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Students' opinion was surveyed with respect to the effectiveness of various aspects of general physical education program being implemented at Ewha Woman's University with a view to improving the quality of general physical education program for non-physical education majors. A 21-item questioneaire was administered to 1000 Ewha university students enrolling in general physical education courses, asking to evaluate on four main aspects of general physical education programs;i.e., 1) the contents of general physical education program, 2) instructor, 3) facilities, and 4) curricular policies. Students' perception as well as evaluation based on 812 collected data revealed strong disatisfactions on 1) limitedness of course contents and facilities, 2) incongruence of the number of credit hours with the number of class hour, and 3) overpopulated class size. These results suggested that new administrative policies should be enforced to rectify present deficiencies, ultimately improving the quality and effective ness of general physical education program for non-physical education majors.
Folk dances have been developing ever since primitive age in various forms ; religious rituals, shamanistic ecxocism, promoting friendship between people, festivity, unity, entertainment, a meansof courtship, psychological therapy, gratitude and joy for rich harvest, communication through gestures between people and impromptu expressions of feelings.
The purpose of this study is to determine the meaning of adapted physical education in the field of special education for disabled children. For the purpose of this study, the methods are used by interatural analysis. The results is as follows; 1. Adapted physical education is to help children with disbilities correnct conditions that can be improved. 2. Adapted physical education is to provide an opportunity that is observed and referred when the need for medical or other service suspected. 3. Adapted physical education is to improve physical fitness through the maximal development of organic and neuromusular systems. 4. Adapted physical education is to help each children with disability to develop knowledge and an appreciation of his physical and mental limitations. 5. Adapted physical education is to help children with disability make social adjustments and to devolp a feeling of self-worth and value. 6. Adapted physical education is to help intellectual development for children with disabilities. 7. Adapted physical education is to provide and opportunities for habilitation and rehabilitation of children with disabilties.
With Ishihi-baku's Shinmuyong (new dance) performances in 1926 as the starting point, dance, on this land, which had been looked down upon as being vulgar due to feudalistic and confucianistc ideologies, gets established and recognized as one field of art. Differently from prior laying of importance on dance itself, shinmuyong gets settled down as a dance, on stage, of which the creativity and the artisticality of the creator are regarded as important. Cho, Taek-won, together with Choi, Seung-hee, became a pupli of Ishihi-baku(Seok, Jeong-mak), and accelerated the settling down of shinmuyong in Korea. He is one of the figures who made shinmuyong a model of Korean modern dance. This thesis intends to double the value endowment regarding the ethnic group inclination as they appeared in Cho, Tark-won's art view and works of art. It has as its objective the illumination of Cho, Taek-won's existence and the ethnic meaning. Under the conditions of activity in which they could not but be passive and general due to Japan, in the situation of the time in whoch it was the forcible rule by the Japanese Empire, he had been engaged in lively activities in the aspect of the independent standing of dances. As such as the theoretical background, by taking a look at the society, cultural situation, traditions, and the concept of ethnicality of the time, Cho, Taek-won's activities and art view in mordern dance and ethnic inclinations as they appear in the representative works of art are reasoned out. Regardless of the results influenced by shinmuyong, as an art which is essentially creation-centered, in the aspect that the right to freedom regarding the system of values and the judgments of the creating person are possessed, and by illuminating the ethnic inclinations of Cho, Taek-won, dances, as artistic activities, this thesis hoped to be utilized as a basis for presenting the future direction of dances, as artistic activities that achieve harmonious balances of historical participation and cultural creations.
The objective of this study is to provide the basic information that will contribure to developing an ideal physical education class and efficient teaching methods by comparing and analyzing the students' attitudes (Attitud/physical/psychological/social) and intrinsic motives (Interest/Competence/Effort/Confidence) toward the athletic classes according to the different types of middle school education (Coeducation and Single-sex education). The population of the research is the male and female students of three middle schools, the residential areas of which are adjacent. The total number of population is 800: For coeducational middle school (CEMS), male student are 200 and female students are 200. (More than 50 per each grade) For single-sex educational middle school (SEMS), each SEMS student are 200. The number of students who answered the question paper is 711 out of 800 students. Because it is apparent that 32 out of 711 student answered the question insincerely or missed some answers, the data from them should be excluded from the analysis. Therefore, the statistical analysis is based on 679 question papers. The materials applied to this research are two modified question papers to be fit for the physical education classes. One paper is derived from Choi, Sunja's research on CEMS students attitude to athletic class (1998), and the other is the question paper concerning the intrinsic motive of sports that was developed by McAuley and used by Sung, Changhoon (1996) and You, Jin (1997). As main statistical methods, frequency analysis and two-way ANOVA are conducted Scheffe'-test is carried out on the cases that show significance after two-way ANOVA. The results are as follows. 1. The Attitudes toward Physical Education Classed. There is statistically significant according to the different types of middle school education (Coeducation and Single-sex education)Male students have more positive attitudes than female student. In view of the attitude score, the order from high score to low score is men's middle school (MMS) students, the male students of CEMS, the women's middle school (WMS) students, and the female students of CEMS. The analysis on the factors of the attitude implies that the attitudes of male students are almost identical everywhere, but there is some difference between CEMS students and those of MMS in physical/psychological/social factors. For female students, there is a considerable difference between CMS and WMS students in all of four factors. 2. Intrinsic Motives As stated above, There is statistically significant accroding to the different types of middle school education (Coeducation and Single-sex education). Even though male students have slightly higher score than female students, it can be considered insignificant. Through the analysis on the factors of intrinsic motives, it can be inferred that for male students, there is no difference in terms of the factors of interest/effrot/competence/tension, but for female counterparts, there is a big difference in the same categories of the factors. The summary of the research illustrates that the attitudes and the intrinsic motives are proved to be considerably different with respect to the types of schools, and SEMS students have more positive attitudes and motives than those od CEMS. As a result, if the teachers of physical education at CEMS develop the deliversified teaching methods creatively modified for the individual class activities, their classes will become far more successful. Therefore, here I propose three suggestions. First of all, the re-education program should be established to promote the teachers' understanding of coeducational classes and to help them develop various teaching methods. This program can also play an important role in providing the educators with the opportunities for exchanging information and new ideas. Second, the research is required on the male-friendly sports and the female-friendly ones. In other words, when teachers compose the contents of classes, they need to make an effort ro maintain balance between the male-initiated atheltic activities and those primarily led by female students. At last, the research should be conducted on how the physical edutcation departments at colleges can teach their students about the successful management of classes of mixed education. According to the 7th Scheme of Education (7차 교육 과정), theoretically it is possible to divide mixed classes into single-sex ones depending on the conditions of individual schools and the activities of each class. However, due to administrational and systemic obstacles, the separation of coeducational classes for the physical education is far from readiness. Therefore, based on numerous further researches, the curriculum of physical education departments should include and provide the course for the effective education of mixed classes of coeducational schools.
The purpose of this study was to develop the corrective execise program for the children with postural deviations in elementray school. For the purpose, literatural research methods were used as follow ; 1. Analysis of Corrective exercise of vorderwulbecke. 2. Analysis of Corrective exercise of Hollis Fait. 3. Analysis of Corrective exercise of Auxter, Daniel, and crowe. 4. Analysis of Corrective exercise of Kraus, Hans and Raab, Wilhelm. 5. Analysis of Therapeutic exercise for body alignment of Marian and Worthingham. The result of analysis of corrective exercises, Exercises for Postural deviations were designed to strengthen the muscles that were involved in maintaining the disired posture and in stretching their antagonists. Exercising should be moderate in the beginning and the work load gradually increased, until the desired results were achieved or it has become obvious that exercise was not going to be effective. Weak muscles would require a very small amount of exercise, while their anatagonists that have shortened would not allow a wide range of movement and hence should not be overly stretched in the beginning. The research point out, the spinal column may compensate for an overcurve by curving in the oppsite direction in another area of spine. In the case of Kyphosis, there was usally an increased curve in the lumbar area. In this case, the exercise was given for the round back, care should be taken that the movement does not increase the size of the lumbar curve. The same precaution must be taken with exercises that are given for forward head and round shoulders and back to avoid increasing the lumbar curve. The preventive and corrective exercises in this study were suggested for use in postural work that they were devided into three groups; mild, moderate, and strenuous.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the identifiability of performance result and compectitive condition on social loafing. The subjects were 48(16 groups) undergraduate female students. Experiment was conducted in a 2×3 ANOVA with repeated measures, the major independent variables being compectitive condition and the indentifiability. The dependent variable as strength output of the individual performance and group performance. The results of this study were as follows : 1. Between the identifiability group and the unidentifiability group, there was significant difference of the result of the performance. 2. Significant performance results existed between compectitive condition and non-competitive condition. 3. Non-significant interaction effect between identifiability and competition was evidenced. These results suggested a conclusion a conclusion that the identifiability of individual performance is a more critical variable which determines the social loafing, while competition also influences social loafing.
This study was intended to observe Drid Williams' Semesiology and symbil, also deals with the Anthropology. Anthropology is the study of Human. Human has culture, so in order to evaluate and interpret cultural patterns related to a given culture, an in depth understanding and knowledge of the given culture is necessary. Dance related sociocultral phenomenon, we Must inquire into Anthropology and culture. Human Movement is distinguish from animals' movement. Because Human movement has somewhat meaning and utilizing it, be in common use through symbolization. S.K.Langer said that symbol in dance is dance itself or symbolic element applied in dance have importance. For understanding or valuating of Dance, We must recognize Dridwilliams' semasiology. Because of his new perspective on dance free itself from tradition. Through Anthropologist Drid Williams, We will learn anthropology of a large scale. In the field of anthropology, to inquire into effect and meaning about semasiology and symbol is this thesis' purpose. Also his study related to symbol-understanding culture or traditional characte- and deal with its importantce. In recent years the study of human movement within sociocultural anthropology has been undergoing profound changes. Adrienn Kaeppler's ethnoscieentific structuralism, Adam Kendon's approach to gesture and sign language studies and Drid Williams' semasiologu represent three new developments. If conclusion the effect of these semasiological approach will be a new attmpt.
The purpose of this study is to identify whether the injury occurrence could be predicted from the psychological and social factors such as life stress, coping skills, and social support. Ifso, this study will discuss about the interrelationship between coping skills, and social support concerning the increase of the injury occurrence by the negative life stress For the purpose, It identified several relationships that include dance injury and each factor, life stress and dance injury hour, social support and dance injury hour, and life stress and dance injury accoring to the two intervening factors. The subject of the survey are 281 menbers of a dance groups(National dance theatre, 00 individual dance theatre)and distributed and collected questionnaires. Collected materials are analyzed by the sub program of SAS/PC+. In result, life stress in directly related to dance injury, and the group with low coping skill or low social support is also Ilinked with injury hour rather than a single factor. Based on the result written above, life stress is related to dance injury, and dance imjury provides strong evidence on interrelationship between coping skill and social support in increasing the weakness of dance injury to the influence of negative life stess.