http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
It seems difficult to define sports values systematically. Traditional concept of sports values has been inclined to rely on the narrow definition of sports science. So it is necessary to establish an integrative definition of contemporary sports values which function dynamically in many-sided social associations and communities. This study aims to suggest that sports should be considered on the basis of ‘genuine'science, and every problem happening in the field of sports society should also be solved by means of reasonable consideration of sports values.
The purpose of this study was to analyse synthetically the relationship between the middle school students' participation in sports activity and the degree of satisfaction in their school life, to provide the teachers with the helpful information, and to provide the basic data for the development of physical education in school and the planning of policy. The subjects in this study were 379 students in middle schools which were located in Daejon-shi. The variables included in this study were the degree of participation in sports activity on the basis of the student's sex, of the number of family members, of the education level, the age, and the occupation of their parents, of the standard of life, and of the expense for their participation in sports activity. The data collected were analysed in the light of their participation in sports activity and the degree of satisfaction in their school life. It aimed at the comparison and analysis of the relationship of these two factors. The data were collected through the questionnaire and the statistical way used for the analysis of data were frequency analysis, one way analysis of variation(ANOVA), and multiple regression analysis. The results from the data analysis were as follows: 1. There was a meaningful difference in the middle school students 'participation in sports activity according to the following factors; sex, the education level and the occupation of their parents, and the expense for participation in sports activity. Specifically, in the factor of sex, there was not a meaningful difference in the behavioral participation and the cognitive participation. But there was a meaningful difference in the affective participation. In the factor of the education level of their parents, there was a meaningful difference in the behavioral participation. But there was not a meaningful difference in the cognitive participation and the affective participation. In the factor of the occupation of their mother, there was a meaningful difference in the cognitive participation. In the factor of the expense of participation, there was meaningful difference in the behavioral participation. 2. There was a meaningful difference in the degree of satisfaction in school life to the observance of rule according to the background factor such as the occupation of their mother. 3. There was a meaningful correlation between the participation in the sports activity and the degree of satisfaction in school life. Also, the behavioral participation and cognitive participation in sports activity has significantly influenced on the factors such as the observance of rule. The affective participation in sports activity has significantly influenced on the factors such as the students' relationship with teachers, the observance of rule. In conclusion, there was a meaningful difference in the middle school students' participation in sports activity and the degree of satisfaction in their school life according to the background factor. There was a meaningful correlation between the participation in the sports activity and the degree on satisfaction in school life.
1. Conclusions The survey was based on the realities of sports activities of citizens in big, middle and small cities. The conclusion was as follows; (1) In the sports activities of citizens, the 51.8% of males in fifties and the 55.9% of females in forties responded that seldom did, the sports activities which obviously revealed that the participation of sports activities of people at both ages was lower than that of the other ranges of ages. (2) The purpose of participating in sports activities lay in the fact that they wanted to promote their health, do body-building and make friends. While the youth were only interested in enjoying sports themselves, only a few of them joined them. It is noted that the senior citizens was to get a victory, and this fact revealed that senior citizens had a strong desire for winning the game in comparison with other ages. (3) Among the sports activities actually played in one recent year, the youth were participating in sports events which had been regarded as leisure sports such as ski, tennis, aerobic, and so on, while the middle aged had a great tendency of rield sports such as golf, fishing, taking a walk, climbing mountains and wanted to spend their time in enjoying the sports which could be closely harmony with nature. (4) Among facilities of sports activities, public establishement, public park, stream park, shool were selected and in the use of cibil commercial facilities, males in the wide scope of ages were expected to take a part in them, while in them, while in females, they were limited in marrow scope of ages. (5) With regard to sports images in cities the cities themselves had a variety of simply available facilities with greenplants filled in the mountain areas, we can safely say that in the way of practicing sports activities, most of people can easily join in and enjoy them without any burden. 2. Suggestions By the conclusion, I will try to suggest as follows; (1) For the encouragwments of sports activities. There will be more supports given by the national and local governments. (2) And do not hesitate to support the developments and spread of equipments and leaders. (3) Finally, There will must be a lot of continuous studies for the activation of activities.
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of mass communication and personal communication on sports involvement of students, as there has been a growing need for sports. The hypotheses were posed as below: First, mass communication would exert a big influence on student awareness of sports. Second, sports broadcasting frequency on television would have a direct impact on the rate of serving as a sports information source between mass communication and personal communication. Third, personal communication would give lots of impact on students who have a deeper understanding of sports. Fourth, personal communication would exercise a great influence on student interest in sports. Fifth, personal communication would greatly affect students who have an intention to practice a sport. Sixth, mass-communication information would have less influence on students engaged in sports, and the influence of personal communication would be greater, instead. Seventh, student involved in sports would contact more sports information. To test the hypotheses, 414 students in elementary and middle schools in Taejon were surveyed. The collected data were coded and analyzed with SPSS/PC^+ 8.0. x^2 test also was conducted, and the level of significance was set at a=0.05. The findings of this study were as follows: 1. As a sports information source for the students investigated, mass communication played a role by 60.39%, and personal communication accounted for 39.61%. Accordingly, communication played a crucial role for the students as a sports information source. Specifically, mass communication gave lots of influence on their sports involvement. 2. Regarding sports events frequently broadcasted by television, mass communication played a role by 60.87% in baseball, 63.04% in volleyball, and 56.52% in tennis. On the other hand, that acounted just for 24.88% in badminton on the air less. This showed that the frequency of television sports broadcasting gave a direct impact on the rate of mass and personal communication as a sports information source. 3. As a means of information source to let them recognize the existence of a certain sports event(just hear of its name), mass communication played a big role by 78.57% in baseball, 74.39% in volleyball, 66.67% in tennis and 60.28% in badminton. However, a deeper understanding of that sports event resulted in lowering the role of mass communication: baseball with 53.46%l, volleyball with 36%, tennis with 41.47% and badminton with 58.53%. Therefore, mass communication served as a crucial information source of sports awareness. 4. The more understanding of sports had a tendency to increase the role of personal communication, as personal communication worked as an information source of baseball by 46.79%, volleyball by 64%, tennis by 58.53% and badminton by 87.10%. But mass communication accounted just for 53.21% in baseball, 36% in volleyball, 41.47% in tennis, and 12.90% in badminton. 5. Concerning the effect of personal communication on sports involve- ment frequency, 70.93% practiced a sport always, and 65.79% went in for a sport often. 45% did it from time to time, and 51.81% never practiced it. This implied the sports involvement frequency depended on personal communication. 6. Personal communication will have a great effect on helping students decide on doing sports. 7. The students who continued to be involved in sports stayed in touch with more sports information than those who didn't. In conclusion, the growing need for sports indicated that there was a need to utilize communication more largely to draw interest from students, further their understanding of sports, and encourage their aggressive sports involvement.
It is very important for anyone in any field of occupation to improve his health through sport. Especially, it is needless to say that the teachers in charge of the second generation should have good health. The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyze the following items so as to obtain the materials for helping teachers participate in sport activities. So the concrete tasks are to find the status of teachers' direct and indirect participation in sport, the attitude toward sport and the results of evaluation. For these tasks, the conclusions are as follows in the results of analyzing the materials through using the questionnaires to 200 middle school teachers. (1) By the state of teachers' direct participation in sport, male teachers had more scores in the rate of participation, the frequency of participation, the length of participation time than female teachers. Male and female teachers showed difference in the reason of participation or not, the companion when taking part, the expense of participation, the place of participation, and participation between before and after appointment. It was revealed that the motive of participation and sport items in which to participate were similar. (2) By the state of teachers' indirect participation in sport, both male and female teachers have a little experience of sport viewing, but have much indirect experience. The participation of male teachers was high in the experience of sport viewing, the time of watching sports on TV, the subscription of sport newspaper, the degree of interest in sport topic and indirect participation in sport after appointment. Male and female teachers showed a little difference in the pattern of viewing sport, the reason of not viewing and the viewing items, etc. (3) By the attitude and evaluation toward sport, both male and female teachers were very positive about the view of athletes' occupation have much influence by means of it. The evaluation of the function and value of sport were high recognized. In addition, the view of sport were better after appointment than before appointment. (4) The matters to improve conditions for participation in sport activities are the expansion of sport facilities and space, more opportunity of participation, reconsideration of managers, development and spread of sport programs the placement of leaders.
The purpose of this research is an survey and analysis whether sports news is doing right roles and functions of mass media with TV sports news broadcasting events and content's analysis. In this research, Broadcasting events and contents for 8 months(1999. 3. 9 - 1999. 10. 30) as sports news broadcasted after 9 o'clock news are collected and analyzed. The conclusion that can be conducted from this research runs as follows; First, sports news broadcasting was done with mainly popular ball games and individual events. Second, sports news broadcasting was done with mainly exciting game results, individual and team news. Third, sports news didn't do right roles and functions of mass media. These results means that TV sports news should reinforce social education functions more positively escaping from popularity and exciting-oriented broadcasting form to do right roles and functions of sports mass media.
This thesis is to analyse how physical education curriculum has been developed and is god find out the differences of dach characteristics through the sixth period of its revision 1) on the period of curriculum revision Rapid social change requires us physical education curriculum to keep pace with the national necessity, and is suitable but we should look for more useful alternatives. strengthening teacher's certificate for general training 2) on the background of education The educational background to achieve a goal of nation has been changed as follows in turn : ① education for democracy ② Labor education centerde on daily experience ③ national education for production ④ education for modernization ⑤ education for high technological and industrialized society The education for future society should by based on the unification-rooted object of educational background. 3) on the system of physical education learning The general object of subject, each grade-object of subject, teaching content. and careful matters of teaching and evaluation are classified clearly and systematically, but teaching curriculum isn't considered applying to each school environment and local condition, in local times. 4) on the object oh physical education The special aim of physical education has been changed from physical strength and its training to spiritual and physical development, the character cultivation though sports, to various\rs sports experience and human education, to school extra activities and life-long physical education, and to strength and democratic way of life cultivation according to the standard of object-classification by Bloom, the first-period was lack of intellectual object, the second and third-period was stressed on emotional one, the fourth-period was lack of emotional and, on the other hard, Nos the fifth-period curriculum is stressed on intellectual and emotional field, together that is a good example for making future plan of physical education. 5) on the teaching content The number of teaching sports has been more in creased from 11 sports including gymnastics to 20 sports in six lessons, to 14 sports in nine lessons, to 19 sports in eight lessons, to 28 sports in 12 lessons, but teaching hours have decreased. There, it is not possible to teach all the context faithfully. Especially some kinds of sports need a special facility which is not prepared in school. 6) on the teaching class-hours In middle school three hours a week of physical education has not been changed a lot, but in high school they have continued to be decreased. Because of self-study and compensatory classes, students compel to have on or two physical education class a week, and their physical strength weakens naturally. physical education teachers. faithfully teach their students all the sports in curriculum content. therefore, first of all, the number of physical education classes should be increased greatly, especially for a life-long educational system for vocational school students.
The purpose of this study was to provide the fundamentals to improve the physical Education curriculum of the elementary school by analyzing the opinions of the elementary School teachers on the current physical Education Curriculum. 460 elementary school teachers (female ; 234 and Male ; 226)were selected by adopting the stratified random sampling procedure. The data were obtained by administering the questionnaire to each individual subject and treated and interpreted by first finding the Mean Scores, SDs, and Percentages, Then, Chi-Squares were employed for determining if there is any meaningful difference between groups in terms of Alma Mater, age, sex, school size, teaching career, and location of school. The Finding were as follows ; Regarding the goals of the physical education, teachers thought that. (1) Attitudes toward the physical exercise, emotion, education, improvement of basic physical skills, and development of latent physical ability were well reflected, (2) Current school curriculum was easy to understand due to its adequacy of description, (3) The hierarcy between the goals of school subjects and the goals of school grade was clear and (4) The goals of School Grades were fairs reflected, Regarding the content of the physical education, teachers thought that (1) The understand jittle about the current physical education curriculum, (2) The content of the current physical education curriculum was inadequate due to its reduudancy and poor linkage, (3) The development of basic physical skills and latent physical abilities should be emphasized in order to level up the qualisz of physical education, and (4) The sports and leisure activites should be encouraged to well prepare for the future Society. Regarding the teaching of the physical education, teachers though that (1) The desired teaching method of the physical education was the play-oriented instruction, (2) Basic physical skills and knowledge were most necessary to teach the physical education in the way of inquisitive problem solving, and (3) Various teaching methods should be introduced. Regarding the evaluation in the physical education, teachers thought that (1) Objective evaluation measures should be constructed, (2) The Major reason of unfair evaluations were due to the time shortage and the complexing of the evaluation procedures, (3) The major of the evaluation results was for the grading purpose, and (4) A variety of evaluation methods shoulds be introduced. Meaningful differences between groups in terms of Alma Mater, age, sex, school size, teaching career, and location go school were observed in several question items, but no in others.
The conclusion of this study are like the following : 1) Subsidiary appliances were developed in order to improve basic techniques and improve the athlete's defect. 2) Exercising procedures and running scenes were taken a picture by means of H.S.V. system. So individual athlete's movement could be analyzed, and the result of its analysis was used for training afterward. 3) What is much more effective, especially, was the remedial correction of jumping movement in an attack moment by means of H.S.V. system.
1.In the curriculum of physical education of middle school, there a some differences between Korea and Japan like this : In Korea, it is focused on human being's physical satisfaction, the pursuit of health through physical activities, and the promotion of physical ability to be able to adapt to. In Japan, it is consisted of a process of life sports through joyfulness and amusement in practicing physical exercise. 2.「Korean」curriculum model is consist of the contents of guidance and emphasize the aim at the method of teaching. So they emphasize the teaching-technology to achieve the recognizable and the definable ain. They need a special ability of a teacher. Japanese take a serious view of the happiness which the students have in the middle of the physical exercise in all their life exercise. They put im practice a method of selection to achieve the personal sports ability. 3. Korean and Japan emphasize the practical talent at the valuation and they fulfill the definable valuation at the practical part. 4. Physical deucation is required subject in Korea and Japanese. Korea has 102 classes in first, second, third grade and each class consisted of 45 minutes. Japan has 315 to 350 classes and each class is consisted 50 minutes. 5. In Korea, the contents of direction are composed with 8 chapters,18 units. They are used in common every grade ; 1, 2, 3grade. In the case of Japan, 9 Chapters are composed with 12 units in the first grade(re-quired), 7 chapters in the second grade, 5 chapters in the third grade. Therefore Korea has less chapters than Japan, but it has more 30 units. 6. In conclusion, teachers and students in Korea take much pressure than those in Japan. Because Korea has fewer classes of 9,44 than Japan and too many lessons 30 item to complete in school hours they have.