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In the present study, 284 of dissertations for the master's or doctor's degree on oriental medicine, which had been submitted to non-oriental medical field and, were collected, investigated and summarized as follows. 1. On the whole, the number of the dissertations of non-oriental medical field on oriental medicine was much more than that of oriental medicine field with larger number of dissertations for master's degree than for doctor's degree. 2. The subjects which have been consulted most frequently were constitutional medicine and acupuncture and moxibustion. 3. Research on health cited oriental medicine most frequently. The topic most frequently used was 'actual condition of the utilization of oriental medicine' and there were several studies on the comparison between western medicine and oriental medicine. 4. Theses of pharmaceutics studied oriental medicine second most frequently. Many of them were not on compound prescription but on simple recipe of herb. 5. There were less number of thesis on oriental medicine in medical field. Prejudice of medical field that the herbs have the hepatic-toxicity should be corrected, and further cooperative studies should be followed. 6. Most of the dissertations of dentistry studied on the effect of electro-acupuncture on Hapgok(LI4, 合谷) point. Other studies on oriental medicine should be followed. 7. The use of animal medel in veterinary medicine was prominent. This scientific method should also be applied in oriental medicine field. 8. There was no thesis on palm acupuncture in oriental medical field, whereas there were two in physical education field and one in administration field. Studies on palm acupuncture should be tried in order to make several useful acupuncture which have been applied as folk therapy included into oriental medical field. 9. Other fields also studied on oriental medicine with great effort. Further studies using genetics, molecular biology and information & communication engineering should be followed in order to develop oriental medicine.
한의학에서는 말초성 안면신경마비가 주로 풍한의 침습으로 발병된다고 주장되고 있다. 이에 저자들은 말초성 안면신경마비와 기후변화와의 상관관계를 규명하고자 경희의료원 한방병원 1침구과에 내원한 서울거주 환자중 1994년 1년동안 발병한 463명(남자 227명, 여자 236명)의 환자를 대상으로 기상청에서 발간된 일별기상자료에 준하여 발병일 및 발병전 2일간의 평균기압, 평균기온, 최저-최고온도차이, 평균습도, 평균풍속, 평균운량(雲量) 및 일조시간을 분석하였다. 안면신경마비의 발병과 최고온도와 최저온도의 차이, 평균풍속, 평균기온, 평균일조시간, 평균운량 및 평균습도가 안면신경마비의 발병과 연관성이 있는 것으로 추정되었다. 이는 한의학의 발병원인과 부합되는 것으로 기후변화가 안면신경마비의 원인 중에 하나가 될 수 있다고 사려된다.
In the first step that medicine had became a study, a disease ment the pain that people suffered, in both the Oriental medicine(韓醫學) and the Western medicine. But the Oriental medicine and the Western medicine have typical opinion each other in the progress of sysytematizing the medicine. And, the reason that their cognition of the disease has been changed stems from the differences of view of the world, and the element of culture and society, which belongs to concerned scholars. The ideology and theory of ancient chineses who are considered as a constructors of the Oriental medicine's basis are formed from the attitude to adjust and accept the changes in the nature according to senses they feel. To adjust the nature, understanding of nature's rule was their priority. 'Yin-Yang and Five-phase theory(陰湯五行理論)' as systematized as a principle by recognizing nature's rule through those effects, and qi(氣) is appeared. which help everything exist as a perfect indivisual. And, they regarded continuously various changes of nature is due to the change of qi under the 'Yin-Yang and Five-phase theory'. For creature like a man is regarded as a change of qi, according to the rule of 'Yin-Yang and Five-phase theory', also the soul controling lives was regarded as temporary result revealed in the process of the change in qi's Yin-Yang and Five-phase(陰陽五行). that view of nature is established as a universal ethics to nature and human through a book, 'the Hwang-Ge-Nae-Kyung(黃帝內經)' and forms the basis theory of the Oriental medicine. Early the Western medicine differs from present one. The 'Body fluid theory(體液學說)' of early the Western medicine, represented by Hippocrates and Galen, tried to get an answer to the physiology and pathology through the growth of body fluid. In other words, it regards man's secretion or body wound or anatomy as a cause of disease and living as well. This body fluid correspond to the qi, considered as the origin of a life in the Oriental medicine, in that it is movable and unclear in each domain. The similarity between qi and body fluid, movable and changable, is the main reason that the surgery has not developed within these two theories. But, though body fluid is something visible and is changable in condition of liquid, it doesn't have such features as qi that can variously change into solid, liquid, energy, soul, and so on. So to speak, qi contains all imaginable features of objects in its conception. In contrast, body fluid is only a fluid that can control the physiological function. The Oriental medicine regards the disease as disorder of qi, also body fluid pathology says that the disease is a disorder of body fluid. Thus, both has consistent opinion about disease in the point of disorder. O.M.D(韓醫學者) thought the all disorder of mind and body, disorder between mind and body, even a change in nature were caused by the change of qi. But, because body fluid pathology couldn't explain that such organization as human, animal, and plant has a relationship with another objects. It could define a disease as a matter phenomenon like disorder of body fluid, but couldn't reach to find the consistency among the various objects in nature. Since the Oriental medicine thought of disease as breakage of Yin-Yang balance(陰陽調和) in other words abnormal function. Four great doctor in Kum and Won dinasty(金元四大家) tried to understand feature of disease, which caused a disease, and pathogenesis by explaining sa-qi(邪氣 bad effect making body function disorder) and peculiarity of patient's body rather than disease itself. Ha-Ghan(河間), who understood pathological mechanism through etiology itself, explained the process and feature of disease. In contrast Won-So(元素) and Dong-Won(東垣), who tried to understand the pecularity of disease through physiologycal mechanism tried to understand pathologycal mechanism between living energes, so to speake Wui-qi(胃氣), and 'yum-hwa(陰火)' which generates in abnormal function. The the Western medicine faced the new wave from the late of 17C, and then in paris where often the new era of clinical medicine. Solid pathology generally came to the front of fluid pathology with Bichat insistance that disease is not invalance of body fluid but chance of original shape and quality in late 18C. In solid pathology disease is not regarded as abnormally quantative and functional condition but as change of original shape and quality. This view is based on Descartes and newton's 'machanic view of the world'(機械的世界觀), which converted the way of western thinking since 17C. and the feature of this view regards disease as an object itself, and separate disease from a patient. The disease degraded over different nature which has none relative with living creature.
Bang-Poong(防風) is a popular herbal drug used to expel wind from the body surface(祛風解表), remove dampness(勝濕) and relieve pain(止痛) and spasm(止痙). In China and Japan, the root of Saposhnikovia divaricata(TURCZ.) SCHISCHK. is used as Bang-Poong, but the roots of Peucedanum japonicum THUNB. and Glehnia littoralis (A.GRAY) FR. SCHMIDT ex MIQUEL. are known to be used for Bang-poong in Korea. In this study, comparative analysis of nuclear ribosomal DNA was carried out to determine original plants and to design molecular identification methods for herbal drugs used as Bang-Poong in Korea and China. In addition, pharmacological experiments were performed to compare biological activities of herbal drugs of S. divaricata, P. japonicum and G. littoralis. The results obtained were as follows : 1. DNA analyses showed that the root of S. divaricata is used as Bang-Poong in China, but the root of P. japonicum is used as Bang-Poong in Korea and the root of G. littoralis is also used in some instances. 2. Herbal drugs of S. divaricata, P. japonicum and G. littoralis could be distinguished from each other by the DNA fingerprint method of PCR-based RFLP using Bfa I. 3. In the analgesic effect by the method of acetic acid induced the roots of S. divaricata have the efficacy. SAPOSHNIKOVIAE RADIX have the efficacy after 30 minute, PEUCEDANI JAPONICI RADIX have the efficacy after 30, 60 minute by giving pressure to hind leg in rats. 4. In the inhibitory effect of anti-inflammatory SAPOSHNIKOVIAE RADIX have the efficacy. 5. In the anti-convulsion effect, GLEHNIAE RADIX has efficacy on the convulsion induced by strychnine, SAPOSHNIKOVIAE RADIX has efficacy on the convulsion inducted by penthylenetetrazole. 6. In the antibiotic effect, SAPOSHNIKOVIAE RADIX has inhibited the Streptococcus pyogenes 77A in 250㎍/㎖, Streptococcus pyogenes 308A and Escherichia coli DC 2 in 500㎍/㎖. Consequently, herbal drugs used as Bang-Poong in China and Korea are from three distinctive species S. divaricata, P. japonicum and G. littoralis, and their biological activies are different from each other. Therefore, they should be discriminated as different herbal drugs.