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          특집 : 세계문학을 다시 묻는다 ; 세계화와 문학 세계문학, 국민.민족문학, 지역문학

          백나청 ( Nak Chung Paik ) 영미문학연구회 2010 안과 밖 Vol.0 No.29

          What has been called `a Goethean-Marxian projec1" of world literature is an attempt to create, through increased exchanges and communication among writers and intellectuals of different nations, a literature more adequately responding to the globalizing world, yet without sacrificing literary value, which is inevitably tied to a specific national or local language and thus to a national situation. But the current trend seems inimical to such, a project. Korea`s `national literature movement` has been an exception, although whether actual performance matches aspirations would require a separate scrutiny. Pascale Casanova`s The World Republic of Letters has the merit of basically espousing the Goethean-Marxian notion and carrying it further by analyzing the unequal structure of the global literary market. However, despite her laudable intention of pr viding a "critical weapon in the service of all deprived and dominated writers on the periphery," her book at some points reinforces that structure by exaggerating the extent to which the literary world has actually become global and by overvaluing `modernity` as understood by European modernism. A more adequate response to modernity seems the `double project` of at once adapting to and overcoming capitalist modernity as such, which represents an important agenda in the critical discourse and artistic production of today`s Korea. The formation of `East Asian regional literature` would serve not only [0 strength n the position of East Asian writers within the given international literary market, but to open the way to a more diverse and equitable, as well as more truly globalized, literary space. `East Asia` in this context would include those nations (mainly China, Japan, Vietnam and Korea) sharing civilizational legacies, including abundant `literary capital` in the once common written language, classical Chinese, and the advantage of belong to a particularly dynamic region in today`s global economy. The danger of East Asian literature`s becoming a closed space on its own is precluded by the very conception of such regional literature as a part of the `Goethean-Marxian project`; and a true `world republic of letters` it will help to create would look more like a multipolar `association of republics` than a unitary state dominated by a single capital city.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          스펙터클의 문학적 활용: 디킨즈의 『크리스마스 캐럴』

          성은애 영미문학연구회 2011 영미문학연구 Vol.21 No.-

          This paper proposes to examine how Charles Dickens, as a “visualizing genius,” adopted and appropriated the element of spectacle, to achieve apparently incompatible goals of commercial success and of education of his protagonist and his readers. It reviews some critical works on Dickens’s use of visual elements in his novels, especially in the field of cultural studies and film studies. Most of the analyses of the spectacles in his most successful Christmas story A Christmas Carol depend on the concept of spectacle elaborated by Guy Debord, ruling out the possibility of criticism and resistance on the part of the reader/audience, as Debord avers that spectacle presupposes and also incurs the alienation of the spectator and elimination of acting subject. This paper proceeds to show how Dickens transcribes visual spectacles into written form, how he maximizes the resources of Christmas spectacles to encourage his readers to act in real life, and how he tries to arrange the spectacles shown by the Christmas Ghosts to reveal the hidden reality of Victorian society which most of the middle class readers would look away. By questioning the ruling ideology of utilitarianism and its lack of sympathy and respect for the people, Dickens proves that spectacle, as a double-edged sword, can be utilized both in enforcing and justifying the status quo and in making cracks from the inside of that status quo at the same time.

        • KCI등재후보

          1867년 선거법 개정과 문학지식인 -조지 엘리어트와 매슈 아놀드

          윤지관 ( Ji Kwan Yoon ) 영미문학연구회 2004 영미문학연구 Vol.6 No.-

          As a way of thinking about the relationship between literary intellectuals and social reform, this essay reads in depth the responses of two mid-Victorian literary writers, George Eliot and Matthew Arnold, to the political reforms that culminated in the Second Reform Act in 1867. Eliot, through her Felix Holt, the Radical, tries to formulate a portrait of a genuine radical who devotes himself to educating working class people to live in dignity and responsibility. Her understanding and vision of the society revealed in the characterization of Felix Holt and especially in an essay added after finishing the main body of the novel, "Address to Working Men, by Felix Holt" turns out to be deeply immersed in the kind of conservatism that prevailed among the middle classes at that time. She raises, however, a question of culture, an abiding topic of debate in Victorian England, more deeply delved into in Matthew Arnold`s work. In his Culture and Anarchy, Arnold establishes the idea of culture as an antidote to anarchy, the cause of which is the middle class`s worship of private liberty. Rejecting individualist liberalism as a source of Philistinism, Arnold instead looks towards the state as a source of order and authority. While being a universal human ideal, culture for Arnold is also quite specific to a nation. With this complex idea of culture, Arnold tries to cope with his society in the midst of political reform and envision its future.

        • KCI등재후보
        • KCI등재

          특집: 세계문학을 다시 묻는다 ; "경쟁"하는 문학과 세계문학의 이념

          윤지관 ( Ji Kwan Yooon ) 영미문학연구회 2010 안과 밖 Vol.0 No.29

          This paper deals with the problem of international literary competition with reference to the Goethean idea of Weltliterutur (world literature), starling from the fact that intensil1ed globalization tends to make the space of world literature a site for fiercer rivalries among national literatures with different competitive powers. Entry into international literary space occurs in two different arenas of international canonicity and world publication market Both areas are permeated with in quality: the former still reveals predominant Eurocentric standards and the latter the sweeping power of publication capital wirh New York as its center. The dominance of commercial interests in literary communication is threatening the welfare of meaningful literary achievements. This paper posits a double task of going beyond a Eurocentric universalism and of not being swept by an merging market-oriented global literature with its rapidly increasing readership. It also offers a critical assessment of deconstructive projects to subvert the center with valorized peripheries, focusing on how it (mal-)functions in terms of new formations of world literature.

        • KCI등재

          아시아계 미국문학의 복합성과 한국계 미국문학 속 한국: 명미 김(Myung Mi Kim)의 「포위 문서」("Siege Document")의 경우

          황준호 ( Joon Ho Hwang ) 영미문학연구회 2007 영미문학연구 Vol.13 No.-

          Asian American literature is no longer a new area in Korean academia, as there have recently been major conferences and a number of research papers, both of which have discussed various related matters. These academic activities register multifaceted dimensions of Asian American literature, which have raised intense debates among Asian Americanists in U.S. academia and the literary community, particularly since the publication of the anthology Aiiieeee (1974). A key issue of these debates is to how to understand the term "Asian American" that has inadvertently or purposely been interpreted as a split concept of two separate identities-"Asian" and "American"-rather than a mutually interrelated concept. As a continuation of the debates, this essay raises a related question: How should we, Korean readers, understand Korean elements, such as the Korean language, culture and history, in Korean American Literature? While some Korean American writers may intend the elements to be interpreted as a way of familiarizing English-speaking readers with Korea, I argue that we should avoid defining all Korean American writers as native informants, who provide knowledge about their country of origin, which mainstream market and white American readers usually anticipate from immigrant writers. As an example to support my argument, this essay examines Myung Mi Kim`s aesthetic and experimental use of Korean and histories of Korean immigrants/diasporas, and maintains that Korean elements in her poems serve to represent the complexity in the identities of the Korean American and Asian American in American society rather than to enlighten English-speaking readers about "Koreanness" or publicize it as commodified English-language texts in the U.S. market.

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