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The purpose of this study is to inspect the actual condition of construction industry in Pusan city that has fallen in extreme stagnation since the 1997 IMF era and to grasp the causes and to find the active plans. The result of this study is the following; 1. Since the 1997 IMF era, construction industry has been stricken especially in Pusan because of rapid reduction of private financed construction and value of order. So, it must be required political proposals in Pusan construction industry. 2. It is important to take right value of orders as soon as possible and to find political and alternative proposals to come over long term dull construction industry in short term system and policy which can activate construction industry in Pusan.
To meet the increasing demand with the limited resource, every country is trying all-out to find a solution. A large part of energy demand is used in the building, so a Korean Energy Saving Design Standard which is right to the country conditions is immediately needed. This study is trying to analyze the sensitivity of architectural elements through a simulation which considered architecture, electricity, machine overall with the typical thermal load analysis program Transys and to present a quantitative data to set up an adequate Energy Saving Design. The results of this study are as follows. Sensitivity analysis show that setting windows are more sensitive than other factors which we adopt at cooling load, and setting temperature are more sensitive than other factors which we adopt at heating load. 2005 년 2월 16 일 각국의 온실가스 감축을 의무화 하는 교토의정서가 공식 발효됨에 따라 2013년 이후 감축의무 이행이 불가피해질 우리나라는 온실가스 저감을 위한 추가적인 대책이 없을 경우 온실가스 배출량은 2000년 대비 2030년까지 25~90% 증가할 전망이며, 에너지 사용으로 인한 C0_(2) 배출량은 같은 기간 동안 45~110% 증가할 것으로 예상된다. IPCC WG3 보고서에 따르면 현재 우리나라 건물부문의 경우 부문별 온실가스 감축 잠재량이 타 분야와 비교해 가장 큰 것으로 나타나고 있다. 따라서 의무 감축 국가 편입에 대비하여 건물에너지의 감축비용, 감축 잠재량 등을 면밀히 분석하고, 이를 통한 감축목표 설정 등 체계적인 추진 전략이 필요하다. 이에 현재 전 세계적으로 건물 저에너지 요소기술의 적용을 통해 건물 에너지 소비량 절감 에 의한 목표 C0_(2) 감축량을 달성하기 위한 연구 및 개발이 활발히 진행되고 있다. 이러한 현실에 대응하여 우리나라도 건물 에너지 절감에 대한 필요성을 인식하고 여러 가지 저에너지 요소기술들을 개발하고 있다. 건물 에너지절감 요소기술은 크게 건축 계획적 요소기술과 건축설비관련 요소기술 그리고 건물 유지관리 요소기 술로 나눌 수 있다. 특히 건축 계획적 요소기술은 원천적으로 건물에 발생하는 냉난방부하 저감을 통해 에너지를 절감한다는 측면에서 매우 중요하다. 이에 본 연구에서는 건물에서 발생하는 에너지 소비를 줄이기 위해 건물 용도별 에너지 소비에 많은 부분을 차지하고 있는 사무소건물을 대상으로 Tmsys를 이용하여 건축 계획적 요소기술인, 실내설정온도, 방위, 차양길이, 창면적비 감소율, 단열재 두께, 필요 환기량, 창의 종류를 변수로 선정하고 그에 따른 인자들의 변화를 통해 부하를 산정하여 민감도를 분석하고자 한다.
This study was intended to increase efficiency of traffic flow management on intersection. The result suggested to establish a left-turn at own risk lane to increase efficiency of traffic flow on intersection. The scope of the research was to investigate the geometric structure of a signal-controlled intersection, traffic volume(density) with respect to directions and traffic signal display, and to select a signaling intersection into which a car waiting for a traffic signal enters by adjusting the display sequence of traffic signal. The delay with respect to directions and for the whole intersection was compared for the current situation and an improvement plan. Using TSIS, a traffic analysis package, the traffic situation on an intersection was investigated. Based on the simulation result for Seok-Jeon intersection in Ma-San selected from the field investigation of intersections to which an improvement plans would be applicable, the waiting time in the direction without a entering traffic signal was decreased to be 78.6 seconds per car and that of the direction expecting the increase of waiting time was increased by 4 seconds per car only. It was confirmed that the waiting time for the whole intersection was improved.
In August of 1998, Toyota city put in the operation of the “ITS model district experiment, In Toyota”, appointed by the “Traffic and Motor Vehicle Intelligence Enforcing Committee” in japan. The content of the experiment is composed of 4 themes and 3 social experiments utilizing ITS technologies and researched facts on operation probabilities for the enforcement of 3 social experiments. The 3 types of experiments are ①Experiment on Car-Navigation of ITS as well as the VICS(Vehicle Information and Communication System) and the Traffic Information and Communication System for higher technologies. ②P&P experiment of hourly events. ③The EV collaborated utilization experiments. These experiments have been enforced in 1999. Furthermore, Toyota city investigated the expected outcomes by analyzing the test cases as it's main source on ITS experiments in 1999.
As the result of this study, first, this study suggested the new residential pattern for the elder to make their matured social experience work and to stabilize their aged life, preparing the aging society. Second, this study suggested the development of independent silver town. This has the basic frame to attempt to support them economically by securing the auxiliary facilities within the complex and returning to the profitable business. Establishing the union between the residents in the complex can work as the means of a self-governing activity and the communication between neighborhoods. And, as the policy suggestion derived from this study, first, the necessity of developing the aged facilities located in the suburban is presented. The development within the greenbelt with this condition can be an example. Second, new establishing policy for the elder is needed. Because the expenditure of Korean government is confined to the free old-age facilities, in the case of constructing silver town, the difficult in the cost of construction will accrue. So, leading companies' turning to public-welfare service, and complementing and deciding the law through the political supports of government are needed seriously.
What is Pusan required now is to have urban competitiveness. So, the purpose of this study is to visualize environment-friendly urban development to raise competitiveness of Pusan. This study wants to draw an alternative to make harmony between urban development and preservation in two ways : microscopic and macroscopic views. According to the former, there are three methods to make it. First, re-recognizing a green tract of land which is indispensible for our life, second, securing it, and third, regenerating urban environment through securing it. On the basis of the latter, two methods are presented. First, making guideline of Pusan Local Agenda, submitting it to U.N., and maintaining it continuously. Second, showing development concept in order to execute practical environment-friendly urban development in three areas which Pusan defined. In conclusion, because urban competitiveness of Pusan is seriously related to its rate of charm, we must find environment-friendly and sustainable development method more concretely and more systematically.
The objectives of this paper aims at investigating the characteristics of image which appears by schema during the concept design process of an architect. The image is an efficient tool for the design process as well as a useful medium for creative design idea. It affects design process to interpretate given conditions and helps to shape the initial form at the elementary stage of design. The image is able to be translated as the expression of an architect's schema. Architects will create the final form of the design from this schematic images including his own design language. This paper searches the images affected on architect's projects, and verifies the influence of schema on the common images, and analyses the relationship between schema and image.
This study aims at an influence of industrial characteristics of on urban hierarchy in Korea by the year 1981, 1991, and 2000. For the research process, this paper has depended on discriminant analysis with analizing variables of competition and spesialization. Urban the above analizing, this paper has got some results that retail, manufactureing and business sectors has negatively influenced change of urban hierarchies in Korea of 1981, 1991 and 2000 respectively. On the other hand, personal service, forestry, agriculture sectors has positively influenced change of urban hierarchies in Korea of 1981, 1991 and 2000 respectively.