RISS 학술연구정보서비스

검색
다국어 입력

http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.

변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.

예시)
  • 中文 을 입력하시려면 zhongwen을 입력하시고 space를누르시면됩니다.
  • 北京 을 입력하시려면 beijing을 입력하시고 space를 누르시면 됩니다.
닫기
    인기검색어 순위 펼치기

    RISS 인기검색어

      검색결과 좁혀 보기

      선택해제
      • 좁혀본 항목 보기순서

        • 원문유무
        • 원문제공처
        • 등재정보
        • 학술지명
        • 주제분류
        • 발행연도
          펼치기
        • 작성언어
        • 저자
          펼치기

      오늘 본 자료

      • 오늘 본 자료가 없습니다.
      더보기
      • 무료
      • 기관 내 무료
      • 유료
      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        충남지방(忠南地方)의 농업기계(農業機械) 훈련실태(訓練實態)에 관(關)한 조사(調査)

        김성래,이상우,김만수,Kim, Soung-Rai,Lee, Sang-Woo,Kim, Man-Su 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 1977 Korean Journal of Agricultural Science Vol.4 No.1

        This survey was conducted to secure a basic data for the effective training programs that might be an essential part of any successful mechanization of agriculture in Korea. Chung Nam provincial training center and 17 guidance offices with farm machinery training centers which were thought to be a medium level on their scale in whole country were selected in the survey on its training accomplishments, stafts, facilities, schedule and number of trainees at one time or in a class. The results and recommendations from this survey were as follows; To enhance the effect of farm machinery training, it was absolutely necessary for city or county training center to complement its facilities and equipments. It might be desirable that instructors of each training center should be the one educated or highly trained in the institution of farm machinery, and that the number of technical assistants should be increased and their present part time working condition should be changed to full-time status. It was recommended that training for farmers should be scheduled during off-season so that farmers could participate in the training couses, and that the number of trainees in a class should be reduced to about 10 trainees, which was approximately a fourth of the present situation. 농업기계(農業機械) 훈련업무(訓練業務)의 능률화(能率化)를 위(爲)한 기본자료(基本資料)를 얻기 위하여 충남지방(忠南地方)의 농업기계(農業機械) 훈련기간(訓練機間)인 도(道) 농민교육원(農民敎育院)과 17개(個) 시(市) 군(郡) 훈련소(訓練所)를 대상(對象)으로 훈련실태(訓練實態) 및 훈련기간(訓練機間)의 실태(實態) 등(等)을 분석(分析)했던 바 다음과 같은 결론(結論)을 얻었다. 1. 농업기계(農業機械) 훈련(訓練)의 효과(效果)를 높이기 위(爲)해서는 시(市) 군(郡) 농업기계(農業機械) 훈련소(訓練所)의 타설(拖設) 및 장비(裝備)의 보완(補完)이 절실히 필요(必要)하며 2. 각급(各級) 농업기계(農業機械) 훈련소(訓練所)의 교관(敎官)은 농업기계(農業機械)의 전문교육(專門敎育)을 이수(履修)한 자(者)로 보완(補完)하는 것이 바람직하며 기술요원(技術要員)의 수적(數的) 안배(按配)와 이들의 직급(職級)올 정규화(定規化)하는 것이 요망(要望)된다. 3. 효과적(效果的)인 훈련(訓練)을 진행(進行)키 위(爲)해서는 훈련시기(訓練時期)를 농한기(農閑期)로 하여야 할 것이며 1개(個) 반(班)의 인원(人員)도 현재(現在)의 약(約) 1/4인 10명(名) 내외(內外)로 편성하는 것이 바람직하다.

      • KCI등재

        大豆에 對한 製紙 Sludge의 營養學的 硏究

        金文圭,張基運,崔宇永,咸宣圭,南潤逵,李昌峻 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 1990 농업과학연구 Vol.17 No.1

        The paper board sludge(PBS) itself and compost sludge manure(CSM) mixed with sawdust, fowl droppings and urea to the PBS were treated to soybean plants to find the effects of growing characters, yield components, and nutritional compounds in the plant tissues. 1. Percentages of missing plants were 5-9% and 3.6-4.1% in the treatments of PBS and CSM, respectively. After that, the plants were restored to normal conditions. Anyway it is not desirable to use the paper board sludge and immature compost sludge manure in seeding time or to young seedlings. 2. Growth of the plant height was retarded in early growing phase, but it was normal in later stages. And the width and length of the largest leaf, numbers of main stem nodes and pods were not significant among the treatments. 3. The yield intends to increase through the treatments of 1,200, 1,600, and 2,000㎏ PBS per 10a. In the CSM treatments with high rate of sawdust, fowl droppings and urea, the numbers of pods and grains were higher than the treatment of high content of PBS. 100-grain and one liter weights were opposite intention. It was suggested that the excess nitrogen amounts from the compost sludge manure than conventional fertilization affected to the yield components. 4. The contents of the main chemical compounds such as N, P₂O_5, K₂O, Ca, Mg were determined. The concentrations of nitrogen were higher in the treatment of PBS and CSM than none and control. 5. In conclusion, the nutritional effects of PBS were in evidence. To use the sludges, it should be fermented with adequate additives to improve the aeration, C/N. ratio, activity of microbial, and other conditions. The sludges could be used to crops as a fertilizers effectively.

      • KCI등재

        혼식(混植)한 몇가지 수도품종(水稻品種)의 생육(生育)과 병해발생(病害發生)

        이광수,안수봉,Lee, Kwang Soo,Ahn, Su Bong 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 1987 Korean Journal of Agricultural Science Vol.14 No.2

        Three rice varietis, Dongjinbyeo, Daecheongbyeo and Chucheongbyeo, which are leading cultivars in the Chungnam area, were planted to determine their effects of mixture on the plant characteristics and the blast occurrence. The summary obtained is as follows; 1. The heading dates of each cultivars were not affected by the mixing culture. Only a day was delayed in heading date of Chucheongbyeo under commonly standard fertilizer level. 2. The effects of cultivar mixture on the plant height was high when low level of fertilizer were applied. Of the cultivar mixture, the mixing of Dongjinbyeo and Daecheongbyeo shoed 5.1% of plant height increase. The effects of mixture on the tillering number were apparent only under the standard fertilizer level. The mixture of Dongjinbyeo and Chucheongbyeo was effective in increasing the tillering number up to 5.7% over mean tillering number of each cultivars. 3. The stem height tended to increase as the fertilizer level increased and the effects of cultivar mixture on the stem height was high. The stem height of mixture of Dongjinbyeo and Daecheongbyeo was highest compared with other mixture cropping. On the contrary, the panicle length was shortened as the fertilizer level decreased and cultivars were mixed. Among the cultivar mixtures, the mixture of Dongjinbyeo and Daecheongbyeo showed the most effectives of increasing the panicle length. 4. The total dry weight of mixed and pure cultivars were compared. The mixture of two cultivars was effective in increasing the dry weight of rice upto 3.5% over the average of dry weight of each cultivars. When three cultivars were mixed, there were 8.5% of dry weight increase over not mixed cultivars. The effects of mixture on the dry weight were more apparent under standard fertilizer level. 5. The rates of Neck and Node and Branch Blast occurrence were reduced when cultivars were mixed, and their reduction rates were 11.7% and 14.0%, respectively. The occurrence of Blasts was also decreased under the lowest fertilizer level than the standard fertilizer level. The least Blast occurrence was obtained when Dongjinbyeo and Daecheongbyeo were mixed cropped. 6. Significantly high number of spikelets of per square meter was observed when Chucheongbyeo and Dongjinbyeo were mixed. However, the spikelets of panicle were the lowest when Chucheongbyeo and Dongjinbyeo were mixed. The number of panicles per square meter was increased as the fertilizer levels increased, while the number of spikelets per panicle increased as the fertilizer level decreased. 7. The effects of mixture on the maturing were apparent regardless of the fertilizer level. The 1000 grain weight was higher when lower level of fertilizer was applied. The effects of cultivar mixture on the 1000 grain weight were more apparent in the plots of Chucheongbyeo and Dongjinbyeo mixture and three cultivar mixture. 8. The grain yield increased when cultivars mixed. The increment under mixing cropping was 4.6% over mono cropping. The effects of cultivar mixture on the yield increase were more apparent under lower levels of fertilizer application. The highest yield increase was obtained when Chucheongbyeo and Daecheongbyeo were mixed, and the rate of yield increase was 6.8% over mono-cropping. 9. The grain yield was highly correlated with number of panicles per square meter and dry weight. There was not any significant relationships found among grain yield, spikelets of panicle and ripening percentage. 충남(忠南) 지역(地域) 일반계(一般系) 장려품종인 동진(東津)벼, 대청(大晴)벼, 추청(秋晴)벼 3품종(品種)의 혼식재배(混植栽培)가 병해(病害) 및 수량(收量)에 미치는 영향(影響)을 구명(究明)하기 위하여 1987년(年)에 충남대학(忠南大學) 농과대학(農科大學) 시험포(試驗圃)에서 수행(遂行)한 시험결과(試驗結果)를 요약(要約)하면 다음과 같다. 1. 혼식(混植)에 따른 품종(品種) 및 처리간(處理間) 출수기(出穗期) 변화(變化)는 차이(差異)가 없었고 추청(秋晴)벼 보비구(普肥區)에서만 1일(日) 지연(遲延)되었다. 2. 초장(草長)의 혼식효과(混植效果)는 소비구(少肥區)에서 높았으며 혼식조합별(混植組合別)로는 동진(東津)벼와 대청(大晴)벼 혼식조합구(混植組合區)에서 5.1%로 가장 높게 나타났고 경수(莖數)에서는 보비구(普肥區)에서 혼식효과(混植效果)가 나타났으며 혼식조합별(混植組合別)로는 추청(秋晴)벼와 동진(東津)벼의 혼식조합구(混植組合區)에서 단식구(單植區) 평균치(平均値)보다 5.7%가 증가(增加)하여 혼식효과(混植效果)가 가장 높았다. 3. 간장(稈長)은 시비량(施肥量)이 많을수록 혼식효과(混植效果)도 증가(增加)하였으며 동진(東津)벼와 대청(大晴)벼 혼식조합구(混植組合區)에서 간장(稈長)이 가장 길었으며 혼식효과(混植效果)도 높았다. 반대로 수장(穗長)은 시비량(施肥量)이 많을수록 감소(減少)하였으며 혼식효과(混植效果)도 떨어졌다. 혼식조합별(混植組合別)로는 동진(東津)벼와 대청(大晴)벼 혼식조합구(混植組合區)에서 수장(穗長)이 가장 길었으며, 혼식효과(混植效果)도 현저했다. 4. 성숙기(成熟期)의 지상부(地上部) 건물중(乾物重)은 단식구(單植區)에 비해 2품종(品種) 혼식구(混植區)에서 3.5%, 3품종(品種) 혼식구(混植區)에서 8.5% 증가(增加)하였으며 비료수준별(肥料水準別)로는 보비구(普肥區)에서 혼식효과(混植效果)가 현저했다. 5. 목도열병(稻熱病)과 지경(枝莖) 도열병(稻熱病)은 혼식구(混植區)에서 각각(各各) 11.7%, 14.0% 감소(減少)하였으며, 소비구(少肥區)보다는 보비구(普肥區)에서 혼식효과(混植效果)가 현저했으며, 혼식조합별(混植組合別)로는 동진(東津)벼와 대청(大晴)벼 혼식조합구(混植組合區)에서 도열병(稻熱病) 발생(發生)이 가장 적었다. 6. $m^2$당(當) 수수(穗數)는 추청(秋晴)벼와 동진(東津)벼 혼식조합구(混植組合區)에서 혼식효과(混植效果)가 가장 높았으나 수당(穗當) 영화수(穎花數)는 추청(秋晴)벼와 동진(東津)벼 혼식조합구(混植組合區)에서 가장 낮았다. 비료수준별(肥料水準別) 혼식효과(混植效果)는 $m^2$당(當) 수수(穗數)에서 비료수준(肥料水準)이 높을수록, 수당(穗當) 영화수(穎花數)는 비료수준(肥料水準)이 낮을수록 컸다. 7. 등숙율(登熟率)은 비료수준(肥料水準)에 관계(關係)없이 전(全) 혼식조합구(混植組合區)에서 혼식효과(混植效果)가 나타났으며, 1000립중(粒重)은 소비구(少肥區)에서 혼식조합간(混植組合間)에는 추청(秋晴)벼와 동진(東津)벼 혼식조합(混植組合)과 3품종(品種) 혼식조합구(混植組合區)에서 혼식효과(混植效果)가 높았다. 8. 수량(收量)은 단식구(單植區)보다 혼식구(混植區)에서 4.6% 증수(增收)되었으며 특히 소비구(少肥區)에서 증수(增收)가 현저했다. 혼식조합별(混植組合別)로는 추청(秋晴)벼와 동진(東津)벼 혼식조합구(混植組合區)에서 6.8% 증수(增收)되어 혼식효과(混植效果)가 가장 높았다. 9. 수량(收量)은 $m

      • KCI등재후보

        농업분야 무인항공기 영상 활용 동향: 리뷰 및 제안

        박진기(Jin-Ki Park),Amrita Das,박종화(Jong-Hwa Park) 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 2015 농업과학연구 Vol.42 No.3

        Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) has several advantages over conventional remote sensing techniques. They can acquire high-resolution images quickly and repeatedly. And with a comparatively lower flight altitude, they can obtain good quality images even in cloudy weather. In this paper, we discussed the state-of-the-art of the domestic and international use of UAV in agricultural sector as well as assessed its utilization and applicability for agricultural environment in Korea. Association of robotic, computer vision and geomatic technologies have established a new paradigm of low-altitude aerial remote sensing that has now been receiving attention from researchers all over the world. In a field study, it has been found that use of UAV imagery in an agricultural subsidy program can reduce the farmers’ complain and provide objective evidence. UAV high resolution photography can also be helpful in monitoring the disposal zone for animal carcasses. Due to its expeditiousness and accuracy, UAV imagery can be a very useful tool to evaluate the damage in case of an agricultural disaster for both parties insurance companies and the farmers. Also high spatial and temporal resolution in UAV system can increase the prediction accuracy which in turn help to maintain the agricultural supply and demand chain.

      • KCI등재

        착유우 사료에 대한 Aspergillus oryzae 발효물질 첨가가 in vitro 건물, 섬유소 및 단백질 소화율과 발효액의 pH에 미치는 영향

        명윤아,박덕섭,이수기,박종수,김용국 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 2002 농업과학연구 Vol.29 No.2

        본 연구는 Aspergillus oryzae 배양물이 in vitro 건물, 섬유소 및 단백질 소화율과 pH에 미치는 영향을 구명하고자 실시하였다. 균종 Aspergillus oryzae는 한국 생명공학연구원에서 분양받았으며, 본 연구에 사용된 사료는 시중 유통중인 착유우용 배합사료와 TMR 사료로서, 일반성분 분석은 (주)우성사료 중앙실험실에서 실시하였고, 건물, 섬유소 및 단백질 소화율 실험은 충남대학교 실험실에서 실시하였다. 배합사료와 TMR에 Aspergillus oryzae 배양물 0, 1.0, 2.0 및 3.0%를 첨가한 후, Holstein종 착유우로부터 채취한 반추위액에 시료 2.0g 내외를 넣어 진탕배양기에서 24, 48 및 72시간 소화시켰다. 침전물에 0.2% pepsin이 들어있는 0.1N HCl 30ml를 넣고 39℃ incubator에서 48시간 소화시키고 나서, 마지막으로 침전물을 60℃의 건조기에서 48시간 건조시켰다. 실험은 3회 반복하여 실시하였다. 건물 소화율은 Aspergillus oryzae 발효물을 첨가하지 않은 대조구에 비해 24시간 배양시킨 배합사료의 경우 2.1%(63.1%), 9.7%(68.5%) 및 9.0%(68%) 개선되었고, TMR은 4.8%(60.0%), 6.4%(61.1%) 및 2.9%(58.8%)의 개선효과가 있었다. 이와 대조적으로, 48시간 및 72시간 배양시킨 시험구의 건물 소화율에 Aspergillus oryzae 배양물이 미치는 영향은 24시간 배양시보다 상대적으로 낮은 경향을 보였다. 섬유소에서 소화율에서 Aspergillus oryzae가 조섬유, ADF 및 NDF 소화율을 유의적으로 개선시킨다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 배합사료에서 3% 첨가구의 경우 24시간 배양시 13.3%(53.3), 72시간 배양시 2.4%(54.6%)까지 증가되었다. 하지만, 첨가수준에 따라 소화율이 높아졌음에도 불구하고 첨가수준별 개선효과에는 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 단백질 소화율은 Aspergillus oryzae 배양물 첨가에 의해 배합사료에서 0.4%(79.7)에서 9.4%(71.8%)의 유의적인 개선효과를 나타내었지만, 2.0%와 3.0% 첨가구간의 유의적인 차이는 인정되지 않았다. TMR의 경우에는 4.0%(70.4%)에서 6.3%(65.1%)의 유의적인 소화율 향상을 나타내었지만 2.0%와 3.0% 첨가구간의 유의적인 차이는 인정되지 않았다. 본 연구에서, pH 처리구간 유의적인 차이는 없었으나, Aspergillus oryzae 배양물 첨가에 따라 pH가 약간 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 그러므로 본 발효물은 pH에는 영향을 미치지 않으나 건물, 섬유소 및 단백질 소화율 향상에는 다소 효과가 있는 것으로 결론을 내릴 수가 있다. This study was conducted to examine the effects of an Aspergillus oryzae fermentation culture on the in vitro digestibilities of dry matter, crude fiber, acid detergent fiber (ADF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), crude protein and pH in vitro experiment of diets for dairy cows. A fungal species, Aspergillus oryzae was supplied by Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon, Korea (KCTC 1229). The experimental diets were commercial compound feed(concentrate) and total mixed ration (TMR) for lactating cows, of which chemical analyses were determined at Research and Development Institute, Woosung Feed Co.. Ltd.. while the digestibilities were done at the laboratory of Chungnam National University. Aspergillus oryzae culture products were added to compound feed and TMR at the rate 0, 1.0. 2.0, 3.0% respectively. The experimental diet with the rumen fluid sampled from Holstein fresian milking cows were used and digested for 24 hrs, 48hrs and 72hrs in the shaking incubator. The residues of the digesta were digested for 48hrs in the incubator in which put 30㎖ of 0.1N HCI with 0.2% pepsin at 39℃. The final precipitates were dried for 48hrs in the drier at 60℃. These experimental procedures were triplicated to determine the in vitro digestibility of dry matter. crude fiber. ADF, NDF, crude protein and pH. Compared to control diet, not added Aspergillus oryzae, the DM digestibility of fungal diets were improved 2.1%(63.1%), 9.7%(68.5%) and 9.0%(68.0%) for 24 hour fermentation in compound feed while 4.8%(60.0%), 6.4%(61.1%) and 2.9%(58.8%) in TMR. On the contrary. for 48 hour and 72 hour digestibilities, the effects of Aspergillus oryzae culture on the digestibility of dry matter were relatively lowered compared to 24 hour digestibility. Referring to the digestibility of dietary fiber, Aspergillus oryzae was believed to significantly improve digestibilities of crude fiber, ADF and NDF. Those were increased up to 13.3%(53.3%) for 24 hour fermentation while 2.4%(54.6%) for 3.0% added for 72 hour fermentation in compound feed. However, there were no signifiant differences among the treatments for the inclusion rate of Aspergillus oryzae, even though the more inclusion rate, the better digestibility. The protein digestibilities were significantly unproved from 0.4%(79.7%) to 9.4%(71.8%) by adding Aspergillus oryzae into compound feed. However, there were no significant differences between the two experimental diets. 2.0% and 3.0% Aspergillus oryzae included diets. In case of TMR, the protein digestibilities were significantly unproved from 4.0%(70.4%) to 6.3%(65.1%) by adding Aspergillus oryzae. However, there were no significant differences between the two experimental diets, 2.0% and 3.0% Aspergillus oryzae included diets. In this study, there were no significant differences among the treatments in pH. On the contrary, there were slightly decrease in pH by adding Aspergillus oryzae into experimental diets but not significant. Summarizing the results of this examination, Aspergillus oryzae fermentation culture is believed to improve the digestibilities of dry matter, fiber and crude protein in cattle diets. However, more detailed research for the mechanism of the fungal culture is required to improve ruminal environment.

      • KCI등재

        Prospects of Triticale as Fodder and Feed in Farming of Bangladesh

        나지아 타바섬,로미즈 우딘,김은순 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 2008 농업과학연구 Vol.35 No.1

        This paper reviews the present situation of Triticale cultivation and examines the potentiality of contribution to livestock as well as poultry sector in Bangladesh Agriculture. Triticale is a human-made cross between rye and durum wheat that has the ability to produce quality green fodder, and then re-grow after first and second cutting to produce grain. In Bangladesh, it is a non-traditional cereal that grows well during the cool and dry Rabi season (November-March) when fodder and feed scarcity is a major limiting factor for ruminant livestock. In Bangladesh Triticale was started to grow in the late Ninety's. The scientists of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) were first introduced triticale in Bangladesh. Still now the situation of Triticale is grown as fooder and feed in Bangladesh within the scientists under trial. High quality grass fodder was obtained by cutting green triticale plants twice, at 35 and 50 days after seeding, while later the ratooning tillers produced grain to a yield of 1.1-2.4 t/㏊ of grain for poultry feed or human food. Triticale straw was twice as nutritious as rice or wheat straw and its grain contained more protein than other cereals. Researchers and farmers have also successfully made triticale hay and silage from a mixture of triticale green cuttings, rice straw and molasses. A feeding trial at Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute(BLRI), Savar station showed a large(46%) increase in cow live weight gain and a 36% increase in milk yield (but no change in milk quality or dry matter intake) in cows fed triticale silage compared with those fed rice straw over a period of nine weeks. In another feeding trial, it was found that triticale grain was a good replacement for wheat in the feed blend for chickens in Bangladesh. So it will be a good chance to alive our livestock as well as poultry sector if triticale enters to our existing cropping system as fodder cum grain. The challenge in Bangladesh is to identify fodder technologies that match existing small-scale farmer cropping patterns without needing major inputs or increasing risks. Preliminary field experiments revealed that triticale is a crop with good potential to produce quality fodder and grain for small scale farmers in Bangladesh. 트리티케일은 호밀과 밀의 교잡에 의한 작물로서, 방글라데시에서 조사료 및 곡물로 재배가능하나 농가재배는 아직 시범단계에 있는 상태이다. 본 논문은 방글라데시농업에 있어서 비전통적인 작물로서 트리티케일의 재배 현황을 검토하고 최근 몇 년간의 시험연구 자료에 의거하여 트리티케일이 축산조사료와 곡물사료로 사용됨에 따르는 경제성을 비교하였다. 트리티케일과 밀 옥수수 재배의 수익성을 비교한 결과 트리티케일이 가장 높고 다음은 옥수수, 밀의 순으로 나타났다. 트리티케일의 재배대안별 수익성은 파종후 2회(파종후 35일째와 50일째 절단) 조사료로 절단 재배(4.9∼20.2 t/㏊)하고 이어서 곡물(1.1∼2.4 t/㏊)로서 재배하는 경우가 가장 높게 나타났으며, 이때 B/C ratio는 1.62로 나타나서 경제성이 있다는 것을 입증했다. 한편 시범농가재배결과에 의하면 트리티케일을 젖소의 조사료로서 사용한 경우가 볏짚을 사용한 경우보다 젖소의 우유생산량과 젖소의 체중을 36∼46% 포인트 증가시키는 결과를 가져왔다. 아울러 트리티케일은 방글라데시 양계사육에 있어서 밀을 대체할 수 있는 좋은 곡물사료로 나타났다. 시험연구결과와 시범농가재배결과에 의하면 트리티케일을 조사료와 동시에 곡물로 이중목적으로 재배하는 것이 방글라데시 축산업에서 만성화 되어있는 조사료부족(특히 건기)현상을 경감할 뿐 아니라 소규모 방글라데시 농가의 소득에도 기여할 수 있는 잠재성이 있다고 판단된다.

      • 제초제 처리에 의한 보리의 작물학적 특성

        홍범용,최윤표,차희정,주정일,이희봉 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 2008 농업과학연구 Vol.35 No.2

        총체용 "유연" 보리 품종에 대한 토양처리용제초제인 Alachlor와 Butachlor를 처리하여 이들 각각에 대한 잡초방제 효과와 보리 종실 및 건물수량의 증감에 미치는 효과를 파악하고자 2007년 10월 10일 충남대학교 전작 포장에 휴립세조파로 파종하였고, 파종 2일 후에 이들 약제를 처리하고 이듬해에 분얼기와 출수기등 2회에 걸쳐 잡초초중수와 개체수 및 수량 관련 형질을 조사한 결과는 다음과 같다 1. 잡초 발생 경감 효과를 알아보기 위하여 1차 조사인 처리 25주 후인 3월 30일 조사에서는 Butachlor 처리구에서 점나도나물이 개체수 8.7점, 생체중 4.0g으로 가장 높게 나타났으나, Alachlor 처리구에서는 냉이가 5.3개로 가장 높게 나타났다. 반면에 둑새풀은 처리된 2종의 약제 모두 발생하지 않았으나 무처리구의 경우에는 둑새풀 39개로 높았다. 2 보리 출수기에는 Butachlor의 경우 냉이와 점나도나물의 개체수가 각각 1.7과 2.3개로 두종의 약제에서 비슷하게 발생 하였으나, Alachlor의 경우에는 오히려 점나도나물보다 냉이의 출현개체가 높았다. 반면에 둑새풀은 1차 조사와 같이 발생하지 않았다. 무처리구 역시 1차 조사와 같이 모든 초종에서 매우 높게 발생하였다. 3. 보리 생육의 차이를 비교하기 위해 제초제 처리 25주와 30주 후인 2차에 걸쳐 Alachlor 처리구에서 살펴본 결과 초장, 분얼수, 생체중, 건물중, 근장등이 무처리구에 비해 높게 나타 났는데 특히 분얼기에서는 생체중 및 건물중의 증가효과가 컸으며, 등숙기에서는 무처리보다 간장 9.2cm, 분얼수 1.8개. 생체중 15.6g, 건물중 3.0g 높게 나타났다. 4. 단위면적당 종실수량 및 지상부 간엽중에 대해 약제 처리효과를 살펴보면 간엽중은 처리간에 큰 차이를 보이지 않았으나, 종실수량은 Alachlor에서 가장 높았고 이어서 Butachlor, 무처리 순이었다. 5. 이상의 결과를 요약하면 맥류 파종시 잡초 경감효과 및 수량증수를 위해서는 제초제 사용이 반드시 이루어져야 할 것이며, 제초제간 효과는 비슷한 것으로 나타났다. This study was carried out to find the botanical characters and effect of weed control for herbicides treatment after barley sowing. Barley variety used in study was “Yuyeon”, hood-type awn for whole crop forage use, which developed at RDA in 2004. Sowing date was on 10th October, 2007, and was drilled as 60 × 20cm. Herbicides were treated on 2th day after barley sowing. Measured items were number and kinds of weeds at each treatment and growth characteristics and grain yield in barley. Cerastium holosteoides var. hallaisanense among weeds surveyed at tillering stages in Butachlor treatment were highly appeared, but Alopecurus aequalis var. amurensis did not appeared while Alopecurus aequalis var. amurensis was 39 plants and Capeslla bursa-pastoris was 37 plants in check. Occurrence of the Capeslla bursa-pastoris at primary survey and Cerastium holosteoides var. hallaisanense in ripening stage were high, while Alopecurus aequalis var. amurensis did not emerged. Botanical characteristics of barley each as plant height, number of tillers and spiklets per plant. surveyed at ripening stage were higher than check. Grain yield per 10a was the highest at Alachlor among treatments, while dry matter of leaf and culm were similar among treatments. Therefore, effect of yield increasing of barley by herbicide after sowing was reconfirmed through this study. Especially, effect of Alachlor was lightly high compared with others.

      • KCI등재

        농업기계화(農業機械化)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) - 수도이앙작업(水稻移秧作業)의 기계화(機械化)를 중심(中心)으로 -

        안수봉,김성래,김기대,Ahn, Su Bong,Kim, Soung Rai,Kim, Ki Dae 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 1981 Korean Journal of Agricultural Science Vol.8 No.2

        수도작(水稻作) 기계화일관작업체계(機械化一貫作業體系)를 통(通)하여 이앙시기(移秧時期)의 노동(勞動)Peak를 해소(解消)하고 또한 소요노동력(所要勞動力) 절감(節減)으로 수도생도비(水稻生度費)의 절감(節減)을 위한 이앙작업(移秧作業)의 기계화(機械化)는 우리나라 현여건하(現與件下)에서 매우 시급(時急)한 과제(課題)이다. 본(本)연구(硏究)는 수도이앙작업(水稻移秧作業) 기계화(機械化)의 보다 적극적(積極的)인 추진(推進)을 위한 기초자료(基礎資料)를 얻기 위해 충청남도(忠淸南道) 일반농가(一般農家) 381호(戶)를 대상(對象)으로 이앙기(移秧機) 이용실태(利用實態) 및 소유성향(所有性向)에 대(對)하여 설문조사 및 청취조사를 실시(實施)하였다. 이 조사자료는 충남대학교(忠南大學校) 전자계산소(電子計算所)의 Computer로 통계(統計) Package인 STATS에 의(依)해 분석(分析)되었다. 이 연구(硏究)에서 밝혀진 중요(重要)한 결과(結果)는 다음과 같다. 1. 이앙기(移秧機) 소유(所有) 형태(形態)는 76.09%가 개인소유(個人所有)이나 앞으로 2~3년이내(年以內)에 구입희망농가(購入希望農家)는 52.27%가 공동소유(共同所有) 공동이용(共同利用) 희망(希望)하므로 공동(共同) 이용체제(利用體制)에 대(對)한 연구(硏究)가 보다 강화(强化)되어야 할 것이다. 2. 이앙기(移秧機)로 이앙(移秧)한 수도(水稻)의 수량(收量)은 응답자(應答者)의 91.33%가 증수(增收)되거나 별차(別差)가 없는 것으로 나타나 앞으로 수도이앙기(水稻移秧機)의 농촌보급(農村普及)이 증가(增加)될 것으로 전망(展望)된다. 3. 이앙기소유농가(移秧機所有農家)의 73.26% 산파묘(散播苗) 4조용(條用)을 보유(保有)하고 있으나 2~3년내(年內)에 구입(購入) 희망(希望)하는 농가(農家)의 25.0%가 띠묘(苗) 4조용(條用)을 희망(希望)하므로 띠묘(苗) 4조용(條用)에 대한 농촌보급문제(農村普及問題)도 그 기계(機械)의 특성(特性)으로 보아 재고(再考)되어야 할 것이다. 4. 이앙기소유농가(移秧機所有農家) 및 구입희망농가(購入希望農家)의 부락공동육묘(部落共同育苗)에 대(對)한 희망도(希望度)가 49.71~57.83%로 높으므로 공동육묘(共同育苗)에 대(對)한 기술지원(技術支援) 체제(體制)가 보다 강화(强化)되어야 할 것이다. Mechanization of rice transplanting operation is very important project not only to solve the labor shortage problem at the so-called labor demand peak seasons of the rice transplanting, but also to reduce the production cost of rice by reducing the labor requirements. For these reasons this study was carried out to find the basic data for encourage the project of mechanization of rice transplanting. 381 sample farms were surveyed with questionaries and interviewed with a considerable number of relative personels about the operation, selecting and ownership trend of the rice transplanter. Collected data was analized by computer of Chungnam National University computer center applied to frequencies, cross- tabulation, $x^2$-test. The analized results of this survey are summarized as follows; 1. About 76.09% of the farmers interviewed was individual ownership of rice transplanter but about 52.27% of the farmers who wanted to purchase it in 2 or 3 years supported the cooperative ownership and utilization. This fact suggested that cooperative system of village level should be thoroghly studied. 2. The 93.33% of respondents gave the answer that the yield of rice was not affected by the planting methods between machine and manual. 3. The farmers who had a rice transplanter owned 4- row type rice transplanter with mat type seedling but the 25% of the farmers wanted to purchase it in 2 or 3 years wanted to own a 4 row type rice transplanter with band type seedling. Therefore the introduction of the 4-row type rice transplanter with band type seedling to rural area should be considered again. 4. The percent of farmers who wanted the cooperative system of village level was 49.57-57.83% of the farmers who had it already and wanted to own it in near future. It was strengthened by this fact that seedling nursely work was technically supported by the governmental level.

      • KCI등재

        개량(改良)된 방법(方法)에 의한 면(緬), 산양(山羊)의 식도루관형성술(食道瘻管形成術)

        김명철,김교준,이인덕,Kim, Myung Cheol,Kim, Kyo Joon,Lee, In Duk 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 1987 Korean Journal of Agricultural Science Vol.14 No.1

        충남대학교(忠南大學校) 농과대학(慶科大學) 부속동물사육장(附屬動物飼育場)에서 사육중인 한국재래산양(韓國在來山羊) 및 면양(緬羊) 각(各) 3 두(頭)에 대하여 방목중(放牧中)에 있어서 forage material의 섭식상(攝食狀)을 연구할 목적(目的)으로 고안(考案)한 방법에 의하여 식도루관형성술(食道瘻管形成術)을 실시하여 다음과 같이 보고(報告)한다. 1. 고안(考案)된 식도루관형성술의 시술(施術)이 용이(容易)하였으며 섭식상(攝食狀)의 연구에 적합(適合)하였다. 2. 본(本) 법(法)에 의한 식도루관은 장착(裝着)이 확실(確實)하여 장기간(長期間)(1년이상(年以上))에 걸쳐 공시(供試)할 수 있었다. Three sheep and 3 Korean native goats, raised in animal farm in Agricultural College of Chungnam National University, were esophageally fistulated for herbivore dietary composition studies. The results obtained were as follows. 1. Esophageal fistulation with improved method was relatively convenient in surgical operation and it was also suitable for the study of forage material in sheep and goats. 2. Excellent animal health was maintained over one year during which animals were utilized periodically in diet studies.

      연관 검색어 추천

      이 검색어로 많이 본 자료

      활용도 높은 자료

      해외이동버튼