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      • KCI등재

        아동의 문제 유형과 놀이치료 시기에 따른 놀이 특성의 변화 연구

        이정숙,이유경,문보경 한국아동심리치료학회 2006 한국아동심리치료학회지 Vol.1 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        아동을 위한 심리치료는 1920~30년대 치료 상황에 놀이를 접목시키면서 본격적으로 발전하기 시작하였다. Anna Freud(1928)와 Melanie Klein(1932)은 정신분석에서 놀이를 활용하여 아동이 통찰을 얻을 수 있도록 하였으며, 영국의 소아과 의사인 Margaret Lowenfeld는 1929년 해석이나 전이 없이 치료할 수 있는 방법으로 모래놀이치료를 개발하였다(Carey, 2002). Virginia Axline(1947)은 인간중심 상담이론에 근거하여 놀이치료 방법을 개발하였고, 이후 심리치료 이론들이 발달함에 따라 놀이치료 방법과 기법들도 다양하게 발전하고 있다.

      • KCI등재

        부모개입을 통한 효율적인 아동상담 모델

        이숙 한국아동심리치료학회 2006 한국아동심리치료학회지 Vol.1 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        아동에 대한 연령구분은 연구자나 법령에 따라 조금씩 차이가 나는데, 우리나라의 아동복지법(보건복지부, 2004)에 따르면 아동을 만 18세 미만까지라 볼 수 있고, 아동기는 영유아기(0-6세), 초등학교 시기(6-12세), 청소년기(12-17세)로 크게 구분될 수 있다. 아동은 환경과의 상호작용을 통해 끊임없이 발달하는 존재이며, 각 발달단계마다 크고 작은 발달적 위기를 맞게 된다. 이러한 발달적 위기는 아동의 고유한 특성이나 환경 등에 따라 정상적으로 극복될 수도 있고, 문제행동이나 부적응행동으로 발전될 수 있다.)

      • KCI등재후보

        초등학생 분노조절 프로그램의 효과 연구

        이정숙,이현,안윤영,유정선,권선주 한국아동심리치료학회 2010 한국아동심리치료학회지 Vol.5 No.2

        This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the anger control program for elementary schoolers. Initially, the anger control program targeting elementary schoolers was developed. This program was based on cognitive therapy but added some other therapeutic components, such as art therapy, socio-drama, and communication skills training. Then,the effectiveness of this program was tested. A total of 16 elementary students who received high (Anger Expression Group; AE group) and low scores (Anger Suppression Group; AS group) on the Children's Inventory of Anger (CIA:Finch, Saylor, & Nelson, 1983) participated. The anger control program developed was administered to both the AE and AS groups, and Total CIA scores and 4 scale scores of the CIA (Frustration, Physical Attacks, Peer Relationship,and Authority Relationship) were assessed at pre- and post-treatment. The results showed that in both groups, general levels of anger significantly reduced after the treatment. For specific dimensions of anger, the AE group reported significantly reduced levels in Peer Relationship and Authority Relationship after the treatment while the AS group reported significantly reduced levels of Physical Attacks after the treatment. Differential treatment effects of the program on the AE and AS groups were noted and possible reasons to cause these results were speculated.

      • KCI등재

        학업중단 청소년의 사회적 낙인감이 현재생활만족도와 미래긍정태도에 미치는 영향 : 자아존중감과 우울의 매개효과

        전숙영(Chun, Sook-Young) 한국아동심리치료학회 2020 한국아동심리치료학회지 Vol.15 No.4

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The purpose of this study is to examine the mediating effect of self-esteem and depression between social stigma and living satisfaction, and future optimism among youth after dropping out of school. A total of 318 data youth from the panel of school dropouts wave 5 conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute, was utilized for analysis. A hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to examine the mediating effect of self-esteem and depression. The findings are as follows. First, social stigma was found to have a negative impact on living satisfaction and future optimism. Second, social stigma was found to have a negative impact on self-esteem and a positive effect on depression. Third, the partial mediating effect of self-esteem and depression was found in the relationship between social stigma and living satisfaction, and future optimism. Based on these result, implications and suggestions were provided.

      • KCI등재

        청소년의 PTSD 증상 경험에 있어 외상 수, 외상 강도, 행동활성화체계(BAS), 행동억제체계(BIS)의 영향

        강신아(Kang Shinn-a),김현수(Kim Hyun-soo) 한국아동심리치료학회 2020 한국아동심리치료학회지 Vol.15 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The purpose of this study is to find out about the number, the intensity, and the severity of adolescents’ lifetime experience of traumatic events and explore these factors’ relationship with their behavioral activation system (BAS) and behavioral inhibition system(BIS). Furthermore, this study investigated if these behavioral traits play a role in developing PTSD symptoms from the main stressor, which is the trauma itself. For this purpose, participants aging from 12 to 24, all from non-clinical settings, such as middle school and youth shelters in Seoul, answered questionnaires. Only the data of those that reported experiencing at least one traumatic event, which is 104 adolescents (male: 57, female: 47) have been analyzed in this study. The Korean Behavioral Activation and Behavioral Inhibition scale for adolescents, the Stressful Life Events Screening Questionnaire, and the Korean Impact of Events Scale Revised were used to measure the factors involved. IBM SPSS 22.0 was used for correlation analysis and to perform regression analysis. As the result of the correlation analysis, the number, intensity, and severity of the trauma all had significant positive correlation with both BAS and BIS. PTSD and BIS had significant positive correlation, but PTSD did not show correlation with BAS. In the regression analysis of the number and the intensity of the trauma affecting PTSD symptoms, BAS and BIS together added determination value to this relationship, especially BIS being significant. The purpose of this study was to reconsider the impact of trauma by investigating the number, intensity, severity of adolescents’ experiences in traumatic events and the relationship they have with BAS and BIS. Also, by finding out these behavioral activation and inhibition systems can have determinant value in PTSD symptoms, this study had contributed in understanding PTSD etiology. The meaning and the limitations of this study has been discussed in this context. The purpose of this study is to find out about the number, the intensity, and the severity of adolescents’ lifetime experience of traumatic events and explore these factors’ relationship with their behavioral activation system (BAS) and behavioral inhibition system(BIS). Furthermore, this study investigated if these behavioral traits play a role in developing PTSD symptoms from the main stressor, which is the trauma itself. For this purpose, participants aging from 12 to 24, all from non-clinical settings, such as middle school and youth shelters in Seoul, answered questionnaires. Only the data of those that reported experiencing at least one traumatic event, which is 104 adolescents (male: 57, female: 47) have been analyzed in this study. The Korean Behavioral Activation and Behavioral Inhibition scale for adolescents, the Stressful Life Events Screening Questionnaire, and the Korean Impact of Events Scale Revised were used to measure the factors involved. IBM SPSS 22.0 was used for correlation analysis and to perform regression analysis. As the result of the correlation analysis, the number, intensity, and severity of the trauma all had significant positive correlation with both BAS and BIS. PTSD and BIS had significant positive correlation, but PTSD did not show correlation with BAS. In the regression analysis of the number and the intensity of the trauma affecting PTSD symptoms, BAS and BIS together added determination value to this relationship, especially BIS being significant. The purpose of this study was to reconsider the impact of trauma by investigating the number, intensity, severity of adolescents’ experiences in traumatic events and the relationship they have with BAS and BIS. Also, by finding out these behavioral activation and inhibition systems can have determinant value in PTSD symptoms, this study had contributed in understanding PTSD etiology. The meaning and the limitations of this study has been discussed in this context.

      • KCI등재

        어머니의 정서인식 명확성이 유아의 문제행동에 미치는 영향 : 우울을 매개로

        김다혜,최은실 한국아동심리치료학회 2017 한국아동심리치료학회지 Vol.12 No.2

        The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between mother’s emotional clarity and child’s problematic behavior by using the structure equation model. Mother’s depression was used as a mediating effect. Emotional clarity demonstrates how much an individual is being clear about their own mood and emotion. It surveyed 383 mothers with children aged between two and five who attended daycare and kindergarten in Gyeonggi province. As the measurement tools, it used the Trait Meta Mood Scale, the center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression and K-CBCL 1.5-5. Hypothetical models were suggested for the possible paths and roles between mother’s emotional clarity, mother’s depression and child’s problematic behavior based on previous literature. The results are as follows: First, it showed a negative correlation between these variables: the mother’s emotional clarity, the mother’s depression and the child’s problematic behavior. However, it showed a significant positive correlation between mother’s depression and child’s problematic behavior. Second, Mother’s depression acts as a complete mediation between mother’s emotion clarity and child’s problematic behavior. Based on these results, we discuss the significance as well as the restrictions of this study and make suggestions on directions for future research.

      • KCI등재

        자폐스펙트럼 장애 아동과 그 부모를 대상으로 실시한 부모-아동 상호작용 치료(PCIT) 효과검증

        두정일(Doo, Jeing-Il) 한국아동심리치료학회 2018 한국아동심리치료학회지 Vol.13 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This study examined the efficacy of Parent Child Interaction Therapy on alleviating behavioral issues among children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as well as its efficacy in improving the mother s parenting stress, depression and parent-child interactions. Twenty mother-child dyads were randomly assigned to either the experimental group or the waitlist control group. The PCIT program was conducted in 12 sessions, once a week for an hour in the experimental group. Primary findings were followings: first, following manualized PCIT treatment, mothers reported a decrease in the level of children s disruptive behavior, parenting stress, and depression. Second, the frequency of positive interactions increased while the number of negative interactions decreased. Third, after the completion of the PCIT program, mothers in the experimental group reported high levels of satisfaction with the intervention. Treatment gains were maintained at 3-6-12month follow-up assessments. This study gives evidence to support PCIT as an efficacious intervention program for Korean families who have young children with ASD.

      • KCI등재후보

        청소년의 분리 개별화가 불안에 미치는 영향 -사회적 지지의 매개효과-

        박경순 한국아동심리치료학회 2014 한국아동심리치료학회지 Vol.9 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This study focused on verifying the mediate effect of social support between adolescents’ individuation and anxiety. Subjects consisted of 437 middle-school or high-school students residing in either Seoul or Gyeonggi-Do. Questionnaires used in this experiment were Late Adolescent Individuation Questionnaire (LAIQ) developed by Baik(1997); State-Traite Anxiety Inventory(STAI) developed by Speilberger, Gorsuch and Lushene(1970) which was then standardized by Han DW(1993); and Social Support Inventory(SSI) developed by Park JW(1985). The results are as follows. Firstly, there was a negative correlation at a significant level between the total score(and its subscales) and anxiety. Also, three of the subscales all showed a significant correlation with a traite anxiety. Secondly, social support and anxiety also indicated significant positive correlation. The results significantly anticipated emotional support, evaluational support, and material support. Thirdly, hierarchical multiple regression analysis based on mediate model of Baron and Kenny(1986) done to study the mediate effect of social support on separation individuation and anxiety. The results revealed that social support is the variable that partially mediate separation individuation and anxiety. Lastly, the study discusses the limitations of the current study and suggestions on the following study.

      • KCI등재후보

        유치원 교사의 유아 문제행동 지도: 지도 현황과 현직교육의 필요성 인식 및 요구

        김현수,진현주 한국아동심리치료학회 2014 한국아동심리치료학회지 Vol.9 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Given the situation where effective guidance of preschoolers with problem behaviors is urgently needed, the present study aimed to investigate kindergarten teachers' current status of guiding children with problem behaviors, and their awareness of necessity of and needs for in-service education to better guide children with problem behaviors. Through this investigation, the study tried to help better designing of a future in-service education for teachers in this matter. Two-Hundred-and-seventy-five kindergarten teachers in Seoul metropolitan area completed questionnaires measuring teachers' current status of guiding children with problem behaviors, past experience with in-service education to better guide children with problem behaviors and awareness of necessity of and needs for in-service education in this regard. The study found that kindergarten teachers have more children with externalizing than internalizing problems in their class, and are more aware of the nature and negative influence of externalizing problems than of internalizing problems. With regard to dealing with child problems behaviors, teachers were found to experience high levels of difficulties but moderate levels of satisfaction and self-confidence. Teachers reported to rely mostly on consultation from colleagues when encountered with difficulties guiding problematic children and utilize workshop/education opportunities provided by government to develop their skills. More than half of the teachers denied having attended an in-service education to better guide child with problem behaviors. However, almost all teachers endorsed the necessity of in-service education in this regard and their willingness to attend those. Lastly, teachers needed future in-service educations to focus on topics such as behavior modification and effective teacher-child/ teacher-parents communication, to rely on the methods including case studies, practices, roleplays, and coaching, to be taught by professionals in the field of child psychotherapy, and to be arranged in a way that it lasts for a certain amount of time and at the same time it does not give a lot of burdens to teachers' time and work. Implications of the results to designing future in-service educations were discussed and recommendations for future studies were made.

      • KCI등재

        부모역할지능이 유아의 정서조절능력에 미치는 영향

        김진희,이현 한국아동심리치료학회 2007 한국아동심리치료학회지 Vol.2 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        인간은 태어나면서부터 인간관계를 맺게 되며 그들을 통해 삶의 방식을 배우고 적응해 나가게 되는데, 이러한 과정 속에서 유아가 겪게 되는 대인간의 문제와 갈등을 어떻게 대처해 나가느냐가 유아의 삶에 중요한 영향을 미친다(김혜경, 2005). 유아기에 자기 자신을 이해하고 수용하며 자신의 감정을 조절하는 능력을 기르고 다른 사람을 이해하며 공감하는 기회를 갖는 것은 유아의 사회적 적응에 매우 중요하다(Kurtines, 1989). 유아가 자신의 감정 상태를 인식할 뿐 아니라 이를 조절할 줄 알고, 상대방의 사고, 감정, 의도 등을 이해하고 공감하여 기초적 수준에서 적절하게 대처할 수 있도록 하는 것은 바람직한 인간관계 형성에 필수적이기 때문이다(Parker & Asher, 1987; Patterson, Kupersmidt, & Griesler, 1990; Honig & Wittmer, 1994).

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