituted tobacco fiber has the bigger average fiber length value than that of the foreign reconstituted tobacco.

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