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In order to identify potential calpain and cathepsin inhibitors we prepared 12 dihydroxychalcone analogues and tested their ability to inhibit μ-calpain, m-calpain, cathepsins B and L. In the calpain inhibition test, compound 10 exhibited the most active inhibitory activity against m-calpain with an IC50 value of 25.25±0.901μM. With respect to inhibition of cathepsins B and L, compound 13 exhibited the most potent inhibitory activity on cathepsin L and moderate inhibitory activity on cathepsin B with IC50 values of 2.80±0.100 and 11.47±0.087μM, respectively. Our results suggest the possibility of developing dual calpain and cathepsin inhibitors by properly modulating structures and/or combining the essential aspects of the functional group effective for specific calpain and cathepsin inhibition. ⓒ2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
( Hyunji Lee ),( Suhrid Banskota ),( Dong Guk Kim ),( Jae Hui Been ),( You Jin Jin ),( Jaya Gautam ),( Hyeonjin Jang ),( Tae Gyu Nam ),( Jung Ae Kim ),( Byeong Seon Jeong ) 영남대학교 약품개발연구소 2014 영남대학교 약품개발연구소 연구업적집 Vol.24 No.0
We recently reported that 6-aminoalkyl-2,4,5-trimethylpyridin-3-ols, novel series of 6-aminopyridin-3-ol-based antioxidants, have high antiangiogenic activities. In pursuit of wider variety in the analogues, we here report the synthesis and antiangiogenic activities of 6-amidoalkyl-2,4,5-trimethylpyridin-3-ols, which would not be considered excellent antioxidants because of the poorer electron-donating effect of the C(6)-amido group than the corresponding C(6)-amino group. The selected 6-amido compounds showed up to several fold-higher antiangiogenic activities and up to an order of magnitude better antitumor activities in the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay than SU4312, a positive control. We also found that paracetamol, as a direct phenolic analogue of our simplest 6-amidopyridin-3-ol, showed a moderate level of antiangiogenic activity. We propose this study will offer a basis for a scaffold of novel angiogenesis inhibitors that can perturb angiogenesis-related pathologies.ⓒ2014Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
A series of 9,9`-spirobifluorene-derived N-heterocycles were prepared by the reactions of 8,9-dihydrospiro(benzo[b]fluorene-11,9`-fluoren)-6(7H)-one and 8,8`,9,9`-tetrahydro-11,11`-spirobi(benzo[b]fluorene)-6,6`(7H,7`H)-dione with a series of 2-amino-arenecarbaldehydes such as 2-aminobenzaldehyde, 2-aminonicotinealdehyde, 1-amino-2-naphthaldehyde, and 8-aminoquinoline-7-carbaldehyde. In addition to the absorption maxima based on the parent 9,9`-spirobifluorene skeleton in the 225-234, 239-280, 296-298, and 308-328 nm regions, the absorptions due to the π-π* transitions of the heterocycles were observed in the 351-375 nm region in the UV absorption spectra. All the compounds showed strong photoluminescences in the 390-430 nm region.
Twelve thienyl/furanyl-hydroxyphenylpropenones were systematically designed and synthesized, and evaluated for their inhibitory effect on LPS-induced ROS and NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Compound 11 displayed the most significant inhibitory activity of LPS-induced ROS and NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Structure-activity relationship study indicated that para-hydroxyphenyl moiety plays an important role for inhibitory activities on both LPS-induced ROS and NO production as well as 3-thienyl moiety on molecule.
The Friedlander reactions of acetylbenzenes and 2-acetylpyridine with 3-aminonaphthalene-2-carbaldehyde afforded the corresponding 2-phenylbenzo[g]quinoline and 2-(pyrid-2-yl)benzo[g]quinoline, respectively. The same reactions of 3-aminonaphthalene-2-carbaldehyde with 1,2-, 1,3-, 1,4-di- and 1,3,5-triacetylbenzenes, however, afforded a series of corresponding (benzo[g]quinolin-2-yl)benzenes as new N,C-bidentate and unexpected benzo[g]quinoline. Crystallinity, thermal properties, absorption and emission spectral properties of the products were studied.
A series of 6-deoxymollugins were prepared five steps from benzaldehyde and its derivatives via phenylboronic acid-catalyzed chromenylation as a key step. Their inhibitory activities against tyrosinase from mushroom were evaluated to show that the parent, methyl 2,2-dimethyl-2H-benzo[h]chromene-5-carboxylate (9a) showed best and promising inhibitory activity at IC50 = 18.3 μM.
Previous studies have shown that sauchinone modulates the expression of inflammatory mediators through mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways in various cell types. However, little information exists about the effect of sauchinone on neutrophils, which play a crucial role in inflammatory process such as acute lung injury (ALI). We found that sauchinone decreased the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine bone marrow neutrophils, but not ERK1/2 and JNK. Exposure of LPS-stimulated neutrophils to sauchinone or SB203580, a p38 inhibitor, diminished production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-2 compared to neutrophils cultured with LPS. Treatment with sauchinone decreased the level of phosphorylated ribosomal protein S6 (rpS6) in LPS-stimulated neutrophils. Systemic administration of sauchinone to mice led to reduced levels of phosphorylation of p38 and rpS6 in mice lungs given LPS, decreased TNF-α and MIP-2 production in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and also diminished the severity of LPS-induced lung injury, as determined by reduced neutrophil accumulation in the lungs, wet/dry weight ratio, and histological analysis. These results suggest that sauchinone diminishes LPS-induced neutrophil activation and ALI.