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          • 효율적 교사양성체제 개발을 통한 사범대 활성화 방안 모색을 위한 연구

            정영근,조금주 상명대학교 인문과학연구소 1999 人文科學硏究 Vol.8 No.-

            The purpose of this study is to search for method that Teacher's College of Sangmyung University is been active. For success of this purpose, we examined the present managerial condition and the problem of Teacher's College in this university. We also analyze curriculum, support system and existing facilities of other universities. Furthermore we searched the educational form that the students of Teacher's College who want to be teachers want to make. For checking new educational role of the professors of Teacher's College, we made a survey to professors and students of Teacher's College. According to this analysis, for acting of Teacher's College through the enlargement of advance into the teaching profession, we found this following methods. First, the curriculum of Teacher's College should be changed. The student s of Teacher's College want to learn the contents of a secondary school teaching materials as well as necessary basic theory of the domain of each department. Therefore the curriculum which can be directly helped to pass A Teacher's Appointment Examination is strongly needed. Second, the case of course of the teaching, we should reduce the number of students in a class as soon as possible. It is proper that a class is made up 40 students. If it is difficult to reduce it immediately, we may check the method step by step for reducing of the number of students in a class. Third, we need special lectures of Education and major study for students who are preparing A Teacher's Appointment Examination. The university should give expenses to every department which need education for special lectures. Each department is also given the expenses like experimentation & practice expenses to meet to special lectures for each major study. Fourth, we need to establish a scholarship to students who is preparing A Teacher's Appointment Examination as well as the existing scholarship. Because this students study comfortable situation, the ratio of successful applicants will be higher. So they can help their juniors who want to be teachers. Fifth, we should give specific information about A Teacher's Appointment Examination to students of Teacher's College. It will make the ratio of successful applicants of A Teacher's Appointment Examination higher. For this, the university should strongly support and insure professors or researchers who can help the students. Sixth, actually for becoming higher the ratio of successful applicants of A Teacher's Appointment Examination, we should insure special professors and researchers for A Teacher's Appointment Examination. It is proper that there is one expert in each department but if it is impossible, we can entrust one professor of Teacher's College. We also need a full-time researcher who can be wholly responsible for every information, guide, the current tendency, grasping of the ratio of successful applicants about A Teacher's Appointment Examination.

          • The School for Scandal 연구

            이후지 상명대학교 인문과학연구소 1996 人文科學硏究 Vol.5 No.-

            Richard Brinsley Sheridan(1751-1816) is generally treated as a dramatist in revolt against the dominant sentimental comedy of his day, sometimes called weeping comedy. From this point of view, his comic art is a return to the comedy of manners of William Congreve. Although rebelling, Sheridan shows the very tendencies against which he rebels and the characteristics which he deplores. In the latter eighteenth century, when Sheridan wrote, dramatists were less concerned with satire than with what is called sentimental comedy, the method of which was to praise good rather than ridicule folly. So the tendency was to stress the characters that were amiable and admirable rather than those who were laughable, the plays ended frequently in scenes of reform and reward, and the tone was more likely to be edifying than amusing. This revulsion against the traditional function of comedy did not occur unchallenged. However, the rise of the middle classes, the reaction against the brilliant comedy of the Restoration, the attempt to refine manners and improve morals ―all tended to favor the praise of virtue and the cultivation of sentiment. In the latter part of the eighteenth century, Sheridan carried out a conscious attack on the sentimental comedy, though not with unqualified success. The purpose of this paper is to show the blend of sentimentalism with the attack on sentimentalism in Sheridan's The School for Scandal by analyzing its structure, theme, characterization, and by reviewing his comic art.

          • 英國 Tudor 絶對王政下의 官僚의 特性에 關한 硏究

            조경래 상명대학교 인문과학연구소 1995 人文科學硏究 Vol.4 No.-

            The theoretical backgrounds of the Absolute monarchy are the devine rights of kings and Mercantilism. With this backgrounds, the real authority of absolute sovereign come from the faithful bureaucracy and the devoted standing army. In my study, especially, I will consider the bureacratic characteristics on the Tudor dynasty of England. During the period of Tudor dynasty, the bureaucracy structure is organized Privy Council for the centeral work, and Lord Lieutenant, Cheriff and Justice of the Peace for the regional work. In Privy Council, the first rank of bureaucracy is Chancellor, and the next ranks as Tresurer, Keeper of the Privy Seal and Pricipal Secritary are the professional bureaucrats. In the regional bureaucrats, Justice of the Peace does an important role for the central bureaucracy structure. He is of the wealthy Knight or Gentleman, is recommanded by the Traveling Justice, Archbishop, Bishop, Lord Lieutenant and Sheriff. During the period of Tudor dynasty, the bureaucratic charateristics are as follows: -First, the centeral bureaucracy hold the post of Justice of the Peace as an additional position. Second, almost the central bureaucrats also roles MP of the parliament. Third, even though Justice of the Peace is an real bureaucrat, he does not get a salary from the Government. (At that time, the same post of Justice of the Peace, in France, an inspector or an Intendent get a salary from the central government.) Conclusionally, in Tudor dynasty, there are bureaucratic characteristics that the central bureaucrats only support to a real power and authority for absolute sovereign.

          • Puritan Revolution에 있어서의 獨立派의 政權掌握에 관한 硏究

            趙景來 상명대학교 인문과학연구소 1995 人文科學硏究 Vol.3 No.-

            The struggle between paliament and the Crown of England of the seventeenth century is called the first civil revolution in the world history. In general, the revolution has two cases : the one is the Puritan Revolution which have social issues, the other is the Glorius Revolution which have political issues. Most of historians in England have believed the Puritan Revolution is the Great rebellion or the civil war because it is resisted against the absolute monarchy. However, some historians insist on that the Puritan Revolution also is the civil revolution because it achived the political reform and the change of the national basis structure. The first struggle between Paliament (Roundheads) and the Crown (Cavaliers) caused by an uprising of Irish Catholics (massacre of Ulster, 1641) and the arrest of JONE PYM. The results was the parliamentarian victory by the supporting of the New Model Army under OIVER CROMWELL, who, convinced of his mission, was able to forge his 'God-possessed Ironsides' into a Puritan elite. After the paliamentarian victory, however, the political situation in England did not settled down. As it were, the paliament divided Presbetarians which was supported by paliamentarian and Independents under CROMWELL's Army. The new division of paliament brought about the second civil war. At this time, CROMWELL's army easly and quickly removed the paliamentarian which had wanted the dismissal of the Puritain army, and following the execusion Chales I and the abolition of mornachy. After the execusion of the king and the abolition of monarchy, the Rump Paliament under CROMWELL governed the commonwealth without a House of Lords and Council of States. On the other hand, the Levellers under JOHN LILBURNE which was strongly supported by the most lower-level soldiers are growing and it made threathernd CROMWELL's Power. Therefore, CROMWELL started puritain 'clean-up' of Chatholic Ireland and Scotland following the dissolution of Rump, he became Lord Protector during 5 years (military dictatorship by the Puritain). After his death(1658), his incompetent son Richard abdicated, but, General Monk who is one of the cavalier restore the Stuarts(1660), General MONK who is one of the cavaliers restore the Stuarts(1660). In this thesis, I will study how OLIVER CROMWELL get the power during the period of the struggle between paliament and the Crown and also examine the process of the CROMWELL's dictatorship is whether the revolution or the rebellion.

          • 드라마를 활용한 말하기 능력 신장

            김계숙,김현순 상명대학교 인문과학연구소 2009 人文科學硏究 Vol.22 No.-

            Most students who study English as a second language are very shy and introverted. They are very quiet and avoid taking risks for fear of losing face, and they will not respond voluntarily or spontaneously. To reduce their fear of embarrassment and to increase opportunities to use target language, we can use dram activities in class. When they play their roles, students temporarily give up their separate identities and take on a new persona. As a result of repetitions of the script, student can be involved in `deep processing` of the language in a way which is usually impossible in normal lessons. During repeated rehearsals and performance, students who know they will be `on show`, will go to incredible lengths to get it right. Finally their motivation, self-esteem, spontaneity and empathy increase, while their rejection is reduced. Through greater interpersonal interaction, the language used in more global in nature and subconscious language learning occurs. Students can have opportunity for practicing pronunciation, stress, rhythm and intonation intensively which is rare in normal class. Student`s speaking ability can be developed through drama activities. Ability for genuine communication can be also developed.

          • Blanche의 현실성 결여

            김계숙 ( Gye Sook Kim ) 상명대학교 인문과학연구소 2005 人文科學硏究 Vol.16 No.-

            Tennessee Williams` A Streetcar Named Desire represents the process of the collapse of Blanche, the protagonist of this play. Blanche is the daughter of the old southern noble classes, and she confronts the rapidly changing reality. But she doesn`t know how to deal with the cruel realities and stand by herself. Therefore, she is destined to be a victim of this confrontation. The only weapon she has is the illusion of reality. Because of the lack of reality, Blanche cannot overcome the loneliness after the death of her husband and her families. She feels guilty for her husband`s death. In fact, her husband, Allen is a homosexual. He asks her to forgive him, but she rejects his request. Driven to despair, he kills himself. In expiation of her sin, she has promiscuous intercourses with many people. Furthermore, she is dismissed for her illicit love with her student. Looking for the last refuge, she visits her sister, Stella`s home. Her husband, Stanley is the man of the world. He is the symbol of modern society and reality. Blanche has a contest with this animal-like Stanley. But it is an ill-matched game, so she is defeated. Because of her deficiency in reality, she loses all her own things. As she doesn`t want and isn`t able to confront with the reality, she ought to be failed. Her weakness, lack of reality, is not the problem of her own, it is the problem of many people of modern society. Therefore, this play has the value of own itself.

          • 여격 이동과 격할당 연구

            이원경 상명대학교 인문과학연구소 1998 人文科學硏究 Vol.7 No.-

            This study is concerned with some fundamental characteristics of move- (e.g. NP-movement and Wh-movement) and case assignment of dative constructions in English is analyzed with reference to government and governor. The present proposal is mainly based on the Government-Binding theory with its modular conception of grammar and θ-criterion and the Projection Principle as developed by Chomsky(1981). Various types of data are reviewed in order to examine English Case system for dative constructions. According to the Chomsky's proposal, indirect object phrase bears structural case by the verb while direct object phrase has inherent case when the two NPs following by a dative verb: dative verb+indirect object+direct object. But inherent case can be dispensed with in English. Both governors V and V' are assumed to assign case structurally. In the course of the discussion it has also been noted that there is a problem with Chomsky's analys is of structurl cases and inherent cases and that this problem simply does not arise in the proposed analysis. In passive structures resulting from move-NP, an NP following by the passive verb cannot bear structural case by the passive verb. In order to be assigned case, NP following by the passive verb must move to the argument position, i.e. all overt NPs must be assigned abstract case, the case filter. Data previously collected by various researchers on Wh-movement of dative constructions are analyzed for case assignment for Wh-questions of dative constructions. We have seen that Stowell's analysis of Wh-movement is not adequate since his analysis depends on unjustified assumptions. The proposed approach provides an account of Hornstein and Weinberg's observation regarding movability by Wh-movement. Iwakura's anays is analysis fail to provide a satisfactory account of the basic properties of Wh-movement of dative constructions. Finally, it has been shown how the present approach copes with the case assignment for NPs for dative passives and Wh-questions of dative constructions.

          • 조선 후기문학에 나타난 女性과 治産

            정혜원 상명대학교 인문과학연구소 1997 人文科學硏究 Vol.6 No.-

            The seventennth century Gyenyoso(誡女書), a handbook of female education, has chapters about not only how to promote familial love but also how to manage household finances. The guiding principle in those chapters for the housewife to manage the household property is thrift and frugality. The nineteenth century Korean literature produced many stories about those women who succeeded in accumulating wealth through business transaction. The fact that the authors praised and respected them as "wise wives" shows that the creterion of appraising female virtues had been changing as the commercial transaction began evolving out of the traditional agrarian society. In the stories, those women who made an economic success, whatever class they might come from, demonstrated their cultural maturity by keeping their self abstinence, not indulging in their wealth, and helping relieve the famished, for instance, during the years of bad crop. Their mature sense of economy may have contributed to the approval and exhortation of women's accumulation of wealth in the strictly patriarchal society of Yi Dynasty.

          • The Way of the World 연구

            이후지 상명대학교 인문과학연구소 1995 人文科學硏究 Vol.4 No.-

            William Congreve's The Way of the World is generally considered to be the finest example of Restoration comedy-the witty, satirical comedy characteristic of the period after the restoration of the Stuart line to the British throne in 1660-, as well as one of the last. Although posterity has consistently made some such evaluation of the play, The Way of the World was not successful when it was first presented in 1700. The reasons why the play did fail, and at the same time why it has since been much admired are due to the two aspects of the play, the complexity of the plot and the brilliance of the wit. The English audiences, unlike the French, were accustomed to plots and subplots and to a great deal of action in their plays. Nevertheless they were confused by the amount of activity crammed into a single day. The Way of the World had only a single action to which everything was related, but it included a scheme, and a counterplot to frustrate the scheme, and then moves to foil the counterplot. There were too many episodes, events, reversals, and discoveries, most of them huddled in the last acts, and they demanded too much of the audience. It has been somewhat of a fashion to say that the plot can be ignored, more or less, and the witty passages simply read for their own sake. By noticing the complicated plot and the witty dialogue one can feel that Congreve has produced not only a witty, but also an integrated, work. The purpose of this paper is to review the play by analyzing its theme, style, wit, irony, and striking characterization.

          • 교육과정에 대한 사회학적 접근에 관한 연구

            김재건 상명대학교 인문과학연구소 1995 人文科學硏究 Vol.3 No.-

            The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze for what is meaning of the sociology of curriculum especially the cultural·economical reproduction theory of education and the theory of hegemony in education, what perspective does they have, what is the epistemological base of its, and what limit does they have. Major findings and results of this study can be summarized as follows: Findings 1. the sociology of curriculum is concerned about educational knowledge, which invol ved in curriculum, pedagogy, and evaluation, neglected in the research of sociology of education so far. 2. New approach of curriculum intends to analyze the social meaning covered with the world of common sense over the ideology. 3. Educational knowledge is the means of cultural transmission controlled socially and the process of political selection. 4. the sociology of curriculum has the epistemological basis of the sociology of knowledge, phenomenology, historism, and neo-marxism. Results 1. the reproduction and hegemony theory of education are short in explaining the education in modern societies. 2. the structural and ideological approach has failed to suggest any alternative to build a society. 3. Ironically, the structural and ideological approach are criticized as another functionalists. However, the structural and idealogical approach has been suggested to our the newly and broadly useful thought of the planning and development of curriculum.

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