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      • KCI등재

        한국과 중국 안휘성 간 무역활성화 방안에 관한 연구

        정원원(Yuan-Yuan Zheng), 은 웅(Woong Eun), 서용석(Yong-Seok Seo) 한국무역연구원 2015 貿易 硏究 Vol.11 No.6

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        After joining the WTO in 2001, Chinese market is rapidly opening up and expanding through trade with foreigners. Although Anhui province is also rich in various resources such as mining resources and occupy a very important position of China economics, but it is not enough to invest in foreign companies that do not draw as well as actively trade with South Korea. If Korea companies are likely to develop this rich natural resources of Anhui province, and actively trade with each other, there must be have a positive impact on economy for the two countries. In this paper, we use the Export Similarity Index, TSI, Revealed Comparative Advantage Index to analyze the competing export trade potential between the two countries. This paper aims to analyze the economic conditions and trade structure base on the current state of trade between Korea and Anhui Province, research facilitation measures that contribute to the trade between Korea and China. This study revealed the potential of trade facilitation between South Korea and Anhui Province of China. Based on this, it has analyzed an effective trade item of inter regional. So it will contribute to the economic development of both countries.

      • KCI등재

        The Need for Green Sourcing in Free Trade Agreements

        박명섭(Myong-Sop Pak), 신수용(Soo-Yong Shin) 한국무역연구원 2013 貿易 硏究 Vol.9 No.3

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        오늘날 자유무역협정은 전 세계적으로 이루어지고 있는 추세이다. 자유무역협정은 협정을 맺은 양 국가들 간에 관세 혜택을 부여함으로 세금에 대한 부담이 줄어들어 기업들의 활발한 무역활동을 촉진시킬 수 있다. 자유무역협정에서 관세에 대한 혜택을 부여받기 위해서는 원산지규정에 따른 원산지 증명이 반드시 이루어져야하는데 원산지 증명에 대한 국가별 규정이 각기 상이하고 절차가 복잡하여 규모가 큰 기업뿐 아니라 규모가 다소 작은 기업들도 혜택을 부여받는데 어려운 실정이다. 기존의 자유무역협정이 가지고 있는 관세 혜택의 장점을 살리지 못하는 문제점을 해결하기 위해서는 원산지규정 간편화를 통해 기업들의 자발적이고 접근성을 용이하게 해야 비용 및 시간을 절감할 수 있다는 연구들은 기존에 다수 존재하고 있다. 하지만 비용 및 시간 절감 이외에도 환경적 인 부분을 고려해야 한다고 생각한다. 자유무역협정으로 맺어진 양 국가간의 무역활성화는 경제적인 측면에서 두 국가에게 이득을 제공할 수 있지만 경제적 발전을 위한 개발과 산업화는 지속적으로 환경을 파괴함으로써 전 세계가 공통적으로 문제점을 삼고 있는 온난화를 촉진 시킬 우려가 있다. 따라서 자유무역협정을 통한 경제적 이득과 환경적인 측면을 고려한 그린소싱과 같은 녹색 전략이 자유무역협정 규정에 정책적으로 다가갈 수 있는 연구가 필요하다고 생각한다. 본 연구에서는 관세혜택을 바탕으로 이루어지는 무역활동에 있어 비용적 측면 이외에도 환경적 측면을 고려한 녹색 자유무역협정에 대해 연구를 하고자 한다. Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) connect countries to major economies and new markets through eliminations of tariffs, import quotas, and preferences on most goods and services between agreed members. Increased number of such agreements worldwide has led to an increased interest in Rules of Origins (ROOs) which is necessary for identifying a nationality of a product in order to receive the benefit under FTAs. However, complex characteristics of ROOs damage the principle benefit of FTAs which leaves cost burdens to companies. Because of such complexity, harmonization of ROOs has long been argued. Harmonizing the complex ROOs may benefit many countries and businesses. However, the current issues related to FT As or use of ROOs rather seem to pay most attention only on reducing costs while the current century is faced with ever-challenging environmental issues. Environment should never be neglected. Considering green efforts in FTAs would be necessary. FTAs could consider strategies that accompany green efforts namely green sourcing, for example. Applying green sourcing in FTAs should allow companies to focus on their supply chains with sustainability to give positive effects on the environment. Such efforts should also provide them with further cost benefits. This paper aims to study FTAs with related issues of ROOs in order to argue for the need of green sourcing in them.

      • KCI등재후보

        가공식품의 대중 · 대일 경쟁력

        이민기(Min-Kee Lee), 모수원(Soo-Won Mo) 한국무역연구원 2011 貿易 硏究 Vol.7 No.3

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This paper deals with Korea's intra-industry trade of the agricultural sector during the period of 2005-2010. This study uses the trade specialization index and the market comparative advantage index to evaluate the competitiveness of agricultural products of Korea against China and Japan. We show the concrete evidence that the comparative disadvantage of Korean processed food is far greater than we expect. The export competitiveness indexes reveal that our processed food items are in a import specialization against China and are in an export specialization against Japan. The horizontal-vertical IIT indicates that most of IIT between Korea and China is the high quality vertical IIT, whereas most of between Korea and Japan is the low one. This result suggests that Korea exports the high(low) quality products to and imports the low(bigh) quliaty items from China(Japan). The Korean governments commenced the negotiation of Korea-China Free Trade Agreement. The Korean government has been engaged in actively pursuing a number of FTAs simultaneously. We know that multilateralism and regionalism have become the mainstream forces of the world's trading system. We, however, should recognize that free trade means free competition as well as winner-takes-all. Free trade argument is, hence, merely a policy for the strong. The agriculture is a vital key industry for Korea. The declining agriculture will threaten our food security. Something must be taken to help our sustainable agriculture with soft-landing as soon as possible.

      • KCI등재후보

        한국 상법 전자선화증권 모델의 평가

        최석범(Seok-Beom Choi) 한국무역연구원 2011 貿易 硏究 Vol.7 No.3

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Bill of Lading, as one of the important shipping documents in international trade, has been executing indispensable functions especially in credit transactions and has important functions. However, the Bill of Lading in international trade between the parties using the document is causing the inconvenience and costs. The reason stems from a situation which does not meet the condition of the basic premise for using the Bill of Lading, and Bill of Lading was used with a premise of arriving at the original destination before the goods. Maritime Law, which is part 5 of the Korean Commercial Law is amended and being implemented since August 3, 2007. Maritime transport-related legal system is overhauled to match the international trade practice and the systems such as Electronic Bill of Lading and sea waybill, which are adopted as important shipping documents in electronic trading, are introduced as appropriate system for new international trade environment. The purpose of this paper is to enhance the understanding of rules for enforcing the regulations of Electronic Bill of Lading in Korean Commercial Law by examining the regulations of Electronic Bill of Lading in revised commercial law of year 2007 and the rules of enforcing the regulations of Electronic Bill of Lading in Commercial Law, which are legislature predicted to be enforced in August of 2008, and by making a suggestion on related issues.

      • KCI등재

        산업 4.0시대 서비스무역의 동향과 성장 전략에 관한 연구

        이상진(Sang-Jin Lee), 김형철(Hyoung-Cheol Kim) 한국무역연구원 2018 貿易 硏究 Vol.14 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        In this study, we aim to explore the of service trade with the industries associated with the 4th industrial. Findings reveal that service trade could play an advanced role and businesses could derive sound images and services based on communication and information service contents, such as provision of high-speed communication networks, and services related to personal culture and leisure services. As a result, studies have shown that the areas that can evolve into growth strategies are the development and diffusion of global e-commerce platforms. This study is not intended to develop and develop new industries. As a result, studies have shown that the areas that can evolve into growth strategies are the development and diffusion of global e-commerce platforms. This study is not intended to develop and develop new industries. We want to show maximum effectiveness based on the foundations we can. Through the establishment of the global e-commerce platform, the shoes and contents of commodities trade are traded between BtoC or BtoB. It is a measure to secure competitiveness.

      • KCI등재

        지역무역협정의 추이와 경제적 평가

        김석중(Seouk-Jung Kim), 박강식(Kang-Sik Park), 천상덕(Sang-Duk Chun) 한국무역연구원 2008 貿易 硏究 Vol.4 No.3

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        By July 2007, 205 Regional Trade Agreements(RTAs) have been reported to WTO, about 74% of them were formed in the second part of the 1990s. WTO has published the statistics of the trade among the member countries of EU, NAFTA, ASEAN, MERCOSUR and ANDEAN. In the 2000-2005 period, the total intra-trade, and the weight of the intra-trade of the total trade (exports plus imports) of EU were the largest, and followed by NAFTA ASEAN MERCOSUR, and ANDEAN. The potentials of net trade creation effects were estimated indirectly by comparing the number of firms (by GDP and total trade), similarity of industrial structure(export similarity index) and found that the potential of NAFTA was the largest, and followed by EU ASEAN MERCOSUR, ANDEAN. Specially, it was found that the trade creation effect of the Korea-Chile FTA was small, mainly due to the strong industrial complementarity of the two partners

      • KCI등재

        중소기업 해외시장개척 강화방안에 관한 연구

        정재승(Jason Chung) 한국무역연구원 2014 貿易 硏究 Vol.10 No.4

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        In this study, we took a look at an export support program to strengthen global competitiveness in small and medium enterprises in Korea. To see what kind of promotion strategy for global competitiveness in trade missions, are domestic procuring entities bottlenecks matters of trade mission that is currently running will be analyzed. In-depth interviews with exhibitors were carried out by outside buyers, To improve trade missions, a model project to dispatch integration and handle a complex trade mission can be initiated. In addition, leveraging a corporate power measurement program of participating companies will streamline business processes and the G-Level Test in reference to the KOTRA trade mission, the service manual. Finally, rather than the global competitiveness of the developed markets, there is provided a method of selection and concentration to enhance the global competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises in emerging markets.

      • KCI등재

        한중 IT산업의 질적 무역경쟁력 추정

        한기조(Ki-Jo Han) 한국무역연구원 2021 貿易 硏究 Vol.17 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Purpose The purpose of this paper was to estimate the qualitative trade competitiveness of Korea with China relative to the information technology (IT) industry covering the period from 2007 to 2017. Design/Methodology/Approach We estimated a net trade competitiveness index;which eliminates comparative disadvantages from comparative advantages;and a quality trade competitiveness using the tornqvist index. Findings In terms of general trade competitiveness;the IT industry has consistently a comparative advantage in trade with China;but the level of that has weakened since 2011. It also found that all product categories except computers and communication apparatus have continuous comparative advantage;but the degree of comparative advantage in all product categories has weakened except for equipment for manufacturing flat-panel displays. Moreover;results show that in terms of the Korea-China trade structure based on the quality of comparative advantage and disadvantage;Korea is mainly a trade structure that exports high-quality products and imports low-quality products. Finally;the results of measuring the quality change in export products show only slight quality improvements in passive components (of communication apparatus);parts;semiconductors and electron tubes;and the quality has improved in all but these product categories. Research Implications Results show that as the comparative advantage of Korea has weakened since 2011 in trade with China;China is playing catch-up quite quickly in terms of semiconductors;flat-panel displays and sensors. In addition;the quality of semiconductors;electron tubes and passive components have improved only a little. This indicates that China's catch-up is fast in standardized products and competition is intensifying. Therefore;efforts on the part of Korea are required to ease such export bias and take the technology gaps through innovation in the production process and R&D in non-memories fields as well as memories fields in IT industry.

      • KCI등재후보

        지구 온난화 문제 해결을 위한 무역 분야의 대책에 관한 연구

        박석재(Suk-Jae Park), 우정욱(Jung-Wouk Woo), 김은주(Eun-Joo Kim) 한국무역연구원 2011 貿易 硏究 Vol.7 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        As greenhouse gas emissions have been increasing in the world, the world's climate has been rapidly changed. CO2 is the most important artificial greenhouse gas and the annual emissions amount of the gas has been highly increasing. Nowadays, the world is concerned over the change of climate. For the change of climate will affect all the animals and humans in the world. By the way, the trade and environment debate is not new one. The link between trade and environmental protection was recognized as early as 1970. The Rio Earth Summit of 1992 caused much concern on the importance of international protection of our environment and sustainable development. This study reviews the international trends and the movements in the developed countries such as US, EU, and Japan in the environmental protection. Finally, this study proposes the solutions for the environmental protection in the field of international trade. The solutions include the active use of tariff system, active use of offering incentives policy, and the introduction of emission trading system and carbon footprint system.

      • KCI등재

        한국 희토류산업의 국제교역구조와 정책적 시사점

        심재희(Jae Hee Shim) 한국무역연구원 2014 貿易 硏究 Vol.10 No.6

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The purpose of this article is to analyze international trade structure of Korea s rare earth. Rare earth includes 9 goods such as cerium groups, etc.. Statistical data were obtained from the homepage of Korea Customs Service for the period 2004-2013. Main findings can be summarized as follows: First, while China s export controls on rare earth are being strengthened, rare earth is growing in importance as an international issue. Second, due to the unfavorable positioning in the international trade network in rare earth, Korea is in a difficult position as a price taker. Third, in the inter-national trade of rare earth, any secular trends are not found, and the trade of rare earth is concentrated in China and Japan. Fourth, the trade patterns of rare earth by item are similar to that of total rare earth, but it s income is reduced, and the income gap among countries is getting large. Fifth, looking at the largest trading items, the degree of advantages in each item varies across country, and only a few items continue to maintain the advantages and trading items may not be duplicated in countries. Sixth, while the export-import prices are fluctuated repeatedly in three countries, in recent years export price shows a declining. These findings suggest that Korea should continuously strengthen the national capacity on rare earth, make the long-term plans to secure rare earth on a stable basis, reduce a high dependence on China and Japan s rare earth, secure processing techniques of rare earth, make domestic rare earth prices stable, and maintain a good business environment with a drastic price fluction.

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