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      • 울릉도 친환경농업 현황과 개선방안에 관한 연구

        최유진 경주대학교 건설환경연구소 2008 建設環境論叢 Vol.- No.10

        The Ulleungdo island has long been a favorite destination for travelers seeking a fresh seafood and breeze spiced up with some fun and flavor. Thanks to the recently found deep water and methane-hydrate field in East sea, Ulleungdo island is becoming the most attractive spot for the exploitation of ocean resources. But, The Ulleungdo island is facing a crisis, because of marine life changing and the falling net interest margin. The purpose of this study was to investigate the problems of environmental agriculture in ulleungdo island and find its improvement methods. The Ulleungdo island should increase efforts to not rely so heavily on based industries and develop new sources of revenue. Transition to organic farming techniques are more efficient Ulleungdo became in using its resources, the more money it saved in other ways. It is urgent for the Ulleung-gun to work out fundamental and rational ways for the settlement of enviromental agriculture as its current policies fall short of systematically taking care of an increasing demand.

      • 경주시 생활폐기물 관리 현황

        김경원,배해룡 경주대학교 건설환경연구소 2006 建設環境論叢 Vol.- No.8

        Korea experiences high environmental pressures due to rapid growth in an environment of particularly limited carrying capacity. As a result, Korea's amount of waste generation is one of the highest among OECD member countries. Since 1993 the total amount of waste generation has steadily increased. However, Korea's domestic wastes from life and economic activities has substantially decreased. The ministry of Environment has outlined a national framework plan in the 2nd Comprehensive National Waste Management plan in March 2002. This study is to investigate present state of domestic wastes in Gyeongju in order to estimate regional possibility of achieving the plan. From the investigation, it is investigated that daily average generation of domestic waste decreased from 239.0 ton per day in 1996 to 209.0 ton per day in 2001 but increased to be 256.0 ton per day in 2004 since 2002. Landfill of them also increased to be 171.0 ton per day in 2004. Recycling of household waste slightly increased to be 28% in 2004. 국내 폐기물 발생량 현황을 보면 생활폐기물 발생량은 감소추세이었다. 경주시 생활페기물의 1일 발생량은 1996년도에는 239.0 톤/일이었으나 2001년까지 지속적으로 감소하여 209.0 톤/일로 조사되었다. 그러나 2002년에는 222.3 톤/일로 증가하였으며 2004년에는 256.0 톤/일로 최근 증가하는 추세를 나타내었다. 발생된 생활폐기물의 매립량 역시 1996년에는 171.0 톤/일에서 2001년에는 147.2 톤/일로 감소하였으나, 2002년 이후 소폭 상승하여 2004년에는 171.0 톤/일로 증가하는 경향을 나타내었다. 소각량은 1997년 4.7 톤/일로 시작하여 2001년까지 소폭의 증가를 나타내었으나, 2003년 이후 급증하여 2004년에는 14.0 톤/일을 나타내었다. 재활용량은 1996년의 68.0 톤/일에서 1998년의 95.0 톤/일까지 증가하였으나, 1999년부터 점차 감소하였으며 2004년에는 4.1 톤/일로 2003년의 약 6%에 불과한 양으로 급감하였다. 생활폐기물의 처리방법은 노천 퇴적식 매립에 의존해 오다가 1997년 소각장이 준공·가동됨으로써 매립에만 의존하던 생활폐기물 처리방법이 매립과 소각으로 분리 처리되었다. 2001년부터는 공동주택 세대를 대상으로 음식물쓰레기 분리배출수거를 실시하여 음식물쓰레기는 전량 재활용되고 있어 매립장 사용기한 연장 및 소각장의 소각효율과 재활용률 증대에도 크게 기여하게 되었다. 1996년에서 1999년까지 매립량은 72에서 60%로 감소하였고, 재활용량은 28에서 38%로 증가하였으나, 2000년 이후 매립량은 75에서 79%로 증가하다 2003년 이후 감소하였고, 재활용은 2000년에 23%로 급감한 후 2004년까지 변동을 나타내며 상승하여 28%를 나타내었다.

      • 경주시 교통 현황 분석을 통한 개선 방안에 관한 연구

        박창수,박성욱 경주대학교 건설환경연구소 2005 建設環境論叢 Vol.- No.7

        There are simultaneously generated demand of transportation because of citizens and tourists in Gyeongju. as a result, it is needed not only to expend the traffic equipments which are connected the urban city and sightseeing area, but also to construct the new traffic programs which will connect the Gyeongju Station of KTX and the urban city and BoMoon sightseeing area. Consequently we try to find the way to improve the status of Gyeongju as a sightseeing city and to strengthen functions of city in this study by analyzing traffic conditions and features of Gyeongju.

      • 도시경관지표에 의한 주거복합건축물의 주거환경 평가지표

        최무현,이승엽 경주대학교 건설환경연구소 2008 建設環境論叢 Vol.- No.10

        Mxed-used residential buildings that are e new housing type of urban city is a important factor of making urban landscape. But it recently makes the located area to be disharmony with surroundings and creates unattractive urban landscape. Therefore, in this study we propose the qualitative indicators focused on a landscape to evaluate the residential environment and s has its origins in e existing problems of Daegu-city. Accordingly, the aim of this study contributes to solving the problem and indicating a direction in planning a mixed-used residential buildings. After reviewing the relevant literature ,carrying out plan analysis and conducting field study, qualitative Indicators on indoor space, outdoor space, and urban landscape are established. And the study has executed case analysis made a application of the indicators of urban landscape. The result of this study are as follows: 1) An average of Building Coverage on the typical floor and visual Blockage Ratio are 32.99%, 89.25% in single building type and in case of complex type is 23.17%, 76.95%. 2) The D/H ratios of stereobate in single budding type is below 1 and in case of complex type has 1-3 D/H ratio. So, the complex type ensures a sense of openness for the landscape comparing favorably with the single building type. 3) Mixed-used residential buildings height is 11.87 times higher than average height of the adjacent lot.

      • 경주시 대기환경기준물질 현황 조사

        김경원 경주대학교 건설환경연구소 2008 建設環境論叢 Vol.- No.10

        The purpose of this study is to investigate the present state of National Ambient Air Quality Standards(NAAQS) observed in Gyeongju. The measurement instruments for ambient air pollutants were changed at November 2005 because of their systematic problems. Concentrations of NAAQS play a role in estimating the air quality level in the measurement area. Therefore they should be calibrated thoroughly and managed by a routine process. The measurement data were classified into two categories in this study: air pollutants observed before an alteration and air pollutants observed after an alteration, In order to investigate the suitability of the measurement data after the alteration of the instruments, annual seasonal, monthly, and hourly variation of ambient air pollutants were reconstructed In addition, ambient air pollutants measured at a residential area were compared to them observed at a industrial area in Gyeongju. The intensive air quality monitoring was conducted at the residential area of Seongeon-dong and the industrial areas of Woe-dong and Gang-dong. From the results, SO₂, NO₂, CO, O₃, PM-10 observed at the Seongeon-dong was attained the Korean NAAQS.

      • 경주시 주거환경 계획방향 연구

        김경대 경주대학교 건설환경연구소 2006 建設環境論叢 Vol.- No.8

        The purpose of this study is to analysis city-wide scale housing policy concentration on the historic characteristics viewpoint in Gyeongju. Consequently I try to find the way to improve the housing quality such as low income dwelling redevelopment. And I find a total 71,150 units requirement of housing supply until 2020. Ⅰ suggest the goal of housing policy and many basic strategics to improve housing quality especially around historic site.

      • 경주 식품산업 현황과 발전방안에 관한 연구

        최유진 경주대학교 건설환경연구소 2009 建設環境論叢 Vol.- No.11

        This study aimed to examine the present status and characteristics of food industry in Gyeongju and to search for development policy through overview of food industry. Major contents of the study are as follows. Previously, Korea was one of only two members of the World Trade Organization without a free-trade agreement. But, e first Korea-Chile FTA talks began in December 1999 and concluded in October 2002, with official endorsement in April 2004. Korea hopes to enter talks with the United States and the European Free Trade Association countries. Spurred by a new free trade agreement, Korea's monthly exports to Chile stood at 26 million, up 55.6 percent from a year earlier. Free trade agreements are part of end that we can not afford to ignore, and hopefully, the next agreement will create a strong platform for Korea. Korean companies and angry farmers fear the FTA, but in reality the treaty will more help the korean economy because it will weed out the incompetent players. Expectations for a string of bilateral and multilateral freel-trade agreements this year will call for Korea to seek measures to minimize e impact on the domestic agricultural industry. So, the Korean government recently introduced a new bill about the food industry to improve agricultural industry, because it is certainly one of the most promising markets with great gowth potential. Gyeongju city looks forward to promoting projects aimed at regional development through the food industry combining agriculture. So many provinces and cities in Korea have been in a race to attract that never beat the competition with conventional methods. Gyeongju has an huge farmland and put out a mass agricultural products, medial herbs, etc. Also, it is a famous city of history, culture and sightseeing which attracts a lot of tourists from home and abroad and there are abundant treasures throughout the city. Therefore, Gyeongju city make an advanced policy as oriental herb food industry. In addition, it is linked to food cluster development business per zone, such as of processed food, Premium dairy processed food, functional fermented sauce and health food.

      • 관광도시의 신호제어 전략 및 구축에 관한 연구 : 경주시를 중심으로

        박창수,김종철 경주대학교 건설환경연구소 2008 建設環境論叢 Vol.- No.10

        This research is to present the suitable signal control strategy that can solve a traffic problem of tourism city(Gyeong-ju). One of those is the adaptive traffic control system. The adaptive traffic control system is collecting data from the detectors on the roadway and then response to the data. To evaluate a signal system between the adoptive control and TOD, TRAF-NETSIM was used as simulation tool. The most data to analyze the effectiveness of the control systems are collected from GuHwangRo, occurring heavy traffic jam, in Gyeongju city. According to this research, Adoptive control system was presented more effective than a traditional control system, such as, a delay time. So the traffic pattern like tourism city should be considered installing an adoptive control system to solve the traffic problem.

      • 친환경 한약재 생산방안에 관한 연구

        최유진 경주대학교 건설환경연구소 2007 建設環境論叢 Vol.- No.9

        The cultivated area of medicinal herbs in Korea was amounted 11,600 ha and total production was 44,700 M/T in 2004. The imported medicinal stuffs were amounted to 61,712,474 in 2005. The herbicides and pesticides must be developed urgently for reducing production costs. And the global environment is deteriorating at an alarming rate after the Industrial Revolution. According to the signs of consumers being safety-oriented were reflected in the sales trend of organic foods and other edibles made of natural and environment-friendly ingredients, which climbed 24.3 percent eve years. Extension of demand of environmental food and medicinal stuffs, developing of organic beverages and teas and other new functional materials would be researched. This study was an investigation for the development of natural and environment-friendly agricultural products and utilization of medicinal herbs in Korea. In order to fit the demand for medicinal herbs, Korean government support should be given to the farmers' groups and organization of oriental medicine.

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