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The purpose of this study was to find out foreign students' residence status and to analyze satisfaction & demand in order to provide basic information for better housing plans for foreign students in Korea. To analyze the characteristics of dwelling and the residents' satisfaction, a questionnaire survey was conducted to 171 students who studied at the universities in Seoul. Satisfaction degree of the housing support for foreign students and general factors of the housing were relatively higher than the average, except for rental fees. Satisfaction with the physical factors was generally high except for the noise, storage space, and the size & facilities of the bathroom. As for the overall satisfaction degree of students in various housings, dormitory dwellers were generally much more satisfied with rental fees, distance from school, room, laundry area, bathroom, and kitchen than students in other types of housing.
스포츠마케팅은 최근 황금알을 낳는 산업 또는 굴뚝 없는 고부가가치산업 등으로 일키고 있다. 이러한 표현들은 성공적인 스포츠마케팅을 통해 한 기업의 제품이 한순간에 세계적인 기업과 상품으로 바꾸어 놓았던 많은 사례들을 통해 쉽게 이해될 수 있었다. 최근 스포츠 비즈니스의 가치가 더욱 확산되어 국내 스포츠마케팅에 대한 관심의 증가는 더욱 커져가고 있다. 띠라서 본 연구는 최근 스포츠마케팅에 대한 관심의 증가를 초래시킨 사회ㆍ문화적 국내 환경요인들을 살펴보고, 국내 스포츠마케팅 활성화를 위한 발전과제를 제시하고자 한다. 짧은 연륜에도 불구하고 국내 스포츠마케팅에 대한 많은 관심과 필요성이 고조 될 수 있었던 사회ㆍ문화적 환경요인으로 첫째, 기업의 이윤추구 및 이미지제고 강화라는 측면에서 스포츠마케팅을 기업의 전략적 핵심사업으로의 인식에 기인하며. 둘째, 정부의 스포츠산업에 대한 육성 지원정책, 셋째, 국내 스포츠경기 단체 및 스포츠 팀의 재정자립 수단으로 스포츠마케팅에 대한 필요성 인식. 넷째, 한국 선수들의 세계속의 활약상과 더불어 스포츠가 하나의 외화획득의 수단이 된다라는 사회적 인식 등에 기인한다. 또한 국내 스포츠마케팅의 발전과제로는 스포츠마케팅을 계획하고 실행하기 위해서 필요한 체육관련 법규의 간소화 및 규제 완화, 기업과 정부의 스포츠산업 지원정책을 통한 스포츠마케팅 전문인력 양성, 장기적 안목의 투자, 지속적인 스포츠마케팅 상품개발 및 스포츠자체 품질(내용)의 고급화 등이 요구되었다. 스포츠는 최근 새로운 산업의 영역을 확보하면서 독자적인 산업으로서의 자리 매김을 해나가고 있다 하지만, 아직은 국내 스포츠마케팅 활동이 스포츠 그 자체에 국한되어짐에 따라 다양한 영역으로서의 사업확장이 이루어지지 못하고 있다. 따라서 국내 스포츠마케팅의 활성화를 위해 스포츠 하드웨어의 지속적인 개발과 함께 스포츠마케팅 소프트 경쟁력 확보가 중요한 발전 과제가 된다.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the association between physical activity and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D(25(OH)D) in Korean adults. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 33,605 adults who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2009~2013. Physical activity level of participants was assessed using International Physical Activity Questionnaire(IPAQ) and 25(OH)D level was measured for vitamin D status. Results: The average vitamin D status of Korean adults was deficient(18.15ng/mL). Participants with higher level of physical activity had higher 25(OH)D level compared to participants with lower level of physical activity. Multiple linear regression analysis presented a significant association between physical activity and 25(OH)D after adjusting for age, gender, occupation and region. Conclusion: The current study demonstrated that the level of vitamin D was associated with level of physical activity among Korean adults.
A web-based survey has been administered annually since 2005 throughout Korea to assess the prevalence of adolescent health risk behaviors among middle and high school student. The aim of this study was to analyse the patterns and the interrelationships for meeting guideline of physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SB), and dietary behavior (DB) based on the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based survey (KYRBWS) 2008 data. A cross-sectional design was used to assess 49,110 middle-high school students. PA (moderate PA≥5 times/week, or vigorous≥3 times/week) SB (watching TV, computer, DVD, video, etc. L3 hours/day), and DB (serving of fruits≥1 time/day, or vegetables≥3 times/day) were categorized into level of meeting guidelines or not. Adolescents meeting guidelines for PA, SB, and DB were 54.7% (boys 66.9%, girls 41.1%), 84.4% (boys 87.4%, girls 83.0%), and 72.6% (boys 73.2%, girls 72.0%), respectively. In addition, there were significant differences between both genders for PA (p<0.001), SB (p<0.001) and DB (p<0.01). Only 6.9% of students met all three guidelines and 13.0% did not meet all three. Students who did not meet PA were at greater fisk of not meeting SB (boys; OR 1.04, 95% CI 0.96 to 1.12, girls; OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.22) and DB (boys; OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.65 to 1.85, girls; OR 1.53, 95% CI 1.44 to 1.62) compared with students who met PA. The findings of this study support not an independent behavior approach but a multiple behavior approach taking into account gender and interrelationship among the physical, sedentary and dietary behaviors.
The purpose of this study was to compare and analyze the electromyograpic activity between Korean and Taiwanese of Ippon-Seoinage (one-armed shoulder throw) as Tokuinage (favorite and major technique) in Judo. The subject (Tori, attacker), who was 4 Korean and Taiwanese representative judoists from 2007 to 2009 years, respectively, Uke (defender) was a Judo-doll made by Kim, Eui-hwan etc. (2007), whole body of judo-doll was fixed, upper body was flexible 35 degree forward and backward, lower was 15 degree, was used to muscles activities measured by surface-electrode & electromyography. Subject performed 5 successful trials respectively, with parter (Uke) was resistance (R-0%) of judo-doll. Muscle activities were obtained from the electromyography analysis. Muscle activities in all phase, Taiwanese were lower than Korean, right Bicep, Trapezius, Tibialis muscles in Kuzushi phase, right Bicep, right Trapezius, left Rectus abdominus in Tsukuri and Kake phase, different between Taiwanese and Korean were signify (p < .5).
This study investigated the effect of fear of falling(FOF) on physical activity(PA) pattern in Korean female older adults. The subjects were 94 Korean females aged 65-79. PA was measured by accelerometer and FOF by Korean Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly. Most of PA variables except time spent on low and vigorous PA showed significant correlation with FOF. However, there was significant difference between lower and higher FOF groups in only one PA variable, time spent on moderate PA(modPA), with subjects' age defined as covariate. In this result, modPA of higher FOF group was lower than that of lower FOF group. A multiple regression analysis with the subjects' age included as correction factor also showed that FOF significantly affect modPA. This study concludes that FOF influences moderate PA level negatively with no effects on light and vigorous PA in Korean female older adults.
This study aimed to analyze factors influencing completion of advance directives(ADs) and withdrawal of life-sustaining treatments(LSTs) among older adults in South Korea. Based on the PRISMA statement and NECA systematic literature review guideline, we identified studies published in journals between 2010 and 2019, and evaluated the quality of included studies using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. Finally, 16 studies were included for analysis. Nine studies published in Korean, and seven published in English. Four studies were hospital-based research, and twelve studies were community-based research. Most older adults agreed to complete ADs, had intention to complete ADs, and disagreed to receive LSTs. However, most decisions related to ADs and LSTs were made near death. Experience and attitude toward ADs and LSTs were significant factors influencing decisions to complete ADs and withdrawal of LSTs. Family function and support were important to make older adults make decisions for themselves based on their preferences at the end-of-life. It is important to provide educational programs about ADs and LSTs for older adults and their family members. Also, training programs for health care providers(HCPs) should be developed to make HCPs support older adults and their family members in the process of decision-making.
The purpose of this paper was to find a visible real area for an average six year old Korean child in radiant enclosures having standing pose to determine the placement of a high intensity infrared heaters in a low temperature and a large space. The results using this method will be also necessary to find projected area, visible projected area, form factor, and mean radiant temperature for an average six years old Korean at arbitary view point. This average six years old Korean child consists of 3012 triangles. The methods to find visible real area of an average six years old Korean at arbitary view point will be presented. The biggest visible real area of an average six years old Korean is 3,397.7 ㎠ at the view point of alfa 15.0 degree and beta 0.0 degree, and the smallest visible real area of an average six years old Korean is 1420.2 ㎠ at the view point of alfa 75.0 degree and beta 90.0 degree. When a six years old Korean child in a low temperature and large space is exposed to a strongly directional irradiation from a high intensity infrared heaters, the placements of heaters are important. The recommended positions of the heaters are not alfa 75.0 degree and beta 90.0 degree but alfa 15.0 degree and beta 0.0 degree, and alfa 345.0 degree and beta 0.0 degree.
Recently, a large number of studies have indicated that exposure to outdoor air pollution, including fine particulate matter (PM2.5), caused serious health risks of lung cancer and cardiovascular diseases. We conducted this study to assess the level of awareness among Korean adults on the characteristics and health risks of PM2.5. We randomly recruited 507 adults aged 20 years or older through a commercially available survey institute. Our questionnaire consisted of five categories, including demographic information, definition of PM2.5, characteristics of PM2.5, health risks of PM2.5, and control policies currently applied in South Korea. Data analyses were conducted using SPSS version21.0. Of the participants, only 10% accurately distinguished the definition of PM2.5 from that of PM10 and 28.8% were aware of the fact that exposure to outdoor particulate matter causes carcinogenic effects. Only 10.5% of all the respondents recognized that reinforced airquality standards were conducted in January 2015. Most of the participants lacked information about the definition of PM2.5 and the potential health risk caused by exposure to PM2.5. Therefore, in this regard, policy makers and public health experts need to improve the public's awareness and disseminate this information effectively.
This study aims at proposing an optimal remodeling cycle in the light of economic feasibility consequent on the payback cycle of investment cost in energy performance improvement of a military barracks facing a maintenance cycle, and cost-saving effect. On the basis of the result of the preceding research which analyzed the energy requirement of a military barracks by the year of completion, this study analyzed the economic feasibility of a military barracks by selecting the energy remodelling plan, and cost analysis condition. The analysis result revealed that cost-benefits occurred after the elapse of 1.8 year to 7.5 years marking the regional payback cycle of investment cost in case of concurrent implementation of energy remodeling which serves to reinforce the heat insulation layer, and to improve window performance in doing repair work by part on a military barracks, which was built in the early 2000s, facing a maintenance cycle of roof waterproofing-finishing materials-window. On the contrary, in case of failure to do concurrent implementation of energy remodeling, it was analyzed that cost-benefits occurred after the elapse of 9.2 years to 20 years.