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          • Overcoming Value Judgement Dilemmas in Housing Indicators and Housing Affordablity

            Choi, Yeol 釜山大學校 都市問題硏究所 1997 都市硏究報 Vol.5 No.-

            주택의 물리적 개선(physical improvement)을 강조해왔던 과거의 주택정책은 주택에 관한 본질적인 문재를 소홀히 해왔다. 그러한 주택정책을 공식화(formulation)하는 과정에 어떤 그룹은 이익의 수혜를 받았으며, 또 다른 그룹은 정반대를 겪었다. 하지만 그러한 문제하에서 그룹간의 희비의 구성을 변화시키는 주택정책의 재공식화를 위해서, 더 나아가 주택정책 목표의 구체화(embodiment)를 위해, 그리고 보다 합리적인 주택정책 결정기준을 위해 주택에 있어서 사회지표(social indicators) 및 지표를 이용하고자 하는 추세가-왜냐하면 주택에서 지표의 사용은 우리가 주택에 대해서 무엇을 원하는가? 그리고 어떠한 정책이 추구되어야 하는지? 즉, 주택정책의 가치와 이념이 제시되어 있기 때문에-매우 강하게 나타났다. 그 결과 주택정책에 지표의 비중과 중요성이 차츰 부각되었다. 그러나 그러한 지표를 선택하며 결정하는 과정에 정책입안자의 가치와 이념이 반영되며, 즉 지표의 선정이 합리적이며 과학적 기준이 아닌 가치판단적 (value-laden)이슈에 결정될 가능성이 높다는 것이다. 더구나 대부분 주택 연구자들이 주택문제를 연구하여 평가하는데 주택의 구조적 질(Structural guality)의 개선 또는 주택의 혼잡성 (over crowding)에 관한 지표에만 집중해왔다. 따라서 이 논고의 의도는 주택정책 및 주택지표 선정에서 가치판단 딜레마를 극복할 수 있는 방안을 찾을려고 하였으며, 특히 주택문제 평가방법에서 구조적 질 또는 혼잡성의 지표가 아닌 주택구입가능(housing affordablity)지표의 소개와 그 지표의 중요성을 부각시키고자하며, 또한 그러한 지표의 새로운 평가기준을 제시하고자 했다. 주택의 물리적 개선(physical improvement)을 강조해왔던 과거의 주택정책은 주택에 관한 본질적인 문제를 소홀히 해왔다. 그러한 주택정책을 공식화(formulation)하는 과정에 어떤 그룹은 이익의 수혜를 받았으며, 또 다른 그룹은 정반대를 겪었다. 하지만 그러한 문제하에서 그룹간의 희비의 구성을 변화시키는 주택정책의 재공식화를 위해서, 더 나아가 주택정책 목표의 구체화(embodiment)를 위해, 그리고 보다 합리적인 주택정책 결정기준을 위해 주택에 있어서 사회지표(social indicators) 및 지표를 이용하고자 하는 추세가-왜냐하면 주택에서 지표의 사용은 우리가 주택에 대해서 무엇을 원하는가? 그리고 어떠한 정책이 추구되어야 하는지? 즉, 주택정책의 가치와 이념이 제시되어 있기 때문에-매우 강하게 나타났다. 그 결과 주택정책에 지표의 비중과 중요성이 차츰 부각되었다. 그러나 그러한 지표를 선택하며 결정하는 과정에 정책입안자의 가치와 이념이 반영되며, 즉 지표의 선정이 합리적이며 과학적 기준이 아닌 가치판단적 (value-laden)이슈에 결정될 가능성이 높다는 것이다. 더구나 대부분 주택연구자들이 주택문제를 연구하여 평가하는데 주택의 구조적 질 (Structural guality)의 개선 또는 주택의 혼잡성(over crowding)에 관한 지표에만 집중해왔다. 따라서 이 논고의 의도는 주택정책 및 주택지표 선정에서 가치판단 딜레마를 극복할 수 있는 방안을 찾을려고 하였으며, 특히 주택문제 평가방법에서 구조적 질 또는 혼잡성의 지표가 아닌 주택구입가능(housing affordablity)지표의 소개와 그 지표의 중요성을 부각시키고자하며, 또한 그러한 지표의 새로운 평가기준을 제시하고자 했다.

          • 버스專用車路의 設置基準과 運營에 관한 硏究 : 釜山廣域市를 中心으로

            이성호,양문석 釜山大學校 都市問題硏究所 1998 都市硏究報 Vol.6 No.-

            Abstract In metropolitan region, one of the most serious factor to accelerate traffic congestion is caused by radical increasement of private car that transport efficiency is relatively low. So, in order to relieve this traffic congestion, it must be provided that the policy which has priority to hold back for the private car demand that mainly is focused to the public transportation system. The main purpose of exclusive bus lane is making travel speed of bus more higher, improving regularity of bus operation in order to provide a better passenger service and increasing the attractiveness of the bus service relative to private car use.The purpose of this study is to minimize the congestion and maximize passenger service of public transportation system in Pusan by determining new criterion of exclusive bus lane and proposing how to improve operation technique of it. In metropolitan region, one of the most serious factor to accelerate traffic congestion is caused by radical increasement of private car that the transport efficiency is relatively low. So, in order re relieve this traffic congestion, it must be provided that the policy which has priority to hold bark for the private car demand that mainly is focused to the public transportation system. The main purpose of exclusive bus lane is making travel speed of bus more higher, improving regularity of bus operation in order to provide a better passenger service and increasing the attractiveness of the bus service relative to private car use. The purpose of this study is to minimize the congestion and maximize passenger service of public transportation systems in Pusan by determining new criterion of exclusive bus lane anti proposing how to improve operation technique of it.

          • 부산시 수변공간의 형성과정과 개선방안 : 광안리해수욕장과 송도해수욕장을 대상으로

            이성호,정지용 부산대학교 도시문제연구소 2001 都市硏究報 Vol.11 No.-

            Under development has had priority over everything, waterfront is suffering from serious problems such as water pollution, lowering of amenities and accessibilities as a result of thoughtless permission for commercial facilities. These injudicious designations furthermore give rise to a complex land use that residential, commercial and amusement functions are mixed. Thus this study presents the efficient improvement way which provided citizen rest and amusement through investigation of faced problems with use of waterfront and land use focused on Kwangann beach and Songdo beach which are representative beach in Pusan. In order to understanding features of two beaches, this study researched the characteristic of land use and change in regulations. From the investigation, the fact is found that present problem is caused overlooking public good. To solve this problem followings has to be considered; · supplementing facilities for public good, · planning which reflects characteristic of each beach, · establishing zoning system which improves present land use

          • 民選團體長 出帆에 따른 都市計劃 樹立過程變化에 관한 硏究 : 釜山廣域市를 중심으로

            이성호,남재근 釜山大學校 都市問題硏究所 1998 都市硏究報 Vol.6 No.-

            AbstractThe major aim of paper is to explore the changes and problems in formulating procedure of urban planning in Pusan about the time of local autonomy. In effect, the expectatinos and demends of citizens are more increasing after the advent of mayor of local autonomy.Accordingly, it is eminently true that the mayor of local autonomy will play a dominant role in propelling urban development, difficulty from the past appointed mayor by central government. Therefore, above all the leadership of the mayor of local autonomy is even more important. He should lead local autonomy to increasing citizen's quality of life through intensifying the citizen participation and emphasizing citizen identity. The major aim of this paper is to explore the changes and problems in formulating procedure of urban planning in Pusan about the time of local autonomy. In effect, the expectatinos and demands of citizens are more increasing after the advent of mayor of local autonomy. Accordingly, it is eminently true that the mayor of local autonomy will play a dominant role in propelling urban development, difficultly from the past appointed mayor by central government. Therefore, above all the leadership of the mayor of local autonomy is even more important. He should lead local autonomy to increasing citizen's quality of life through intensifying the citizen participation and emphasizing citizen identity.

          • 노후아파트의 문제점 및 대책에 관한 연구 : 부산광역시를 중심으로 Focus on Pusan

            이성호,황주석 釜山大學校 都市問題硏究所 1998 都市硏究報 Vol.6 No.-

            AbstractThe purpose of this study is to propose the solution of blighted apartment problems which make a bad effect on the urban environment, safe of citizens, and regional economy. Pusan has unpleasant physical environment for urban growth. So, it was impossible to develop systematically residential area. Many apartments need to be built regardless of site condition and it has caused many problem like dangers resulted from only 20-year life of inferior buildings and awful urban environment.As a fist step to analyze the blighted apartments in Pusan, I investigated present aged apartments situation which is older than 20 years. They have no management system to delay ruin and economic capacity to rebuild their houses. Furthermore recent reconstruction for benefit of low-apartments owners become origin why they have no interest in manage their houses. Defending economic waste to rebuild apartments too young to reject, We make the law to be arranged for withdrawing the development benefit. Also we have to solidify the management system to delay the blight process and prepare the reconstruction funds for pauper who have no ability to control and rebuild their apartments. The purpose of this study is to propose the solution of blighted apartments problems which make a bad effect on the urban environment, safe of citizens, and regional economy. Pusan has unpleasant physical environment for urban growth. So, it was impossible to develop systematically residential area. Many apartments need to be built regardless of site condition and it has caused many problems like dangers resulted from only 20-year life of inferior buildings and awful urban environment. As a first step to analyze the blighted apartments in Pusan, I investigated present aged apartments situation which is older than 20 years. They have no management system to delay ruin and economic capacity to rebuild their houses. Furthermore recent reconstruction for benefit of low-apartments owners become origin why they have no interest in manage their houses. Defending economic waste to rebuild apartments too young to reject, We make the law to be arranged for withdrawing the development benefit. Also we have to solidify the management system to delay the blight process and prepare the reconstruction funds for paupers who have no ability to control and rebuild their apartments.

          • 지가변동을 통한 지가제도의 문제점과 개선방안에 관한 연구 : 부산광역시 자가변동 사례를 중심으로

            이성호,조성제 부산대학교 도시문제연구소 2000 都市硏究報 Vol.9 No.-

            The aim of this study is to examine current situations of the Land Price System(LPS) and to search for its provements. The major results for the current situations and its improvements of the LPS as follows; The first problem is in the law of the Public Announcement Land Price System(PALPS). To solve out it, the scattered laws on the basis and method of the PALPS is to agglomerate a unitary system. Second, there is a problem for the accuracy and maintenance of the investigation of land prices. It will be important for land price investigators to be educated. It will progress their knowledges and abilities of the investigation of land prices. Then, the accuracy and maintenance of the investigation of land prices will be improved. As third problem, we can say the different time between the basic day and the actual announcement day, the selection of the standard land, and the annual investigation and announcement of it. It is too short to investigate a land price more exactly. Because of these problems, the investigator use the land price investigated just the year before. Thus, the enough time must be given far investigating the land price, and the basic day and the actual announcement day must be unified to prevent investigator from using the land price of just the year before. The fourth problem is in the basis of the law about the testification system of the Public Announcement Land Prices(PALP). This problem is solved by the confirming the definition of testification system of the PALP and the responsibility and limit of it. And the period of testifying the PALP should be considered rationally. Finally, the difference between the PALP and the actual land prices is revealed as serious gap. To solve out this problem, It is required that the concepts of the PALP and the actual land prices are confirmed.

          • 부산광역시 자치구 교통개선사업계획 활성화방안에 관한 검토

            최낙민,정헌영 釜山大學校 都市問題硏究所 1999 都市硏究報 Vol.8 No.-

            Transportation Improvement Program(TIP) is a political methods that work out problems of the illegal parking, increase of traffic accident, walking trouble in dwelling space result from congestion of the street. The purpose of this study is to consider introduction of District-TIP in Pusan in aspects of organization, expert, finance, institution, and to suggest the methods. The following is the contents of this study. This study is suggested that first, it is need to separated expert from organization for introduce District-TIP in Pusan. Second, an increase in parking-income by usage of the special account is improvement program to invest finances. In conclusion, it is right that establish the base-rule in a municipal ordinance supporting for regulations to propel TIP.

          • 도시내 불량주거지 정비방안에 관한 연구 : A Case Study of Seo-gu in Pusan 부산광역시 서구를 중심으로

            정태철,이성호 釜山大學校 都市問題硏究所 1999 都市硏究報 Vol.8 No.-

            This study starts from recognizing the necessary of urban environmental improvement and purposes to prepose a new improvement scheme of urban districts are serious physical housing problem. For the purpose of archiving these, I did the case study. The results of this study are summarized as follows. 1. The improvement plans of CBD are to do development in the neighborhood of station. The district of Chung-moo-dong is near from CBD in Pusan and takes charge of commercial business and sales. So in this district, these parts has been to strengthen and residential areas have to be moved around CBD. 2. The improvement plans of residential areas must be progressed toward making the best use of a local specific character. Seo-gu is located in hilly sections in Pusan. For that reason, the application of a typical method like a high-rise apartment building raise serious damages. So I insist on the low-density development method to use a slope advantage. For setting about this plan, local government must have enough finacial power. So I suggest a device for supporting these subjects partially. This is 'Transfer of Development Right'. Finally when the harmony between public-interest and self-interest is achieved, the urban residential areas can be improved systematically and problems will be settled satisfactorily.

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