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      • 일본의 보육소 만들기 운동에 관한 연구 : 1950년대와 1960년대 초반을 중심으로 In Connection with 1950s between 1960s

        김경호 부산대학교 영유아보육연구소 1997 영유아보육연구 Vol.3 No.-

        This study is to explore the establishing movement of day nursery for children(Hoikusho Zukuri Undo) in Japan. After World War Ⅱ, the new Japanese government promulgated the Child Welfare Law. Day nursery are child welfare institutions based on the Child Welfare Law enacted in 1947. They aim to take care of babies and children who do not have sufficient care in their home. They accommndate children six of age, and operate eight hours a day. The number of large families is decreasing, and that of nuclear family is increasing. In big cities, the sudden rise of land prices makes it difficult for young couples to live near of prices. It makes hours to go the office because they live in the suburbs, where they can get hours at lower prices. Mothers have received more education and they seek public life and professions. Because their husbands' incomes are enough, they keep working after childbirth. As American New Dealers moved off the national political scene, the expansion of day nursery care flopped for about ten years between 1955 and 1965. During this period, the national government tried several times to redefine the categories of support, proposing th reduce national support from 80% to 50%(1957), and delayed actual payments to centers for many months(1953-54). The new middle class young working mother organized Working Mothers' Organization(Hataraku Haha no Kai) in 1954 ay Tokyo. And then big cities as Tokyo, Osaka, Nagona, Aichi structures New Town at sururban. The establishing movement of day nursery for children(Hoikusho Zukuri Undo) orgnized 1956 Tokyo Do Mitaka Hoikusho in 1956, Tokyo Do Katsusika Ku Aoto danchi Hoikusho in 1958, Osaka Bu Hirakata Kouri danchi Hoikusho in 1961, Nisiyodogawa Ku Dekizima Hoikusho in 1963

      • 보육시설의 급식 운영 및 원아들의 기호도 조사

        박혜숙,박성미 부산대학교 영유아보육연구소 1996 영유아보육연구 Vol.2 No.-

        The purposes of this study are to survey the food service management practices and to survey food preferences of children in child care centers in order to provide basic information and guideline for development of food service. The survey was performed at 37 child care centers and 70 classes of child care centers. The results of the survey as followings: first of all, the food service management practices such as : facilities for food service were poor; development of recipe as well as purchase of food were not done by an expert; the hygienic condition of kitchens especilly the sanitary practices of employees needed more attention for improvement; the hygienic condition of dinning room showed potential problem; education for a desirable dietary life was not systematical. Followings are the survey results of food preferences of children in child care centers: Both infants and children prefer soft or mild taste to hot, salty, or pungent taste. Also they prefer Meats, eggs, potatos and seaweeds to several vegetables; leaves of red pepper, shepher's purse, water dropwort, braken etc.

      • 가정보육시설 평가척도 개발연구

        최진원,임재택 부산대학교 영유아보육연구소 1996 영유아보육연구 Vol.2 No.-

        The purpose of this study was to develop a practical and applicable rating scale for family day care based on the actual state of facilities and the opinions of child care teachers and professionals. This study was developed as following procedures: First, this procedure was based on both literature review and survey. The subjects of survey were 36 family day care directors and 14 college professors who specialize in early childhood care & education in Pusan. Questionnaire containing 69 items in 10 sub-areas of 4 major areas, "Physical Environment", "Propam for Children", "Safety, Nutrition, Health, and Sanitation" and "Management and Administration", was originally developed by the researchers of this study. Based on responses of the subjects, 50 items were selected. Second, this Rating Scale was consisted of 50 items with 5-point rating selected for the study. 50 directors responded the scale voluntarily. Third, the information about statistical result of this rating scale was gathered and reported. Means and standard deviations were calculated in 10 sub-areas and 4 major areas. Correlation coefficient and t-test were used for item analysis. Cronbach α was used for item reliability. The results were as follows: First, the scores of self-evaluation of family day care directors were ranged from 2.28 to 4.68 and the mean of total rating score was 3.54. Second, except 5 items, the results of item analysis indicated that most items of Family Day Care Ratintg Scale were fairly good. Third, for reliability, conbach α of family Day Care Rating Scale was between .84~.90. Futher Family Day Care Rating Scale would be utilized by individual directors of family day care center to do self-evaluation, by supervisors to collect information and guide each family day care center for the improvement, by the goverment to use in planning child care policies.

      • 보육교사와 아동의 상호작용에 대한 질적 분석

        조순영,임재택 부산대학교 영유아보육연구소 1997 영유아보육연구 Vol.3 No.-

        AbstractThe Purposes of this study were to explore the sresent nursing methods and the change in quality of nurture. So, this paper discusses comparative survey and the meaning of the activities of the teachers in the general private child care center, the national child care center and the community care center.The subjects of this study were the general private child care center, the national child care center, the community child center, and a teacher in each child care center and the related people. The method of this study was ethnomethodological approach. It took forty-six days to investigate the study.The results of this study were,1) G-child care center which is the general private with 30∼40 children aim at the profit-making. N-child care center, national child care center with 200 children, runs with the effective program and secure facilities. C-child care, the community child care center with 30 children, teaches at the base of the self control and integrated education. 2) The activities of teacher in G-child care center aim at the effective management. Interactivities between the teachers and children are based on the uniformity of nursering method. The activities of teachers and children are based on the order and manners. Interactivities between teachers and children are based on the teacher's authority. The activities of teacher in C-child care center are based on the self control of children.The analysis of this study suggests further problems. Those are, in daily works of child care center, to remove the division of time and space, and to remove the division of relationship. And in the field of child care center and teacher education, a group discussion is needed in order to suggest and discuss the concrete, daily conflicts about the educational method.

      • 예비 보육교사와 현직 보육교사의 교육 신념에 관한 연구

        박선해,고영인 부산대학교 영유아보육연구소 1998 영유아보육연구 Vol.4 No.-

        The purpose of this study was to understand the tendencies and differences in educational beliefs of the pre-service and in-service teachers in child care center. The subjects were 205 pre-service teachers and 309 in-service teachers. Teacher's beliefs were assessed by Teacher Belief Inventory(1990). The results were as follows: 1.The educational beliefs of pre-service teachers showed highest priority to maturational beliefs followed by cognitivist and behaviorist beliefs respectively in educational aims, drilling view, and teaching method. And there were significant differences according to their ages and educational back grounds. 2.The educational beliefs of in-service teachers showed highest priority to maturational beliefs followed by cognitivist and behaviorist beliefs respectively in educational aims, drilling view, and teaching method. And there were significant differences according to their personal experiences and educational back grounds. 3. There were significant differences in educational beliefs between the pre-service and in-service teachers.

      • 영아전담 보육시설 프로그램 운영 사례연구

        김혜령,임부연 부산대학교 영유아보육연구소 2006 영유아보육연구 Vol.12 No.-

        The purpose of this study is to investigate teacher difficulties in a total care nursery institution for infants within the operation of its program. The research questions for this aim as follows: 1. What aspects are revealed in each day's operation cancerning the qualities of an infant nursery institution? 1-1. What aspects of the infant nursery institution program operation are shown? 1-2. What aspects of the infant nursery's special activity program are revealed? 2. What are the aspects of a teacher's difficulties the operation of the program for an infant nursery institution? This study had to participating teacher. They were working in a total-care infant nursery institution located in Busan. To address the first and second research questions, analyses were performed by recording the quality. This study's major results are summarized as follows: 1. A nursery that cares for all the infant's needs was discovered to be insufficient for interaction because of the ratio of teachers to infants. 2. Parents took their infants to a total-care nursery because they believed in the early adaption program. 3. A total-care infant nursery that had a special activity program experienced difficulties. 4. Teachers in a total-care infant nursery experienced difficulties because of the high number of infants to teacher, a luck of appropriate development tools, and a lack of child care experience.

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