http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of EM(Effective Microorganisms) on growth and quality of lettuce for system of organic agriculture. Chemical characteristics such as soil acidity, organic matters, and conductivity were nor significantly changed between before and after the experiment. Those were not different between treated and untreated. Therefore treatment of EM did not affect on chemical characteristics of soil. Total production of EM and chemical fertilizer treated plants were 22.6 to 33.6% more than that of untreated plant. Ratio of total weight from dry weight were 22.0 to 32.2% in above ground part of plant and 31.0 to 43.7% in under ground plant. However there was no difference between EM and chemical fertilizer treated of total production. Leaf production of EM and chemical fertilizer treated plants were 27.1 to 30.4% more than that of untreated plant. However there was no difference between EM and chemical fertilizer treated plants. Therefore EM application on organic agriculture may have effective on reclamation of soil eco-system and improvement of plant cultivation environment without any yield loss. Calorie and general contents such as water, fat, protein, and carbohydrate were not different between treated and untreated plant. Inorganic matters such as T-N, P2O5, K2O, CaO, and MgO were also not different. Vitamin C contents were 11.7, 14.3~15.8, and 17.5mg/100g in chemical, EM, and untreated plants, respectively. However nitrates contents were 132, 78~81, and 72mg/100g in chemical, EM, and untreated plants, respectively. Therefore vitamin C and nitrate contents were negatively correlated. EM treatment did not produce any malformation and, less differences among newly formed leaf form a original individual. Lettuce treated with EM did not have any problem on quality and did not give any aversion to people. Therefore use of EM could produce organic agriculture without any damage to plant when it is used in the way as used in this study.
Smilacina bicolor Nakai is rare and endangered plant designated by Ministry of Environment in Korea(2006) and Korea forest service(2006). Its native habitats at Mt. Deogyou was researched and analyzed about ecological characteristics, distribution and flora etc. Native Smilacina bicolor habitats were classified with two communities through phytosocialogical table work and stand ordination of SYNTAX2000 with PCoA; Smilacina bicolor-Tripterygium regelii community and Smilacina bicolor-Ainsliaea acerifolia community. In case of Smilacina bicolor-Tripterygium regelii community, In east east north or east faced native site, proper light and enough humid conditioned place and altitude 1,580m above, Tripterygium regelii, Taxus cuspidata etc were appeared. Taxus cuspidata is character species. However, In case of Smilacina bicolor-Ainsliaea acerifolia community, in north north east, west or west west north faced sites, relatively less light condition places and altitude about 1,400m, Ainsliaea acerifolia, Disporum smilacinum, Rhododendron schlippenbachii etc were appeared. The flora of vascular plants is composed with 37 family, 67 genus, 66 species, 11 varietas, 1 forma and total 78 taxa. Compositae corresponds to 11.54%, Liliaceae corresponds to 10.25% of totally 103 taxa and family that 1 species appeared corresponds 29.45%. The flora of vascular plants in the studied area was composed of pteridophyte 5.13%, gymnosperm 2.56%, monocotyledon 17.95%, dicotyledoneae 74.36% The component ratios of pteridophyte & monocotyledon are low, on the other hand gymnosperm and dicotyledoneae is high, compared with the component ratio of Korean vascular plants(pteridophyte : gymnosperm : monocotyledon : dicotyledoneae=7.1 : 1.5 : 23.2 : 68.2). There were no naturalized plants in this study in comparison with the information about naturalized plants from National Institute of Environmental Research.
As the result realized the main component analysis by extracting the 31 basic geomagnetic bodies, which can be divided in forestry zones of basic geometric body of Fukuoka prefecture, it was divided in 7 kinds in forestry space. With the character appeared according to each form, the first factor is eternal pace management type of the 8 basic geomagnetic bodies like Kurogi; the second factor is asset maintenance of the 8 geomagnetic bodies like Nakagawa; the third factor is suburban type of the 5 geomagnetic bodies like Chikusino; the fourth factor is forestry mountain village of the 4 geomagnetic bodies like Hoshino; the fifth factor is material production zone type of the 4 geomagnetic bodies like Amagi; the sixth factor is the interior zone production type like Yabe; and the seventh factor is the own region type like Ooshima. Therefore, in this paper it was desirably decided that forestry advancement was induced from the first and second factor, and the rests are connected among them.
In particular due to excessive pressure from mountaineers climbing mountains and overcrowded use and through concentrated rainfall width of paths were broadened and side-paths appeared resulting in damage of forest. Thus this author found out problems on the basis of damage patterns for the purpose of maintaining mountaineering paths in nature-friendly way. And this author presented measures for its improvement through fostering urban ecotypic forestation. As for methodology of study this author reviewed basic direction for urban ecotypic forestation plan through research of literature and have analysed practical problems in actual working execution and management. This author also found out alternatives for management of mountaineering paths for the mountains near Seoul regarding problems connected with rational direction at the time of designing and execution and management. This study is to seek alternatives for fostering and management for mountaineering paths through research of literature and attempt was made to present rational measures. As alternatives for management review was made from the aspect of designing, planning and execution and comprehensively work execution methods such as green belt type restoration work, foundation stabilization work, mountaineering path road surface pavement work and stairs work are compared.
This study analyzed the images of the colors and the color names derived from some plants, to understand the relationship between people and plants in the Japanese living environment. The results of surveys on images of 20 color names revealed, for example, that many subjects associated “midori” in connection with their surroundings with “natural” and “plant” but few subjects associated “midori” with “artificial”. On the other hand, some subjects did associate “green” with “artificial”. The subjects who associated “green” with “artificial” were urban rather than rural residents. The results of surveys on images of 6 colors (3 color systems) revealed that there are two patterns in the relationship images of colors and color names derived from plants. In the pattern which images of colors are connected with artificial things irrelevant to plants such as “cosmetics” and “clothes”, the color names are confused with the two similar colors. On the other hand, in the pattern which images of the two similar colors derived from plants oppose each other such as “nature-art” and “plants-plastics”, the two similar colors are distinguished by their color names. In both patterns, images of colors derived from plants are influenced by artificial things. These surveys suggest that images of colors derived from plants are influenced by artificial things, and that there are few opportunities to see colors of plants which are full of variety. These results suggest that it is necessary to recognize colors derived from plants in relation to plants, and to educate regarding the nature of plants.
The research started with a general survey on obesity and the actual data collection was collected before and after a 6-week experiment. Height, weight, BML, body fat percentage, waist and hip measurements were taken for each of the 20 participants. Inbody 3.0 was used for the body constitution and tape measure was used for the body measurement. 6 drops of Juniper Berry, 6 drops of cypress and 3 drops of grapefruit were used as the essential oil from the herb plant for the aroma abdominal massage. As for the carrier oil, 1.5% of Jojoba oil was blended to be applied to the abdomen for 15-minute massage sessions. The exercise treatment was conducted 3 times a week for a period of 6 weeks with each session lasting 80 minutes. SPSS WIN 14.0 was used for data analysis and paired-t test and t-test were used to test the similarity of normal characteristics between the two groups. As the results show, the obesity management program that involved aromatherapy abdominal massage using the exercise treatment and 1.5% blending of carrier oil with the essential oil was effective in decreasing women`s abdominal obesity. Therefore, the program could be used to decrease abdominal obesity and improve health for women.