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The present study deals with the microstructure and mechanical properties of 700 MPa-grade high-strength seismic resistant reinforced steel bars fabricated by various TempCore process conditions. For the steel bars, in the surface region tempered martensite was formed by water cooling and subsequent self-tempering during TempCore process, while in the center region there was ferrite-pearlite or bainite microstructure. The steel bar fabricated by the highest water flow and the lowest equalizing temperature had the highest hardness in all regions due to the relatively fine microstructure of tempered martensite and bainite. In addition, the steel bar having finer microstructures as well as the high fraction of tempered martensite in the surface region showed the highest yield and tensile strengths. The presence of vanadium precipitates and the high fraction of ferrite contributed to the improvement of seismic resistance such as high tensile-to-yield strength ratio and high uniform elongation.
An experimental modeling is applied to investigate the formation of forms in molten aluminum By using a specially designed equipment, the effect of process variables, such as the shape of stirrer, stirring velocity and fluid viscosity, on the formation of foams were studied in the glycerine added water. Bubbles formed in water had various diameter from 1 to 10 mm and the number of bubbles was 0 to 20/$cm^2$. It turned out that among various variables the stirring velocity and fluid viscosity played important roles on the formation of bubbles. The results obtained from the model experiment were preyed to be convincible also in the real aluminum foam.
The aim of the current study was to develop an advanced prediction model for the slab width spread during hot rough rolling. Rough rolling consists of both vertical rolling using a set of profiled edger rolls and horizontal rolling using a set of plain work rolls. FE-simulations were performed to investigate the influences of process variables such as initial slab width, initial thickness, sizing draft, edger roll draft and work roll draft on the final slab width variation. From a statistical analysis of the simulation results, an advanced model, which can predict the slab width spread during the edger rolling and horizontal rolling, was developed. The experimental hot rolling trials showed that the newly developed model provided fairly accurate predictions on the slab width spread during hot rough rolling process using a profiled edger rolls.
In order to obtain high quality products in powder metallurgy, it is important to control and understand the densification behavior of metal powders. The effect of the characters of powders on the compaction behavior was studied in this study by using three types of powders produced by the gas atomization, the centrifugal atomization and the twin roll-pulverization. The shape of the powders was a major factor in the apparent or tap density, and the deformation resistance of the matrix of the powders was a major factor in compactibility. Han's yield function (eq.2) for metal powders was simplified from the relationship based on the experimental results of copper powders. In spite of some assumptions, the calculated compaction curves using a new yield functionw was in accordance with the experimental results.