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      • KCI등재

        간호진단-간호결과-간호중재 연계를 이용한 내외과계 간호단위 간호정보시스템 구축 및 적용

        고은(Ko, Eun),소향숙(So, Hyangsook) 한국성인간호학회 2013 성인간호학회지 Vol.25 No.4

        Purpose: The purpose of this study was to construct, develop, and apply a nursing information system (NIS) using NANDA-NOC-NIC linkage in medical-surgical nursing units. Methods: This study consisted of three phases which were the construction of the database, development of the NIS, and application of the NIS. To construct the database, a questionnaire and nursing record review by an expert group were used. Collected data were analyzed by the SPSS/WIN 13.0 program. Results: In first phase, the database was made up of 50 nursing diagnoses, 127 nursing outcomes and 300 nursing interventions. In the second phase, NIS was developed according to its flow diagram and then tested. In the third phase, the developed NIS was applied to 130 inpatients. Nursing diagnoses frequently used were acute pain, delayed surgical recovery, and deficient knowledge (specify). Nursing outcomes for a nursing diagnosis of ’acute pain’ were identified as pain control, pain level and comfort level. Nursing interventions for the nursing outcome ’pain control’ were pain management, patient controlled analgesia assistance and medication management. Conclusion: The results of this study will facilitate the use of the newly proposed NIS in nursing practice and provide a guideline for evidence-based nursing.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재
      • KCI등재

        병동욕창전담간호사 주도의 욕창간호 알고리즘 개발

        노윤아,이지아 한국성인간호학회 2019 성인간호학회지 Vol.31 No.4

        Purpose: The aims of this study were to develop the unit specialist-led pressure ulcer nursing algorithm for hospital nurses, and to examine its clinical adequacy. Methods: The study used a methodological design. The algorithm was developed through the Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation (ADDIE) model using the combination of systematic review, clinical staff interview, and expert panel interview. Thirty nurses in two hospital units applied the algorithm to 30 patients from September 7, 2017 to September 20, 2017. Results: The contents of the nursing algorithm included roles of the unit specialist, application of the algorithm, assessment, nursing interventions, and documentation. The algorithm had acceptable validity of Scale-level Content Validity Index (S-CVI) from .93 to .95. The Braden scale scores were significantly improved from 12.37±3.30 to 13.67±3.59(t=20.55, p<.001) in the patients who used the algorithm. The hospital unit nurses rated the algorithm’s clinical adequacy as acceptable, with a mean score ranging from 3.30±0.65 to 3.67±0.48. The most highly rated item was that “pressure ulcer has been detected and managed promptly”. Conclusion: The unit specialist-led pressure ulcer nursing algorithm in general hospital units facilitated the prompt and accurate decision-making for hospital unit nurses. Using this algorithm, the hospital unit nurses will be able to provide relevant and prompt care for pressure ulcer prevention and management.

      • KCI등재

        종합병원 감염관리간호사의 업무실태와 스트레스, 역할갈등 및 직무만족에 관한 연구

        허선(Her, Sun),김계하(Kim, Kye Ha),오향순(Oh, Hyang Soon) 한국성인간호학회 2012 성인간호학회지 Vol.24 No.4

        Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the work conditions, reported stress, role conflict and job satisfaction of infection control nurses working in general hospitals. Methods: The subjects were 125 infection control nurses from 102 general hospitals. Data were collected using a questionnaire consisting of questions about general characteristics, job characteristics, work condition, stress, role conflict, and job satisfaction. Data were collected from July to September 2011 and analyzed by descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe? test, Pearson"s correlation, and Stepwise multiple regression in SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: Over fifty percent (56.0%) of infection control nurses reported the majority of their time was monitoring intensive units. The average reported stress was 7.20, role conflict was 3.67, and job satisfaction was 3.14. The factors which influenced job satisfaction were stress, enough information, annual income, and the number of hospital beds. Conclusion: The factors contributing to job stress of infection control nurses need to be specifically identified. Education and training for infection control personnel should be provided to enhance job satisfaction.

      • KCI등재

        성인초기 대상자에서 지속성 피로에 따른 스트레스와 수면의 질 및 대사증후군 차이

        서복남(Seo, Bok Nam),김인자(Kim, Inja) 한국성인간호학회 2019 성인간호학회지 Vol.31 No.2

        Purpose: To provide basic data for the health management of adults with prolonged fatigue, demographic characteristics, stress, sleep quality, and metabolic syndrome were compared between groups with and without prolonged fatigue. Methods: Data of 370 adults (197 with Prolonged Fatigue [PF] and 173 without PF) from the 2014~2016 database of Korea Medicine Data Center were used. Fatigue, stress and sleep quality were measured with the revised Chalder Fatigue Scale, Psychosocial Well-being Index-Short Form, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, respectively. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Results: First, regarding demographic characteristics, there were significant differences in occupation, smoking, and Body Mass Index (BMI) between groups with and without PF. More of the participants with PF than those without PF were employed, and smokers. They were also more likely to be obese than the participants in the group without PF. Second, there were significant differences between the groups in terms of stress and sleep quality; the participants with PF showed higher stress and lower sleep quality than those without PF. Finally, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found to be higher in the participants with PF than those without PF. Conclusion: Considering the characteristics of the participants with PF, it is necessary to develop nursing programs to improve stress, sleep quality, and metabolic syndrome to reduce fatigue. These kinds of nursing programs are particularly necessary for people who are smokers, obese and employed. Purpose: To provide basic data for the health management of adults with prolonged fatigue, demographic characteristics, stress, sleep quality, and metabolic syndrome were compared between groups with and without prolonged fatigue. Methods: Data of 370 adults (197 with Prolonged Fatigue [PF] and 173 without PF) from the 2014~2016 database of Korea Medicine Data Center were used. Fatigue, stress and sleep quality were measured with the revised Chalder Fatigue Scale, Psychosocial Well-being Index-Short Form, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, respectively. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Results: First, regarding demographic characteristics, there were significant differences in occupation, smoking, and Body Mass Index (BMI) between groups with and without PF. More of the participants with PF than those without PF were employed, and smokers. They were also more likely to be obese than the participants in the group without PF. Second, there were significant differences between the groups in terms of stress and sleep quality; the participants with PF showed higher stress and lower sleep quality than those without PF. Finally, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found to be higher in the participants with PF than those without PF. Conclusion: Considering the characteristics of the participants with PF, it is necessary to develop nursing programs to improve stress, sleep quality, and metabolic syndrome to reduce fatigue. These kinds of nursing programs are particularly necessary for people who are smokers, obese and employed.

      • KCI등재

        전자간호기록을 이용한 후향적 응급실 간호업무 분석

        백승연(Baik, Seung Yeon),조은희(Cho, Eunhee),김영아(Kim, Young Ah),최모나(Choi, Mona) 한국성인간호학회 2019 성인간호학회지 Vol.31 No.5

        Purpose: This study aimed to identify the type and frequency of nursing activities targeting emergency department patients by analyzing electronic nursing records. Methods: This retrospective study identified the characteristics of and nursing activities for adult patients who visited a university hospital emergency department for 6 months from January to June 2018 by analyzing the hospital’s electronic nursing records. Descriptive statistics and one-way analysis of variance were used to analyze the characteristics of patients and the nursing records. Results: A total of 36,435 patients, with an average age of 52.82±19.91 years and a male-to-female ratio of 1:1.16, participated in the study. The number of patients with Korean Triage and Acuity Scale levels 4 (less urgent) and 5 (non-urgent) were 24,403 (67% of the total number). Referrals were requested 1.21±0.54 times per patient. The most frequent NANDA diagnosis and Nursing Intervention Classification intervention were “Risk for unstable blood glucose level” (858, 28.4%), and “Surveillance” (83,131, 23.9%). The most frequent Clinical Care Classification action type was “Assess or Monitor” (313,729, 38.5%). The higher the severity level and the number of referrals, the more the recorded numbers of nursing diagnoses, interventions, and care activities. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the possibility of nursing task analysis by identifying the type and frequency of nursing activities based on the data from electronic nursing records. Further research on electronic nursing records would contribute to the usefulness of these records for nursing workload analysis and effective workforce management.

      • KCI등재

        뇌혈관질환자에게 적용가능한 간호결과 분류체계의 타당성 검증

        김영화(Kim Young Hwa),소향숙(So Hyang Sook),이은주(Lee Eunjoo),고은(Ko Eun) 한국성인간호학회 2008 성인간호학회지 Vol.20 No.3

        Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the importance and contribution of 9 nursing outcomes and their indicators that could be applied to cerebrovascular patients. Methods: Data were collected from 175 neurosurgical nurses working at two university affiliated hospitals and five secondary hospitals located in Gwang-ju. The Fehring method was used to estimate outcome content validity(OCV) and outcome sensitivity validity(OSV) of nursing outcomes and their indicators. Stepwise regression was used to evaluate relationship between outcome and its indicators. Results: The core outcomes identified by the OCV were Tissue Perfusion: Cerebral, Nutritional Status, Neurological Status, and Wound Healing: Primary Intention, whereas highly supportive outcomes identified by the OSV were Oral Health, Self-Care: ADL, and Nutritional Status. All the critical indicators selected for Fehring method were not included in stepwise regression model. By stepwise regression analysis, the indicators explained outcomes from 19% to 52% in importance and from 21% to 45% in contribution. Conclusion: This study identified core and supportive outcomes and their indicators which could be useful to assess the physical status of cerebrovascular patients. Further research is needed for the revision and development of nursing outcomes and their indicators at neurological nursing area.

      • KCI등재

        중환자실 내 성인 심장수술 환자의 섬망발생률 및 위험요인

        노은영(Noh, Eun-Young),박연환(Park, Yeon-Hwan) 한국성인간호학회 2019 성인간호학회지 Vol.31 No.2

        Purpose: Delirium is a common symptom among heart surgery patients, and its prevalence is reported to range from 16.0~73.0%. As patients with delirium exhibit multiple negative prognoses, it is important to identify and prevent the risk factors for delirium. However, little research has been conducted to identify the prevalence of delirium and its risk factors among patients who have undergone heart surgery in Korea. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the prevalence of delirium and its risk factors in heart surgery patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive correlational study. From 623 patients who entered the ICU after heart surgery in a tertiary referral hospital from September 2016 to August 2017, 421 were selected for this study. Data were collected using electronic medical record. Delirium was evaluated using the Korean Nursing Delirium Screening Scale (Nu-DESC). Results: A total of 63 participants (15.0%) were diagnosed with delirium. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of the variables identified that complex surgery (Odds Ratio [OR]=7.24, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]= 2.80~18.74, p<.001), aortic aneurysm surgery (OR=3.30, 95% CI=1.40~7.77, p=.006), creatinine (OR=2.32, 95% CI=1.17~4.60, p=.016), and ICU length of stay (OR=1.72, 95% CI=1.48~1.99, p<.001) were associated with delirium after heart surgery. Conclusion: The prevalence of delirium after heart surgery in Korean ICU patients is similar to that reported by the American Heart Association study. Type of surgery, lab data, ICU length of stay should be considered in the prevention and management of delirium in heart surgery patients in Korea. Purpose: Delirium is a common symptom among heart surgery patients, and its prevalence is reported to range from 16.0~73.0%. As patients with delirium exhibit multiple negative prognoses, it is important to identify and prevent the risk factors for delirium. However, little research has been conducted to identify the prevalence of delirium and its risk factors among patients who have undergone heart surgery in Korea. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the prevalence of delirium and its risk factors in heart surgery patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive correlational study. From 623 patients who entered the ICU after heart surgery in a tertiary referral hospital from September 2016 to August 2017, 421 were selected for this study. Data were collected using electronic medical record. Delirium was evaluated using the Korean Nursing Delirium Screening Scale (Nu-DESC). Results: A total of 63 participants (15.0%) were diagnosed with delirium. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of the variables identified that complex surgery (Odds Ratio [OR]=7.24, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]= 2.80~18.74, p<.001), aortic aneurysm surgery (OR=3.30, 95% CI=1.40~7.77, p=.006), creatinine (OR=2.32, 95% CI=1.17~4.60, p=.016), and ICU length of stay (OR=1.72, 95% CI=1.48~1.99, p<.001) were associated with delirium after heart surgery. Conclusion: The prevalence of delirium after heart surgery in Korean ICU patients is similar to that reported by the American Heart Association study. Type of surgery, lab data, ICU length of stay should be considered in the prevention and management of delirium in heart surgery patients in Korea.

      • KCI등재

        성인 당뇨병 환자의 극복력, 우울 및 자가간호역량

        박영례(Park, Youngrye),장은희(Jang, Eun Hee),김지옥(Kim, Ji Ok) 한국성인간호학회 2018 성인간호학회지 Vol.30 No.5

        Purpose: The purposes of this study were to examine the relationships between resilience, depression, and self-care competence and identify factors associated with self-care competence in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: This study was a descriptive research. Structured questionnaire on patients’ sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, resilience, depression, and self-care competence was used for survey with a convenience sample of 152 patients with diabetes mellitus. Data were collected from July to December 2016. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson`s correlation coefficient, and multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: The mean scores on resilience, depression, and self-care competence were 2.86±0.42, 18.11±10.05, and 4.27±0.78, respectively. Self-care competence showed a statistically significant positive correlation with resilience (r=.47, p<.001), and negative correlation with depression (r=-.29, p<.001). Resilience showed a negative correlation with depression (r=-.53, p<.001). Resilience (β=.38, p<.001) was significantly associated with factors of self-care competence in patients with diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that factor influencing self-care competence was resilience in patients with diabetes mellitus. Therefore, nursing intervention programs for increasing the self-care competence should include regular assessments and strategies for improving resilience in patients with diabetes mellitus. It is recommended that the studies should be performed to confirm the relationship between resilience and self-care competence by using resilience instrument developed for adults.

      • KCI등재

        혈액암 환자의 지지적 간호 요구도 예측요인

        정아랑(Jung, Ah Rang),이명선(Yi, Myungsun) 한국성인간호학회 2011 성인간호학회지 Vol.23 No.5

        This study was designed to investigate the levels of anxiety, depression, physical symptoms, and supportive care needs in patients with hematologic malignancy and to identify predictive factors of supportive care needs. Methods: The data were collected from 100 subjects undergoing treatments during 2010 in Korea. The questionnaires included the Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale, the M. D. Anderson Symptom Inventory, and the Supportive Care Needs Survey-Short Form 34. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Forty percent of the subjects had anxiety and 58% had depression. Thirty-eight percent of the subjects reported to have moderate-to-severe levels of physical symptoms. The most severe physical symptom was lack of appetite, followed by fatigue and pain. In terms of supportive care needs, the health system and information domain showed the highest among all domains. Supportive care needs had a significant positive correlation with anxiety, depression, and physical symptoms. And its predictive factors were identified as anxiety, physical symptoms and marital status, with the explanatory power of 48.9%. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that anxiety and physical symptoms should be assessed and treated to meet the supportive care needs of patients with hematologic malignancies.

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